Epsom Derby

Last updated

Derby Stakes
Group 1 race
Jean Louis Theodore Gericault 001.jpg
Location Epsom Downs
Epsom, Surrey, England, UK
Inaugurated1780
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Sponsor Investec
Website Epsom Derby
Race information
Distance1m 4f 6y (2,420 m)
SurfaceTurf
TrackLeft-handed
QualificationThree-year-olds
excluding geldings
Weight9 st 0 lb
Allowances
3 lb for fillies
Purse £1,623,900 (2019)
1st: £921,538
Derby, the Paddock (1892) Derby,-The-Paddock-.jpg
Derby, the Paddock (1892)
Isinglass wins the Derby (1893) Isinglass-Wins-The-De.jpg
Isinglass wins the Derby (1893)

The Derby Stakes, officially the Investec Derby, popularly known as the Derby is a Group 1 flat horse race in England open to three-year-old colts and fillies. It is run at Epsom Downs Racecourse in Surrey over a distance of one mile, four furlongs and 6 yards (2,420 metres), on the first Saturday of June each year. [1]

Group races, also known as Pattern races, or Graded races in some jurisdictions, are the highest level of races in Thoroughbred horse racing. They include most of the world's iconic races, such as, in Europe, The Derby, Irish Derby and Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, in Australia, the Melbourne Cup and in the United States, the Kentucky Derby and Breeders' Cup races. Victory in these races marks a horse as being particularly talented, if not exceptional, and they are extremely important in determining stud values. They are also sometimes referred to as Black type races, since any horse that has won one of these races is printed in bold type in sales catalogues.

Flat racing is a form of horse racing which is run on a level racecourse. It is run over a predetermined distance from 2 furlongs (402 m) up to 3 miles (4,828 m) and is either test of speed, stamina, or both, whilst the skills of the jockey is determined by his ability to restrain the horse or impel it. Flat racing does not require horses to jump over any obstacles such as is required for hurdling or steeplechase. It differs from harness racing where horses are pulling a sulky and wear a harness. While in many countries flat racing is the most common form of horse racing, in Great Britain and Ireland it is used to describe the racing season that comes after the jumps racing which is traditionally held over the winter period.

Horse racing Equestrian sport

Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys over a set distance for competition. It is one of the most ancient of all sports, as its basic premise – to identify which of two or more horses is the fastest over a set course or distance – has been unchanged since at least classical antiquity.

Contents

It is Britain's richest horse race, and the most prestigious of the five Classics. It is sometimes referred to as the "Blue Riband" of the turf. The race serves as the middle leg of the Triple Crown, preceded by the 2000 Guineas and followed by the St Leger. Owners rarely try to have their horses win all three races any more, as it is hard on the horses.

British Classic Races five British Group 1 horse races for three-year-olds

The British Classics are five long-standing Group 1 horse races run during the traditional flat racing season. They are restricted to three-year-old horses and traditionally represent the pinnacle of achievement for racehorses against their own age group. As such, victory in any classic marks a horse as amongst the very best of a generation. Victory in two or even three of the series marks a horse as truly exceptional.

2000 Guineas Stakes British Group 1 horse race for 3-year-old colts and fillies

The 2000 Guineas Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run on the Rowley Mile at Newmarket over a distance of 1 mile, and it is scheduled to take place each year in late April or early May.

St Leger Stakes British Group 1 horse race for 3-year-olds over 1m 6f 132yds

The St Leger Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run at Doncaster over a distance of 1 mile, 6 furlongs and 115 yards, and it is scheduled to take place each year in September.

The name "Derby" has become synonymous with great races all over the world, and as such has been borrowed many times, notably by the Kentucky Derby in the United States. The Derby run at Epsom is the original and in Great Britain is invariably referred to as "the Derby". It is one of Britain's great national sporting events [2] and has a large worldwide TV audience. [3]

Kentucky Derby American stakes race for Thoroughbreds, part of the Triple Crown

The Kentucky Derby is a horse race that is held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival. The race is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds at a distance of one and a quarter miles (2.0 km) at Churchill Downs. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds and fillies 121 pounds.

History

The Stanley family, Earls of Derby, had a long history of horse-racing, and James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby, who gained the Lordship of Mann in 1627, instituted horse-racing on the Langness Peninsula on the Isle of Man, donating a cup for what became known as the "Manx Derby". [4]

James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby English Royalist peer

James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby, KG of Lathom House in the parish of Lathom in Lancashire, was an English nobleman, politician, and supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. Before inheriting the title in 1642 he was known as Lord Strange. He was feudal Lord of the Isle of Man, where he was known as "Yn Stanlagh Mooar".

Langness Peninsula peninsula

Langness is a peninsula which protrudes two kilometres at the southern extremity of the Isle of Man. Signifying a cape or extended promontory, "Langness" literally means "long promontory" in Old Norse. At one time an island, Langness was eventually joined to the mainland by the movement and deposition of material along Castletown Bay to form a tombolo. The small community of Derbyhaven is situated on this isthmus which lies close to Castletown, Isle of Man.

Isle of Man British Crown dependency

The Isle of Man, often referred to simply as Mann, is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ireland. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who holds the title of Lord of Mann and is represented by a lieutenant governor. Defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom.

The Derby originated at a celebration following the first running of the Oaks Stakes in 1779. A new race was planned, and it was decided that it should be named after either the host of the party, the 12th Earl of Derby, or one of his guests, Sir Charles Bunbury (the Bunbury Cup run at Newmarket would later be named in his honour). According to legend the decision was made by the toss of a coin, but it is probable that Bunbury, the Steward of the Jockey Club, deferred to his host. [5] The inaugural running of the Derby was held on Thursday 4 May 1780. It was won by Diomed, a colt owned by Sir Charles Bunbury, who collected prize money of £1,065 15s. The first four runnings were contested over 1 mile, but this was amended to the current distance of 1½ miles in 1784. Lord Derby achieved his first success in the event in 1787, with a horse called Sir Peter Teazle.

Epsom Oaks British Group 1 horse race tor 3-year-old filles over 1 mile, 4 furlongs and 6 yards (2,420 metres)

The Oaks Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to three-year-old fillies. It is run at Epsom Downs over a distance of 1 mile, 4 furlongs and 6 yards, and it is scheduled to take place each year in late May or early June. It is the second-oldest of the five Classic races, after the St Leger. Officially the Investec Oaks, it is also popularly known as simply The Oaks.

Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby British peer and politician

Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby PC, usually styled Lord Stanley from 1771 to 1776, was a British peer and politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He held office as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1783 in the Fox–North coalition and between 1806 and 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents.

Sir Charles Bunbury, 6th Baronet British politician

Sir Thomas Charles Bunbury, 6th Baronet was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1761 and 1812. He was the first husband of Lady Sarah Lennox.

The starting point of the race was moved twice during the 19th century. The first move, suggested by Lord George Bentinck, was in 1848, and the second was in 1872. It was discovered in 1991 that the exact length of the race was one mile, four furlongs and 10 yards. [1]

Lord George Bentinck British politician

Lord William George Frederick Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, better known as Lord George Bentinck, was an English Conservative politician and racehorse owner, noted for his role in unseating Sir Robert Peel over the Corn Laws.

Initially, the Derby was run on a Thursday in late May or early June, depending on when Easter occurred. In 1838 the race was moved to a Wednesday to fit in with the railways' timetables, but still followed the moveable feast of Easter. In the 20th century, the race was run on the first Wednesday in June from 1900 until 1995, not including 1915 to 1918 (during the First World War), when it was on a Tuesday. During the Second World War, from 1942 until 1945 the race was run on a Saturday, as it was in the post-war years of 1947 to 1950 and again in 1953. [1] In 1995 the day was changed from the first Wednesday in June to the first Saturday, [6] and since then all the races have taken place on that day.

The Derby has been run at Epsom in all years except during the world wars. From 1915 to 1918 and from 1940 to 1945, the Derby was run at Newmarket. These races are known as the 'New Derby'.

The Derby has inspired many similar events around the world. European variations include the Derby Italiano, the Deutsches Derby, the Irish Derby and the Prix du Jockey Club (popularly known in the British Isles as the "French Derby"). Several races in the United States include the "Derby" name, including the oldest, the Kentucky Derby. Other national equivalents include the Australian Derby, the New Zealand Derby, and the Tokyo Yūshun.

Epsom Fair

The Derby Day by William Powell Frith (1858) William Powell Frith - The Derby Day - Google Art Project.jpg
The Derby Day by William Powell Frith (1858)

For many years the Derby was run on a Wednesday or a Thursday and on the day huge crowds would come from London, not only to see the race but to enjoy other entertainment (during some of the 19th century and most of the 20th Parliament would adjourn to allow members to attend the meeting). [6] [7] [8]

By the time that Charles Dickens visited Epsom Downs to view the race in the 1850s, entertainers such as musicians, clowns, and conjurers plied their trades and entertained the crowds; other forms of entertainment included coconut stalls. [9] The crowded meeting was the subject of a painting by William Powell Frith painted in the 1858 and titled The Derby Day ; critics have noted that the foreground of the painting features the entertainment attractions, while the racing is relegated to the margins. [10]

In the 1870s, the steam-driven rides were introduced. They were located at the Tattenham Corner end of the grounds and the fair was on for ten days and entertained hundreds of thousands. [9] During the latter half of the 20th century, Derby Day became less popular and the race was moved from Wednesday to Saturday in 1995 the hope of reviving high attendance. [6] As the number of people attending the fair dwindled in the face of competition for attention and changing tastes, its length was reduced from 10 days to three or four. [9]

Sponsorship

Investec became the sponsor of the Derby in 2009, and the current sponsorship deal runs until 2022. [11] The race was previously backed by Ever Ready (1984–94) and Vodafone (1995–2008). [12]

Epsom Derby is also referenced in the recent popular BBC television series Peaky Blinders , set in the 20th century.

Epsom Derby
2019
Owner Mrs John Magnier 2nd.svg Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg
Anthony Van DyckMadhmoonJapan

Records

Leading jockey (9 wins):

Leading trainer (7 wins):

[N 1]

Leading owner (8 wins):(includes part ownership)

Dams of two winners:

Winners

Year
Winner
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Dist. [a]
Time
1780 Diomed Sam Arnull R. Teasdale Sir Charles Bunbury
1781 Young Eclipse Charles Hindley Dennis O'Kelly
1782 Assassin Sam Arnull Frank Neale 3rd Earl of Egremont
1783 Saltram Charles Hindley Frank Neale John Parker
1784 Serjeant John Arnull Dennis O'Kelly
1785 Aimwell Charles Hindley John Pratt 1st Earl of Clermont
1786 Noble J. White Frank Neale Tommy Panton
1787 Sir Peter Teazle Sam Arnull Saunders 12th Earl of Derby
1788 Sir Thomas William South Frank Neale HRH Prince of Wales
1789 Skyscraper Sam Chifney Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1790 Rhadamanthus John Arnull John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1791 Eager Matt Stephenson Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1792 John Bull Frank Buckle John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1793 Waxy Bill Clift Robert Robson Sir Ferdinand Poole
1794 Daedalus Frank Buckle John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1795 Spread Eagle Anthony Wheatley Richard PrinceSir Frank Standish
1796 Didelot John Arnull Richard PrinceSir Frank Standish
1797 Colt by Fidget John Singleton, Jr. Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1798 Sir Harry Sam Arnull Frank Neale Joseph Cookson
1799 Archduke John Arnull Richard PrinceSir Frank Standish
1800 Champion Bill Clift Tom PerrenChristopher Wilson
1801 Eleanor John Saunders J. Frost Sir Charles Bunbury
1802 Tyrant Frank Buckle Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton
1803 Ditto Bill Clift John LonsdaleSir Hedworth Williamson
1804 Hannibal Bill Arnull Frank Neale 3rd Earl of Egremont
1805 Cardinal Beaufort Dennis Fitzpatrick Dixon Boyce 3rd Earl of Egremont
1806 Paris John Shepherd Richard Prince 3rd Baron Foley
1807 Election John Arnull Dixon Boyce 3rd Earl of Egremont
1808 Pan Frank Collinson John LonsdaleSir Hedworth Williamson
1809 Pope Tom Goodisson Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton nk
1810 Whalebone Bill Clift Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton
1811 Phantom Frank Buckle James Edwards Sir John Shelley hd
1812 Octavius Bill Arnull Dixon BoyceRobert Ladbrokehd
1813 Smolensko Tom Goodisson Crouch Sir Charles Bunbury 1
1814 Blucher Bill Arnull Dixon Boyce 2nd Baron Stawell
1815 Whisker Tom Goodisson Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton shd
1816 Prince Leopold Will Wheatley William Butler HRH Duke of York ½
1817 Azor Jem Robinson Robert Robson John Payne
1818 Sam Sam Chifney, Jr. William ChifneyThomas Thornhill¾
1819 Tiresias Bill Clift Richard Prince 4th Duke of Portland nk
1820 Sailor Sam Chifney, Jr. William ChifneyThomas Thornhill2
1821 Gustavus Sam Day CrouchJohn Hunter½
1822 Moses Tom Goodisson William Butler HRH Duke of York hd
1823 Emilius Frank Buckle Robert Robson John Udny1
1824 Cedric Jem Robinson James Edwards Sir John Shelley
1825 Middleton Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1826 Lap-dog George Dockeray R. Stephenson 3rd Earl of Egremont
1827 Mameluke Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1828 Cadland [lower-alpha 1] Jem Robinson Dixon Boyce 5th Duke of Rutland dh
1829 Frederick John Forth John Forth William Gratwickehd
1830 Priam Sam Day William ChifneyWilliam Chifney2
1831 Spaniel Will Wheatley J. Rogers Viscount Lowther
1832 St. Giles Bill Scott J. WebbRobert Ridsdale2
1833 Dangerous Jem Chapple Isaac SadlerIsaac Sadler1
1834 Plenipotentiary Patrick Conolly George PayneStanlake Batson2
1835 Mündig Bill Scott John Scott John Bowes nk
1836 Bay Middleton Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey 2
1837 Phosphorus George Edwards John DoeLord Bernersnk
1838 Amato Jem Chapple Ralph Sherwood Sir Gilbert Heathcote
1839 Bloomsbury Sim Templeman William RidsdaleWilliam Ridsdale1
1840 Little Wonder William Macdonald John ForthDavid Robertson1
1841 Coronation Patrick Conolly Ben PainterAbraham Rawlinson3
1842 Attila Bill Scott John Scott George Anson 2
1843 Cotherstone Bill Scott John Scott John Bowes 2
1844 Orlando [lower-alpha 2] Nat Flatman W. Cooper Jonathan Peel
1845 The Merry Monarch Foster Bell John Forth William Gratwicke1
1846 Pyrrhus The First Sam Day John Day John Gully nk 2:55
1847 Cossack Sim Templeman John Day T. H. Pedley1 2:52
1848 Surplice Sim Templeman John Kent, Jr. 3rd Viscount Clifden nk 2:48
1849 The Flying Dutchman Charles Marlow John Fobert 13th Earl of Eglinton snk 3:00
1850 Voltigeur Job Marson Robert Hill 2nd Earl of Zetland 1 2:50
1851 Teddington Job Marson Alec Taylor, Sr. Sir Joseph Hawley 2 2:51
1852 Daniel O'Rourke Frank Butler John Scott John Bowes ½ 3:02
1853 West Australian Frank Butler John Scott John Bowes nk 2:55
1854 Andover Alfred Day John Day John Gully 1 2:52
1855 Wild Dayrell Robert Sherwood John Rickaby Francis Popham 1 2:54
1856 Ellington Tom Aldcroft Tom Dawson Octavius Vernon Harcourt 1 3:04
1857 Blink Bonny Jack Charlton William I'AnsonWilliam I'Ansonnk 2:45
1858 Beadsman John Wells George Manning Sir Joseph Hawley 1 2:54
1859 Musjid John Wells George Manning Sir Joseph Hawley ½' 2:59
1860 Thormanby Harry Custance Mathew Dawson James Merry 2:55
1861 Kettledrum Ralph Bullock G. Oates Charles Towneley 1 2:45
1862 Caractacus John Parsons Robert SmithCharles Snewingnk 2:45
1863 Macaroni Tom Chaloner James GoddingRichard Naylorhd 2:50
1864 Blair Athol Jim Snowden William I'AnsonWilliam I'Anson2 2:43
1865 Gladiateur Harry Grimshaw Tom Jennings, Sr. Frédéric de Lagrange 2 2:46
1866 Lord Lyon Harry Custance James DoverRichard Suttonhd 2:50
1867 Hermit John Daley G. Bloss Henry Chaplin nk 2:42
1868 Blue Gown John Wells John Porter Sir Joseph Hawley ½ 2:43
1869 Pretender John Osborne Jr. Tom DawsonJohn Johnstoneshd 2:52
1870 Kingcraft Tom French Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth 4 2:45
1871 Favonius Tom French Joseph Hayhoe Mayer A. de Rothschild 2:50
1872 Cremorne Charlie Maidment William GilbertHenry Savilehd 2:45
1873 Doncaster Fred Webb Robert Peck James Merry 2:50
1874 George Frederick Harry Custance Tom LeaderW. S. Cartwright2 2:46
1875 Galopin Jack Morris John Dawson Gusztáv Batthyány 1 2:48
1876 Kisber Charlie Maidment Joseph HayhoeAlexander Baltazzi5 2:44
1877 Silvio Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth ½ 2:50
1878 Sefton Harry Constable Alec Taylor, Sr. William Stirling Crawfurd 2:56
1879 Sir Bevys George Fordham Joseph Hayhoe Lionel de Rothschild ¾ 3:02
1880 Bend Or Fred Archer Robert Peck 1st Duke of Westminster hd 2:46
1881 Iroquois Fred Archer Jacob Pincus Pierre Lorillard IV nk 2:50
1882 Shotover Tom Cannon, Sr. John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster ¾ 2:45
1883 St. Blaise Charles Wood John Porter Sir Frederick Johnstone hd 2:48
1884
(dh)
Harvester
St. Gatien
Sam Loates
Charles Wood
James Jewitt
Robert Sherwood
Sir J. Willoughby
Jack Hammond
dh 2:46
1885 Melton Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 20th Baron Hastings hd 2:44
1886 Ormonde Fred Archer John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 2:45.6
1887 Merry Hampton John Watts Martin Gurry George Alexander Baird 4 2:43
1888 Ayrshire Fred Barrett George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 2' 2:43
1889 Donovan Tommy Loates George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 2:44
1890 Sainfoin John Watts John Porter James Miller ¾ 2:49
1891 Common George Barrett John Porter Sir Frederick Johnstone 2 2:56
1892 Sir Hugo Fred Allsopp Tom Wadlow 3rd Earl of Bradford ¾ 2:44
1893 Isinglass Tommy Loates James Jewitt Harry McCalmont 2:43
1894 Ladas John Watts Mathew Dawson 5th Earl of Rosebery 2:45
1895 Sir Visto Sam Loates Mathew Dawson 5th Earl of Rosebery ¾ 2:43
1896 Persimmon John Watts Richard Marsh HRH Prince of Wales nk 2:42
1897 Galtee More Charles Wood Sam Darling John Gubbins 2 2:44
1898 Jeddah Otto Madden Richard Marsh James Larnach¾ 2:47
1899 Flying Fox Morny Cannon John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 2 2:42
1900 Diamond Jubilee Herbert Jones Richard Marsh HRH Prince of Wales ½ 2:42
1901 Volodyovski Lester Reiff John Huggins William C. Whitney ¾ 2:40.8
1902 Ard Patrick Skeets Martin Sam Darling John Gubbins 3 2:42.2
1903 Rock Sand Danny Maher George Blackwell James Miller 2 2:42.8
1904 St. Amant Kempton Cannon Alfred Hayhoe Leopold de Rothschild 3 2:45.4
1905 Cicero Danny Maher Percy Peck 5th Earl of Rosebery ¾ 2:39.6
1906 Spearmint Danny Maher Peter Gilpin Major Eustace Loder 2:36.8
1907 Orby John Reiff Fred McCabe Richard Croker 2 2:44
1908 Signorinetta Billy Bullock Edoardo GinistrelliEdoardo Ginistrelli2 2:39.8
1909 Minoru Herbert Jones Richard Marsh King Edward VII shd 2:42.7
1910 Lemberg Bernard Dillon Alec Taylor, Jr. Alfred Cox nk 2:35.2
1911 Sunstar George Stern Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 2 2:36.8
1912 Tagalie John Reiff Dawson Waugh Walter Raphael4 2:38.8
1913 Aboyeur [lower-alpha 2] Edwin Piper Tom LewisAlan Cunliffenk 2:37.6
1914 Durbar Matt McGee Tom Murphy Herman Duryea 3 2:38.4
1915 Pommern Steve Donoghue Charles Peck Solomon Joel 2 2:32.6
1916 Fifinella Joe Childs Dick Dawson Sir Edward Hulton nk 2:36.6
1917 Gay Crusader Steve Donoghue Alec Taylor, Jr. Alfred Cox 4 2:40.6
1918 Gainsborough Joe Childs Alec Taylor, Jr. Lady James Douglas 2:33.2
1919 Grand Parade Fred Templeman Frank Barling 1st Baron Glanely ½ 2:35.8
1920 Spion Kop Frank O'Neill Peter Gilpin Giles Loder2 2:34.8
1921 Humorist Steve Donoghue Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel nk 2:36.2
1922 Captain Cuttle Steve Donoghue Fred Darling 1st Baron Woolavington 4 2:34.6
1923 Papyrus Steve Donoghue Basil JarvisBen Irish1 2:38
1924 Sansovino Tommy Weston George Lambton 17th Earl of Derby 6 2:46
1925 Manna Steve Donoghue Fred Darling Henry E. Morriss8 2:40.6
1926 Coronach Joe Childs Fred Darling 1st Baron Woolavington 5 2:47.8
1927 Call Boy Charlie Elliott John E. Watts Frank Curzon 2 2:34.4
1928 Felstead Harry Wragg Ossie Bell Sir Hugo Cunliffe-Owen 2:34.8
1929 Trigo Joe Marshall Dick Dawson William Barnett 2:36.4
1930 Blenheim Harry Wragg Dick Dawson HH Aga Khan III 1 2:38.2
1931 Cameronian Freddie Fox Fred Darling Arthur Dewar ¾ 2:36.6
1932 April the Fifth Fred Lane Tom Walls Tom Walls ¾ 2:43.2
1933 Hyperion Tommy Weston George Lambton 17th Earl of Derby 4 2:34
1934 Windsor Lad Charles Smirke Marcus Marsh Maharaja Sir Vijaysinhji of Rajpipla 1 2:34
1935 Bahram Freddie Fox Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III 2 2:36
1936 Mahmoud Charles Smirke Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III 3 2:33.8
1937 Mid-day Sun Michael Beary Fred Butters Lettice Mary Miller 2:37.6
1938 Bois Roussel Charlie Elliott Fred Darling Peter Beatty 4 2:39.2
1939 Blue Peter Eph Smith Jack Jarvis 6th Earl of Rosebery 4 2:36.8
1940 Pont l'Eveque Sam Wragg Fred Darling Fred Darling 3 2:30.8
1941 Owen Tudor Billy Nevett Fred Darling C. Macdonald-Buchanan 2:32
1942 Watling Street Harry Wragg Walter Earl 17th Earl of Derby nk 2:29.6
1943 Straight Deal Tommy Carey Walter Nightingall Dorothy Paget hd 2:30.4
1944 Ocean Swell Billy Nevett Jack Jarvis 6th Earl of Rosebery nk 2:31
1945 Dante Billy Nevett Matthew Peacock Sir Eric Ohlson 2 2:26.6
1946 Airborne Tommy Lowrey Dick Perryman John E. Ferguson1 2:44.6
1947 Pearl Diver Georges Bridgland Percy Carter Baron Geoffroy de Waldner4 2:38.4
1948 My Love Rae Johnstone Richard Carver HH Aga Khan III / Volterra 2:40
1949 Nimbus Charlie Elliott George Colling Marion Glenisterhd 2:42
1950 Galcador Rae Johnstone Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac hd 2:36.8
1951 Arctic Prince Chuck Spares Willie Stephenson Joseph McGrath 6 2:39.4
1952 Tulyar Charles Smirke Marcus Marsh HH Aga Khan III ¾ 2:36.4
1953 Pinza Sir Gordon Richards Norman Bertie Sir Victor Sassoon 4 2:35.6
1954 Never Say Die Lester Piggott Joseph Lawson Robert Sterling Clark 2 2:35.8
1955 Phil Drake Freddie Palmer François Mathet Suzy Volterra 2 2:39.8
1956 Lavandin Rae Johnstone Alec Head Pierre Wertheimer nk 2:36.4
1957 Crepello Lester Piggott Noel Murless Sir Victor Sassoon 2:35.4
1958 Hard Ridden Charles Smirke Mick Rogers Sir Victor Sassoon 5 2:41.2
1959 Parthia Harry Carr Cecil Boyd-Rochfort Sir Humphrey de Trafford 2:36.0
1960 St. Paddy Lester Piggott Noel Murless Sir Victor Sassoon 3 2:35.8
1961 Psidium Roger Poincelet Harry Wragg Etti Plesch 2 2:36.4
1962 Larkspur Neville Sellwood Vincent O'Brien Raymond R. Guest 2 2:37.6
1963 Relko Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet François Dupré 6 2:39.4
1964 Santa Claus Scobie Breasley Mick Rogers John Ismay1 2:41.98
1965 Sea Bird Pat Glennon Etienne Pollet Jean Ternynck 2 2:38.41
1966 Charlottown Scobie Breasley Gordon Smyth Lady Zia Wernher nk 2:37.63
1967 Royal Palace George Moore Noel Murless Jim Joel 2:38.36
1968 Sir Ivor Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Raymond R. Guest 2:38.73
1969 Blakeney Ernie Johnson Arthur Budgett Arthur Budgett 1 2:40.30
1970 Nijinsky Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Charles W. Engelhard, Jr. 2:34.68
1971 Mill Reef Geoff Lewis Ian Balding Paul Mellon 2 2:37.14
1972 Roberto Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien John W. Galbreath shd 2:36.09
1973 Morston Edward Hide Arthur Budgett Arthur Budgett ½ 2:35.92
1974 Snow Knight Brian Taylor Peter Nelson Sharon Phillips2 2:35.04
1975 Grundy Pat Eddery Peter Walwyn Carlo Vittadini 3 2:35.35
1976 Empery Lester Piggott Maurice Zilber Nelson Bunker Hunt 3 2:35.69
1977 The Minstrel Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Robert Sangster nk 2:36.44
1978 Shirley Heights Greville Starkey John Dunlop 2nd Earl of Halifax hd 2:35.30
1979 Troy Willie Carson Dick Hern Sobell / Weinstock 7 2:36.59
1980 Henbit Willie Carson Dick Hern Etti Plesch ½ 2:34.77
1981 Shergar Walter Swinburn Michael Stoute HH Aga Khan IV 10 2:44.21
1982 Golden Fleece Pat Eddery Vincent O'Brien Robert Sangster 3 2:34.27
1983 Teenoso Lester Piggott Geoff Wragg Eric Moller 3 2:49.07
1984 Secreto Christy Roche David O'Brien Luigi Migliettishd 2:39.12
1985 Slip Anchor Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Lord Howard de Walden 7 2:36.23
1986 Shahrastani Walter Swinburn Michael Stoute HH Aga Khan IV ½ 2:37.13
1987 Reference Point Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Louis Freedman 2:33.90
1988 Kahyasi Ray Cochrane Luca Cumani HH Aga Khan IV 2:33.84
1989 Nashwan Willie Carson Dick Hern Hamdan Al Maktoum 5 2:34.90
1990 Quest for Fame Pat Eddery Roger Charlton Khalid Abdullah 3 2:37.26
1991 Generous Alan Munro Paul Cole Prince Fahd bin Salman 5 2:34.00
1992 Dr Devious [14] John Reid Peter Chapple-Hyam Sidney H. Craig 2 2:36.19
1993 Commander in Chief [15] Michael Kinane Henry Cecil Khalid Abdullah 2:34.51
1994 Erhaab [16] Willie Carson John Dunlop Hamdan Al Maktoum 2:34.16
1995 Lammtarra [17] Walter Swinburn Saeed bin Suroor Saeed bin M. Al Maktoum 1 2:32.31
1996 Shaamit [18] Michael Hills William Haggas Khalifa Dasmal 2:35.05
1997 Benny the Dip [19] Willie Ryan John Gosden Landon Knightshd 2:35.77
1998 High-Rise [20] Olivier Peslier Luca Cumani M. Obaid Al Maktoum hd 2:33.88
1999 Oath [21] Kieren Fallon Henry Cecil The Thoroughbred Corp. 2:37.43
2000 Sinndar [22] Johnny Murtagh John Oxx HH Aga Khan IV 1 2:36.75
2001 Galileo [23] Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 2:33.27
2002 High Chaparral [24] Johnny Murtagh Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 2 2:39.45
2003 Kris Kin [25] Kieren Fallon Sir Michael Stoute Saeed Suhail1 2:33.35
2004 North Light [26] Kieren Fallon Sir Michael Stoute Ballymacoll Stud 2:33.72
2005 Motivator [27] Johnny Murtagh Michael Bell Royal Ascot Racing Club5 2:35.69
2006 Sir Percy [28] Martin Dwyer Marcus Tregoning Anthony Pakenhamshd 2:35.23
2007 Authorized [29] Frankie Dettori Peter Chapple-Hyam Al Homaizi / Al Sagar5 2:34.77
2008 New Approach [30] Kevin Manning Jim Bolger Princess Haya of Jordan ½ 2:36.50
2009 Sea the Stars [31] Michael Kinane John Oxx Christopher Tsui 2:36.74
2010 Workforce [32] Ryan Moore Sir Michael Stoute Khalid Abdullah 7 2:31.33
2011 Pour Moi [33] Mickael Barzalona André Fabre Magnier / Tabor / Smith hd 2:34.54
2012 Camelot [34] Joseph O'Brien Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor /5 2:33.90
2013 Ruler of the World [35] Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Smith 2:39.06
2014 Australia [36] Joseph O'Brien Aidan O'Brien Smith, Magnier, Tabor, Khing 2:33.63
2015 Golden Horn [37] Frankie Dettori John Gosden Anthony Oppenheimer 2:32.32
2016 Harzand [38] Pat Smullen Dermot Weld HH Aga Khan IV 2:40.09
2017 Wings of Eagles [39] Padraig Beggy Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor ¾ 2:33.02
2018 Masar William Buick Charlie Appleby Godolphin 2:34.93
2019 Anthony Van Dyck Seamie Heffernan Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor ½ 2:33.38

a Winning distances are shown in lengths or shorter (dh = dead-heat; shd = short-head; hd = head; snk = short-neck; nk = neck).

  1. The 1828 race finished as a dead-heat, but Cadland won a run-off against The Colonel by ½ length
  2. 1 2 The 1844 and 1913 winners were awarded victory after the disqualification of the first-placed horse


   Wartime substitute race at Newmarket

Timeline

Amato, 1838 Derby winner by John Frederick Herring, Sr Amato.jpg
Amato, 1838 Derby winner by John Frederick Herring, Sr
Shirley Heights, 1978 Derby winner by Bob Demuyser (1920-2003) Shirley Heights.jpg
Shirley Heights , 1978 Derby winner by Bob Demuyser (1920–2003)

See also

Footnotes

  1. The races in 1940 and 1941 were substitute races.

Related Research Articles

Slip Anchor British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Slip Anchor (1982–2011) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the 1985 Epsom Derby by seven lengths. After showing some promise as a two-year-old, he showed substantial improvement in the spring of 1985, winning the Derby Trial at Lingfield Park Racecourse by ten lengths before recording a rare start-to-finish win in the Derby. He was rated the best racehorse in Europe in 1985. His subsequent career was disrupted by injury, and he finished second in his other three races before being retired to stud. He had some success as a breeding stallion and died in 2011.

Ouija Board (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Ouija Board is a British Thoroughbred racehorse owned by Edward Stanley, 19th Earl of Derby and trained by Ed Dunlop and Chris Hinson. In a career spanning four seasons, she won 10 of her 22 races, 7 of them Group 1s, including The Oaks in 2004 and the Hong Kong Vase in 2005. In 2004, she won the Breeders' Cup Filly & Mare Turf and came 2nd to Intercontinental the following year in the same race. In 2006, the Dunlop team took her back to the USA, where she regained her crown in the Breeders' Cup Filly & Mare Turf. Ouija Board has amassed over £3 million in prize money. Also, she is only the second horse ever to win Breeders' Cup races in non-consecutive years, along with Da Hoss, who won the Breeders' Cup Mile in 1996 and 1998.

Commander in Chief (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Commander in Chief (1990–2007) was a British thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career that lasted just over three months in the spring and summer of 1993 he won five of his six races, most notably the Derby at Epsom and the Irish Derby at the Curragh. He was the first Derby winner since Morston in 1973 not to have raced as a two-year-old. Furthermore, the Racing Post had not even included him in their list of horses for the 1993 Ten-to-Follow on the flat competition. Commander in Chief was voted the 1993 Cartier Champion Three-year-old Colt.

Ryan Moore (jockey) British jockey

Ryan Lee Moore is an English flat racing jockey, who was Champion Jockey in 2006, 2008 and 2009. He is currently the first choice jockey for Aidan O'Brien's Ballydoyle operation, a role in which he mainly rides horses owned by Coolmore Stud. He also sometimes rides horses for Juddmonte and The Queen.

The 2012 Epsom Derby was the 233rd annual running of the Derby horse race. It took place at Epsom Downs Racecourse on 2 June 2012.

Time Charter Thoroughbred racehorse

Time Charter was an Irish-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare who won several major middle-distance races between 1982 and 1984. After winning twice as a two-year-old in 1981, she developed into a classic filly in the following year, finishing second in the 1000 Guineas before winning The Oaks in record time. Later that year she won the Sun Chariot Stakes before beating a field of colts and older horses by seven lengths in the Champion Stakes. As a four-year-old she won England's premier weight-for-age race, the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes and successfully conceded seven pounds to the outstanding French filly All Along in the Prix Foy. In 1984 she recorded an impressive four length victory in the Coronation Cup and was retired from racing at the end of the year having won nine of her twenty races. She later became a very successful broodmare.

Shahtoush Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Shahtoush was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare best known for winning The Oaks in 1998. In a racing career which lasted from August 1997 to September 1998 the filly ran eleven times and won three races. Shahtoush won only one minor race as a two-year-old, but showed top-class form when she finished third in the Group One Moyglare Stud Stakes. In 1998 she finished second in the 1000 Guineas at Newmarket Racecourse and then returned to England to win the Classic Oaks over one and a half miles at Epsom. She was beaten in her two remaining races, finishing unplaced in the Yorkshire Oaks and the Irish Champion Stakes.

Moonshell (horse) Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Moonshell was an Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare best known for winning The Oaks in 1995. In a racing career which lasted from October 1994 to May 1996, the filly ran five times and won two races. After winning her only race as a two-year-old, Moonshell joined the Godolphin Racing team and spent the winter in Dubai. In the spring of 2005, she returned to England to finish third in the 1000 Guineas at Newmarket and then won the Classic Oaks over one and a half miles at Epsom. Moonshell did not run again as a three-year-old and was well beaten in two races in 1996 before being retired to stud.

Patrick Joseph Prendergast (1910–1980), known as Paddy "Darkie" Prendergast was an Irish trainer of racehorses. He won seventeen Irish classics and became the first Irish trainer to have a major impact on British flat racing. He trained the first Irish winners of the 2000 Guineas and The Oaks and was British champion trainer for three successive seasons.

1780 Epsom Derby 1st annual running of the Derby horse race

The 1780 Epsom Derby was the inaugural running of The Derby – the horse race which would become the "greatest turf event in the world" and after which more than 140 other horse races, including the famous Kentucky Derby, are named. It took place on 4 May 1780 on Epsom Downs in Surrey, England, and was won by Diomed, owned by Sir Charles Bunbury and ridden by Sam Arnull.

The 2013 Epsom Derby was the 234th annual running of the Derby horse race. It took place at Epsom Downs Racecourse on 1 June 2013.

The 2014 Epsom Derby was the 235th annual running of the Derby horse race which took place at Epsom Downs Racecourse on 7 June 2014. The race was won by the favourite, Australia, a British-bred chestnut, trained in Ireland by Aidan O'Brien and ridden by O'Brien's son Joseph. Australia's victory gave Aidan O'Brien his third consecutive victory in the race, and his fifth in all, after Galileo (2001), High Chaparral (2002), Camelot (2012) and Ruler of the World (2013).

2015 Epsom Derby 236th annual running of the Derby horse race

The 2015 Epsom Derby was the 236th annual running of the Derby horse race and took place at Epsom Downs Racecourse on 6 June 2015. The race was won by the favourite, Golden Horn, a British-bred bay colt, owned by Anthony Oppenheimer, trained in Newmarket, Suffolk by John Gosden and ridden by Frankie Dettori. The colt's win was the first for his owner, the second for Dettori and the second for Gosden.

Minding (horse) Irish Thoroughbred racehorse

Minding is an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse. She was among the leading two-year-old fillies of her generation in Europe in 2015 when she won three of her five races including the Moyglare Stud Stakes in Ireland and the Fillies' Mile in England. On her first appearance of 2016 the filly posted a decisive victory in the classic 1000 Guineas but was subsequently beaten when favourite for the Irish 1,000 Guineas. She went on to win a second classic in The Oaks in June, the first filly to complete the Guineas-Oaks double since Kazzia in 2002. She went on to take her fifth and sixth Group One races with wins in the Pretty Polly Stakes and the Nassau Stakes. She then defeated male opposition to take the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes. At the end of the year she was named Cartier Horse of the Year and the world's best three-year-old filly. She won on her reappearance in 2017 but subsequently suffered an injury which led to her retirement later that year without racing again.

The 2017 Epsom Derby was the 238th annual running of the Derby horse race and took place at Epsom Downs Racecourse on 3 June 2017. It was televised on ITV for the first time since 1988. The race was worth £1.5million, an increase on the 2016 prize, and was sponsored by Investec. The race saw the biggest Derby upset for 43 years as Wings of Eagles won at odds of 40/1. His win was the seventh in the race for his owners and the sixth for his trainer Aidan O'Brien. By contrast, it was a first ride in the race for the winning jockey Padraig Beggy, a work-rider at O'Brien's Ballydoyle stable.

Highland Reel Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Highland Reel is an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse. In a career running from June 2014 to December 2017 he raced in Ireland, Britain, France, the United States, Australia, Hong Kong and Dubai, and recorded seven victories at Group 1 or Grade 1 level in the Secretariat Stakes, Hong Kong Vase (twice), King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Stakes, Breeders' Cup Turf, Coronation Cup and Prince of Wales's Stakes. He was also placed in the Prix du Jockey Club, Cox Plate, International Stakes, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and Champion Stakes. He holds the record for the greatest amount of prize money earned by a racehorse trained in Europe.

Wings of Eagles (horse) French-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Wings of Eagles is a French-bred, Irish-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. He is best known for his victory in the 2017 Epsom Derby at odds of 40-1, having never previously won a stakes race. He sustained a career-ending injury when finishing third in the Irish Derby on his only subsequent appearance.

The 2019 Epsom Derby was the 240th annual running of the Derby horse race and took place at Epsom Downs Racecourse on 1 June 2019. The race was sponsored by Investec. The winner was the Coolmore Stud's bay colt Anthony Van Dyck, ridden by Seamie Heffernan and trained at Ballydoyle in Ireland by Aidan O'Brien.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1999). A Century of Champions. Portway Press. ISBN   1-90157015-0.
  2. "Crowds flock to Epsom for Derby Day". BBC News.
  3. "BBC Worldwide Offers International TV Rights to Epsom Derby". Sportcal.
  4. Mona Miscellany Second Series, Volume 21 pp183-187, The Manx Society (1873),
  5. "The Epsom Derby uncovered". BBC Sport. 2 June 2001. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
  6. 1 2 3 Telegraph View (3 June 2011). "Epsom Derby: Spirits up on the Downs". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  7. Malden, Henry Elliot, ed. (1902). The Victoria history of the county of Surrey. Westminster: A. Constable. p.  505.
  8. "English and Foreign". Otago Witness. 24 July 1880. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  9. 1 2 3 Crane, Helen (4 June 2009). "Century of tradition lost as Epsom Derby Fair scrapped". Surrey Comet. Newsquest. (Backup: This is Local London)
  10. Payne, Christiana (July 2001). "A Day at the Races". The Spectacle of Dress in Victorian Painting. Science Museum. Archived from the original on 26 January 2012.
  11. "Investec to sponsor Epsom Derby for decade". Yahoo! News UK. Reuters. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.[ permanent dead link ]
  12. "Bankers ride to the rescue of Derby". The Independent. 5 May 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  13. Racetrack Sires 2009, June/August 2009, p.54
  14. "1992 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  15. "1993 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  16. "1994 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  17. "1995 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  18. 1 2 "1996 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  19. "1997 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  20. 1 2 "1998 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  21. "1999 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  22. "2000 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  23. "2001 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  24. "2002 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  25. "2003 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  26. "2004 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  27. "2005 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  28. 1 2 "2006 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  29. 1 2 "2007 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  30. 1 2 "2008 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  31. "2009 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  32. 1 2 "2010 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  33. "2011 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  34. 1 2 "2012 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  35. "2013 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  36. 1 2 "2014 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  37. "2015 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  38. "2016 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  39. 1 2 "2017 Epsom Derby Result". Timeform.
  40. Foulkes, N. (2010). Gentlemen and Blackguards: Gambling Mania and Plot to Steal the Derby of 1844. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. ?. ISBN   0297844598.
  41. Alysen Miller (2 June 2012). "Camelot makes history as Queen watches". CNN.

Further reading