Kenton, Oklahoma

Last updated
Kenton, Oklahoma
CDP
KentonOklahomaRoadSignNovember2011.JPG
Cimarron County Oklahoma incorporated and unincorporated areas Kenton highlighted.svg
Location in Cimarron County and the state of Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°54′11″N102°57′48″W / 36.90306°N 102.96333°W / 36.90306; -102.96333 Coordinates: 36°54′11″N102°57′48″W / 36.90306°N 102.96333°W / 36.90306; -102.96333
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Cimarron
Area
  Total0.71 sq mi (1.85 km2)
  Land0.71 sq mi (1.85 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
4,330 ft (1,320 m)
Population
  Total17
  Density24/sq mi (9.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
73946
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-39400
GNIS feature ID 1094330

Kenton is a census designated place (CDP) in Cimarron County, Oklahoma, United States. [1] From Kenton, it is approximately 155 miles (249 km) south to Amarillo, Texas, 237 miles (381 km) northwest to Colorado Springs, Colorado, 306 miles (492 km) northwest to Denver, Colorado, 314 miles (505 km) southwest to Albuquerque, New Mexico, and 361 miles (581 km) southeast to Oklahoma City, the nearest major population centers.

Cimarron County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Cimarron County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,475, making it the least-populous county in Oklahoma. Its county seat is Boise City.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Amarillo, Texas City in Texas, United States

Amarillo is the 14th-most populous city in the state of Texas, United States. It is also the largest city in the Texas Panhandle, and the seat of Potter County. A portion of the city extends into Randall County. The estimated population was 199,826 as of 2017. The Amarillo metropolitan area has an estimated population of 276,020 in four counties as of 2017. The metro population is projected to surpass 310,000 in 2020.

Contents

Kenton had 17 residents at the 2010 census. [2] Kenton, which lies in the Cimarron River valley, is just south of Black Mesa, the highest point in Oklahoma. It serves as an unofficial staging point for visitors to Black Mesa. [3]

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Black Mesa (Oklahoma) mesa in the U.S. states of Colorado, New Mexico, and Oklahoma

Black Mesa is a mesa in the U.S. states of Colorado, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. It extends from Mesa de Maya, Colorado southeasterly 28 miles (45 km) along the north bank of the Cimarron River, crossing the northeast corner of New Mexico to end at the confluence of the Cimarron River and Carrizo Creek near Kenton in the Oklahoma panhandle. Its highest elevation is 5,705 feet (1,739 m) in Colorado. The highest point of Black Mesa within New Mexico is 5,239 feet (1,597 m). In northwestern Cimarron County, Oklahoma, Black Mesa reaches 4,973 feet (1,516 m), the highest point in the state of Oklahoma. The plateau that formed at the top of the mesa has been known as a "geological wonder" of North America. There is abundant wildlife in this shortgrass prairie environment, including mountain lions, butterflies, and the Texas horned lizard.

History

Kenton was founded in 1893. At the time Oklahoma became a state (on November 16, 1907), it served as the temporary county seat for Cimarron County. The building now known as "The Merc" served as the temporary courthouse and held the county records. The citizens of the county voted to move the seat on June 11, 1908 to Boise City soon after statehood. [4] Kentonites did not want to give up the records, so a group of people from Boise City confiscated the documents before the end of a 30-day waiting period. [4] This started a local legend that Boise City stole the courthouse. [4]

Boise City, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Boise City is a city in and the county seat of Cimarron County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,266 at the 2010 census, a decline of 14.6 percent from 1,483 in 2000. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, the origin of the town name is unclear.

A county seat war is an American phenomenon that occurred mainly in the Old West as it was being settled, although similar incidents elsewhere, such as in southeastern Ohio, have also been recorded. As new towns sprang up and county lines were drawn, there was intense competition for the status and tax benefits bestowed by becoming a county seat. These "wars" often involved nothing more than lining up at the ballot box, but sometimes partisans for a particular town would resort to voter fraud, intimidation or violence.

During its heyday, Kenton had two car dealerships, a motel, a bank, and two general stores. The oldest surviving structure in Kenton is a building of native rock that was constructed in 1902. It is now a museum of Oklahoma Panhandle artifacts. [5]

Time zone

Kenton is the only Oklahoma community that observes Mountain Time, [4] which legally begins a few miles west at the Oklahoma/New Mexico state line. To avoid confusion, "Mountain Time" is often added when giving the time to visitors. Posted business hours all end with "MT" or "MST" to specify Mountain Time.

Mountain Time Zone time zone of North America

The Mountain Time Zone of North America keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) when standard time is in effect, and by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time (UTC−06:00). The clock time in this zone is based on the mean solar time at the 105th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory. In the United States, the exact specification for the location of time zones and the dividing lines between zones is set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations at 49 CFR 71.

New Mexico State of the United States of America

New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México, while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

Geography

Kenton lies in the northwest corner of Cimarron County, approximately 3 miles (5 km) east of the New Mexico state line and 6 miles (10 km) south of the Colorado state line. It is located on the south side of the Cimarron River in the Cimarron River valley.

Colorado State of the United States of America

Colorado is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. The estimated population of Colorado was 5,695,564 on July 1, 2018, an increase of 13.25% since the 2010 United States Census.

State Highway 325 serves the community.

Kenton experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cool, dry winters and very hot, wetter summers.

Climate data for Kenton, Oklahoma (Elevation 4,330ft)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)83
(28)
86
(30)
89
(32)
97
(36)
102
(39)
109
(43)
108
(42)
108
(42)
107
(42)
99
(37)
89
(32)
84
(29)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C)50.4
(10.2)
55.1
(12.8)
62.3
(16.8)
70.3
(21.3)
78.8
(26.0)
88.6
(31.4)
92.6
(33.7)
89.9
(32.2)
83.8
(28.8)
73.5
(23.1)
59.7
(15.4)
51.3
(10.7)
71.4
(21.9)
Average low °F (°C)19.7
(−6.8)
23.8
(−4.6)
31.0
(−0.6)
38.7
(3.7)
48.5
(9.2)
57.8
(14.3)
63.1
(17.3)
61.5
(16.4)
53.7
(12.1)
40.6
(4.8)
29.0
(−1.7)
21.6
(−5.8)
40.8
(4.9)
Record low °F (°C)−23
(−31)
−19
(−28)
−18
(−28)
13
(−11)
27
(−3)
39
(4)
47
(8)
44
(7)
27
(−3)
6
(−14)
−15
(−26)
−17
(−27)
−23
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.40
(10)
0.33
(8.4)
0.96
(24)
1.48
(38)
2.47
(63)
2.18
(55)
3.10
(79)
2.67
(68)
1.58
(40)
0.99
(25)
0.67
(17)
0.35
(8.9)
17.18
(436.3)
Average snowfall inches (cm)4.9
(12)
3.6
(9.1)
6.4
(16)
1.3
(3.3)
0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.5
(1.3)
2.8
(7.1)
4.1
(10)
24
(59.82)
Source: NOAA http://cdo.ncdc.noaa.gov/climatenormals/clim20/ok/344766.pdf. Retrieved 20 February 2011.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1930 96 [4]
1960 100 [6]
2010 17

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 17 people, 9 households, and 6 families residing in the CDP. The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.8% of the population. [7]

There were 9 households out of which 11.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, and 33.3% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.89 and the average family size was 2.33. [7]

In the CDP the population was spread out with 11.8% under the age of 18, 0.0% from 18 to 24, 17.6% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 41.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 58.8 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males. [8]

According to the 2013 American Community Survey, the median income for a household in the CDP was $18,750, and the median income for a family could not be computed because there were not enough sample observations. Median income for males and females could not be computed because there were not enough sample observations. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,320. About 41.7% of families and 68.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 100.0% of those under age 18. The percentage of those age 65 or over living in poverty could not be computed because there were not enough sample observations. [9]

Notable person

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References

  1. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kenton, Oklahoma
  2. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Kenton CDP, Oklahoma". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
  3. Tom Lewis and Sara Jane Richter. "Black Mesa." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed August 20, 2013.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Young, Norma Gene. "Cimarron County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, Accessed June 30, 2015.
  5. TravelOK TravelOK. "Kenton." Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  6. "Oklahoma". World Book Encyclopedia. 13. Chicago, IL: Field Enterprises Educational Corporation. 1961. p. 545.
  7. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 - 2010 Demographic Profile Data - Kenton CDP, Oklahoma," American Fact Finder, Accessed June 30, 2015.
  8. U.S. Census Bureau. "QT-P1 Age Groups and Sex: 2010 - 2010 Census Summary File 1 - Kenton CDP, Oklahoma," American Fact Finder, Accessed June 30, 2015.
  9. U.S. Census Bureau. "DP03 Selected Economic Characteristics - 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates - Kenton CDP, Oklahoma," American Fact Finder, Accessed June 30, 2015.
  10. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/imported/son-of-a-preacherman-28241730.html