Edward Stanley, 18th Earl of Derby

Last updated

Edward John Stanley, 18th Earl of Derby, MC (21 April 1918 – 28 November 1994), styled Lord Stanley from 1938 to 1948, was a British peer, landowner and businessman.

Military Cross third-level military decoration of the British Armed Forces, Commonwealth officers

The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and formerly awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.

The peerage in the United Kingdom is a legal system comprising both hereditary and lifetime titles, composed of various noble ranks, and forming a constituent part of the British honours system. The term peerage can be used both collectively to refer to the entire body of nobles, and individually to refer to a specific title. British peerage title holders are termed peers of the Realm.


Background and education

The eldest son of Lord Stanley and the Hon. Sibyl Cadogan, daughter of Viscount Chelsea, his grandfather was Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby, a British Ambassador to Paris.

Henry Cadogan, Viscount Chelsea British politician

Henry Arthur Cadogan, Viscount Chelsea, born Henry Arthur Cadogan DL, was a British army officer, civil servant and politician.

Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby British politician

Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby,, styled Mr Edward Stanley until 1886, then The Hon Edward Stanley and then Lord Stanley from 1893 to 1908, was a British soldier, Conservative politician, diplomat, and racehorse owner. He was twice Secretary of State for War and also served as British Ambassador to France.

He was educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford. His father having died in 1938, he succeeded his grandfather in the earldom and other family titles. [1]

Eton College British independent boarding school located in Eton

Eton College is an English 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as The King's College of Our Lady of Eton besides Wyndsor, as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school.

Magdalen College, Oxford constituent college of the University of Oxford in England

Magdalen College is one of the wealthiest constituent colleges of the University of Oxford, with an estimated financial endowment of £180.8 million as of 2014.

Hereditary titles, in a general sense, are titles of nobility, positions or styles that are hereditary and thus tend or are bound to remain in particular families.

Military Cross Military Cross.jpg
Military Cross

Military service

Edward Stanley served with the Grenadier Guards in the Second World War, being promoted Major, and was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry during the Italian Campaign. [2] After WWII he was appointed, in 1947, Lieutenant-Colonel of the King's Regiment (Territorial Army), [3] and then as Colonel of the 5th/8th (Volunteer) Battalion, King's Regiment between 1947 and 1951. He continued as Colonel of the renamed 4th (Volunteer) Battalion, Queen's Lancashire Regiment (TAVR) between 1951 and 1967, and then as Colonel of the 1st Battalion, Liverpool Scottish (TA) from 1964, as well as Colonel of the 1st and 2nd Battalions, Lancastrian Volunteers (TA) between 1967 and 1975.

The Grenadier Guards is an infantry regiment of the British Army. It can trace its lineage back to 1656.

Italian Campaign (World War II) military campaign of World War II

The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to 1945. The Joint Allied Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) was operationally responsible for all Allied land forces in the Mediterranean theatre and it planned and led the invasion of Sicily in July 1943, followed in September by the invasion of the Italian mainland and the campaign in Italy until the surrender of the German Armed Forces in Italy in May 1945.

Kings Regiment

The King's Regiment, officially abbreviated as KINGS, was an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the King's Division. It was formed on 1 September 1958 by the amalgamation of the King's Regiment (Liverpool) which had been raised in 1685 and the Manchester Regiment which traced its history to 1758. In existence for almost 50 years, the regular battalion, 1 KINGS, served in Kenya, Kuwait, British Guiana (Guyana), West Germany, Northern Ireland, the Falkland Islands, Cyprus, and Iraq. Between 1972 and 1990, 15 Kingsmen died during military operations in Northern Ireland during a violent period in the province's history known as "The Troubles".

Civilian career

A Deputy Lieutenant of Lancashire between 1946 [4] and 1951, Lord Derby was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire in 1951 in which capacity he served until 1968.

Lancashire County of England

Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.

This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire. The Lord Lieutenant is the Queen's personal representative in each county of the United Kingdom. Historically the Lord Lieutenant was responsible for organising the county's militia, but it is today a largely ceremonial position, usually awarded to a retired notable, military officer, nobleman, or businessman in the county.

Knowsley Village benefited from his gift of St Mary's Church of England school, playing fields and cottage to the Church Commissioners in 1949, followed by the transfer of the parish benefice to the diocese of Liverpool.

Knowsley, Merseyside village and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England

Knowsley is a large village and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England. It is more commonly known as Knowsley Village.

St Marys Church, Knowsley Church in Merseyside, England

St Mary's Church is in Knowsley Lane, Knowsley Village, Merseyside, England. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Liverpool and the deanery of Huyton. In the Buildings of England series, Pollard and Pevsner describe the church as being "largish" with "an intimate interior".

Church Commissioners body managing the historic property assets of the Church of England

The Church Commissioners is a body managing the historic property assets of the Church of England. It was set up in 1948 combining the assets of Queen Anne's Bounty, a fund dating from 1704 for the relief of poor clergy, and of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners formed in 1836. The Church Commissioners are a registered charity regulated by the Charity Commission for England and Wales, and are liable for the payment of pensions to retired clergy whose pensions were accrued before 1998 (subsequent pensions are the responsibility of the Church of England Pensions Board.

Stanley High School, Southport, which he opened in 1952, was named after him. [5]

He held the honorary titles of Constable of Lancaster Castle between 1972 and 1994, and Pro-Chancellor of Lancaster University between 1964 and 1971. [6]

A director of Martins Bank and of Granada Television, Lord Derby created Knowsley Safari Park in 1971 on his ancestral estate. [7]

The Earl of Derby Scout Troop planted a tree and erected a stone plaque in the grounds of Knowsley Hall in celebration of the quincentenary (1985) of the earldom's creation. Stanley was an active freemason. [8]


Lord Derby married Isabel Milles-Lade, daughter of the Hon. Henry Milles, in 1948. Their marriage was childless.

Lady Derby died in 1990; Lord Derby survived her by four years and died in 1994, aged 76, being succeeded in the family titles by his nephew, Edward Stanley as the 19th Earl. [9]

Thoroughbred horse racing

Following family tradition, Lord Derby was an owner of thoroughbred racehorses: his colt Teleprompter won the 1984 Arlington Million at Arlington Park, Illinois.

Related article


See also

Related Research Articles

Earl of Derby title in the Peerage of England

Earl of Derby is a title in the Peerage of England. The title was first adopted by Robert de Ferrers, 1st Earl of Derby, under a creation of 1139. It continued with the Ferrers family until the 6th Earl forfeited his property toward the end of the reign of Henry III and died in 1279. Most of the Ferrers property and, by a creation in 1337, the Derby title, were then held by the family of Henry III. The title merged in the Crown upon Henry IV's accession to the throne.

Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby British politician

Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby, KG, of Knowsley Hall in Lancashire, was a politician, peer, landowner, builder, farmer, art collector, and naturalist. He was the patron of the writer Edward Lear.

Earl of Lytton

Earl of Lytton, in the County of Derby, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1880 for the diplomat and poet Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Baron Lytton. He was Viceroy of India from 1876 to 1880 and British Ambassador to France from 1887 to 1891. He was made Viscount Knebworth, of Knebworth in the County of Hertford, at the same time he was given the earldom, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury British politician

James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury,, known as Viscount Cranborne from 1868 to 1903, was a British statesman.

Andrew Douglas Alexander Thomas Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin and 15th Earl of Kincardine, styled Lord Bruce before 1968, is a Scottish peer.

Orlando Bridgeman, 3rd Earl of Bradford British politician

Orlando George Charles Bridgeman, 3rd Earl of Bradford, PC, DL, styled Viscount Newport between 1825 and 1865, was a British courtier and Conservative politician. In a ministerial career spanning over thirty years, he notably served as Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1866 and 1868 and as Master of the Horse between 1874 and 1880 and again between 1885 and 1886.

Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood English peer

Henry George Charles Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood, styled The Honourable Henry Lascelles before 1892 and Viscount Lascelles between 1892 and 1929, was a British soldier, peer and a Yorkshire landowner. He was the husband of Mary, Princess Royal, and through her the son-in-law of King George V and Queen Mary and a brother-in-law to Edward VIII and George VI.

Gavin Campbell, 1st Marquess of Breadalbane British politician

Gavin Campbell, 1st Marquess of Breadalbane, styled Lord Glenorchy between 1862 and 1871 and known as The Earl of Breadalbane and Holland between 1871 and 1885, was a Scottish nobleman and Liberal politician.

Adelbert Brownlow-Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow British politician

Adelbert Wellington Brownlow-Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow, was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative politician.

Edward Digby, 9th Baron Digby Anglo-Irish noble

Edward St Vincent Digby, 9th Baron Digby, also 3rd Baron Digby in the Peerage of Great Britain, was a British peer.

Edward Stanley, 11th Earl of Derby English noble and politician

Edward Stanley, 11th Earl of Derby, known as Sir Edward Stanley, 5th Baronet, from 1714 to 1736, was a British nobleman, peer, and politician.

James Stanley, 10th Earl of Derby English politician

James Stanley, 10th Earl of Derby, styled The Honourable until 1702, was a British peer and politician.

William Stanley, 9th Earl of Derby English Earl

William Richard George Stanley, 9th Earl of Derby, styled Lord Strange from 1655 to 1672, was an English peer and politician.

Charles Howard, 10th Earl of Carlisle British soldier and Liberal Unionist politician

Charles James Stanley Howard, 10th Earl of Carlisle, DL, styled Viscount Morpeth from 1889 to 1911, was a British soldier, peer, and Liberal Unionist politician.

Arnold Keppel, 8th Earl of Albemarle British politician

Arnold Allan Cecil Keppel, 8th Earl of Albemarle,, styled Viscount Bury from 1891 to 1894, was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative politician.

George Charles Patrick Bingham, 6th Earl of Lucan MC, known as Lord Bingham from 1914 to 1949, was an Irish peer, British soldier and Labour politician.

David Ogilvy, 11th Earl of Airlie Scottish peer

Lt.-Col. David Stanley William Ogilvy, 11th Earl of Airlie was a Scottish peer.

Edward Nelson, 5th Earl Nelson

The Rt. Hon. Edward Agar Horatio Nelson, 5th Earl Nelson, was a British peer, inheriting the earldom in September 1947 from his older brother, The 4th Earl Nelson.

Edmund Hornby British MP (1773-1857)

Edmund Hornby (1773-1857) of Dalton Hall near Burton, Westmorland, was a Member of Parliament for Preston, Lancashire, from 1812-1826. He was a nephew and son-in-law of Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby (1775-1851).


  1. www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk
  2. "No. 36563". The London Gazette . 13 June 1944. p. 2852.
  3. "No. 38107". The London Gazette . 24 October 1947. p. 5058.
  4. "No. 37718". The London Gazette . 10 September 1946. p. 4515.
  5. "A Year at Stanley High School" (PDF). Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  6. www.npg.org.uk
  7. www.knowsleysafariexperience.co.uk
  8. "Power of the Masons - Myth of Menace?". Sunday People. 13 July 1986.
  9. Mosley, Charles (ed.) (2003). Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 107th edn . London: Burke's Peerage & Gentry Ltd. p. 1105 (DERBY, E). ISBN   0-9711966-2-1.
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Edward George Villiers Stanley
17th Earl
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Derby

Succeeded by
Edward Richard William Stanley
19th Earl
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl Peel
Flag of the Duchy of Lancaster.svg
Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire

Succeeded by
The Lord Rhodes