Galileo (horse)

Last updated
Racing silks of Susan Magnier.svg
Racing colours of Susan Magnier
Sire Sadler's Wells
Grandsire Northern Dancer
Dam Urban Sea
Damsire Miswaki
Sex Stallion
Foaled30 March 1998
Died10 July 2021(2021-07-10) (aged 23)
Colour Bay
Breeder David Tsui and Orpendale
Owner Sue Magnier, Michael Tabor
Trainer Aidan O'Brien
Record8: 6-1-0
Major wins
Ballysax Stakes (2001)
Derrinstown Stud Derby Trial (2001)
Epsom Derby (2001)
Irish Derby (2001)
K. George VI & Q. Elizabeth Stakes (2001)
European Champion Three-Year-Old Colt (2001)
Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland
(2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020)
Leading broodmare sire in Great Britain & Ireland (2020)
Last updated on 17 July 2021

Galileo (30 March 1998 – 10 July 2021) was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a racing career which lasted from October 2000 until October 2001 he ran eight times and won six races. He is best known for having won The Derby, Irish Derby Stakes, and King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes in 2001, and for his rivalry with the Godolphin champion Fantastic Light. He was named the European Champion Three-Year-Old Colt of 2001.


After his retirement, Galileo became one of the most sought after sires in the world. He first became the leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland in 2008, then consecutively earned the title from 2010 through 2020. In 2020, he set the record for the number of Epsom Derby winners sired at five: New Approach, Ruler Of The World, Australia, Anthony Van Dyck and Serpentine. In June 2020, Galileo sired his 85th Group 1 winner, breaking Danehill's world record and becoming the most successful source of Group I winners in thoroughbred history. [1] In addition to his Derby winners, his notable offspring include Frankel, Nathaniel, Found, Churchill and Minding. He is also a leading broodmare sire and an emerging sire of sires.

Galileo was euthanized on 10 July 2021, after a debilitating injury to his near foreleg, which failed to heal after surgery earlier that year. [2]


Galileo was a 16 12  hh (64.5 inches, 164 cm) bay horse with a narrow white blaze and a white sock on his near hind leg. [3] He was sired by Sadler's Wells out of the mare Urban Sea. His breeders were David Tsui, the owner of Urban Sea, and "Orpendale", a name used by the Coolmore Stud organisation for some of their breeding interests. [4] He was described as a three-year-old as being "one of the most impeccably bred horses in training". [5]

Sadler's Wells (1981–2011) won three Group One races in 1984 and went on to sire the winners of over 2,000 races, including more than 130 at Group One/Grade I level. [6] He was the most successful sire in the history of British racing, being the leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland a record 14 times. [7] Urban Sea (1989–2009) won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe in 1993 and went on to become an outstanding broodmare. Apart from Galileo, she was the dam of the Derby winner Sea the Stars, and the Grade I winners Black Sam Bellamy (Tattersalls Gold Cup) and My Typhoon (Diana Stakes), as well as All Too Beautiful (Group race winner, Group One placed) and Melikah (Listed race winner, Group One placed).

Owned by Sue Magnier and Michael Tabor, Galileo was sent into training with Aidan O'Brien, then just starting his tenure at Ballydoyle. Galileo was ridden in all but one of his races by Michael Kinane.

Galileo was known for his relaxed, professional behaviour and even temperament. Noel Stapleton, his long-time handler at Coolmore Stud, called him a creature of habit. "He is a true gentleman", said Stapleton, "and I think he knows how important he is." [8] O'Brien noted that Galileo "prowled" when asked to walk. "Most horses when you ask them to go forward, up goes the head and they walk up, but he used to walk forward and walk out. His walking stride was so long and there was so much power from his front and back." [9]

He was one of several horses to have borne the name of Galileo. The most notable "other" Galileo was a Polish-bred gelding which won the Grade I RSA Novices' Hurdle at the 2002 Cheltenham Festival. [10]

Racing career

2000: two-year-old career

Galileo's two-year-old debut was delayed by a cough that he developed over the summer of 2000. [9] He did not appear on the racecourse until 28 October, when he was entered in a sixteen-runner maiden race at Leopardstown. He was made the even-money favourite, despite the field containing two runners each from the stables of the leading Irish trainers John Oxx and Jim Bolger. Mick Kinane tracked the leaders on Galileo before sending the colt into the lead in the straight. Although there were less than two furlongs to the finish, Galileo extended his lead to fourteen lengths by the end of the race. [11]

2001: three-year-old career


As a three-year-old, Galileo was conditioned for a middle-distance campaign and was aimed at Derby trial races [12] in spring. On his debut, he was made 1/3 favourite for the Listed Ballysax Stakes over a mile and a quarter at Leopardstown. Racing smoothly throughout the race, he took the lead two furlongs out and won "easily" by three and a half lengths. [13] Runner-up Milan went on to win the St Leger and finish second in the Breeders' Cup Turf, while the third-placed Vinnie Roe won four consecutive Irish St. Legers. After the race, Galileo was offered at odds of 8/1 for the Derby. O'Brien was satisfied with the performance, especially as he believed the colt was some way from peak fitness ("[my horses]... are as big as bulls") and likely to improve. [5]

Galileo had his third race at Leopardstown in May as he was stepped up in class for the Group Three Derrinstown Stud Derby Trial. He was made odds-on favourite, and was ridden for the first and only time by Seamie Heffernan, as Kinane was riding Milan in the Group One Prix Lupin on the same day. [14] Galileo took the lead a furlong from home and stayed on to beat the John Oxx-trained Exaltation by one and a half lengths. [15] Although Heffernan put Galileo under pressure before going clear, the colt's Derby odds were cut to 5–1. [16]


At Epsom, Galileo started 11/4 joint-favourite alongside the 2,000 Guineas winner Golan. The 2001 Epsom Derby field was strong, with Tobougg, the previous year's champion two-year-old, and the winners of most of the major Derby trials, including Mr Combustible (Chester Vase), Dilshaan (Dante Stakes) and Perfect Sunday (Lingfield Derby Trial), all taking part. Kinane positioned Galileo just behind the leaders and turned into the straight in third behind Mr Combustible and Perfect Sunday. Two furlongs from the finish, Galileo moved past Mr Combustible and quickly went clear to record an "impressive" three and a half length victory over Golan, Tobougg and Mr Combustible. [17] Following the race, Timeform assigned a figure of 130 to Galileo, making him, in their opinion, the best Derby winner for ten years. [18] Kinane was reported to have called Galileo the best horse he had ridden, saying, "There is no weakness to him... He is a dream to ride." [19] It was the first Derby winner for O'Brien as a trainer and Sadler's Wells as a sire. [9]

In the Irish Derby at The Curragh, three weeks later, Galileo was made favourite at odds of 4/11, with Golan and Exaltation the only other horses starting at less than 20/1. Galileo led two furlongs from the finish and quickly went clear. Although Kinane eased the colt down in the closing stages, he won by four lengths from the Derby Italiano winner Morshdi, with Golan another four lengths back in third. [20] Kinane, who was winning his first Irish Derby in seventeen attempts said that he was always in "complete control", while Morshdi's jockey, Philip Robinson described the winner as "a freak". [21]

Galileo was then tested against older horses in the King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Diamond Stakes at Ascot in July. The betting suggested that the race would be a match between Galileo (1/2 favourite) and the Godolphin five-year-old Fantastic Light (7-2), who had won Group One races in four different countries. Such were the reputations of these two horses that the third choice in the betting, the Prix du Jockey Club winner Anabaa Blue, started at 18/1. Kinane took Galileo to the lead two furlongs out, but Frankie Dettori soon brought Fantastic Light to challenge. The horses raced together for a few strides before Galileo pulled ahead inside the final furlong and won by two lengths. [22]


Galileo returned to Leopardstown in September for a much-anticipated [23] Irish Champion Stakes in which he was matched against Fantastic Light again, this time over the shorter distance of one and a quarter miles. O'Brien entered Ice Dancer in the race to act as pacemaker and ensure a stamina test. The plan failed as the rest of the riders ignored Ice Dancer, who went ten lengths clear before stopping abruptly in the straight. Fantastic Light took the lead two furlongs out, and Kinane immediately moved Galileo up to join him. The two horses raced side by side throughout the last quarter of the mile, with the advantage appearing to fluctuate between them. On the line, Fantastic Light defeated Galileo by a head in a photo finish. [24] The race has been described as one of the most exciting and memorable in the modern history of the sport. [25] O'Brien praised the winner, but felt that he had "messed up" tactically. [26]

For his final race, Galileo was sent to Belmont Park for the Breeders' Cup Classic. He was racing on dirt for the first time, although before traveling he was prepared by exercising on the artificial surface at Southwell. [27] The Classic was expected to feature a third meeting between Galileo and Fantastic Light, but the Godolphin horse was switched to the Turf shortly before the race. In the Classic, Galileo raced behind the leaders for most of the way but was unable to quicken, staying on at the same pace to finish sixth of the fourteen runners behind Tiznow. [28]

"With the benefit of hindsight", O'Brien later recalled, "it was an unrealistic target to ask him to do that after having such a tough season and racing against the older horses, but it was the belief that was in him, the belief that everyone had in him, that we thought it could be possible that it could happen. I remember when he came in, he was after trying so hard he was almost crying. He was so genuine." [9]

Galileo's retirement was announced immediately after the race. [29]

Race record

DateRaceDist (f)CourseClassPrize (£K)OddsRunnersPlacingMarginTimeJockeyTrainer
28 October 2000IBEC EBF Maiden8 Leopardstown M8Evens161141:48.20 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
16 April 2001 Ballysax Stakes 10 Leopardstown L201/3713.52:20.10 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
13 May 2001 Derrinstown Stud Derby Trial 10 Leopardstown 3398/15511.52:08.50 Seamie Heffernan Aidan O'Brien
9 June 2001 Derby 12 Epsom 158011/41213.52:33.27 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
1 July 2001 Irish Derby 12 The Curragh 14114/1112142:27.10 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
28 July 2001 King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Stakes 12 Ascot 14351/212122:27.71 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
8 September 2001 Irish Champion Stakes 10 Leopardstown 13844/1172Head2:01.80 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
27 October 2001 Breeders' Cup Classic 10 Belmont Park 11386100/301367.752:00.62 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien


Galileo was named European Champion Three-Year-Old at the Cartier Racing Awards.

In the 2001 International Classification (the forerunner of the World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings), Galileo was assessed at 129 (equal with Fantastic Light), making him the third highest rated horse behind Sakhee and Point Given. [30]

Galileo was given a final Timeform rating of 134. [31]

Stud career

Galileo was retired to stand as a stallion for the Coolmore Stud. He originally operated as a "shuttle" stallion, standing at Coolmore's main farm at Fethard, County Tipperary Ireland during the Northern Hemisphere breeding season and moving to its Australian branch in the Hunter Region, New South Wales for the Southern Hemisphere breeding season. [32] However, since 2006, he stood exclusively in Ireland.

Galileo earned his first title as the leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland in 2008 thanks to his first Derby winner New Approach. He regained the title in 2010 when Frankel made his debut, and repeated in 2011 through 2020 inclusive. [8] [33] [34] [2] Since 2008, his stud fee was privately negotiated, but in 2018 he was reputed to be the most expensive stallion in the world. For breeders who were not associates of Coolmore Stud, the fee had "long been north of €400,000" and was suggested to be as high as €600,000. [35]

At the time of his death on July 10, 2021, he had sired 338 stakes winners, 228 of which were group winners. [9] In August 2018, Sizzling gave Galileo his 328th European group race win as a sire, taking him past the record previously held by his own sire Sadler's Wells. [36]

On 9 November 2019, Magic Wand became his 84th individual Group/Grade One winner, putting him level with Danehill for the most such winners sired. [37] He broke this record when Peaceful won the Irish 1000 Guineas in June 2020. [38] On the same day Galileo died, Bolshoi Ballet became his 92nd G1 winner. [9]

In 2019, Anthony Van Dyck became his fourth Epsom Derby winner (with New Approach, Ruler of the World, and Australia). This tied him with Cyllene, Waxy, Sir Peter Teazle, Blandford and Montjeu for the number of Derby winners sired. [39] He broke this record when Serpentine [40] won the Derby in 2020. After Minding's victory in the 2016 1000 Guineas, Galileo became the sire of winners of all five British Classics. [41] In the 2016 Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, he sired the top three finishers (Found, Highland Reel and Order of St George). [8] In the 2019 Derby, he was the sire, grandsire or great-grandsire of 12 out of 13 runners, and was the broodmare sire of the 13th but Sir Dragonet is related to Urban Sea through his full sister All Too Beautiful. [39] In 2020, he was the sire of the all-conquering Love, winner of the 1000 Guineas, Epsom Oaks and the Darley Yorkshire Oaks.

In September 2008, Galileo underwent surgery for colic. [42]


In early 2021, Galileo injured his near-fore foot and underwent surgery. He failed to respond to treatment and was euthanized on 10 July. When announcing the death, John Magnier of Coolmore commented, ""The effect he is having on the breed through his sons and daughters will be a lasting legacy, and his phenomenal success really is unprecedented." [2]

O'Brien noted that as a sire Galileo was notable for passing his own determination down to his offspring. "You would train a lot of horses," he said, "different types of horses who all have different traits, but very few of them, in fact none of them, put that mental trait into their horses the way Galileo did. What he put into their minds, that genuineness, was out of this world." [43]

Notable progeny

c = colt, f = filly , g = gelding

FoaledNameSexMajor wins
2003 Allegretto f Prix Royal-Oak
2003 Nightime f Irish 1,000 Guineas
2003 Red Rocks c Breeders' Cup Turf, Man o' War Stakes
2003 Sixties Icon c St Leger Stakes
2004Celestial Halog Triumph Hurdle
2004 Mahler c Queen's Vase
2004Niwotc Sydney Cup
2004 Soldier of Fortune c Irish Derby, Coronation Cup
2004 Teofilo c National Stakes, Dewhurst Stakes
2005 Alandi c Irish St. Leger, Prix du Cadran
2005Cima De Triomphec Derby Italiano
2005 Lush Lashes f Coronation Stakes, Yorkshire Oaks, Matron Stakes
2005 New Approach c National Stakes, Dewhurst Stakes, Epsom Derby, Irish Champion Stakes, Champion Stakes
2005Sousac Spring Champion Stakes
2006Altanog Prix du Cadran
2006Lintong Stradbroke Handicap
2006 Rip Van Winkle c Sussex Stakes, Queen Elizabeth II Stakes, International Stakes
2006 Sans Frontieres c Irish St. Leger
2007 Cape Blanco c Irish Derby, Irish Champion Stakes, Man o' War Stakes, Arlington Million, Joe Hirsch Turf Classic Invitational Stakes
2007Iguguf Durban July Handicap
2007 Lily Of The Valley f Prix de l'Opéra
2007MahboobafClairwood Golden Slipper
2008 Frankel c Dewhurst Stakes, 2000 Guineas, St James's Palace Stakes, Sussex Stakes Queen Elizabeth II Stakes, Lockinge Stakes, Queen Anne Stakes, International Stakes, Champion Stakes
2008Galikovaf Prix Vermeille
2008 Golden Lilac f Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, Prix de Diane, Prix d'Ispahan
2008 Misty for Me f Moyglare Stud Stakes, Prix Marcel Boussac, Irish 1,000 Guineas, Pretty Polly Stakes
2008 Nathaniel c King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes, Eclipse Stakes
2008 Roderic O'Connor c Critérium International, Irish 2,000 Guineas
2008Sevillec The Metropolitan
2008Togetherf Queen Elizabeth II Challenge Cup
2008 Treasure Beach c Irish Derby, Secretariat Stakes
2009 Great Heavens f Irish Oaks
2009Imperial Monarchc Grand Prix de Paris
2009 Maybe f Moyglare Stud Stakes
2009 Noble Mission c Tattersalls Gold Cup, Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud †, Champion Stakes
2009Romanticaf Prix Jean Romanet
2009 Was f Epsom Oaks
2009Windsor Parkg Baring Bingham Novices' Hurdle
2010Foundryg The Metropolitan
2010 Galileo Rock c
2010 Intello c Prix du Jockey Club
2010 Kingsbarns c Racing Post Trophy
2010 Magician c Irish 2,000 Guineas, Breeders' Cup Turf
2010Mondialistec Woodbine Mile, Arlington Million
2010 Ruler of the World c Epsom Derby
2010 Telescope c Great Voltigeur Stakes, Hardwicke Stakes, Aston Park Stakes
2010The United Statesc Ranvet Stakes
2011 Rhett Butler c Serbian Horse of the year
2011 Adelaide c Secretariat Stakes, Cox Plate
2011 Australia c Epsom Derby, Irish Derby, International Stakes
2011 Marvellous f Irish 1,000 Guineas
2011Photo Callf Rodeo Drive Stakes, First Lady Stakes
2011 Tapestry f Yorkshire Oaks
2012 Bondi Beach c Curragh Cup, Vintage Crop Stakes
2012Curvyf E.P. Taylor Stakes
2012 Decorated Knight cJabel Hatta, Tattersalls Gold Cup, Irish Champion Stakes
2012 Found f Prix Marcel Boussac, Breeders' Cup Turf, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe
2012 Gleneaglesc Vincent O'Brien Stakes, 2000 Guineas Stakes, Irish 2,000 Guineas, St James's Palace Stakes
2012 Highland Reel c Secretariat Stakes, Hong Kong Vase (twice), King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes,

Breeders' Cup Turf, Coronation Cup, Prince of Wales's Stakes

2012 Order of St George c Irish St. Leger (twice), Ascot Gold Cup
2012 Together Forever f Fillies' Mile
2013 Alice Springs f Falmouth Stakes, Matron Stakes, Sun Chariot Stakes
2013Ballydoylef Prix Marcel Boussac
2013Deauvillec Belmont Derby
2013 Idaho c Great Voltigeur Stakes, Hardwicke Stakes, Ormonde Stakes
2013Johannes Vermeerc Critérium International
2013 Minding f Moyglare Stud Stakes, Fillies' Mile, 1000 Guineas, Epsom Oaks, Pretty Polly Stakes, Nassau Stakes, Queen Elizabeth II Stakes
2013 Seventh Heaven f Irish Oaks, Yorkshire Oaks
2013 The Gurkha c Poule d'Essai des Poulains, Sussex Stakes
2013 Ulysses c Eclipse Stakes, International Stakes
2013 US Army Ranger c Chester Vase
2014 Capri c Irish Derby, St Leger
2014 Churchill c National Stakes, Dewhurst Stakes, 2000 Guineas, Irish 2,000 Guineas
2014 Cliffs of Moher c Dee Stakes, Mooresbridge Stakes
2014 Hydrangea f Matron Stakes, British Champions Fillies & Mares Stakes
2014 Rhododendron f Fillies' Mile, Prix de l'Opéra, Lockinge Stakes
2014 Winter f 1000 Guineas, Irish 1,000 Guineas, Coronation Stakes, Nassau Stakes
2014 Waldgeist c Critérium de Saint-Cloud, Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud, Prix Ganay, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe
2015 Clemmie f Cheveley Park Stakes
2015Flag of Honourc Irish St. Leger
2015 Forever Together f Epsom Oaks
2015 Happily f Moyglare Stud Stakes, Prix Jean-Luc Lagardère
2015 Kew Gardens c Grand Prix de Paris, St Leger
2015 Magical f British Champions Fillies & Mares Stakes, Tattersalls Gold Cup, Irish Champion Stakes, Champion Stakes, Pretty Polly Stakes
2015Magic Wandf Mackinnon Stakes
2016Line of Dutyc Breeders' Cup Juvenile Turf
2016 Hermosa f 1000 Guineas, Irish 1000 Guineas
2016 Anthony Van Dyck c Epsom Derby
2016Cape of Good Hopec Caulfield Stakes
2016 Circus Maximus c St James's Palace Stakes, Prix du Moulin de Longchamp, Queen Anne Stakes
2016 Sovereign c Irish Derby
2016 Japan c Grand Prix de Paris, International Stakes
2016 Search For A Song f Irish St. Leger (twice)
2017 Love f Moyglare Stud Stakes, 1000 Guineas, Epsom Oaks, Yorkshire Oaks, Prince of Wales's Stakes
2017Magic AttitudefBelmont Oaks
2017 Mogul c Grand Prix de Paris, Hong Kong Vase
2017 Peaceful f Irish 1,000 Guineas
2017 Serpentine c Epsom Derby
2018Bolshoi Balletc Belmont Derby
2018 Empress Josephine f Irish 1,000 Guineas
2018 Joan of Arc f Prix de Diane
2018 Shale f Moyglare Stud Stakes

Noble Mission was awarded the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud, after another Galileo son called Spiritjim was demoted from first after it was found that he tested positive for banned substances. [44]

‡ Gleneagles was demoted from first to third in the 2014 Prix Jean-Luc Lagardère, after stewards deemed him to have interfered with the horse that finished second (Full Mast) and third (Territories). [45]

Sire of sires

At the time of his death in 2021, Galileo had sired 20 sons who themselves became sires of Group/Grade 1 winners. Of these sons, Teofilio had sired the most G1 winners with 20, while Frankel was leading the sire list after having sired his first Derby winner. Both Australia and Gleneagles were in the top 20 of leading sires despite having just a few foal crops to represent them. [46] In 2018, Frankel had finished fourth on the leading sire list, while Nathaniel finished fifth. New Approach was the sire of 2018 Derby winner Masar, while Teofilo sired Melbourne Cup winner Cross Counter. [33]


Entered stud in 2008.

FoaledNameSexMajor wins
2009 Parish Hall c Dewhurst Stakes
2009 Voleuse de Coeurs f Irish St. Leger
2010Havanna Goldc Prix Jean Prat
2010Loch Garmanc Critérium International
2010Sonntagg Queensland Derby
2010 Trading Leather c Irish Derby
2010 Happy Clapper g Canterbury Stakes, Doncaster Mile, Epsom Handicap
2011Kermadecc Doncaster Mile
2012 Pleascach f Irish 1,000 Guineas, Yorkshire Oaks
2012Humidor (NZ)gAustralian Cup, Makybe Diva Stakes, Memsie Stakes,
2013 Twilight Payment g Melbourne Cup
2014Exultantg Hong Kong Vase, Hong Kong Gold Cup, Hong Kong Champions & Chater Cup, Queen Elizabeth II Cup
2015 Cross Counter g Melbourne Cup
2016Donjahf Preis von Europa
2017 Subjectivist c Ascot Gold Cup
2017 Tawkeel f Prix Saint Alary
2015 Gear Up c Criterium de Saint-Cloud

New Approach

Entered stud in 2009.

FoaledNameSexMajor wins
2010 Dawn Approach c National Stakes, Dewhurst Stakes, 2000 Guineas, St James's Palace Stakes
2010May's Dreamf Australasian Oaks
2010 Sultanina f Nassau Stakes
2010 Talent f Epsom Oaks
2011ElliptiquecGrosser Dallmayr-Preis
2011PotemkingPremio Roma
2015CascadiangDoncaster Handicap
2015 Masar c Epsom Derby
2018 Mac Swiney c Vertem Futurity Trophy, Irish 2,000 Guineas


Entered stud in 2013.

FoaledNameSexMajor wins
2014 Soul Stirring f Yushun Himba, Hanshin Juvenile Fillies
2014 Cracksman c Champion Stakes (twice), Prix Ganay, Coronation Cup
2014Mozu Ascotc Yasuda Kinen, February Stakes
2014Call The Windg Prix du Cadran
2014Dream Castleg Jebel Hatta
2014Mirage DancercATC Metropolitan Handicap
2015 Without Parole c St James's Palace Stakes
2015Veraciousf Falmouth Stakes
2016 Anapurna f Epsom Oaks, Prix de Royallieu
2016 Logician c St Leger
2017Hungry Heartf Australian Oaks, Vinery Stud Stakes
2017 Quadrilateral f Fillies' Mile
2018 Adayar c Epsom Derby, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes
2018Convergeg TJ Smith Stakes
2018 Hurricane Lane c Irish Derby


Entered stud in 2013.

FoaledNameSexMajor wins
2014 Enable f Epsom Oaks, Irish Oaks, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes (three times), Yorkshire Oaks (twice), Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe (twice), Breeders' Cup Turf, Eclipse Stakes
2014God Givenf Premio Lydia Tesio
2016 Channel f Prix de Diane
2016Burning Victoryf Triumph Hurdle

Broodmare Sire

Like his sire Galileo has become a sire of excellent broodmares whose offspring have achieved Group 1 success. [47] He was the leading broodmare sire in Great Britain and Ireland of 2020 after finishing closely behind Pivotal in the previous years. [48] [49]

DamNameFoaledSexMajor wins
Absolute Lady La Cressonniere 2013f Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, Prix de Diane
Alina Barney Roy 2014g St James's Palace Stakes
Azmiyna (AUS) The Autumn Sun 2015c J.J. Atkins Plate, Golden Rose Stakes, Caulfield Guineas, Randwick Guineas, Rosehill Guineas
Baggy Green (AUS)Tofane2015f All Aged Stakes, Stradbroke Handicap, Tattersall's Tiara
Best in the World Snowfall 2018f Epsom Oaks, Irish Oaks
Cabaret Magna Grecia 2016c Vertem Futurity Trophy, 2000 Guineas Stakes
Cabaret St Mark's Basilica 2018c Dewhurst Stakes, Poule d'Essai des Poulains, Prix du Jockey Club, Eclipse Stakes
Forest Storm Night of Thunder 2011c 2000 Guineas Stakes, Lockinge Stakes
Galicuix Galileo Gold 2013c 2000 Guineas Stakes
GreeneryLea2009c Donn Handicap
Inner Realm Intricately 2014f Moyglare Stud Stakes
Livia (AUS)Warning2016g Victoria Derby
Maybe Saxon Warrior 2015c 2000 Guineas Stakes, Racing Post Trophy
Misty for Me Roly Poly 2014c Falmouth Stakes, Prix Rothschild, Sun Chariot Stakes
Misty for Me U S Navy Flag 2015c Dewhurst Stakes, July Cup
NightimeZhukova2012f Man o' War Stakes
Nightime Ghaiyyath 2015c Grosser Preis von Baden, Coronation Cup, Eclipse Stakes, International Stakes
Perfect TruthMagicool2011g Queensland Derby
Perihelion Qualify 2012f The Oaks
Starlet's Sister Sistercharlie 2014f Belmont Oaks, Jenny Wiley Stakes, Diana Stakes (twice), Beverly D. Stakes (twice), Breeders' Cup Filly & Mare Turf, Flower Bowl Stakes
Starlet's Sister Sottsass 2016c Prix du Jockey Club, Prix Ganay, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe
Starship La Collina 2009f Phoenix Stakes, Matron Stakes
StarshipRivet Delight2014g Racing Post Trophy
Watchful Watch Me 2016f Coronation Stakes, Prix Rothschild


Pedigree of Galileo (IRE), bay stallion, 1998 [50]
Sadler's Wells
bay 1981
Northern Dancer
b. 1961
br. 1954
Lady Angela
b. 1957
Native Dancer
Fairy Bridge
b. 1975
Bold Reason
b. 1968
Hail To Reason
b. 1969
Urban Sea
chestnut 1989
ch. 1978
Mr. Prospector
b. 1970
Raise a Native
Gold Digger
ch. 1971
Rose Bower
ch. 1978
ch. 1967
Promised Lady
ch. 1969
Almyra (Family 9-h) [51]

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King of Kings was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career that lasted from May 1997 to June 1998 he ran seven times and won five races. After establishing himself as one of the leading colts of his generation in Ireland as a two-year-old, when his wins included the Group One National Stakes, he recorded his most important win when he travelled to England to win the 2000 Guineas on his first start of 1998. After a disappointing run in The Derby he was retired to stud. He died in South Africa at the age of twenty.

Entrepreneur (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Entrepreneur was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career that lasted from August 1996 to September 1997 he ran six times and won three races. After winning two of his three races in 1996 he won the 2000 Guineas on his first start as a three-year-old. Entrepreneur then started the shortest-priced Epsom Derby favourite for fifty years, but finished fourth. After another disappointing run in autumn he was retired to stud.

Brian Boru is a retired Thoroughbred racehorse and active sire who was bred in Britain but was trained in Ireland. In a career which lasted from June 2002 until December 2004, he ran eighteen times and won four races. Brian Boru was made favourite for The Derby after winning the Racing Post Trophy in 2002. In September 2003 he recorded his most important win when winning the St Leger at Doncaster.

Milan (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Milan, is a retired Thoroughbred racehorse and active sire who was bred in Britain but trained in Ireland. In a career which lasted from October 2000 until May 2002, he ran ten times and won three races. He recorded his most important success when winning the Classic St. Leger Stakes as a three-year-old in 2001. In the same year also won the Great Voltigeur Stakes and finished second in the Breeders' Cup Turf. He was retired after being injured in his only race as a four-year-old.

Imagine (horse) Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Imagine was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare best known for winning the Irish 1000 Guineas and The Oaks in 2001. In a racing career which lasted from August 2000 to June 2001 the filly ran ten times and won four races. As a two-year-old, Imagine ran six times, winning the Group Three C. L. Weld Park Stakes at the Curragh and finishing second in the Group Two Rockfel Stakes at Newmarket. The following spring, the filly was beaten in her first two races before winning the Irish 1000 Guineas at the Curragh. Imagine recorded her most valuable success on her final appearance, winning the Classic Oaks over one and a half miles at Epsom. She never raced again, but proved to be a successful broodmare.

Shahtoush Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Shahtoush was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare best known for winning The Oaks in 1998. In a racing career which lasted from August 1997 to September 1998 the filly ran eleven times and won three races. Shahtoush won only one minor race as a two-year-old, but showed top-class form when she finished third in the Group One Moyglare Stud Stakes. In 1998 she finished second in the 1000 Guineas at Newmarket Racecourse and then returned to England to win the Classic Oaks over one and a half miles at Epsom. She was beaten in her two remaining races, finishing unplaced in the Yorkshire Oaks and the Irish Champion Stakes.

Ruler of the World Casey BatemanThoroughbred racehorse

Ruler of the World is an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse who won The Derby in 2013. He was unraced as a two-year-old. In 2013, he won a maiden race at the Curragh and the Group Three Chester Vase before winning the Derby on his third appearance. Later that year, he finished second in the Prix Niel and third in the Champion Stakes. He remained in training as a four-year-old and won the Prix Foy before being retired to stud.

Australia (horse) British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Australia is an Irish-bred, Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the 2014 Epsom Derby. As a two-year-old in 2013, he won two of his three races, creating a very favourable impression when winning the Breeders' Cup Juvenile Turf Trial Stakes, and was highly regarded by his trainer Aidan O'Brien. In May 2014 he finished third behind Night of Thunder and Kingman in the 2000 Guineas before winning the Epsom Derby on 7 June. He subsequently won the Irish Derby and International Stakes before being defeated by The Grey Gatsby in the Irish Champion Stakes. His racing career was ended by injury in October 2014. He is standing at Coolmore stud.

Sophisticat was a Kentucky-bred, Irish-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. A daughter of Storm Cat out of the champion filly Serena's Song she was sold for $3.7 million as a yearling and raced in Europe for the Coolmore Stud organization. Racing as a two-year-old, she won only one minor race but was placed in the Queen Mary Stakes, Silver Flash Stakes, Lowther Stakes, Moyglare Stud Stakes and Cheveley Park Stakes. In the following year she won the Prix de la Grotte and finished second in the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches before recording her biggest success in the Coronation Stakes at Royal Ascot. She was retired at the end of the year and had some success as a broodmare.

Black Minnaloushe is an American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. Bred in Kentucky, he was sold as a yearling and sent to Ireland to race for the Irish-based Coolmore Stud organisation. After winning both his races as a juvenile, he was initially disappointing in the early part of 2001 but then showed marked improvement to win the Irish 2000 Guineas and the St James's Palace Stakes. He was beaten in his last four races and was retired to stud at the end of the year. He has had success as a breeding stallion in the United States, New Zealand and South Africa.

Aristotle was an Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He showed great promise as a two-year-old in 1999, winning a maiden race on his debut and then taking the Group One Racing Post Trophy. In an abbreviated second season he was disqualified after winning the Prix Greffulhe and ran poorly when strongly fancied for The Derby. He was then sold and exported to Singapore where he won twice and finished second in the Singapore Derby. He retired with a record of four wins from twelve starts in five different countries. He stood as a breeding stallion in Australia before moving to Ireland in 2009.

Bracelet is an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She won the second of her two starts as a two-year-old in 2013 and developed into a top-class filly in the following year, taking the Leopardstown 1,000 Guineas Trial and Ribblesdale Stakes. She recorded her biggest victory on her sixth and final appearance when she won the Irish Oaks. She was retired from racing at the end of the season and became a broodmare for the Coolmore Stud.

Necklace is a British, Irish-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She had her greatest success as a two-year-old in 2003 when she won two of her four races including the Debutante Stakes and the Moyglare Stud Stakes. In the following year failed to win but did finish third in the Beverly D. Stakes and fourth in the Epsom Oaks before being retired from racing with a record of two wins from nine starts in four different counties. She had very little success as a broodmare, producing only one minor winner.

Serpentine (horse) Irish Thoroughbred racehorse

Serpentine is an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse best known for his upset win in the 2020 Epsom Derby.


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