Frankel (horse)

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Frankel (horse).jpg
Frankel cruises to a 13-length victory in a Doncaster Conditions stakes on his second start.
Sire Galileo
Grandsire Sadler's Wells
Dam Kind
Damsire Danehill
Sex Stallion
Foaled11 February 2008
CountryGreat Britain
Colour Bay
Breeder Juddmonte Farms
Owner Khalid Abdullah
Trainer Henry Cecil
Jockey Tom Queally
Record14: 14–0–0
Major wins
Royal Lodge Stakes (2010)
Dewhurst Stakes (2010)
Greenham Stakes (2011)
2000 Guineas Stakes (2011)
St James's Palace Stakes (2011)
Sussex Stakes (2011, 2012)
Queen Elizabeth II Stakes (2011)
Lockinge Stakes (2012)
Queen Anne Stakes (2012)
International Stakes (2012)
Champion Stakes (2012)
1st in World Thoroughbred Rankings (2011, 2012)
European Horse of the Year (2011, 2012)
European Champion Two-Year-Old Colt (2010)
European Champion Three-Year-Old Colt (2011)
European Champion Older Horse (2012)
Timeform rating: 147 [1]
British Champions Series Hall of Fame (2021)

Frankel (foaled 11 February 2008) is a retired champion British Thoroughbred racehorse. Frankel was unbeaten in his fourteen-race career and was the highest-rated racehorse in the world from May 2011. [2] In 2010 he defeated a field including subsequent Group 1 winners Nathaniel and Colour Vision on his debut before winning the Royal Lodge Stakes by ten lengths and the Dewhurst Stakes in which he defeated the Middle Park Stakes winner Dream Ahead. As a three-year-old, he won the Classic 2000 Guineas by six lengths, the St James's Palace Stakes at Royal Ascot, defeated the outstanding older miler Canford Cliffs in the much-anticipated Sussex Stakes at Goodwood and won the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes at Ascot. Frankel extended his unbeaten record in 2012 by winning the Lockinge Stakes, the Queen Anne Stakes and then the Sussex Stakes for a second time. In August he was moved up to a mile and a quarter for the first time and won the International Stakes at York. In October he won the Champion Stakes at Ascot, again over a mile and a quarter, following which his retirement from racing was announced.


After his win in the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes at Ascot in October 2011, Frankel was given a rating of 143 by Timeform, the highest mark awarded by the organisation in over forty years and their fourth highest of all time behind Sea Bird, Brigadier Gerard and Tudor Minstrel. In June 2012, following his win in the Queen Anne Stakes at Royal Ascot, Timeform raised its provisional rating to 147, making him the highest-rated horse in the organisation's history. [1] In January 2013 Timeform announced that his final rating at the end of his racing career was also 147. [3]

The World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings Committee rank Frankel as the best racehorse they have assessed since their ratings were introduced in 1977, by a margin of two points. In January 2013 they announced that their ratings had been recalibrated, since it was believed that in the early years of the scheme horses had been treated more generously than more recently. Frankel's rating was confirmed at 140, but Dancing Brave was reduced from 141 to 138, Alleged from 140 to 134 and Shergar from 140 to 136. [4]

Since 1900, of British-bred racehorses only Ribot has won more races and finished his career unbeaten (racing largely in Italy). Frankel's performance in the 2000 Guineas has been described as "one of the greatest displays on a British racecourse". [5]


Frankel is a bay horse with a large white star, a white snip just above his nose, and four white feet. He was bred by Juddmonte Farms and trained by Henry Cecil, and is owned by Khalid Abdullah. He is named after the renowned and late American trainer Bobby Frankel.

Frankel is by champion sire Galileo, out of Listed sprint-winner Kind who is a daughter of champion sire Danehill. Although Galileo won The Derby, doubts surfaced over whether Frankel's staying power would be sufficient for the mile-and-a-half Classic. Frankel was instead targeted towards a three-year-old campaign over a mile, his first main target being the 2000 Guineas.

Frankel's dam, Kind, is a half-sister to Group 1 Arlington Million winner Powerscourt, Group 2 Ribblesdale Stakes winner Riposte and Group 3 Prix de Barbeville winner Last Train. Retired to paddocks in 2006, she has thus far foaled three horses to have won Group races: Frankel's three-parts brother Bullet Train – often his work companion and pacemaker – won the Group 3 Lingfield Derby Trial, while Frankel's full-brother Noble Mission, after winning the Listed Newmarket Stakes and finishing second in the Group 2 King Edward VII Stakes at Royal Ascot, went on to win the Group 3 Gordon Stakes at Glorious Goodwood; he ultimately went on to win three Group 1s for Sir Henry Cecil's widow, Lady Jane Cecil, the last being the Champion Stakes at Ascot, emulating Frankel's last win in the same contest. Kind is also dam of Listed winner and Group performer Joyeuse.

As a descendant of the broodmare Circassia, Frankel is from the same branch of Thoroughbred family 1-k which also produced the 2000 Guineas winner Don't Forget Me. [6]

Frankel is bred on the Galileo-Danehill cross, a notable nick that is also apparent in the pedigrees of Group 1 winners Teofilo, Golden Lilac, Roderic O'Connor, Maybe, Intello and Cima De Triomphe.

In 2021, Frankel became one of two inaugural Hall of Famers to be inducted into the British Champions Series Hall of Fame for his contribution to horseracing. He was inducted alongside jockey, Lester Piggott.

Racing career

2010: two-year-old season

Frankel began his two-year-old career on 13 August in a one-mile maiden race at Newmarket on soft ground. He broke slowly, and was held up by jockey Tom Queally before making headway two furlongs out. He led inside the final furlong and ran on to win "readily" [7] by half a length from John Gosden's future King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes winner Nathaniel.

Four weeks later, Frankel ran in the Frank Whittle Conditions Stakes over seven furlongs at Doncaster. Only two horses opposed him (second favourite Farhh was withdrawn before the start) and he started at odds of 1/2. Tom Queally tracked the leader Diamond Geezah before moving Frankel to the front a furlong from the finish. The horse accelerated past his opponents and drew away to win by thirteen lengths from subsequent Prix Marcel Boussac third Rainbow Springs in impressive style. [8]

Juddmonte Royal Lodge Stakes

On 25 September, Frankel tackled Group company for the first time in the Juddmonte Royal Lodge Stakes at Ascot, a race sponsored by his owner Khalid Abdullah. The race was notable for Frankel's mid-race move around the home turn, and the colt beat subsequent Horris Hill Stakes winner Klammer by 10 lengths. Treasure Beach, The Derby runner-up and Irish Derby winner the following year, was beaten just under 11 lengths. After the race, Peter Scargill of The Racing Post said that "the jockey merely pushed his mount out hands and heels to win by ten lengths – it could've easily been more". [9] Trainer Henry Cecil said: "He was very impressive. He has been ticking all the right boxes. In the last two months he has started to really improve, improve and improve". [9]

Dewhurst Stakes

Frankel's final start of the year was the Dewhurst Stakes at Newmarket on 16 October, his first race at Group 1 level. The race – billed as the two-year-old race of the century [10] – also featured two other unbeaten colts; Dream Ahead, 9-length winner of the Group 1 Middle Park Stakes a fortnight earlier and Saamidd, winner of Doncaster's Champagne Stakes and labelled "Pegasus" by his Godolphin stable. Frankel was restrained by Queally before moving up to take the lead a furlong from the finish. He won the race "comfortably" by two and a quarter lengths, despite hanging to the right in the closing stages. [11] The runner-up, Roderic O'Connor, subsequently won the Group 1 Critérium International at Saint-Cloud and then the Irish 2,000 Guineas as a three-year-old. The next day, Henry Cecil said : "Frankel unfortunately got a nasty bump leaving the stalls and that gave him a shock and the result was he ran very free ... things don't always go as one would hope and I don't think the ground helped either." [12]

2011: three-year-old season

Greenham Stakes

Frankel's prep-race for the 2000 Guineas and the first start of his three-year-old career was the Greenham Stakes at Newbury on 16 April over seven furlongs. He defeated Excelebration – who went on to win the Mehl-Mülhens-Rennen (German 2000 Guineas) by seven lengths and the Group 1 Prix du Moulin de Longchamp that season – by four lengths, showing his customary turn of foot around a furlong from home. Following the race, trainer Henry Cecil insisted that the colt would improve dramatically for the outing before the Newmarket Classic.

2000 Guineas Stakes

Frankel's racing colours, those of Prince Khalid Abdulla Racing silks of Khalid Abdullah.svg
Frankel's racing colours, those of Prince Khalid Abdulla

On 30 April, Frankel was the shortest-priced favourite in the race since 1974 at odds of 1/2. [5] He jumped straight to the lead, surprising many of the jockeys in the race, and had the horse in second place, Racing Post Trophy winner Casamento, off the bridle after only three furlongs. Frankel had a lead of around 15 lengths by half way and won by six lengths; the biggest winning margin since Tudor Minstrel in 1947.

The performance was described as "barely believable", [13] while Paul Curtis of the Racing Post said afterwards that "Frankel's astonishing performance puts him firmly in the superstar status". [14]

St James's Palace Stakes

Although he was the long-time favourite for the 2011 Epsom Derby, stamina doubts meant that Frankel did not run in what many consider racing's Blue Riband race. [15] Instead, his next start was in the St James's Palace Stakes at Royal Ascot on 14 June. In the race, the pacemaker, Rerouted, set a furious pace and opened up a sizeable lead by half-way. Frankel was then asked by jockey Tom Queally to go after the leader and passed Rerouted shortly after the three-furlong marker, going on to open up a lead of six lengths on the rest of the field with two furlongs to go. However, in the final furlong, 20-1 shot Zoffany began to make up significant ground and Frankel eventually only won by three-quarters of a length. Following the race, Queally received criticism from a number of quarters for what some considered to be an ill-judged ride, since the mid-race move appeared possibly to have taken too much of a toll on the horse. Despite claims from Cecil and Queally that Frankel was merely idling in front, some observers saw the race as the first time the colt looked less than invulnerable.

Sussex Stakes

The Sussex Stakes was billed as "The Duel on the Downs" [16] and was viewed by many as the most eagerly awaited confrontation in years. Frankel scored a five-length victory over the world's top-rated older miler and five-time consecutive Group 1 winner Canford Cliffs on 27 July at Goodwood. In a moderately run and tactical affair, Frankel made all the running to beat the horse who had accounted for three-time Breeders' Cup Mile winner Goldikova in his previous race. Canford Cliffs was found to have a shadow on his pastern, which could cause serious damage if exacerbated. Thus, he was retired on veterinary advice directly after the race. [17]

Frankel received many accolades following his victory. His trainer Sir Henry Cecil said: "I think it's a facetious thing to say, but he's the best I've ever seen. I suppose the only ones I could compare would be Shergar and Blushing Groom at his best. I can't go back to the days of Tudor Minstrel and match races, but he's the best in my lifetime." [18] During the interview Cecil also said that he had expected the colt to win easily, despite having ample respect for his horse's rival Canford Cliffs.

After the victory, the British Horseracing Authority raised Frankel's official rating from 130 (tied with Australian horse Black Caviar) to 135, making him officially the best racehorse in the world.

Following Frankel's win, rumours abounded that Cecil would aim him at the Juddmonte International Stakes at York in mid-August. The race, over a mile and a quarter, would be the first time Frankel would contest a race over that distance. However, after consideration with owner Prince Khalid Abdulla, Cecil announced the following day that the colt would have only one more race in 2011, in the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes at Ascot's inaugural QIPCO British Champions Day on 15 October.

Queen Elizabeth II Stakes

Despite his reputation, Frankel did not scare off the opposition on 15 October as a strong eight-horse field was declared for Queen Elizabeth II Stakes. The runners included Excelebration, the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp winner, the Coronation Stakes and Prix Jacques Le Marois winner Immortal Verse and Dick Turpin. The previous year's winner of the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes, the Godolphin-trained Poet's Voice, also featured.

Frankel won by 4 lengths, with Group 1 winners Excelebration and Immortal Verse filling the minor placings. It was the third time that Excelebration had succumbed to the Cecil-trained star.

He was given a Timeform rating of 143 at the end of his three-year-old career, moving him up to fourth in the Timeform all-time flat rating list. [19]

2012: four-year-old season

Whilst hitherto Frankel had contested races over no further than a mile (eight furlongs) as a two and three-year-old, his four-year-old campaign was expected to comprise some of the premier ten-furlong middle-distance races in the calendar. In October 2011 Teddy Grimthorpe, racing manager to Prince Khalid Abdulla, mentioned "the Eclipse and the Juddmonte" [20] as potential targets later in the 2012 season, while it was possible that the horse might contest the Breeders' Cup Mile or Classic at Santa Anita as a final career start. [21]

Trainer Sir Henry Cecil said in October 2011 that he believed his charge would improve for another winter and that the horse "will get a mile and a quarter very easily". The Newmarket trainer added: "He's really beginning to grow up. You're going to see a better horse next year and he's pretty good as he is." [20]

Injury scare

Reports surfaced that Frankel had suffered an injury to his off-fore on Wednesday 11 April while working on Racecourse Side in Newmarket. [22] A statement from Juddmonte, the operation of Frankel's owner Khalid Abdullah, read: "He is such an extravagant mover that he hit himself. At this stage the injury looks superficial but he will be kept monitored over the next few days." [23]

Frankel had a scan which came up clear but, due to filling in the injury, a scan for the following week was arranged to arrive at a more definitive diagnosis once that filling had dissipated. [24]

Before this second scan, rumours sparked by TV reports during coverage of the Grand National at Aintree spread that Frankel had been retired. This claim was rejected by Grimthorpe [25] and, later, the second scan showed no damage. [26]

On 25 April, Frankel worked for the first time after incurring his injury [27] and, on 5 May, Frankel took part in a public exercise gallop at Newmarket. He pulled clear of his work companions Bullet Train and Jet Away in the closing stages of the workout [28] in a style which pleased Cecil. [29]

Lockinge Stakes

On 19 May, Frankel made his first appearance of the year in the Group 1 Lockinge Stakes at Newbury. Amongst his five rivals was old rival Excelebration, who had since moved to the Ballydoyle stable of Aidan O'Brien from Marco Botti's yard in Newmarket and, as an easy winner of the Gladness Stakes the previous month, had the advantage of race fitness. However, Frankel – always ahead of Excelebration in the race – tracked his pacemaker Bullet Train before moving into the lead two furlongs from the finish, pulling clear to win by five lengths. [30] The Guardian's correspondent described the "aura" surrounding Frankel as "surreal". Henry Cecil was measured in his praise, pointing out that the horse was not at his best and would probably improve as the season progressed. [31]

Cecil subsequently said: "Over the last two seasons Frankel has come on a good deal from his first race and hopefully he will do the same this season. He has strengthened and grown up a great deal mentally. All being well his next start will be at Ascot in either the Queen Anne or the Prince of Wales, the former being my first preference at the moment, but we will see." [32]

Queen Anne Stakes

On 19 June Frankel started at odds of 1/10 for the Queen Anne Stakes at Royal Ascot against a field which included Excelebration and Strong Suit, respectively ranked the equal second and the equal fifth best three-year-old colts in the world by the IFHA in 2011. [33] Frankel took the lead three furlongs from the finish and drew steadily clear to win by eleven lengths from Excelebration. [34] Frankel ran the penultimate furlong in a time of 10.58 seconds, [35] which equates to a top speed of over 42 mph. The Guardian's correspondent described the performance as possibly the greatest in the history of Thoroughbred racing. Timeform responded to the win by raising Frankel's provisional rating to 147, the highest in the organisation's history, two pounds in advance of the 145 recorded in 1965 by Sea-Bird. [1] However the British Horseracing Authority's handicapper, Dominic Gardiner-Hill, was more cautious. He rated the horse at 140, which was still just behind Dancing Brave's all-time record mark of 141. [36] The Racing Post gave the performance a rating of 142, the highest in the publication's history, three pounds ahead of Dubai Millennium. [35]

The day after the race, Cecil said that Frankel had lost a shoe towards the end of the contest. "His foot is in a poultice as a precaution but there's no problem and he was out having a pick of grass this morning", he said. Cecil seemed to indicate that the Sussex Stakes at Goodwood followed by the Juddmonte Stakes at York would be Frankel's next two races. [37]

Sussex Stakes

On 1 August Frankel repeated his previous year's victory in the Sussex Stakes at Goodwood. Starting at odds of 1/20 against only three rivals, he won by six lengths from Farhh. With this victory, Frankel equalled the record for consecutive European Group 1 victories (seven in a row) set by Rock of Gibraltar, and also became the first horse to win the Sussex Stakes twice.

After the race, his Jockey Tom Queally said: "Every moment spent on Frankel's back is a special moment. He is amazing and had all the others cooked at halfway. It was a nice prep for his next race. He is a class apart from any other horse around and does it all very easily ... Turning into the straight, I slipped him an inch of rein. You don't have to do much on him. He's so competitive and he has a will to win like no other horse I've ridden."

Lord Grimthorpe, the racing manager to the horse's owner, Khalid Abdullah, said: "There are two obvious races for him, the Juddmonte and the Champion Stakes [Ascot, October 20], but there is a gap of nearly two months between them, and Henry may decide to give him a race in between, possibly something like the Prix du Moulin [Longchamp, September 16]." [38]

Juddmonte International Stakes

Frankel goes to the post for the Juddmonte International at York, 2012 Frankel at York, 2013.jpg
Frankel goes to the post for the Juddmonte International at York, 2012

On 22 August, Frankel won the Juddmonte International Stakes at York. This race was over 10 furlongs and was the first time that he raced over more than a mile. Consequently, there was much anticipation as to whether he would stay the extra distance. [39] Starting at odds of 1/10 against eight rivals, he barely came off the bridle to win easily by seven lengths from Farhh, who was a nose ahead of four-time Group 1 winner St Nicholas Abbey in third. Most striking, was the dominance Frankel's very high cruising speed gave him, particularly now upped in distance to 10 furlongs. Indeed, TV footage of the aftermath in the Winners' Enclosure, shows Cecil in genuine awe of his equine protégé, running his hands down the horse's back to demonstrate there was hardly a bead of sweat to be found. This was his eighth consecutive European Group 1 victory, breaking the previous record of seven in a row set by Rock of Gibraltar. [40] After the race trainer Sir Henry Cecil said "It's fantastic. It's great for Yorkshire and they deserved to see him." He was attending the racecourse after missing Frankel's previous win due to ill health and said the win made him feel "twenty years better." [41]

Writing a few days after the race, Marcus Armytage said: "Forget ratings, handicappers' assessments or any other method by which you measure one racehorse against another, it is unlikely that the world in either this or any previous generation has ever seen a better racehorse than Frankel ... What makes him unique is his ability to go a top class sprinter's pace over distance ... he is a lightning strike of genetics which may not be repeated for 100 years." [42]

Frankel in the winners' enclosure at Ascot after winning his final race, the Champion Stakes Frankel, Champions Stakes.jpg
Frankel in the winners' enclosure at Ascot after winning his final race, the Champion Stakes

Frankel was expected to have only one more race in his career, and to stand as a stallion from 2013. Having demonstrated at York his ability comfortably to stay ten furlongs, there was speculation that there might be a change to his programme, with his final race being the twelve furlong (mile and a half) Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe at Longchamp in October. [43] However, on 31 August Lord Grimthorpe said that Frankel's next race would be the Champion Stakes. [44]

Champion Stakes

On 20 October Frankel won the Champion Stakes at Ascot over ten furlongs. The ground was more testing than he had faced hitherto, being soft, heavy in places, and the colt's participation had been in doubt until Lord Grimthorpe walked the course on the morning of the race and gave the go ahead. In spite of losing several lengths at the start he beat the previous year's victor Cirrus des Aigles by one and three-quarter lengths, with Nathaniel a further two and a half lengths back in third. He had attracted a sell-out crowd of 32,000, who cheered him home from three furlongs out. After the race Prince Khalid Abdullah confirmed that the horse would be retired to stud. [45]

Corine Barande-Barbe, trainer of Cirrus des Aigles, magnanimously said after the race: "It was a great day and it was like a victory to make Frankel gallop." [46] Teddy Grimthorpe commented: "The way everyone has reacted to Frankel and Henry has been one of the great sporting stories of the year if not for many years. It was just brilliant and totally deserved." [47] Tom Queally said: "You never see an F1 car win on anything but tarmac but for him to win on ground like that shows how special he is. There was a bigger crowd at Royal Ascot but this was more intense. I don't know what I would have done if he didn't win." Sir Henry Cecil commented: "He's the best I've ever had, the best I've ever seen. I'd be very surprised if there's ever been a better." [45]

Amongst the tributes paid to Cecil's training of the horse was an article by Paul Hayward, chief sports writer of the Daily Telegraph, in which he wrote: "Frankel is Cecil's masterwork, the monument he will leave in racing folklore. His patient, shrewd, empathic management of probably Flat racing's all-time finest animal was achieved amid the ravages of chemotherapy and cancer ... From the 2,000 Guineas onwards, Cecil set about modulating Frankel's zest to get him to settle and use his speed more clinically ... It took a while, but by Saturday the world No 1 was so laid-back he fell out of the stalls half-asleep." Hayward quoted Cecil as saying after the race: "I've probably got him too relaxed. It used to be the other way round." [48]

Race record

DateRace nameD(f)CourseClassPrize (£K)OddsRunnersPlaceMarginRunner-upTimeJockeyTrainer
13 August 2010EBF Maiden Stakes8 Newmarket 44 7/4F1210.5 Nathaniel 1:43.69 Tom Queally Henry Cecil
10 September 2010 Frank Whittle Stakes 7 Doncaster 2101/2F3113Rainbow Springs1:24.83Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
25 September 2010 Royal Lodge Stakes 8 Ascot 1 (G2)703/10F5110Klammer1:41.73Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
16 October 2010 Dewhurst Stakes 7Newmarket1 (G1)1804/6F612.25 Roderic O'Connor 1:25.73Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
16 April 2011 Greenham Stakes 7 Newbury 1 (G3)281/4F614 Excelebration 1:24.60Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
30 April 2011 2000 Guineas 8Newmarket1 (G1)1981/2F1316Dubawi Gold1:37.30Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
14 June 2011 St. James's Palace 8Ascot1 (G1)1413/10F910.75Zoffany1:39.24Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
27 July 2011 Sussex Stakes 8 Goodwood 1 (G1)1708/13F415 Canford Cliffs 1:37.47Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
15 October 2011 Queen Elizabeth II Stakes 8Ascot1 (G1)5674/11F814 Excelebration 1:39.45Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
19 May 2012 Lockinge Stakes 8Newbury1 (G1)992/7F615 Excelebration 1:38.14Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
19 June 2012 Queen Anne Stakes 8Ascot1 (G1)1981/10F11111 Excelebration 1:37.85Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
1 August 2012 Sussex Stakes 8Goodwood1 (G1)1791/20F416 Farhh 1:37.56Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
22 August 2012 International Stakes 10.5 York 1 (G1)4111/10F917 Farhh 2:06.59Tom QueallyHenry Cecil
20 October 2012 Champion Stakes 10Ascot1 (G1)7372/11F611.75 Cirrus des Aigles 2:10.22Tom QueallyHenry Cecil

Stud career

Frankel is standing at stud at Banstead Manor Stud at Cheveley in Suffolk, where he was born. He covered his first mares on Valentine's Day, February 2013. His 2013 stud fee was set at £125,000. [49] In 2020 this stands at £175,000. In his first season as a stallion he covered 133 mares, including 2011 Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Danedream, three times Nassau Stakes winner Midday, and 2011 Kentucky Broodmare of the year Oatsee. Of those, 126 were scanned as in foal for a fertility rate of 95 percent. [50] On 16 June 2014, Frankel's first foal to be sent to auction was sold for £1.15 million. [51]

Frankel's first runner on a racecourse was a bay colt named Cunco who won on his debut in a Newbury maiden on Friday, 13 May 2016. [52] Cunco had the distinction of also being Frankel's first ever foal, [53] born in Ireland at the Coolmore Stud and was out of Chrysanthemum who was the first mare scanned in foal to Frankel. [54] Frankel's first major winners came in the summer of 2016 as Fair Eva won the Princess Margaret Stakes and Queen Kindly took the Lowther Stakes. In December he had his first winner at the highest level when his daughter Soul Stirring won the Grade 1 Hanshin Juvenile Fillies. In 2017 Soul Stirring won the Yushun Himba. Frankel sired his first winner of a European Group 1 race when Cracksman won the Champion Stakes in October 2017. As a result, his stud fee rose from the initial £125,000 to £175,000. [55]

In 2018 Frankel reached 20 Northern Hemisphere Group winners faster than any other European sire in the history of the Pattern, and was second only to his sire Galileo in terms of Group winners foaled from 2014 to 2016 north of the Equator. His 2018 Group winners included Without Parole, winner of the St James's Palace Stakes at Royal Ascot (at which Frankel was the leading sire), and Cracksman, who won a second Champion Stakes to become the first horse since his sire to win at successive British Champions Days. Frankel's percentage of stakes horses to runners was an incredible 27%.

Notable progeny

c = colt, f = filly, g = gelding

FoaledNameDamSexMajor wins
2014Call the WindIn Cloverg Prix du Cadran
2014 Cracksman Rhadegundac Champion Stakes x2, Coronation Cup, Prix Ganay
2014Dream CastleSand Vixeng Jebel Hatta
2014Mirage DancerHeat Hazec The Metropolitan
2014 Mozu Ascot Indiac Yasuda Kinen, February Stakes
2014 Soul Stirring Stacelita f Hanshin Juvenile Fillies, Yushun Himba
2015 Veracious Infalliblef Falmouth Stakes
2015 Without Parole Without You Babec St James's Palace Stakes
2016 Anapurna Dash to the Topf Epsom Oaks, Prix de Royallieu
2016 Logician Scufflec St Leger Stakes
2017Hungry HeartHarlechf Vinery Stud Stakes, Australian Oaks
2017 Quadrilateral Nimble Thimblef Fillies' Mile
2018 Grenadier Guards Wavell Avenuec Asahi Hai Futurity Stakes
2018 Adayar Anna Salaic Epsom Derby, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes
2018ConvergeConverselyg The J. J. Atkins
2018 Hurricane Lane Gale Forcec Irish Derby, Grand Prix de Paris
2018 Snow Lantern Sky Lantern f Falmouth Stakes


Pedigree of Frankel, bay stallion, 2008
Galileo (IRE)
b. 1998
Sadler's Wells (USA)
b. 1981
Northern Dancer (CAN)
b. 1961
Nearctic (CAN)
Natalma (USA)
Fairy Bridge (USA)
b. 1975
Bold Reason (USA)
Special (USA)
Urban Sea (USA)
ch. 1989
Miswaki (USA)
ch. 1978
Mr. Prospector (USA)
Hopespringseternal (USA)
Allegretta (GB)
ch. 1978
Lombard (GER)
Anatevka (GER)
Kind (IRE)
b. 2001
Danehill (USA)
b. 1986
Danzig (USA)
b./br. 1977
Northern Dancer (CAN)
Pas De Nom (USA)
Razyana (USA)
b. 1981
His Majesty (USA)
Spring Adieu (CAN)
Rainbow Lake (GB)
b. 1990
Rainbow Quest (USA)
b. 1981
Blushing Groom (FR)
I Will Follow (USA)
Rockfest (USA)
ch. 1979
Stage Door Johnny (USA)
Rock Garden (GB) (Family 1-k) [6]

Note: b. = Bay, br. = Brown , ch. = Chestnut


See also

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Kind (horse) Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Kind was an Irish-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. She won six of her thirteen races, including the Listed Flower of Scotland Stakes and Kilvington Stakes, as well as being placed in the Group 3 Ballyogan Stakes. After retiring from racing she became one of Juddmonte Farms' top broodmares, foaling the undefeated, 10-time Group 1 winner Frankel. All of her first five foals won races, including the Group winners Bullet Train and Noble Mission. Kind was trained by Roger Charlton and owned by Khalid Abdulla. Kind died on 8 March 2021 following complications from foaling.

Wince was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. In a racing career which lasted from June 1998 to May 1999 she ran nine times and won four races. After winning twice from six starts as a two-year-old, she won the Fred Darling Stakes at Newbury. On her next appearance Wince won the Classic 1000 Guineas at Newmarket Racecourse. On her only subsequent appearance she finished unplaced in the Irish 1,000 Guineas at the Curragh three weeks later. At the end of her three-year-old season she was retired from racing to become a successful broodmare.

Excelebration Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Excelebration is an Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse. As a three-year-old he recorded wins in the Mehl-Mülhens-Rennen and Hungerford Stakes, before winning his first Group 1 in the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp. After finishing second to the unbeaten Frankel in his first two starts of 2012 he recorded successive victories in the Prix Jacques Le Marois and Queen Elizabeth II Stakes. These were followed by a fourth-place finish in the Breeders' Cup Mile, after which he was retired to stud. He was trained by Marco Botti until being transferred to Aidan O'Brien at the end of the 2011 flat season.

Reams of Verse American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Reams of Verse was an American-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare best known for winning The Oaks in 1997. In a racing career which lasted from July 1996 to October 1997 the filly ran nine times and won five races. Reams of Verse was one of the leading European two-year-old fillies of 1996 when she won three of her four races, including the May Hill Stakes at Doncaster and the Fillies' Mile at Ascot. She was unplaced in the 1000 Guineas the following spring but then won the Musidora Stakes at York and the Classic Oaks over one and a half miles at Epsom. She was beaten in her two remaining races, finishing fourth in the Yorkshire Oaks and third in the Sun Chariot Stakes.

Paean was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. A specialist over long distances he was ideally suited by soft ground on which he won the 1987 Ascot Gold Cup by a modern record margin of fifteen lengths. He had previously finished second on his only start as a two-year-old in 1985 and won five times as a three-year-old in 1986. Paean broke down with an injury after his Gold Cup win and never raced again. In a brief stud career he showed some promise as a sire of steeplechasers.

Light Cavalry was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1980. After winning his only race as a two-year-old, Light Cavalry was one of the best three-year-olds in Britain in 1980, winning the King Edward VII Stakes and being placed in the Chester Vase, Gordon Stakes and Great Voltigeur Stakes before winning the St Leger by four lengths. He remained in training in 1981 and won the Princess of Wales's Stakes, but his season was restricted by injury problems. After his retirement from racing he stood as a breeding stallion in the United States and Argentina with limited success.

Noble Mission British Thoroughbred racehorse

Noble Mission is a British Thoroughbred racehorse. Best known as the younger brother of the unbeaten Frankel in his early career, he later became a very successful racehorse in his own right. He won the Gordon Stakes as a three-year-old in 2012, but did not reach his peak until 2014. In 2014, Noble Mission then won the Group 3 Gordon Richards Stakes and Huxley Stakes, before winning his first Group 1 race when beating Magician in the Tattersalls Gold Cup. He went on to win the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud in June and the Champion Stakes in October. He is owned by Khalid Abdullah and was trained by Sir Henry Cecil until Cecil's death in 2013, when Lady Cecil, Sir Henry's widow, became his trainer.

Exclusive was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. As a juvenile, she won a strongly-contested race on her debut and the finished third in the Fillies' Mile. As a three-year-old in 1998 she finished third in the classic 1000 Guineas before recording her biggest win in the Coronation Stakes at Royal Ascot. After her retirement from racing, she became a very successful broodmare, being the ancestor of major winners including Chic and Integral.

Distant View was an American-bred British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He raced only as a three-year-old in 1994 when he won twice and finished second twice in seven races. In the spring of that year he was beaten on his debut but showed promise when finishing fifth in the 2000 Guineas and then won a minor race on his next start. After a narrow defeat in the St James's Palace Stakes he recorded his biggest win when defeating a strong field of milers in the Group One Sussex Stakes at Goodwood Racecourse. He was beaten in his next two races and was retired after being injured in 1995. He had considerable success as a breeding stallion before being retired from stud duty in 2006.

Hello Gorgeous was an American-bred, British-trained thoroughbred racehorse and sire. From the second crop of foals sired by Mr. Prospector, he was exported to Europe where he was one of the leading colts of his generation in 1979 and 1980. As a two-year-old he won three of his four races including the Royal Lodge Stakes and the William Hill Futurity. In the following year he defeated a strong field to win the Dante Stakes, failed to stay in The Derby and finished second in the Eclipse Stakes. He was retired with a record of four wins and three second places from nine starts. He stood as a breeding stallion in Europe and South America but had very little success as a sire of winners.

Cajun was an Irish-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He was a talented but temperamental horse who won three of his thirteen races between June 1981 and September 1982. As a two-year-old he won the Chesham Stakes on his second appearance and was placed in the Richmond Stakes and the Seaton Delaval Stakes before ending the year win a win in the Middle Park Stakes. He began his second season with a victory in the Greenham Stakes but was beaten in five subsequent races and was retired from racing at the end of the year. After his retirement he was exported to become a breeding stallion in Japan.

Galileo Gold British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Galileo Gold is a British Thoroughbred racehorse. As a two-year-old he won the Vintage Stakes and finished third in the Prix Jean-Luc Lagardère. On his three-year-old debut he won the classic 2000 Guineas and went on to finish second in the Irish 2,000 Guineas before winning the St James's Palace Stakes.

Timepiece (horse) Thoroughbred racehorse

Timepiece is a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. In a racing career which lasted from September 2009 until September 2012 she won six of her twenty-one races and ran consistently well in top-class races over distances between one mile and ten furlongs.

Achieved was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He won four of his nine races in a track career which lasted from July 1981 to September 1982. As a two-year-old he was undefeated in three starts including the Phoenix Stakes and the Champagne Stakes and was rated the best horse of his generation in Ireland. In the following year he won the Tetrarch Stakes and later finished third in both the Sussex Stakes and the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes. He was retired at the end of the year to become a breeding stallion but had no success as a sire of winners.

Salse was an American-bred British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. He was a consistent top-class performer who recorded his best results over a distance of seven furlongs. As a two-year-old in 1987 he won his first three races including the Somerville Tattersall Stakes before running third in the William Hill Futurity. In the following year he won the Beeswing Stakes, Hungerford Stakes, Park Stakes, Challenge Stakes and Prix de la Forêt. He finished second in his other three races, namely the Jersey Stakes, Bet With The Tote Trophy and Queen Elizabeth II Stakes. He retired at the end of the year with a record of eight wins, four seconds and one third place: the only horses to beat him were Warning, Indian Ridge, Emmson and Sheriff's Star. After his retirement from racing he became a successful breeding stallion. He died in June 2001.

Phoenix Tower is an American-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire who despite never winning above Group 3 level, was rated one of the twenty best racehorses in the world at his peak. In an early career disrupted by training problem he won his only race as a two-year-old in 2005 and both of his starts in the following year. He won the Earl of Sefton Stakes on his debut as a four-year-old and then ran second in four consecutive Group 1 races, namely the Lockinge Stakes, Prince of Wales's Stakes, Eclipse Stakes and International Stakes. He was retired from racing at the end of the year and exported to become a breeding stallion in India.

Pinatubo (horse) Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Pinatubo is a retired Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse. He was the top-rated European two-year-old of 2019 when he was unbeaten in six races including the Woodcote Stakes, Chesham Stakes, Vintage Stakes, National Stakes and Dewhurst Stakes. In the following year he won the Prix Jean Prat and was placed in the 2000 Guineas, St James's Palace Stakes and Prix du Moulin.


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