Cimarron County Courthouse
|Location||Cimarron Ave., Boise City, Oklahoma|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Built by||Strong & Froman|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival|
|MPS||County Courthouses of Oklahoma TR|
|NRHP reference #||84002988|
|Added to NRHP||August 23, 1984|
The Cimarron County Courthouse is the historic courthouse serving Cimarron County, Oklahoma, located in Boise City. The courthouse was designed by M.C. Parker in the Classical Revival and Neoclassical styles and built in red brick by Strong & Froman. The building opened in 1926 after the previous wood frame courthouse burned down.The courthouse is surrounded by a traffic circle that has several highways in a unique example of concurrency, including US-56, US-64, US-287, US-385, US-412, State Highway 3, and SH-325. The highways lead to different locations including north to Kansas, west to New Mexico, and southwest to the Texas Panhandle. On August 23, 1984, the courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
A courthouse is a building that is home to a local court of law and often the regional county government as well, although this is not the case in some larger cities. The term is common in North America. In most other English-speaking countries, buildings which house courts of law are simply called "courts" or "court buildings". In most of Continental Europe and former non-English-speaking European colonies, the equivalent term is a palace of justice.
Cimarron County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,475, making it the least-populous county in Oklahoma. Its county seat is Boise City.
Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south and west, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the 50 United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.
In 1943, an Army Air Forces training mission accidentally bombed the courthouse. The training unit, which mistook the courthouse for its intended target, dropped six practice bombs near the building. All but one of the bombs exploded, though they did little damage as they were made of dynamite and sand; the city preserved the unexploded bomb. Boise City was once thought to be the only U.S. city bombed by its own military, though similar incidents have since been discovered.
The United States Army Air Forces, informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service component of the United States Army during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services. The AAF was a component of the United States Army, which on 2 March 1942 was divided functionally by executive order into three autonomous forces: the Army Ground Forces, the Services of Supply, and the Army Air Forces. Each of these forces had a commanding general who reported directly to the Army Chief of Staff.
Boise City is a city and the county seat of Cimarron County, westernmost in the Panhandle of Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,266 at the 2010 census, a decline of 14.6 percent from 1,483 in 2000.
U.S. Route 56 is an east–west United States highway that runs for approximately 640 miles (1,030 km) in the Midwestern United States. US 56's western terminus is at Interstate 25 Business, US 412 and New Mexico State Road 21 in Springer, New Mexico and the highway's eastern terminus is at US 71 in Kansas City, Missouri. Much of it follows the Santa Fe Trail.
State Highway 325, officially, SH-325, is a state highway in the U.S. state of Oklahoma.
The Guthrie Historic District (GHD) is a National Historic Landmark District encompassing the commercial core of Guthrie, Oklahoma, US. According to its National Historic Landmark Nomination it is roughly bounded by Oklahoma Avenue on the north, Broad Street on the east, Harrison Avenue on the south, and the railroad tracks on the west; it also includes 301 W. Harrison Avenue. The National Historic Landmarks Program on-line document describes the boundaries as "14th Street, College Avenue, Pine Street and Lincoln Avenue. One building, the Logan County Courthouse, is at 301 E. Harrison Avenue, outside the main boundaries of the GHD," This article relies on the former source, which is more detailed. According to the 1998 nomination, the proposed district covered 31 acres (13 ha). The nomination included 112 resources, classed as 69 contributing buildings, 38 non-contributing buildings, 1 non-contributing structure and 3 noncontributing objects. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1999 for its historic significance as the first capital of the Oklahoma Territory and of Oklahoma.
The Blaine County Courthouse in Watonga, Oklahoma was built in 1906, the year before Oklahoma received statehood. It has been asserted to be "one of the most imposing structures in Watonga" and it "serves as a landmark for both the town and the county," Blaine County. It has a large central dome, a pedimented entrance, and a pediment above its cornice whose tympanum is painted with spirals and the date "1906". Its front facade also features an arcade of three arched windows on the third and fourth story levels.
Major County Courthouse is a historic courthouse in Fairview, Oklahoma. It was built in 1928 and designed by Tonini and Bramblet, who also designed several other courthouses in Oklahoma. The four-story stone building features Tuscan columns and pilasters spanning the second and third floors. The columns are topped by a frieze reading "MAJOR COUNTY COURT HOUSE", and the building is topped by a projecting cornice and a parapet. The building's front entrance is in a Roman arch; the double doors have glass panels and a fanlight.
Solomon Andrew Layton was an American architect who designed over 100 public buildings in the Oklahoma City, Oklahoma area and was part of the Layton & Forsyth firm. Layton headed partnerships in Oklahoma from 1902 to 1943; his works included the Canadian County Jail in El Reno, Oklahoma State Capitol, sixteen Oklahoma courthouses, and several buildings on the University of Oklahoma campus. Layton had a considerable influence on Oklahoma City architecture, and he became known as the "dean of Oklahoma City architecture"
Layton & Forsyth was a prominent Oklahoma architectural firm that also practiced as partnership including Layton Hicks & Forsyth and Layton, Smith & Forsyth. Led by Oklahoma City architect Solomon Layton, partners included George Forsyth, S. Wemyss Smith, Jewell Hicks, and James W. Hawk.
The Texas County Courthouse is the historic courthouse serving Texas County, Oklahoma, located in the city of Guymon. The building is a four-story red brick structure; its fourth floor functions as a jail. The courthouse was designed by Maurice Jaynes using classical styles and built by the Kriepke Construction Co., a prominent builder in Oklahoma, for $200,000. Opened in 1927, the courthouse received praise from local newspapers in its first decade and came to symbolize the success and growth of the Oklahoma Panhandle. On August 24, 1984, the courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
The Cold Spring and Inscription Rock Historic District is a 2-acre (0.81 ha) historic district in Cimarron County, Oklahoma, near Boise City, Oklahoma that was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1994. It is associated with NPS Master Plan #122. The district includes a landscape; it includes two contributing buildings and two other contributing sites.
The Autograph Rock Historic District, in Cimarron County, Oklahoma near Boise City, Oklahoma, is a 58.5-acre (23.7 ha) historic district that was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1994. It is associated with NPS Master Plan #123. It includes five contributing sites.
The Murray County Courthouse in Sulphur, Oklahoma, on Wyandotte Avenue between W. Tenth Street and W. Eleventh Street, is a historic Classical Revival-style courthouse that was built in 1923. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.
The Beckham County Courthouse, located in Courthouse Square in Sayre, is the county courthouse of Beckham County, Oklahoma. The courthouse is considered a local landmark because it is the tallest building in Sayre. It is also one of the few courthouses in Oklahoma that has a dome.
The LeFlore County Courthouse, on Courthouse Square in Poteau in Le Flore County, Oklahoma, was built in 1926. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.
The Shady Point School, located on the northeastern edge of the community of Shady Point in Le Flore County, Oklahoma, was built in 1936 as a Works Progress Administration project. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.
The Oklahoma Publishing Company Building, also referred to as the Daily Oklahoman Building, is historic structure on 4th and Broadway in Oklahoma City. It was built for the publishing company behind The Oklahoman. It was designed by Solomon Layton and built in 1909 after the paper's previous building was destroyed by fire. It is listed on the National Register for Historic Places. Layton also designed the Oklahoma State Capitol, governor's mansion, numerous county courthouse, public schools, and other significant structures.
The Marshall County Courthouse, at 100 E. Main Street in Madill in Marshall County, Oklahoma, is a historic courthouse built in 1913. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.
The Bryan County Courthouse in Durant, Oklahoma, located at 4th Avenue and Evergreen Street, was built in 1917. It was designed by architect Jewell Hicks. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.
The Owyhee County Courthouse in Murphy, Idaho, is a 1-story Art Deco building designed by Tourtellotte & Hummel and constructed in 1936. The brick building features a prominent entry with fluted pilasters on either side of a square arch, with foliated sunburst panels that frame an entablature of floral, triangular, and wavelet designs. A panel above the entry reads, "Owyhee County Courthouse." The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.
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