|Near Elton, Cambridgeshire in England|
|end of May through September (see website for schedule)|
|In use||15th century-Present|
Elton Hall is a baronial hall in Elton, Cambridgeshire. It has been the ancestral home of the Proby family (sometime known as the Earls of Carysfort) since 1660.
The hall lies in an 3,800-acre (1,500 ha) estate through which the River Nene runs. The building incorporates 15th-, 17th-, 18th- and 19th-century parts and is a Grade I listed building.
Elton Hall is 2 miles (3.2 km) from Fotheringhay Castle, where Mary, Queen of Scots was executed in 1587.
The Victorian gardens have been skilfully restored in recent years and contain a knot garden, a new rose and herbaceous garden, fine hedges and a Gothic orangery built to celebrate the Millennium. The gardens are promoted by the Campaign to Protect Rural England.
Elton Hall was built by Sir Richard Sapcote (d. 1477),who married Isabel Wolston, widow of Sir John Frauncis of Burley, Rutland. His sculpted arms survive in Elton Church showing his arms impaling three turnstiles, for Wolston.
Sir John Sapcote (d. 1501) added a large chapel at the south corner, described in Camden's Britannia as adorned with beautiful painted glass windows.. He married (as her second husband) Elizabeth Dynham (died 1516), a daughter of Sir John Dinham (1406–1458) of Nutwell and Kingskerswell in South Devon and of Hartland in North Devon. Her first husband was Fulk Bourchier, 10th Baron FitzWarin, feudal baron of Bampton in Devon, and having survived Sapcote she remarried thirdly to Sir Thomas Brandon. A stained glass window in Bampton Church survives which records Sir John Sapcote's marriage, showing his arms impaling Dinham (Gules, four fusils in fess ermine) quartering Arches (Gules, three arches argent).
In 1526 John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford (c.1485-1555), KG, married married Anne Sapcote, daughter of Sir Guy Sapcote of Huntingdonshire by his wife Margaret Wolstonand widow successively of John Broughton (d. 24 January 1518) of Toddington, Bedfordshire, by whom she had a son and three daughters, and secondly of Sir Richard Jerningham (d.1525), by whom she had no issue. By Anne Sapcote he was the father of Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford (1527–1585).
Robert Sapcote (d. Jan.1600/1), was probably the last of his family to live at Elton. His ledger stone formerly in the chapel of Elton Hall survives in Elton Church
Shortly after 1617Elton was purchased by Sir Peter Proby, a former Lord Mayor of London, from the Sapcote family. The house was rebuilt between 1662 and 1689 by his grandson Sir Thomas Proby, 1st Baronet, incorporating the chapel and gatehouse of a previous 15th century building. A new wing was also added to the west. He was succeeded by his younger brother John Proby (died 1710) who added a further extension. The estate descended via John's cousin to John Joshua Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort, who carried out extensive modifications in the Gothic style between 1780 and 1815, of which part still remains.
In about 1855 it descended to Granville Leveson Proby, 3rd Earl of Carysfort, who employed the architect Henry Ashton to remodel the house, rebuilding the north-west cross wing and refacing other wings in stone. In 1860 the chapel range was extended and a bay between the chapel and the house rebuilt. Granville Leveson Proby, 4th Earl of Carysfort added a tower to the chapel block and a billiards room and kitchens to north-east. William Proby, 5th Earl of Carysfort demolished an 18th century tower and built two octagonal turrets. Various other changes have taken place since.
On the 5th Earl's death in 1909 the estate passed, via his sister Lady Elizabeth Hamilton, to her son Colonel Douglas Hamilton who adopted the surname of Proby and laid out new gardens which were further developed by Meredyth Proby from 1980. The property still remains in the private ownership of the Proby family.
The south front (garden) incorporates the 15th century tower and chapel which were built at the time of Henry VII. The Marble Hall and main staircase were designed by Henry Ashton and are remarkable examples of a mid-Victorian revival of mid-18th-century style. The Drawing Room, the largest room in the house, was formed from the medieval chapel around 1740. The 18th century ceiling with its enriched cornice and frieze remains, but the present decoration dates from 1860. The Dining Room was built in 1860 and was also designed by Ashton. The three large Gothic windows are exact copies of the windows that were in the north wall of the medieval chapel.
The Library contains a large collection of books representing a continuous interest from the time of Sir Thomas Proby. From the Main Library a short passage leads to the Inner Library situated in the medieval Sapcote Tower. Other rooms of special interest are the Lower and Upper Octagon rooms, the Yellow Drawing Room and the Ante Dining room. The current chapel was formed from part of the undercroft of the Sapcotes' chapel and has 15th century vaulting.
John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford was an English royal minister in the Tudor era. He served variously as Lord High Admiral and Lord Privy Seal. Among the lands and property he was given by Henry VIII after the Dissolution of the Monasteries, were the Abbey and town of Tavistock, and the area that is now Covent Garden. Russell is the ancestor of all subsequent Earls and Dukes of Bedford and Earls Russell, including John Russell, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and philosopher Bertrand Russell.
Earl of Carysfort was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1789 for John Proby, 2nd Baron Carysfort. The Proby family descended from Sir Peter Proby, Lord Mayor of London in 1622. His great-great-grandson John Proby represented Huntingdonshire and Stamford in the House of Commons. His son and namesake John Proby was a Whig politician and notably served as a (civilian) Lord of the Admiralty. In 1752 he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Carysfort, of Carysfort in the County of Wicklow. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baron. He was also a politician and was created Earl of Carysfort in the Peerage of Ireland in 1789. In 1801 he was further honoured when he was made Baron Carysfort, of the Hundred of Norman Cross in the County of Huntingdon, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him a seat in the British House of Lords. His eldest son and heir apparent, William Proby, Lord Proby, predeceased him.
Powderham Castle is a fortified manor house situated within the parish and former manor of Powderham, within the former hundred of Exminster, Devon, about 6 miles (9.7 km) south of the city of Exeter and 1⁄4 mile (0.4 km) north-east of the village of Kenton, where the main public entrance gates are located. It is a Grade I listed building. The park and gardens are Grade II* listed in the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.
Craigmillar Castle is a ruined medieval castle in Edinburgh, Scotland. It is three miles (4.8 km) south-east of the city centre, on a low hill to the south of the modern suburb of Craigmillar. The Preston family of Craigmillar, the local feudal barons, began building the castle in the late 14th century and building works continued through the 15th and 16th centuries. In 1660 the castle was sold to Sir John Gilmour, Lord President of the Court of Session, who made further alterations. The Gilmours left Craigmillar in the 18th century, and the castle fell into ruin. It is now in the care of Historic Environment Scotland as a scheduled monument.
Clevedon Court is a manor house on Court Hill in Clevedon, North Somerset, England, dating from the early 14th century. It is now owned by the National Trust. It is designated as a Grade I listed building.
There have been two baronetcies created for persons with the surname Proby, one in the Baronetage of England and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. The first creation is extinct while the second creation is extant.
John Joshua Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort, KP, PC, PC (Ire), FRS was a British judge, diplomat, Whig politician and poet.
East Hendred is a village and civil parish about 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Wantage in the Vale of White Horse and a similar distance west of Didcot. The village is on East Hendred Brook, which flows from the Berkshire Downs to join the River Thames at Sutton Courtenay. East Hendred was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire.
John Proby, 2nd Earl of Carysfort, known as Lord Proby from 1804 to 1828, was a British military commander and Whig politician.
Granville Leveson Proby, 3rd Earl of Carysfort, known as The Honourable Granville Proby until 1855, was a British naval commander and Whig politician.
John Proby, 1st Baron Carysfort KB PC was a British Whig politician.
John Proby of Elton Hall, Huntingdonshire was an English lawyer and independent politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons at various times between 1693 and 1710.
Fulk Bourchier, 10th Baron FitzWarin was the son and heir of William Bourchier, 9th Baron FitzWarin (1407–1470) and the father of John Bourchier, 1st Earl of Bath. He was feudal baron of Bampton in Devon.
Knowstone is a village and civil parish situated in the North Devon district of Devon, England, halfway between the Mid Devon town of Tiverton, Devon and the North Devon town of South Molton. The hamlet of East Knowstone lies due east of the village. Knowstone was the birthplace of Admiral Sir John Berry (1635–1691), second son of Rev. Daniel Berry (1609–1654), vicar of Knowstone cum Molland. An elaborate mural monument erected by Sir John in 1684 to the memory of his parents survives in Molland Church.
John Dynham, 1st Baron Dynham of Nutwell in the parish of Woodbury and of Hartland, both in Devon, was an English peer and politician. He served as Lord High Treasurer of England and Lord Chancellor of Ireland. He was one of the few men to have served as councillor to Kings Edward IV, Richard III and Henry VII and was trusted by all of them.
Sir Richard Arches, of Eythrope, in the parish of Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire, was MP for Buckinghamshire in 1402. He was knighted before 1401.
The feudal barony of Bampton was one of eight feudal baronies in Devonshire which existed during the mediaeval era, and had its caput at Bampton Castle within the manor of Bampton.
William Bourchier (1407–1470) jure uxoris 9th Baron FitzWarin, was an English nobleman. He was summoned to Parliament in 1448 as Baron FitzWarin in right of his wife Thomasine Hankford.
The historic manor of Tawstock was situated in North Devon, in the hundred of Fremington, 2 miles south of Barnstaple, England. According to Pole the feudal baron of Barnstaple Henry de Tracy made Tawstock his seat, apparently having abandoned Barnstaple Castle as the chief residence of the barony. Many of the historic lords of the manor are commemorated by monuments in St Peter's Church, the parish church of Tawstock which in the opinion of Pevsner contains "the best collection in the county apart from those in the cathedral", and in the opinion of Hoskins "contains the finest collection of monuments in Devon and one of the most notable in England".
Edge,, is an ancient and historic house in the parish of Branscombe, Devon, England and is today known as Edge Barton Manor. The surviving house is grade II* listed and sits on the steep, south-facing side of a wooded valley, or combe, close to the Fosse Way. The building was not in origin a manor house, but was one of the first stone-built houses in "Branescombe", on a villein holding called La Regge. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited houses in England, and is constructed from the local Beer stone