1000 Guineas Stakes

Last updated
1000 Guineas Stakes
Group 1 race
Location Rowley Mile
Newmarket, Suffolk, England
Inaugurated1814
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Sponsor QIPCO
Website Newmarket
Race information
Distance1 mile (1,609 metres)
SurfaceTurf
TrackStraight
QualificationThree-year-old fillies
Weight9 st 0 lb
Purse£500,000 (2019)
1st: £283,550
1000 Guineas Stakes
2020
Owner Michael Tabor.svg Owner Sheikh Mohammed Obaid Al Maktoum.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg
LoveCloak Of SpiritsQuadrilateral

The 1000 Guineas Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to three-year-old fillies. It is run on the Rowley Mile at Newmarket over a distance of 1 mile (1,609 metres), and it is scheduled to take place each year in late April or early May on the Sunday following the 2000 Guineas Stakes.

Contents

It is the second of Britain's five Classic races, and the first of two restricted to fillies. It can also serve as the opening leg of the Fillies' Triple Crown, followed by the Oaks and the St Leger, but the feat of winning all three is rarely attempted.

History

The 1000 Guineas was first run on 28 April 1814, five years after the inaugural running of the equivalent race for both colts and fillies, the 2000 Guineas. The two races were established by the Jockey Club under the direction of Sir Charles Bunbury, who had earlier co-founded the Derby. They were named according to their original prize funds (a guinea amounted to 21 shillings, or £1.05).

By the mid-1860s, the 1000 Guineas had become one of Britain's most prestigious races for three-year-olds. The five leading events for this age group, characterised by increasing distances as the season progressed, were now referred to as "Classics". The concept was later adopted in many other countries.

European variations of the 1000 Guineas include the German 1,000 Guineas, the Irish 1,000 Guineas, the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches and the Premio Regina Elena. Other countries to have adopted the format include Australia, Japan and New Zealand.

The 1000 Guineas is served by trial races such as the Nell Gwyn Stakes and the Fred Darling Stakes, but for some horses it is the first race of the season. The 1000 Guineas itself can act as a trial for the Oaks, and the last horse to win both was Love in 2020.

Records

Leading jockey (7 wins):

Leading trainer (9 wins):

Leading owner (8 wins):

Winners

YearWinnerJockeyTrainerOwnerTime
1814 Charlotte Bill Clift Tom PerrenChristopher Wilson
1815 Filly by Selim Bill Clift Richard Prince 3rd Baron Foley
1816 Rhoda Sam BarnardDixon Boyce 5th Duke of Rutland
1817 Neva Bill Arnull Dixon BoyceGeorge Watson
1818 Corinne Frank Buckle Robert Robson John Udney
1819 Catgut Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1820 Rowena Frank Buckle Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1821 Zeal Frank Buckle Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1822 Whizgig Frank Buckle Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1823 Zinc Frank Buckle Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1824 Cobweb Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1825 Tontine Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1826 Problem John Barham Day Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1827 Arab Frank Buckle Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1828 Zoe Jem Robinson Bobby PettitArthur Molony
1829 Young Mouse Bill Arnull Dixon Boyce Lord George Cavendish
1830 Charlotte West Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1831 Galantine Patrick ConollyH. ScottSir Mark Wood
1832 Galata Bill Arnull Charles Marson 2nd Marquess of Exeter
1833 Tarantella E. WrightJohn RobinsonT. H. Cookes
1834 May-day John Barham Day John Doe9th Baron Berners
1835 Preserve Nat Flatman R. Prince Jr. Charles Greville
1836 Destiny John Barham Day John Barham Day Thomas Houldsworth
1837 Chapeau d'Espagne John Barham Day John Barham Day Lord George Bentinck
1838 Barcarolle Edward EdwardsW. Edwards 4th Earl of Albemarle
1839 Cara George EdwardsCharles MarsonRichard Watt
1840 Crucifix John Barham Day John Barham Day Lord George Bentinck
1841Potentia Jem Robinson George Payne Stanlake Batson
1842 Firebrand Sam RogersJohn Kent Jr. Lord George Bentinck
1843Extempore Sam Chifney Jr. Bobby PettitThomas Thornhill
1844Sorella Jem Robinson William Butler Jr. George Osbaldeston
1845Pic-NicWilliam AbdaleJohn Kent Jr. 5th Duke of Richmond
1846Mendicant Sam Day John Day John Gully
1847Clementina Nat Flatman Montgomery Dilly George Payne
1848Canezou Frank Butler John Scott Lord Stanley
1849 The Flea Alfred Day John Day Frank Clarke
1850Lady Orford Frank Butler W. Beresford 3rd Earl of Orford
1851AphroditeJob Marson Alec Taylor Sr. Sir Joseph Hawley
1852KateAlfred DayJ. WoolcottJ. Sargent
1853Mentmore LassJack CharltonW. King Mayer A. de Rothschild
1854 Virago John Wells John Barham Day Henry Padwick
1855HabenaSam RogersWilliam Butler Jr. 7th Duke of Bedford
1856ManganeseJohn Osborne Jr.John OsborneJohn King
1857Imperieuse Nat Flatman John Scott John Scott 1:53.00
1858GovernessTom AshmallTom EskrettWilliam Gratwicke
1859Mayonaise George Fordham Tom Taylor William Stuart Stirling-Crawfurd
1860SagittaTom Aldcroft John Scott 14th Earl of Derby
1861Nemesis George Fordham William HarlockG. Fleming1:50.00
1862HurricaneTom Ashmall John Scott 6th Viscount Falmouth
1863Lady AugustaArthur EdwardsJoseph Dawson 7th Earl of Stamford
1864Tomato John Wells Joseph Hayhoe Mayer A. de Rothschild 1:53.00
1865Siberia George Fordham John Day 8th Duke of Beaufort
1866Repulse Tom Cannon Sr. John Day 4th Marquess of Hastings
1867 Achievement Harry CustanceJames DoverMark Pearson
1868 Formosa George Fordham Henry WoolcottWilliam Graham
1869Scottish Queen George Fordham John Day 8th Duke of Beaufort
1870HesterJemmy GrimshawJoseph DawsonJoseph Dawson
1871 Hannah Charlie Maidment Joseph Hayhoe Mayer A. de Rothschild
1872ReineHenry ParryTom Jennings Sr. Claude Joachim Lefèvre
1873CeciliaJack Morris Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth
1874 Apology John Osborne Jr.William OsborneJohn King
1875Spinaway Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth
1876CameliaTom GloverT. CunningtonFrédéric de Lagrange
1877BelphoebeHarry JefferyGeorge Bloss Marquess of Hartington
1878 Pilgrimage Tom Cannon Sr. Joe Cannon 4th Earl of Lonsdale 2:00.00
1879 Wheel of Fortune Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth 1:54.00
1880Elizabeth Charles Wood Joseph DawsonT. E. Walker1:56.00
1881Thebais George Fordham Alec Taylor Sr. William Stirling Crawfurd1:50.00
1882St Marguerite Charles Wood R. SherrardWilliam Stirling Crawfurd1:55.40
1883Hauteur George Fordham Tom Jennings Jr. Claude Joachim Lefèvre 1:52.80
1884 Busybody Tom Cannon Sr. Tom Cannon Sr. George Baird1:47.00
1885Farewell George Barrett John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 1:47.80
1886 Miss Jummy John Watts Richard Marsh 12th Duke of Hamilton 1:52.40
1887Reve d'Or Charles Wood Alec Taylor Sr. 8th Duke of Beaufort 1:47.60
1888Briar-rootBilly WarneJames RyanDouglas Baird1:44.00
1889MintheJimmy Woodburn Mathew Dawson Robert Vyner1:52.00
1890 Semolina John Watts George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 1:48.80
1891 Mimi Fred Rickaby Mathew Dawson Noel Fenwick1:44.20
1892 La Fleche George Barrett John Porter Baron Maurice de Hirsch 1:52.40
1893 Siffleuse Tommy Loates Percy Peck Sir John Blundell Maple 1:53.00
1894 Amiable Walter Bradford George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 1:46.00
1895 Galeottia Fred PrattJames Ryan Alfred Cox 1:47.20
1896 Thais John Watts Richard Marsh HRH Prince of Wales 1:46.20
1897 Chelandry John Watts William Walters Jr. 5th Earl of Rosebery 1:42.60
1898 Nun Nicer Sam Loates Willie Waugh Sir John Blundell Maple 1:48.60
1899 Sibola Tod Sloan John Huggins Lord William Beresford 1:44.20
1900 Winifreda Sam Loates Tom Jennings Jr.Leonard Brassey1:46.00
1901 Aida Danny Maher George Blackwell Sir James Miller 1:44.6
1902 Sceptre Herbert RandallBob SievierBob Sievier1:40.2
1903 Quintessence Herbert RandallJim Chandler 7th Viscount Falmouth 1:48.0
1904 Pretty Polly Willie Lane Peter Gilpin Eustace Loder1:40.00
1905 Cherry Lass George McCall Jack Robinson William Hall Walker 1:43.40
1906 Flair Bernard Dillon Peter Gilpin Sir Daniel Cooper1:40.6
1907 Witch Elm Barry Lynham Jack Robinson William Hall Walker 1:42.6
1908 Rhodora Lucien LyneJames Allen Richard Croker 1:43.8
1909 Electra Bernard Dillon Peter Gilpin Ludwig Neumann1:40.4
1910 Winkipop Barry LynhamWillie Waugh Waldorf Astor 1:41.00
1911 Atmah Freddie Fox Fred Pratt James A. de Rothschild 1:38.40
1912 Tagalie Les HewittDawson WaughWalter Raphael1:39.60
1913 Jest Fred Rickaby Jr. Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 1:40.8
1914 Princess Dorrie Bill Huxley Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 1:42.00
1915 Vaucluse Fred Rickaby Jr.Frank Hartigan 5th Earl of Rosebery 1:40.8
1916 Canyon Fred Rickaby Jr. George Lambton 17th Earl of Derby 1:40.00
1917 Diadem Fred Rickaby Jr. George Lambton 1st Viscount d'Abernon 1:43.00
1918 Ferry Brownie Carslake George Lambton 17th Earl of Derby 1:46.40
1919 Roseway Albert WhalleyFrank Hartigan Sir Edward Hulton 1:47.60
1920 Cinna Billy GriggsTom Waugh Sr.Sir Robert Jardine1:40.40
1921 Bettina George BellhousePercy LintonWalter Raphael1:44.60
1922 Silver Urn Brownie Carslake Atty Persse Barney Parr1:40.00
1923 Tranquil Ted Gardner George Lambton 17th Earl of Derby 1:39.00
1924 Plack Charlie Elliott Jack Jarvis 5th Earl of Rosebery 1:39.60
1925 Saucy Sue Frank Bullock Alec Taylor Jr. 2nd Viscount Astor 1:42:40
1926 Pillion Dick PerrymanJohn Watson Anthony G. de Rothschild 1:42.00
1927 Cresta Run Arthur Balding Peter Gilpin Giles Loder1:38.00
1928 Scuttle Joe Childs William Rose Jarvis HM King George V 1:44.20
1929 Taj Mah Wally SibbrittJuan TorteroloSimon Guthmann1:40.40
1930 Fair Isle Tommy Weston Frank Butters 17th Earl of Derby 1:42.00
1931 Four Course Charlie Elliott Fred Darling 4th Earl of Ellesmere 1:39.80
1932 Kandy Charlie Elliott Frank Carter Evremond de Saint-Alary 1:44.00
1933 Brown Betty Joe Childs Cecil Boyd-Rochfort William Woodward Sr. 1:39.40
1934 Campanula Harry Wragg Jack Jarvis Sir George Bullough 1:39.00
1935 Mesa Rae Johnstone Albert Swann Pierre Wertheimer 1:43.00
1936 Tide-way Dick PerrymanColledge Leader 17th Earl of Derby 1:41.80
1937 Exhibitionnist Steve Donoghue Joseph Lawson Sir Victor Sassoon 1:44.00
1938 Rockfel Sam WraggOssie Bell Sir Hugo Cunliffe-Owen 1:39.00
1939 Galatea Bobby Jones Joseph Lawson Robert Sterling Clark 1:38.60
1940 Godiva Doug MarksWilliam Rose Jarvis Esmond Harmsworth 1:40.60
1941 Dancing Time Dick Perryman Joseph Lawson 1st Baron Glanely 1:40.80
1942 Sun Chariot Gordon Richards Fred Darling HM King George VI 1:39.60
1943 Herringbone Harry Wragg Walter Earl 17th Earl of Derby 1:41.00
1944 Picture Play Charlie Elliott John E. Watts Jim Joel 1:40.20
1945 Sun Stream Harry Wragg Walter Earl 17th Earl of Derby 1:45.40
1946 Hypericum Doug Smith Cecil Boyd-Rochfort HM King George VI 1:41.60
1947 Imprudence Rae Johnstone Joseph LieuxMrs Pierre Corbière1:46.00
1948 Queenpot Gordon Richards Noel Murless Sir Percy Loraine 1:41.80
1949 Musidora Edgar Britt Charles Elsey Norman Donaldson1:40.00
1950 Camaree Rae Johnstone Alexandre LieuxJean Ternynck1:37.00
1951 Belle of All Gordon Richards Norman BertieHenry Tufton1:44.80
1952 Zabara Ken GethinVic SmythSir Malcolm McAlpine1:40.92
1953 Happy Laughter Manny Mercer Jack Jarvis David Wills1:45.05
1954 Festoon Scobie Breasley Noel CannonArthur Dewar1:38.90
1955 Meld Harry Carr Cecil Boyd-Rochfort Lady Zia Wernher 1:42.16
1956 Honeylight Edgar Britt Charles Elsey Sir Victor Sassoon 1:39.15
1957 Rose Royale Charlie Smirke Alec Head Aga Khan III 1:39.15
1958 Bella Paola Serge BoullengerFrançois Mathet François Dupré 1:38.75
1959 Petite Etoile Doug Smith Noel Murless Prince Aly Khan 1:40.36
1960 Never Too Late Roger Poincelet Etienne PolletMrs Howell Jackson1:39.89
1961 Sweet Solera Bill RickabyReginald DayMrs Magnus Castello1:38.14
1962 Abermaid Bill Williamson Harry Wragg Roderic More O'Ferrall1:39.36
1963 Hula Dancer Roger Poincelet Etienne Pollet Gertrude Widener 1:42.34
1964 Pourparler Garnie Bougoure Paddy Prendergast Beatrice, Lady Granard 1:38.82
1965 Night Off Bill Williamson Walter WhartonLionel Holliday1:45.43
1966 Glad Rags Paul Cook Vincent O'Brien Alice du Pont Mills 1:40.30
1967 Fleet George Moore Noel Murless Bob Boucher1:44.76
1968 Caergwrle Sandy Barclay Noel Murless Gwen Murless1:40.38
1969 Full Dress Ron Hutchinson Harry Wragg Budgie Moller1:44.53
1970 Humble Duty Lester Piggott Peter Walwyn Jean, Lady Ashcombe1:42.13
1971 Altesse Royale Yves Saint-Martin Noel Murless Roger Hue-Williams1:40.90
1972 Waterloo Edward Hide Bill WattsSusan Stanley1:39.49
1973 Mysterious Geoff Lewis Noel Murless George Pope Jr.1:42.12
1974 Highclere Joe Mercer Dick Hern HM Queen Elizabeth II 1:40.32
1975 Nocturnal Spree Johnny Roe Stuart MurlessAnne-Hart O'Kelly1:41.65
1976 Flying Water Yves Saint-Martin Angel Penna Sr. Daniel Wildenstein 1:37.83
1977 Mrs McArdy Edward Hide Mick Easterby Edith Kettlewell1:40.07
1978 Enstone Spark Ernie Johnson Barry Hills Dick Bonnycastle 1:41.56
1979 One In A Million Joe Mercer Henry Cecil Helena Springfield Ltd1:43.06
1980 Quick As Lightning Brian Rouse John Dunlop Ogden Mills Phipps 1:41.89
1981 Fairy Footsteps Lester Piggott Henry Cecil Jim Joel 1:40.43
1982 On The House John Reid Harry Wragg Sir Philip Oppenheimer 1:40.45
1983 Ma Biche Freddy Head Criquette Head Maktoum Al Maktoum 1:41.71
1984 Pebbles Philip Robinson Clive Brittain Marcos Lemos 1:38.18
1985 Oh So Sharp Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Sheikh Mohammed 1:36.85
1986 Midway Lady Ray Cochrane Ben Hanbury Harry Ranier 1:41.54
1987 Miesque Freddy Head François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:38.48
1988 Ravinella Gary W. Moore Criquette Head Ecurie Aland1:40.88
1989 Musical Bliss Walter Swinburn Michael Stoute Sheikh Mohammed 1:42.69
1990 Salsabil Willie Carson John Dunlop Hamdan Al Maktoum 1:38.06
1991 Shadayid Willie Carson John Dunlop Hamdan Al Maktoum 1:38.18
1992 Hatoof Walter Swinburn Criquette Head Maktoum Al Maktoum 1:39.45
1993 Sayyedati Walter Swinburn Clive Brittain Mohamed Obaida1:37.34
1994 Las Meninas John Reid Tommy Stack Robert Sangster 1:36.71
1995 Harayir Richard Hills Dick Hern Hamdan Al Maktoum 1:36.72
1996 Bosra Sham Pat Eddery Henry Cecil Wafic Saïd 1:37.75
1997 Sleepytime Kieren Fallon Henry Cecil Greenbay Stables Ltd1:37.66
1998 Cape Verdi Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:37.86
1999 Wince Kieren Fallon Henry Cecil Khalid Abdullah 1:37.91
2000 Lahan Richard Hills John Gosden Hamdan Al Maktoum 1:36.38
2001 Ameerat Philip Robinson Michael Jarvis Ahmed Al Maktoum 1:38.36
2002 Kazzia Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:37.85
2003 Russian Rhythm Kieren Fallon Sir Michael Stoute Cheveley Park Stud 1:38.43
2004 Attraction Kevin Darley Mark Johnston 10th Duke of Roxburghe 1:36.78
2005 Virginia Waters Kieren Fallon Aidan O'Brien Tabor / Magnier 1:36.52
2006 Speciosa Michael Fenton Pam SlySly / Davies / Sly1:40.53
2007 Finsceal Beo Kevin Manning Jim Bolger Michael Ryan1:34.94
2008 Natagora Christophe Lemaire Pascal Bary Stefan Friborg1:38.99
2009 Ghanaati Richard Hills Barry Hills Hamdan Al Maktoum 1:34.22
2010 Special Duty [lower-alpha 1] Stéphane Pasquier Criquette Head-Maarek Khalid Abdullah 1:39.66
2011 Blue Bunting Frankie Dettori Mahmood Al Zarooni Godolphin 1:39.27
2012 Homecoming Queen Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Smith1:40.45
2013 Sky Lantern Richard Hughes Richard Hannon Sr. Ben Keswick1:36.38
2014 Miss France Maxime Guyon André Fabre Ballymore Thoroughbred1:37.40
2015 Legatissimo Ryan Moore David Wachman Magnier / Tabor / Smith1:34.60
2016 Minding Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Smith1:36.53
2017 Winter Wayne Lordan Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Smith1:35.66
2018 Billesdon Brook Sean Levey Richard Hannon Jr. Pall Mall Partners1:36.62
2019 Hermosa Wayne Lordan Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Smith1:36.89
2020 [lower-alpha 2] Love Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Smith1:35.80
  1. Jacqueline Quest finished first in 2010, but she was relegated to second place following a stewards' inquiry
  2. The 2020 race was run in June due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom

See also

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Udaipur was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. Her racing career consisted of eight races between April and October 1932. Having finished second on her debut and seventh in the 1000 Guineas she was still a maiden when she recorded her biggest win in the Epsom Oaks in June. She went on to win the Coronation Stakes, Richemont Stakes and Newmarket Oaks as well as finishing fourth in a strong edition of the St Leger. As a broodmare she produced several good winners and was the female-line ancestor of Wild Again.

Toboggan was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She showed very promising form as a juvenile in 1928 when she won three of her four races including the Dewhurst Stakes. In the following year she finished third in the 1000 Guineas and went on to win the Epsom Oaks, Coronation Stakes and Jockey Club Stakes. She had some success as a broodmare producing the top-class winner Bobsleigh and Hydroplane, the dam of Citation.

References