Codman triangle

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codman triangle

Codman triangle (previously referred to as Codman's triangle) is the triangular area of new subperiosteal bone that is created when a lesion, often a tumour, raises the periosteum away from the bone. [1] A Codman triangle is not actually a full triangle. Instead, it is often a pseudotriangle on radiographic findings, with ossification on the original bone and one additional side of the triangle, which forms a two sided triangle with one open side. This two sided appearance is generated due to a tumor (or growth) that is growing at a rate which is faster than the periosteum can grow or expand, so instead of dimpling, the periosteum tears away and provides ossification on the second edge of the triangle. [2] The advancing tumour displaces the perisosteum away from the bone medulla. The displaced and now lateral periosteum attempts to regenerate underlying bone. This describes a periosteal reaction.[ citation needed ]

The main causes for this sign are osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, eumycetoma, and a subperiosteal abscess. [3] [4]

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References

  1. General Practice notebook
  2. Periosteal Reaction
  3. Shapeero LG, Vanel D, Sundaram M, Ackerman LV, Wuisman P, Bauer TW, Neuenschwander S, Contesso G, Janney C, McDonald DJ (1994). "Periosteal Ewing sarcoma". Radiology. 191: 825–31. doi:10.1148/radiology.191.3.8184073. PMID   8184073.
  4. Imaging in Classic Osteosarcoma