Devon (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Devon
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Devon
1290–1832
Number of membersTwo
Replaced by North Devon
South Devon

Devon was a parliamentary constituency covering the county of Devon in England. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire, in the House of Commons of England until 1707, then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and finally the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. Elections were held using the bloc vote system of elections.

Contents

Under the Reform Act 1832, it was split into two divisions, North Devon and South Devon, for the 1832 general election.

Boundaries

The constituency consisted of the historic county of Devon, excluding the city of Exeter which had the status of a county in itself after 1537. (Although Devon contained a number of other parliamentary boroughs, each of which elected two MPs in its own right for part of the period when Devon was a constituency, these were not excluded from the county constituency, and owning property within the borough could confer a vote at the county election. This was not the case, though, for Exeter.)

Members of Parliament

1290–1640

Constituency created 1290, during the reign of King Edward I (1272–1307).

Parliaments of Edward I (1272–1307)
YearFirst memberSecond member
1290 (Jul)Sir Robert de WodetonSir Andrew Trelosk of Dunterton [1]
1294 (Nov)unknown [1]
1295 (Nov), the
Model Parliament
Sir Robert de WodetonSir William Prous of Gidleigh (1245–1315) [1]
1297 (Oct)Sir Henry Ralegh of Strete Ralegh in WhimpleSir Hugh Prous of Gatcombe in Colyton [1]
1298 (May)Sir John Umfraville of Lapford Sir William Champernowne (c.1240–1304) of Ilfracombe [1]
1300 (Mar)Sir Robert Beaple of KnowstoneSir Reginald Ferrers of Bere and Newton Ferrers [1]
Parliaments of Edward III (1327–1377)
YearFirst memberSecond member
1331Sir Roger de Pridias (Prideaux) of Orcheton, Modbury [2]
1340Adam de Branscombe
1356/7John Daubernon of Dunsland [3]
1364Sir John Cary (d. 1395) of Cockington, Devon, Chief Baron of the Exchequer [4] Sir William Cary (brother) [5]
1348Adam de Branscombe
1369Sir John Cary (d. 1395) of Cockington, Devon, Chief Baron of the Exchequer [6] Sir William Cary (brother) [6]
1371Sir William Bonville
Sir William Bonville
Parliaments of Richard II
YearFirst memberSecond member
1377 (Oct)Sir William Bonville
1378Sir William Bonville
1379Sir William Bonville
1379John Beaumont (d. 1379/80) [7]
1380John Beaumont (d. 1379/80) [7]
1380 (Nov) Sir William Bonville
1381 Sir William Bonville
1382 (May) Sir William Bonville
1382 (Oct) Sir William Bonville
1383 Sir Philip Courtenay
1383 Ivo FitzWarin
1384 (Apr) Sir William Bonville
1385 Sir John Stretch [8]
1386 Sir Philip Courtenay Sir John Stretch [9]
1388 (Feb) Sir Philip Courtenay Sir John Prideaux [9]
1388 (Sep) Sir John Stretch Sir John Grenville [9]
1390 (Jan) Sir Philip Courtenay Sir James Chudleigh [9]
1390 (Nov) Sir James Chudleigh John Prescott [9]
1391 Sir James Chudleigh Sir William Sturmy [9]
1393 Sir Philip Courtenay Sir James Chudleigh [9]
1394 Sir John Grenville Sir James Chudleigh [9]
1395 Sir Philip Courtenay Sir Hugh Courtenay [9]
1397 (Jan) Sir William Bonville Sir John Grenville [9]
1397 (Sep) Sir Hugh Courtenay Sir William Bonville [9]
Parliaments of Henry IV
YearFirst memberSecond member
1399 Sir Philip Courtenay John Stretch [9]
1401 Sir Philip Courtenay Sir John Wadham [9]
1402 Sir William Bonville Sir John Grenville [9]
1404 (Jan) Sir Thomas Pomeroy Edmund Pyne [9]
1404 (Oct) Sir William Sturmy Walter Reynell [9]
1406 Sir Hugh Luttrell Sir Thomas Pomeroy [9]
1407 Sir Hugh Luttrell Robert Cary [9]
1410 Sir Thomas Pomeroy Robert Cary [9]
1411 Edmund Pyne Robert Cary [9]
Parliaments of Henry V
YearFirst memberSecond member
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Sir Thomas Pomeroy Robert Cary [9]
1414 (Apr) John St. Aubyn Robert Cary [9]
1414 (Nov) Richard I Hankford John Arundell [9]
1415
1416 (Mar) Richard I Hankford Robert Cary [9]
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Cole Robert Cary [9]
1419 Edward Pomeroy Robert Cary [9]
1420 Sir Robert Chalons Thomas Archdeacon [9]
1421 (May) Sir Hugh Courtenay Robert Cary [9]
1421 (Dec) John Copplestone Henry Fortescue [9]
Parliaments of Henry VI
NoYearFirst memberSecond member
1st1422 William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville Robert Cary [10]
2nd1423Richard Hankeford John Cole [10]
3rd1425 William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville Robert Cary [10]
4th 1426 Robert Cary James Chuddelegh [10] [9]
5th1427Philip Courtenay William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville [10] (& John Reynell 1427/8 [11] )
6th1429
7th1430
8th1432
9th1433 Sir Philip Cary
10th1435 Nicholas Radford [12] John Copplestone
171439 John Copplestone [13]
331454/5 Walter Reynell (died 1478) of Malston in the parish of Sherford, Devon [14]
Parliaments of Edward IV
YearFirst memberSecond member
1491 John Crocker
YearFirst memberSecond member
1510–1523No names known [9]
1529Sir William Courtenay (d. 1535) of Powderham, died Nov.1535
and repl. Jan 1536 by
George Carew
Sir Thomas Denys [9]
1536
1539 Sir Thomas Denys Richard Pollard [9]
1542 Richard Pollard  ?Gawain Carew [9]
1545 ? Sir Gawain Carew [9]
Parliaments of Edward VII
YearFirst memberSecond member
1547 Sir Gawain Carew John Chichester [9]
1553 (Mar) Sir Peter Carew John Fulford [9]
Parliaments of Mary I
YearFirst memberSecond member
1553 (Oct) Sir Peter Carew Sir Thomas Denys [9]
1554 (Apr)Sir John Chichester John Prideaux [9]
1554 (Nov) James Bassett James Courtenay [9]
1555 James Bassett Robert Denys [9]
Parliaments of Elizabeth I
YearFirst memberSecond member
1558 James Bassett George Kirkham [9]
1559 [9] Sir Peter Carew Sir John St Leger
1563–1567 [15] John Chichester Gawin Carew
1571 [15] Sir John St Leger Peter Edgcumbe
1572–1583 [15] Arthur Bassett
1584–1585 [15] Walter Raleigh William Courtenay
1586–1587 [15] John Chudleigh
1588–1589 [15] William Courtenay George Cary
1593 [15] Sir Thomas Denys Sir Edward Seymour, 1st Baronet
1597–1598 [15] William Strode Amias Bampfield
1601 [15] William Courtenay Sir Edward Seymour, 1st Baronet
Parliaments of James I
YearFirst memberSecond member
1604–1611 [16] Sir Edward Seymour, 1st Baronet Thomas Ridgeway [17]
(from 1607) [16] Sir John Acland
1614 [16] John Drake Sir Edward Giles
1621–1622 [16] Sir Edward Seymour, 2nd Baronet
1624–1625 [16] Sir William Strode
Parliaments of Charles I
YearFirst memberSecond member
1625 [16] Francis Fulford Francis Courtenay
1626 [16] John Drake John Pole
1628–1629 [16] John Bampfield Sir Francis Drake, Bt [18]

1640–1832

YearFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
April 1640 [16] Sir Edward Seymour, 3rd Baronet Royalist Thomas Wyse [19]
November 1640 [16]
1641 [16] Sir Samuel Rolle [20] Parliamentarian
January 1643Seymour disabled to sit – seat vacant
1646 Sir Nicholas Martyn
1648 William Morice [21]
December 1648Morice and Martyn excluded in Pride's Purge – both seats vacant.
1653Seven nominated members in the Barebones Parliament: George Monck, John Carew, Thomas Saunders, Christopher Martyn, James Erisey, Francis Rous, Richard Sweet
Devon's representation was increased to 11 MPs in the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1654 Thomas Saunders, Robert Rolle, Arthur Upton, Thomas Reynell, William Morice, John Hale,
William Bastard, William Fry, Sir John Northcote, Bt, Henry Hatsell, John Quick
1656 Thomas Saunders, Robert Rolle, Arthur Upton, Thomas Reynell, William Morice, John Hale,
Sir John Northcote, Bt, Captain Henry Hatsell, Sir John Yonge, Edmund Fowell, John Doddridge
January 1659 Sir John Northcote, Bt Robert Rolle
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 George Monck Sir John Northcote, Bt
July 1660 Sir Edward Seymour, 3rd Baronet
1661 Sir Hugh Pollard, Bt Sir John Rolle
1667 Earl of Torrington
1671 Sir Coplestone Bampfylde, Bt
February 1679 Sir Edward Seymour, 4th Baronet Tory Sir William Courtenay, Bt
September 1679 Samuel Rolle
1685 Sir Bourchier Wrey, Bt Sir Coplestone Bampfylde, Bt
1689 Francis Courtenay Samuel Rolle
September 1699 Thomas Drewe
January 1701 Sir William Courtenay, Bt
December 1701 Sir John Pole, Bt
1702 Robert Rolle
1710 Sir William Pole John Rolle Tory
1712 Sir William Courtenay, Bt Tory
1713 Sir Coplestone Bampfylde, Bt Tory
1727 John Rolle Tory
1730 Henry Rolle
1736 John Bampfylde
1741 Sir William Courtenay, Bt Theophilus Fortescue
1746 Sir Thomas Dyke-Acland, Bt
1747 Sir Richard Bampfylde, Bt
1762 John Parker
1776 John Rolle Walter
1780 John Rolle
1784 John Pollexfen Bastard Tory
1796 Sir Lawrence Palk, Bt
1812 Sir Thomas Dyke-Acland, Bt Tory
1816 Edmund Pollexfen Bastard
1818 Viscount Ebrington Whig
1820 Sir Thomas Dyke-Acland, Bt Tory
1830 Viscount Ebrington Whig
1831 Lord John Russell Whig

Elections

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 J. J. Alexander (1912). "Devon County Members of Parliament. Part I. The early Plantagenet Period (1212–1327)". Report & Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 44: 366–381.
  2. Vivian, Lt.Col. J. L., (ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p. 616, pedigree of Prideaux.
  3. Risdon, Tristram (d. 1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p. 251.
  4. Vivian, Lt.Col. J. L., (ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p. 150, pedigree of Cary (regnal year 37 Edward III, i.e. 1363); see also biography of his son Sir Robert Cary in History of Parliament
  5. Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p. 150, pedigree of Cary (regnal year 37 Edward III, i.e. 1363).
  6. 1 2 Vivian, p. 150 (regnal year 42 Edward III, i.e. 1368).
  7. 1 2 Beaumont, Edward T., The Beaumonts in History. A.D. 850-1850. Oxford, c. 1929, (privately published), Chapter 5, pp. 56–63, The Devonshire Family, p. 62 (term given as 1376–80).
  8. "STRETCH, Sir John (1341-90), of Pinhoe and Hempston Arundel (Little Hempston), Devon". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 12 September 2011.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 Willis 1715, p. 252.
  11. Vivian, Lt.Col. J. L., (ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p. 643: regnal date "6 Henry IV" (sic), probably "6 Henry VI" 1427/8; corrected date deduced as his brother was Walter Reynell (died 1478) of Malston (Vivian, p. 643) a Member of Parliament for Devon in 1454/5 (Vivian, p. 643).
  12. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/radford-nicholas-1455 History of Parliament Online article.
  13. "COPPLESTONE, John (D.1458), of Copplestone in Colebrooke, Devon. | History of Parliament Online".
  14. Regnal date 33 Henry VI per Vivian, Lt.Col. J. L., (ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp. 643–5, pedigree of Reynell, p. 643.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 J. J. Alexander (1915), "Devon Country Members of Parliament, Part IV, The Tudor Period (1485-1603)", Rep. Trans. Devon. Ass. Advmt Sci., XLVII: 365–370
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 J. J. Alexander (1916), "Devon Country Members of Parliament, Part V, The Stuart Period (1603-1688)", Rep. Trans. Devon. Ass. Advmt Sci., XLVIII: 330–332
  17. Appointed Treasurer in Ireland 1607.
  18. Youngest brother (1588–1637) of Francis Drake.
  19. Died March 1641.
  20. Died December 1647.
  21. Morice may not have taken his seat before being excluded in Pride's Purge.

Related Research Articles

Colebrooke is a village and parish in Devon, England about 8 km west of Crediton. The main point of interest is the church and the connection to Henry Kingsley's novel The Recollections of Geoffry Hamlyn. Also Uncle Tom Cobley, of the folk song, signed his will at Pascoe House, but is buried 4 miles west at Spreyton. The champion Devon wrestler, Abraham Cann was born and buried here. He won the all-comers wrestling crown in London.

Courtenay of Tremere

The Courtenay family of Tremere was a cadet line of the prominent Courtenay family seated at Powderham in Devon, itself a cadet line of the Courtenay Earls of Devon of Tiverton Castle, feudal barons of Plympton and feudal barons of Okehampton.

Sir Richard Reynell, of Pitney in the county of Somerset, Sheriff of Devon in 1191-4, was a knight who lived during the successive reigns of Kings Henry II (1154-1189), Richard I (1189-1199) and John (1199-1216).

Reynell baronets

The Reynell Baronetcy, of Laleham in the County of Middlesex, was a title in the Baronetage of Ireland. It was created on 27 July 1678 for Richard Reynell, subsequently Member of Parliament for Ashburton in Devon, and Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench in Ireland 1691–1695. The 2nd Baronet represented Wicklow Borough in the Irish House of Commons. The 6th Baronet was a distinguished soldier who fought at the Battle of Waterloo. The title became extinct on his death in 1848. They were a junior branch of the ancient Reynell family of East Ogwell and West Ogwell in Devon.

Richard Edgcumbe (died 1489)

Sir Richard Edgcumbe of Cotehele in the parish of Calstock in Cornwall, was an English courtier and Member of Parliament.

Thomas Wise (died 1630)

Sir Thomas Wise, KB, of Sydenham in the parish of Marystow and of Mount Wise in the parish of Stoke Damerel in Devon, was Sheriff of Devon in 1612 and in 1621 served as a member of parliament for Bere Alston in Devon.

Sir John Carew, 3rd Baronet English politician (1635-1692)

Sir John Carew, 3rd Baronet of Antony, Cornwall, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1660 and 1692.

Sir John Fowell, 3rd Baronet English politician (1665-1692)

Sir John Fowell, 3rd Baronet of Fowelscombe in the parish of Ugborough in Devon, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1689 to 1692.

Sir John Davie, 1st Baronet

Sir John Davie, 1st Baronet (1588–1654) of Creedy in the parish of Sandford, near Crediton, Devon, was a member of the Devonshire gentry and served as Member of Parliament for Tiverton in 1621-2 and as Sheriff of Devon (1629–1630). He was created a baronet in 1641.

Thomas Reynell (died 1655) English politician

Sir Thomas Reynell was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1624 to 1629.

Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet, of Stowford

Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet of Hayne in the parish of Stowford in Devon, was four-times elected as a Member of Parliament for Okehampton in Devon, between 1671 and 1685.

Edmund Fortescue (died 1624)

Edmund Fortescue (1560–1624) of Fallapit in the parish of East Allington, Devon, was an English Member of Parliament.

Lieutenant-Colonel John Lambrick Vivian (1830–1896), Inspector of Militia and Her Majesty's Superintendent of Police and Police Magistrate for St Kitts, West Indies, was an English genealogist and historian. He edited editions of the Heraldic Visitations of Devon and of Cornwall, standard reference works for historians of these two counties. Both contain an extensive pedigree of the Vivian family of Devon and Cornwall, produced largely by his own researches.

Sir William Wrey, 2nd Baronet

Sir William Wrey, 2nd Baronet of Trebeigh, St Ive, Cornwall and North Russell, Sourton, Devon, was MP for Liskeard, Cornwall in 1624.

A customer is an archaic term for a government appointed official who is empowered to collect taxation in the form of customs duty in certain defined physical locations or jurisdictions.

John Fownes

John Fownes (1661-1731) of Kittery Court in the parish of Kingswear and of Nethway in the parish of Brixham, both in Devon, was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1714 to 1715.

Walter Reynell (fl.1404) 15th-century English politician

Walter Reynell was a Member of Parliament for Devon in 1404.

Walter Reynell (died 1478)

Walter Reynell of Malston in the parish of Sherford, Devon, was a Member of Parliament for Devon in 1454/55.

John Reynell (politician)

John Reynell was a Member of Parliament for Devon in 1427/28.

Croker's Hele is an historic estate in the parish of Meeth in Devon, England.

References

See also