Epsom Derby

Last updated

Derby Stakes
Group 1 race
Jean Louis Theodore Gericault 001.jpg
Location Epsom Downs
Epsom, Surrey, England
Inaugurated1780
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Sponsor Cazoo
Website Epsom Derby
Race information
Distance1m 4f 6y (2,420 m)
SurfaceTurf
TrackLeft-handed
QualificationThree-year-olds
excluding geldings
Weight9 st 0 lb
Allowances
3 lb for fillies
Purse £491,850 (2020)
1st: £283,550
Derby, the Paddock (1892) Derby,-The-Paddock-.jpg
Derby, the Paddock (1892)
Isinglass wins the Derby (1893) Isinglass-Wins-The-De.jpg
Isinglass wins the Derby (1893)

The Derby Stakes, also known as the Epsom Derby or the Derby, and as the Cazoo Derby for sponsorship reasons, is a Group 1 flat horse race in England open to three-year-old colts and fillies. It is run at Epsom Downs Racecourse in Surrey on the first Saturday of June each year, over a distance of one mile, four furlongs and 6 yards (2,420 metres) [1] It was first run in 1780.

Contents

It is Britain's richest flat horse race, and the most prestigious of the five Classics. It is sometimes referred to as the "Blue Riband" of the turf. The race serves as the middle leg of the historically significant Triple Crown of British horse racing, preceded by the 2000 Guineas and followed by the St Leger, although the feat of winning all three is rarely attempted in the modern era due to changing priorities in racing and breeding, and the demands it places on horses.

The name "Derby" (deriving from the sponsorship of the Earl of Derby) has been borrowed many times, notably by the Kentucky Derby in the United States. The name "Epsom Derby" is often used in the United States, in order to differentiate The Derby from races such as the Kentucky Derby or Florida Derby. [2] The Derby run at Epsom is usually referred to as "the Derby" in Great Britain. It is one of Britain's great national sporting events [3] and has a large worldwide TV audience. [4]

History

The Stanley family, Earls of Derby, had a long history of horse-racing, and James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby, who gained the Lordship of Mann in 1627, instituted horse-racing on the Langness Peninsula on the Isle of Man, donating a cup for what became known as the "Manx Derby". [5]

The Derby originated at a celebration following the first running of the Oaks Stakes in 1779. A new race was planned, and it was decided that it should be named after either the host of the party, the 12th Earl of Derby, or one of his guests, Sir Charles Bunbury (the Bunbury Cup run at Newmarket would later be named in his honour). According to legend the decision was made by the toss of a coin, but it is probable that Bunbury, the Steward of the Jockey Club, deferred to his host. [6] The inaugural running of the Derby was held on Thursday 4 May 1780. It was won by Diomed, a colt owned by Sir Charles Bunbury, who collected prize money of £1,065 15s. The first four runnings were contested over 1 mile, but this was amended to the current distance of 1½ miles in 1784. Lord Derby achieved his first success in the event in 1787, with a horse called Sir Peter Teazle.

The starting point of the race was moved twice during the 19th century. The first move, suggested by Lord George Bentinck, was in 1848, and the second was in 1872. It was discovered in 1991 that the exact length of the race was one mile, four furlongs and 10 yards. [1]

Initially, the Derby was run on a Thursday in late May or early June, depending on when Easter occurred. In 1838 the race was moved to a Wednesday to fit in with the railways' timetables, but still followed the moveable feast of Easter. In the 20th century, the race was run on the first Wednesday in June from 1900 until 1995, not including 1915 to 1918 (during the First World War), when it was on a Tuesday. During the Second World War, from 1942 until 1945 the race was run on a Saturday, as it was in the post-war years of 1947 to 1950 and again in 1953. [1] In 1995 the day was changed from the first Wednesday in June to the first Saturday, [7] and since then all the races have taken place on that day.

The Derby has been run at Epsom in all years except during the world wars. From 1915 to 1918 and from 1940 to 1945, the Derby was run at Newmarket. These races are known as the 'New Derby'.

The Derby has inspired many similar events around the world. European variations include the Derby Italiano, the Deutsches Derby, the Irish Derby and the Prix du Jockey Club (popularly known in the British Isles as the "French Derby"). Several races in the United States include the "Derby" name, including the oldest, the Kentucky Derby. Other national equivalents include the Australian Derby, the New Zealand Derby, and the Japanesse Derby.

In 1931, the Derby became the world's first outdoor sporting event to be televised. [8]

Epsom Fair

The Derby Day by William Powell Frith (1858) William Powell Frith - The Derby Day - Google Art Project.jpg
The Derby Day by William Powell Frith (1858)

For many years the Derby was run on a Wednesday or a Thursday and on the day huge crowds would come from London, not only to see the race but to enjoy other entertainment (during some of the 19th century and most of the 20th, Parliament would adjourn to allow members to attend the meeting). [7] [9] [10]

By the time that Charles Dickens visited Epsom Downs to view the race in the 1850s, entertainers such as musicians, clowns, and conjurers plied their trades and entertained the crowds; other forms of entertainment included coconut stalls. [11] The crowded meeting was the subject of a painting by William Powell Frith painted in the 1858 and titled The Derby Day ; critics have noted that the foreground of the painting features the entertainment attractions, while the racing is relegated to the margins. [12]

In the 1870s, the steam-driven rides were introduced. They were located at the Tattenham Corner end of the grounds and the fair was on for ten days and entertained hundreds of thousands. [11] During the latter half of the 20th century, Derby Day became less popular and the race was moved from Wednesday to Saturday in 1995 the hope of reviving high attendance. [7] As the number of people attending the fair dwindled in the face of competition for attention and changing tastes, its length was reduced from 10 days to three or four. [11]

Sponsorship

From the 2021 running the race, along with seven other races at the Derby festival, will be sponsored by Cazoo. [13] Investec was the previous sponsor of the Derby between 2009 and 2020. The race was previously backed by Ever Ready (1984–94) and Vodafone (1995–2008). [14]

Epsom Derby
2020
Owner Clipper Logistics.svg Owner Ahmad Abdulla Al Shaikh.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg
SerpentineKhalifa SatAmhran Na Bhfiann
Previous years
2019
Owner Mrs John Magnier 2nd.svg Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg
Anthony Van DyckMadhmoonJapan
2018
Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Paul and Jenny Green.svg Owner Qatar Racing Limited.svg
MasarDee Ex BeeRoaring Lion
2017
Owner Mr Derrick Smith pink cap.svg Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg Owner Mr A E Oppenheimer.svg
Wings of Eagles Cliffs of MoherCracksman
2016
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg Owner Michael Tabor.svg
HarzandUs Army RangerIdaho
2015
Owner Mr A E Oppenheimer.svg Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Sheikh Juma Dalmook Al Maktoum.svg
Golden HornJack HobbsStorm The Stars
2014
Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg Owner Mr P D Smith.svg Owner H R H Princess Haya of Jordan.svg
AustraliaKingston HillRomsdal
2013
Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg Owner Mr Hubert John Strecker.svg Owner Michael O'Flynn.svg
Ruler Of The WorldLibertarianGalileo Rock
2012
Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith white cap.svg
CamelotMain SequenceAstrology
2011
Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg Owner The Queen.svg
Pour MoiTreasure BeachCarlton House
2010-2001
2010
Owner Mr K Abdulla 2nd.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg Owner Godolphin.svg
WorkforceAt First SightRewilding
2009
Owner Mr Christopher Tsui.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg Owner Michael Tabor orange cap.svg
Sea The StarsFame And GloryMasterofthehorse
2008
Owner H R H Princess Haya of Jordan.svg Owner Ballymacoll Stud.svg Owner Moyglare Stud Farm.svg
New ApproachTartan BearerCasual Conquest
2007
Owner Mr Saleh Al Homaizi.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg
AuthorizedEagle MountainAqaleem
2006
Owner Mr A E Pakenham.svg Owner Mr J L C Pearce.svg Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg
Sir PercyDragon DancerDylan Thomas
2005
Owner The Royal Ascot Racing Club.svg Owner Michael Tabor.svg Owner Godolphin.svg
MotivatorWalk in the ParkDubawi
2004
Owner Ballymacoll Stud.svg Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Neil Jones.svg
North LightRule of LawLet The Lion Roar
2003
Owner Mr Saeed Suhail.svg Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg Owner H H Aga Khan.svg
Kris KinThe Great GatsbyAlamshar
2002
Owner Michael Tabor.svg Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg Owner Godolphin.svg
High ChaparralHawk WingMoon Ballad
2001
Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg Owner Ballymacoll Stud.svg Owner Godolphin.svg
GalileoGolanTobougg
2000-1991
2000
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg
SinndarSakheeBeat Hollow
1999
Owner The Thoroughbred Corporation.svg Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Mr Saeed Suhail.svg
OathDaliapourBeat All
1998
Owner Sheikh Mohammed Obaid Al Maktoum.svg Owner Godolphin white cap.svg Owner R P B Michaelson.svg
High-RiseCity HonoursBorder Arrow
1997
Owner Landon Knight.svg Owner Peter S Winfield.svg Owner Robert Sangster red cap.svg
Benny The DipSilver PatriarchRomanov
1996
Owner Mr Khalifa Dasmal.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner Sheikh Mohammed.svg
ShaamitDushyantorShantou
1995
Owner Mr Saeed Maktoum Al Maktoum.svg Owner Sheikh Mohammed white cap.svg Owner Mr George Strawbridge.svg
LammtarraTamurePresenting
1994
Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg Owner Sheikh Mohammed white cap.svg Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg
ErhaabKing's TheatreColonel Collins
1993
Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner Maktoum Al Maktoum blue spots.svg Owner Mr Wafic Said.svg
Commander In ChiefBlue JudgeBlues Traveller
1992
Owner Sidney H Craig.svg Owner Virginia Kraft Payson.svg Owner Mrs Shirley Robins.svg
Dr DeviousSt JoviteSilver Wisp
1991
Owner HRH Prince Fahd Salman.svg Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg Owner Henryk De Kwiatkowski.svg
GenerousMarjuStar Of Gdansk
1990-1981
1990
Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg
Quest For FameBlue StagElmaamul
1989
Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg Owner The Dowager Lady Beaverbrook.svg Owner Lady Harrison.svg
NashwanTerimonCacoethes
1988
Owner H H Aga Khan hoops.svg Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg Owner H H Aga Khan.svg
KahyasiGlacial StormDoyoun
1987
Owner Cliveden Stud.svg Owner Mollers Racing.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg
Reference PointMost WelcomeBellotto
1986
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner Prince A bin Salman.svg
ShahrastaniDancing BraveMashkour
1985
Owner Gillian, Lady Howard de Walden.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg
Slip AnchorLaw SocietyDamister
1984
Owner Mr Luigi Miglietti.svg Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg Owner Mr R J Tory.svg
SecretoEl Gran SenorMighty Flutter
1983
Owner Mollers Racing.svg Owner Mr T F Roe.svg Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg
TeenosoCarlingford CastleShearwalk
1982
Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg Owner Maktoum Al Maktoum.svg Owner Ecurie Fustok.svg
Golden FleeceTouching WoodSilver Hawk
1981
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Kingsclere Racing Club.svg Owner Mr K C Dodson.svg
ShergarGlint of GoldScintillating Air
1980-1971
1980
Owner Etti Plesch.svg Owner Mr R Barnett.svg Owner Mr Ron Fennell.svg
HenbitMaster WillieRankin
1979
Owner Ballymacoll Stud.svg Owner Mrs J P Binet.svg Owner Anne-Marie d'Estainville.svg
TroyDickens HillNorthern Baby
1978
Owner Lord Halifax.svg Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg Owner Mrs D J Jardine.svg
Shirley HeightsHawaiian SoundRemainder Man
1977
Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg Owner Lord Leverhulme.svg Owner H H Aga Khan.svg
The MinstrelHot GroveBlushing Groom
1976
Owner Nelson B Hunt.svg Owner The Dowager Lady Beaverbrook.svg Owner Mr A D G Oldrey.svg
EmperyRelkinoOats
1975
Owner Grundy Bloodstock Limited.svg Owner Nelson B Hunt.svg Owner Mr R Tikkoo.svg
GrundyNobiliaryHunza Dancer
1974
Owner Mrs Neil F Phillips.svg Owner Colonel F R Hue-Williams.svg Owner Lucayan Stud.svg
Snow KnightImperial PrinceGiacometti
1973
Owner Mr A M Budgett.svg Owner Capt M Lemos.svg Owner Mollers Racing.svg
MorstonCavo DoroFreefoot
1972
Owner J W Galbreath.svg Owner Mr H R K Zeisel.svg Owner Mr V W Hardy.svg
RobertoRheingoldPentland Firth
1971
Owner Kingsclere Racing Club.svg Owner Mrs D McCalmont.svg Owner Mr E Littler.svg
Mill ReefLinden TreeIrish Ball
1970-1961
1970
Owner Mrs Charles W Engelhard.svg Owner Mr W F C Guest.svg Owner Ga Oldham.svg
NijinskyGyrStintino
1969
Owner Mr A M Budgett.svg Owner Mr P G Goulandris.svg Owner Countess de la Valdene.svg
BlakeneyShoemakerPrince Regent
1968
Owner R Guest.svg Owner Mr H J Joel.svg Owner Mr A Struther.svg
Sir IvorConnaughtMount Athos
1967
Owner Mr H J Joel.svg Owner Mrs Charles W Engelhard.svg Owner Ballymacoll Stud.svg
Royal PalaceRiboccoDart Board
1966
Owner Lady Zia Wernher.svg Owner Mrs Claude Lilley.svg Owner Mr E B Benjamin.svg
CharlottownPretendreBlack Prince II
1965
Owner M J Ternynck.svg Owner Mr G M Bell.svg Owner Cliveden Stud.svg
Sea BirdMeadow CourtI Say
1964
Owner Mr J Ismay.svg Owner Mrs Charles W Engelhard.svg Owner Mr L M Gelb.svg
Santa ClausIndianaDilettante
1963
Owner Lagardere Family.svg Owner Dr J F Robinson.svg Owner J R Mullion.svg
RelkoMerchant VenturerRagusa
1962
Owner R Guest.svg Owner Marcel Boussac.svg Owner Mme L Volterra.svg
LarkspurArcorLe Cantilien
1961
Owner Etti Plesch.svg Owner Mme L Volterra.svg Owner Mrs C Iselin.svg
PsidiumDicta DrakePardao
1960-1951
1960
Owner Sir Victor Sassoon.svg Owner Sir R Brooke.svg Owner Mr E R More O'Ferrall.svg
St PaddyAlcaeusKythnos
1959
Owner Sir H de Trafford.svg Owner Ga Oldham.svg Owner Mrs P Robeson.svg
ParthiaFidalgoShantung
1958
Owner Sir Victor Sassoon.svg Owner Mr F N Shone.svg Owner Etti Plesch.svg
Hard RiddenPaddy's PointNagami
1957
Owner Sir Victor Sassoon.svg Owner Mr J McShain.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg
CrepelloBallymossPipe of Peace
1956
Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg Owner Ralph Strassburger.svg Owner J McGrath.svg
LavandinMontavalRoistar
1955
Owner Mme L Volterra.svg Owner J McGrath.svg Owner Lord Derby.svg
Phil DrakePanaslipperAcropolis
1954
Owner R S Clark.svg Owner Mr J E Ferguson.svg Owner Sir P Loraine.svg
Never Say DieArabian NightDarius
1953
Owner Sir Victor Sassoon.svg Owner The Queen.svg Owner Prince Said Toussoun.svg
PinzaAureolePink Horse
1952
Owner H H Aga Khan hoops.svg Owner Mrs James V Rank.svg Owner Lagardere Family.svg
TulyarGay TimeFaubourg
1951
Owner J McGrath.svg Owner Mr P A Philipps.svg Owner Mr F W Dennis.svg
Arctic PrinceSybil's NephewSignal Box
1950-1946
1950
Owner Marcel Boussac.svg Owner Mr W Woodward.svg Owner Lady Zia Wernher.svg
GalcadorPrince SimonDouble Eclipse
1949
Owner Mrs M Glenister.svg Owner Mme L Volterra.svg Owner Lord Derby.svg
NimbusAmour DrakeSwallow Tail
1948
Owner H H Aga Khan hoops.svg Owner Mme L Volterra.svg Owner H H Aga Khan hoops.svg
My LoveRoyal DrakeNoor
1947
Owner Sir P Loraine.svg Owner H H Aga Khan hoops.svg Owner HH Maharaja of Baroda.svg
Pearl DiverMigoliSayajirao
1946
Owner Mr J E Ferguson.svg Owner Lord Derby.svg Owner Colonel F R Hue-Williams.svg
AirborneGulf StreamRadiotherapy
 

Records

Leading jockey (9 wins)

  • Lester PiggottNever Say Die (1954), Crepello (1957), St. Paddy (1960), Sir Ivor (1968), Nijinsky (1970), Roberto (1972), Empery (1976), The Minstrel (1977), Teenoso (1983)

Leading trainer (8 wins)

  • Aidan O'BrienGalileo (2001), High Chaparral (2002), Camelot (2012), Ruler of the World (2013), Australia (2014), Wings of Eagles (2017), Anthony Van Dyck (2019), Serpentine (2020)

Leading owner (9 wins): (includes part ownership)

  • Sue Magnier, Michael TaborGalileo (2001), High Chaparral (2002), Pour Moi (2011), Camelot (2012), Ruler Of The World (2013), Australia (2014), Wings of Eagles (2017), Anthony Van Dyck (2019), Serpentine (2020)

Dams of two winners

Other records

  • Fastest winning time(at Epsom) – 2m 31.33s, Workforce (2010)
  • Widest winning margin – 10 lengths, Shergar (1981)
  • Longest odds winners – Jeddah (1898), Signorinetta (1908), Aboyeur (1913), 100/1
  • Shortest odds winner – Ladas (1894), 2/9
  • Most runners – 34 (1862)
  • Fewest runners – 4 (1794)

Winners

Year
Winner
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Dist. [a]
Time
1780 Diomed Sam Arnull R. Teasdale Sir Charles Bunbury
1781 Young Eclipse Charles Hindley Dennis O'Kelly
1782 Assassin Sam Arnull Frank Neale 3rd Earl of Egremont
1783 Saltram Charles Hindley Frank Neale John Parker
1784 Serjeant John Arnull Dennis O'Kelly
1785 Aimwell Charles Hindley John Pratt 1st Earl of Clermont
1786 Noble J. White Frank Neale Tommy Panton
1787 Sir Peter Teazle Sam Arnull Saunders 12th Earl of Derby
1788 Sir Thomas William South Frank Neale Prince of Wales
1789 Skyscraper Sam Chifney Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1790 Rhadamanthus John Arnull John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1791 Eager Matt Stephenson Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1792 John Bull Frank Buckle John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1793 Waxy Bill Clift Robert Robson Sir Ferdinand Poole
1794 Daedalus Frank Buckle John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1795 Spread Eagle Anthony Wheatley Richard PrinceSir Frank Standish
1796 Didelot John Arnull Richard PrinceSir Frank Standish
1797 Colt by Fidget John Singleton, Jr. Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1798 Sir Harry Sam Arnull Frank Neale Joseph Cookson
1799 Archduke John Arnull Richard PrinceSir Frank Standish
1800 Champion Bill Clift Tom PerrenChristopher Wilson
1801 Eleanor John Saunders J. Frost Sir Charles Bunbury
1802 Tyrant Frank Buckle Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton
1803 Ditto Bill Clift John LonsdaleSir Hedworth Williamson
1804 Hannibal Bill Arnull Frank Neale 3rd Earl of Egremont
1805 Cardinal Beaufort Dennis Fitzpatrick Dixon Boyce 3rd Earl of Egremont
1806 Paris John Shepherd Richard Prince 3rd Baron Foley
1807 Election John Arnull Dixon Boyce 3rd Earl of Egremont
1808 Pan Frank Collinson John LonsdaleSir Hedworth Williamson
1809 Pope Tom Goodisson Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton nk
1810 Whalebone Bill Clift Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton
1811 Phantom Frank Buckle James Edwards Sir John Shelley hd
1812 Octavius Bill Arnull Dixon BoyceRobert Ladbrokehd
1813 Smolensko Tom Goodisson Crouch Sir Charles Bunbury 1
1814 Blucher Bill Arnull Dixon Boyce 2nd Baron Stawell
1815 Whisker Tom Goodisson Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton shd
1816 Prince Leopold Will Wheatley William Butler Duke of York ½
1817 Azor Jem Robinson Robert Robson John Payne
1818 Sam Sam Chifney, Jr. William ChifneyThomas Thornhill¾
1819 Tiresias Bill Clift Richard Prince 4th Duke of Portland nk
1820 Sailor Sam Chifney, Jr. William ChifneyThomas Thornhill2
1821 Gustavus Sam Day CrouchJohn Hunter½
1822 Moses Tom Goodisson William Butler Duke of York hd
1823 Emilius Frank Buckle Robert Robson John Udny1
1824 Cedric Jem Robinson James Edwards Sir John Shelley
1825 Middleton Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1826 Lap-dog George Dockeray R. Stephenson 3rd Earl of Egremont
1827 Mameluke Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1828 Cadland [lower-alpha 1] Jem Robinson Dixon Boyce 5th Duke of Rutland dh
1829 Frederick John Forth John Forth William Gratwickehd
1830 Priam Sam Day William ChifneyWilliam Chifney2
1831 Spaniel Will Wheatley J. Rogers Viscount Lowther
1832 St. Giles Bill Scott J. WebbRobert Ridsdale2
1833 Dangerous Jem Chapple Isaac SadlerIsaac Sadler1
1834 Plenipotentiary Patrick Conolly George PayneStanlake Batson2
1835 Mündig Bill Scott John Scott John Bowes nk
1836 Bay Middleton Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey 2
1837 Phosphorus George Edwards John DoeLord Bernersnk
1838 Amato Jem Chapple Ralph Sherwood Sir Gilbert Heathcote
1839 Bloomsbury Sim Templeman William RidsdaleWilliam Ridsdale1
1840 Little Wonder William Macdonald John ForthDavid Robertson1
1841 Coronation Patrick Conolly Ben PainterAbraham Rawlinson3
1842 Attila Bill Scott John Scott George Anson 2
1843 Cotherstone Bill Scott John Scott John Bowes 2
1844 Orlando [lower-alpha 2] Nat Flatman W. Cooper Jonathan Peel
1845 The Merry Monarch Foster Bell John Forth William Gratwicke1
1846 Pyrrhus The First Sam Day John Day John Gully nk 2:55
1847 Cossack Sim Templeman John Day T. H. Pedley1 2:52
1848 Surplice Sim Templeman John Kent, Jr. 3rd Viscount Clifden nk 2:48
1849 The Flying Dutchman Charles Marlow John Fobert 13th Earl of Eglinton snk 3:00
1850 Voltigeur Job Marson Robert Hill 2nd Earl of Zetland 1 2:50
1851 Teddington Job Marson Alec Taylor, Sr. Sir Joseph Hawley 2 2:51
1852 Daniel O'Rourke Frank Butler John Scott John Bowes ½ 3:02
1853 West Australian Frank Butler John Scott John Bowes nk 2:55
1854 Andover Alfred Day John Day John Gully 1 2:52
1855 Wild Dayrell Robert Sherwood John Rickaby Francis Popham 1 2:54
1856 Ellington Tom Aldcroft Tom Dawson Octavius Vernon Harcourt 1 3:04
1857 Blink Bonny Jack Charlton William I'AnsonWilliam I'Ansonnk 2:45
1858 Beadsman John Wells George Manning Sir Joseph Hawley 1 2:54
1859 Musjid John Wells George Manning Sir Joseph Hawley ½ 2:59
1860 Thormanby Harry Custance Mathew Dawson James Merry 2:55
1861 Kettledrum Ralph Bullock G. Oates Charles Towneley 1 2:45
1862 Caractacus John Parsons Robert SmithCharles Snewingnk 2:45
1863 Macaroni Tom Chaloner James GoddingRichard Naylorhd 2:50
1864 Blair Athol Jim Snowden William I'AnsonWilliam I'Anson2 2:43
1865 Gladiateur Harry Grimshaw Tom Jennings, Sr. Frédéric de Lagrange 2 2:46
1866 Lord Lyon Harry Custance James DoverRichard Suttonhd 2:50
1867 Hermit John Daley G. Bloss Henry Chaplin nk 2:42
1868 Blue Gown John Wells John Porter Sir Joseph Hawley ½ 2:43
1869 Pretender John Osborne Jr. Tom DawsonJohn Johnstoneshd 2:52
1870 Kingcraft Tom French Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth 4 2:45
1871 Favonius Tom French Joseph Hayhoe Mayer A. de Rothschild 2:50
1872 Cremorne Charlie Maidment William GilbertHenry Savilehd 2:45
1873 Doncaster Fred Webb Robert Peck James Merry 2:50
1874 George Frederick Harry Custance Tom LeaderW. S. Cartwright2 2:46
1875 Galopin Jack Morris John Dawson Gusztáv Batthyány 1 2:48
1876 Kisber Charlie Maidment Joseph HayhoeAlexander Baltazzi5 2:44
1877 Silvio Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth ½ 2:50
1878 Sefton Harry Constable Alec Taylor, Sr. William Stirling Crawfurd 2:56
1879 Sir Bevys George Fordham Joseph Hayhoe Lionel de Rothschild ¾ 3:02
1880 Bend Or Fred Archer Robert Peck 1st Duke of Westminster hd 2:46
1881 Iroquois Fred Archer Jacob Pincus Pierre Lorillard IV nk 2:50
1882 Shotover Tom Cannon, Sr. John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster ¾ 2:45
1883 St. Blaise Charles Wood John Porter Sir Frederick Johnstone hd 2:48
1884
(dh)
Harvester
St. Gatien
Sam Loates
Charles Wood
James Jewitt
Robert Sherwood
Sir J. Willoughby
Jack Hammond
dh 2:46
1885 Melton Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 20th Baron Hastings hd 2:44
1886 Ormonde Fred Archer John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 2:45.6
1887 Merry Hampton John Watts Martin Gurry George Alexander Baird 4 2:43
1888 Ayrshire Fred Barrett George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 2 2:43
1889 Donovan Tommy Loates George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 2:44
1890 Sainfoin John Watts John Porter James Miller ¾ 2:49
1891 Common George Barrett John Porter Sir Frederick Johnstone 2 2:56
1892 Sir Hugo Fred Allsopp Tom Wadlow 3rd Earl of Bradford ¾ 2:44
1893 Isinglass Tommy Loates James Jewitt Harry McCalmont 2:43
1894 Ladas John Watts Mathew Dawson 5th Earl of Rosebery 2:45
1895 Sir Visto Sam Loates Mathew Dawson 5th Earl of Rosebery ¾ 2:43
1896 Persimmon John Watts Richard Marsh Prince of Wales nk 2:42
1897 Galtee More Charles Wood Sam Darling John Gubbins 2 2:44
1898 Jeddah Otto Madden Richard Marsh James Larnach¾ 2:47
1899 Flying Fox Morny Cannon John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 2 2:42
1900 Diamond Jubilee Herbert Jones Richard Marsh Prince of Wales ½ 2:42
1901 Volodyovski Lester Reiff John Huggins William C. Whitney ¾ 2:40.8
1902 Ard Patrick Skeets Martin Sam Darling John Gubbins 3 2:42.2
1903 Rock Sand Danny Maher George Blackwell James Miller 2 2:42.8
1904 St. Amant Kempton Cannon Alfred Hayhoe Leopold de Rothschild 3 2:45.4
1905 Cicero Danny Maher Percy Peck 5th Earl of Rosebery ¾ 2:39.6
1906 Spearmint Danny Maher Peter Gilpin Major Eustace Loder 2:36.8
1907 Orby John Reiff Fred McCabe Richard Croker 2 2:44
1908 Signorinetta Billy Bullock Edoardo GinistrelliEdoardo Ginistrelli2 2:39.8
1909 Minoru Herbert Jones Richard Marsh King Edward VII shd 2:42.7
1910 Lemberg Bernard Dillon Alec Taylor, Jr. Alfred Cox nk 2:35.2
1911 Sunstar George Stern Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 2 2:36.8
1912 Tagalie John Reiff Dawson Waugh Walter Raphael4 2:38.8
1913 Aboyeur [lower-alpha 2] Edwin Piper Tom LewisAlan Cunliffenk 2:37.6
1914 Durbar Matt McGee Tom Murphy Herman Duryea 3 2:38.4
1915 Pommern Steve Donoghue Charles Peck Solomon Joel 2 2:32.6
1916 Fifinella Joe Childs Dick Dawson Sir Edward Hulton nk 2:36.6
1917 Gay Crusader Steve Donoghue Alec Taylor, Jr. Alfred Cox 4 2:40.6
1918 Gainsborough Joe Childs Alec Taylor, Jr. Lady James Douglas 2:33.2
1919 Grand Parade Fred Templeman Frank Barling 1st Baron Glanely ½ 2:35.8
1920 Spion Kop Frank O'Neill Peter Gilpin Giles Loder2 2:34.8
1921 Humorist Steve Donoghue Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel nk 2:36.2
1922 Captain Cuttle Steve Donoghue Fred Darling 1st Baron Woolavington 4 2:34.6
1923 Papyrus Steve Donoghue Basil JarvisBen Irish1 2:38
1924 Sansovino Tommy Weston George Lambton 17th Earl of Derby 6 2:46
1925 Manna Steve Donoghue Fred Darling Henry E. Morriss8 2:40.6
1926 Coronach Joe Childs Fred Darling 1st Baron Woolavington 5 2:47.8
1927 Call Boy Charlie Elliott John E. Watts Frank Curzon 2 2:34.4
1928 Felstead Harry Wragg Ossie Bell Sir Hugo Cunliffe-Owen 2:34.8
1929 Trigo Joe Marshall Dick Dawson William Barnett 2:36.4
1930 Blenheim Harry Wragg Dick Dawson Aga Khan III 1 2:38.2
1931 Cameronian Freddie Fox Fred Darling Arthur Dewar ¾ 2:36.6
1932 April the Fifth Fred Lane Tom Walls Tom Walls ¾ 2:43.2
1933 Hyperion Tommy Weston George Lambton 17th Earl of Derby 4 2:34
1934 Windsor Lad Charles Smirke Marcus Marsh Maharaja Sir Vijaysinhji of Rajpipla 1 2:34
1935 Bahram Freddie Fox Frank Butters Aga Khan III 2 2:36
1936 Mahmoud Charles Smirke Frank Butters Aga Khan III 3 2:33.8
1937 Mid-day Sun Michael Beary Fred Butters Lettice Mary Miller 2:37.6
1938 Bois Roussel Charlie Elliott Fred Darling Peter Beatty 4 2:39.2
1939 Blue Peter Eph Smith Jack Jarvis 6th Earl of Rosebery 4 2:36.8
1940 Pont l'Eveque Sam Wragg Fred Darling Fred Darling 3 2:30.8
1941 Owen Tudor Billy Nevett Fred Darling C. Macdonald-Buchanan 2:32
1942 Watling Street Harry Wragg Walter Earl 17th Earl of Derby nk 2:29.6
1943 Straight Deal Tommy Carey Walter Nightingall Dorothy Paget hd 2:30.4
1944 Ocean Swell Billy Nevett Jack Jarvis 6th Earl of Rosebery nk 2:31
1945 Dante Billy Nevett Matthew Peacock Sir Eric Ohlson 2 2:26.6
1946 Airborne Tommy Lowrey Dick Perryman John E. Ferguson1 2:44.6
1947 Pearl Diver Georges Bridgland Percy Carter Baron Geoffroy de Waldner4 2:38.4
1948 My Love Rae Johnstone Richard Carver Aga Khan III / Volterra 2:40
1949 Nimbus Charlie Elliott George Colling Marion Glenisterhd 2:42
1950 Galcador Rae Johnstone Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac hd 2:36.8
1951 Arctic Prince Chuck Spares Willie Stephenson Joseph McGrath 6 2:39.4
1952 Tulyar Charles Smirke Marcus Marsh Aga Khan III ¾ 2:36.4
1953 Pinza Sir Gordon Richards Norman Bertie Sir Victor Sassoon 4 2:35.6
1954 Never Say Die Lester Piggott Joseph Lawson Robert Sterling Clark 2 2:35.8
1955 Phil Drake Freddie Palmer François Mathet Suzy Volterra 2 2:39.8
1956 Lavandin Rae Johnstone Alec Head Pierre Wertheimer nk 2:36.4
1957 Crepello Lester Piggott Noel Murless Sir Victor Sassoon 2:35.4
1958 Hard Ridden Charles Smirke Mick Rogers Sir Victor Sassoon 5 2:41.2
1959 Parthia Harry Carr Cecil Boyd-Rochfort Sir Humphrey de Trafford 2:36.0
1960 St. Paddy Lester Piggott Noel Murless Sir Victor Sassoon 3 2:35.8
1961 Psidium Roger Poincelet Harry Wragg Etti Plesch 2 2:36.4
1962 Larkspur Neville Sellwood Vincent O'Brien Raymond R. Guest 2 2:37.6
1963 Relko Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet François Dupré 6 2:39.4
1964 Santa Claus Scobie Breasley Mick Rogers John Ismay1 2:41.98
1965 Sea Bird Pat Glennon Etienne Pollet Jean Ternynck 2 2:38.41
1966 Charlottown Scobie Breasley Gordon Smyth Lady Zia Wernher nk 2:37.63
1967 Royal Palace George Moore Noel Murless Jim Joel 2:38.36
1968 Sir Ivor Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Raymond R. Guest 2:38.73
1969 Blakeney Ernie Johnson Arthur Budgett Arthur Budgett 1 2:40.30
1970 Nijinsky Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Charles W. Engelhard, Jr. 2:34.68
1971 Mill Reef Geoff Lewis Ian Balding Paul Mellon 2 2:37.14
1972 Roberto Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien John W. Galbreath shd 2:36.09
1973 Morston Edward Hide Arthur Budgett Arthur Budgett ½ 2:35.92
1974 Snow Knight Brian Taylor Peter Nelson Sharon Phillips2 2:35.04
1975 Grundy Pat Eddery Peter Walwyn Carlo Vittadini 3 2:35.35
1976 Empery Lester Piggott Maurice Zilber Nelson Bunker Hunt 3 2:35.69
1977 The Minstrel Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Robert Sangster nk 2:36.44
1978 Shirley Heights Greville Starkey John Dunlop 2nd Earl of Halifax hd 2:35.30
1979 Troy Willie Carson Dick Hern Sobell / Weinstock 7 2:36.59
1980 Henbit Willie Carson Dick Hern Etti Plesch ½ 2:34.77
1981 Shergar Walter Swinburn Michael Stoute Aga Khan IV 10 2:44.21
1982 Golden Fleece Pat Eddery Vincent O'Brien Robert Sangster 3 2:34.27
1983 Teenoso Lester Piggott Geoff Wragg Eric Moller 3 2:49.07
1984 Secreto Christy Roche David O'Brien Luigi Migliettishd 2:39.12
1985 Slip Anchor Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Lord Howard de Walden 7 2:36.23
1986 Shahrastani Walter Swinburn Michael Stoute Aga Khan IV ½ 2:37.13
1987 Reference Point Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Louis Freedman 2:33.90
1988 Kahyasi Ray Cochrane Luca Cumani Aga Khan IV 2:33.84
1989 Nashwan Willie Carson Dick Hern Hamdan Al Maktoum 5 2:34.90
1990 Quest for Fame Pat Eddery Roger Charlton Khalid Abdullah 3 2:37.26
1991 Generous Alan Munro Paul Cole Prince Fahd bin Salman 5 2:34.00
1992 Dr Devious [16] John Reid Peter Chapple-Hyam Sidney H. Craig 2 2:36.19
1993 Commander in Chief [17] Michael Kinane Henry Cecil Khalid Abdullah 2:34.51
1994 Erhaab [18] Willie Carson John Dunlop Hamdan Al Maktoum 2:34.16
1995 Lammtarra [19] Walter Swinburn Saeed bin Suroor Saeed bin M. Al Maktoum 1 2:32.31
1996 Shaamit [20] Michael Hills William Haggas Khalifa Dasmal 2:35.05
1997 Benny the Dip [21] Willie Ryan John Gosden Landon Knightshd 2:35.77
1998 High-Rise [22] Olivier Peslier Luca Cumani M. Obaid Al Maktoum hd 2:33.88
1999 Oath [23] Kieren Fallon Henry Cecil The Thoroughbred Corp. 2:37.43
2000 Sinndar [24] Johnny Murtagh John Oxx Aga Khan IV 1 2:36.75
2001 Galileo [25] Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 2:33.27
2002 High Chaparral [26] Johnny Murtagh Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 2 2:39.45
2003 Kris Kin [27] Kieren Fallon Sir Michael Stoute Saeed Suhail1 2:33.35
2004 North Light [28] Kieren Fallon Sir Michael Stoute Ballymacoll Stud 2:33.72
2005 Motivator [29] Johnny Murtagh Michael Bell Royal Ascot Racing Club5 2:35.69
2006 Sir Percy [30] Martin Dwyer Marcus Tregoning Anthony Pakenhamshd 2:35.23
2007 Authorized [31] Frankie Dettori Peter Chapple-Hyam Al Homaizi / Al Sagar5 2:34.77
2008 New Approach [32] Kevin Manning Jim Bolger Princess Haya of Jordan ½ 2:36.50
2009 Sea the Stars [33] Michael Kinane John Oxx Christopher Tsui 2:36.74
2010 Workforce [34] Ryan Moore Sir Michael Stoute Khalid Abdullah 7 2:31.33
2011 Pour Moi [35] Mickael Barzalona André Fabre Magnier / Tabor / Smith hd 2:34.54
2012 Camelot [36] Joseph O'Brien Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor /5 2:33.90
2013 Ruler of the World [37] Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Smith 2:39.06
2014 Australia [38] Joseph O'Brien Aidan O'Brien Smith, Magnier, Tabor, Khing 2:33.63
2015 Golden Horn [39] Frankie Dettori John Gosden Anthony Oppenheimer 2:32.32
2016 Harzand [40] Pat Smullen Dermot Weld Aga Khan IV 2:40.09
2017 Wings of Eagles [41] Padraig Beggy Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor ¾ 2:33.02
2018 Masar William Buick Charlie Appleby Godolphin 2:34.93
2019 Anthony Van Dyck Seamie Heffernan Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor ½ 2:33.38
2020 Serpentine [lower-alpha 3] Emmet McNamara Aidan O'Brien Tabor /Smith / Magnier 2:34.43

a Winning distances are shown in lengths or shorter (dh = dead-heat; shd = short-head; hd = head; snk = short-neck; nk = neck).

  1. The 1828 race finished as a dead-heat, but Cadland won a run-off against The Colonel by ½ length
  2. 1 2 The 1844 and 1913 winners were awarded victory after the disqualification of the first-placed horse
  3. The 2020 race was run in July due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom
   Wartime substitute race at Newmarket

Timeline

Amato, 1838 Derby winner by John Frederick Herring, Sr Amato.jpg
Amato, 1838 Derby winner by John Frederick Herring, Sr
Shirley Heights, 1978 Derby winner by Bob Demuyser (1920-2003) Shirley Heights.jpg
Shirley Heights , 1978 Derby winner by Bob Demuyser (1920–2003)

See also

Footnotes

    Related Research Articles

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    Further reading