Escallonia myrtilloides

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Escallonia myrtilloides
Escallonia myrtilloides (8673593749).jpg
Branchlet with leaves and flowers
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Escalloniales
Family: Escalloniaceae
Genus: Escallonia
Species:
E. myrtilloides
Binomial name
Escallonia myrtilloides
Synonyms
  • Escallonia adscendens Rusby
  • Escallonia corymbosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.
  • Escallonia hypsophila Diels
  • Escallonia myrtilloides var. myrtilloides
  • Stereoxylon corymbosum Ruiz & Pav.

Escallonia myrtilloides is an evergreen shrub or tree in the Escalloniaceae family, native to open montane wet forests and paramos from Costa Rica to Bolivia. It occurs at elevations between 1900 and 4200 meters above sea level. [1] [2]

Escalloniaceae family of plants

Escalloniaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of about 130 species in seven genera. In the APG II system it is one of eight families in the euasterids II clade (campanulids) that are unplaced as to order. More recent research has provided evidence that two of those families, Eremosynaceae and Tribelaceae, arose from within Escalloniaceae; the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website therefore merges these two families into Escalloniaceae, and also places the family alone in order Escalloniales.

Contents

Description

Trees or shrubs from 2–6 metres (6 ft 7 in–19 ft 8 in) high, with irregular to conical shaped crown and branches growing almost horizontally, giving the tree the appearance of a Chinese pagoda. Leaves dark green, leathery, obovate, of 0.8–2.3 centimetres (0.31–0.91 in) long, 0.4–1 centimetre (0.16–0.39 in) wide; borne on short twigs. Inflorescences in corymbs of 1–1.5 centimetres (0.39–0.59 in) long; flowers greenish white to pale yellow; fruits green, ca. 0.6 centimetres (0.24 in) wide, with numerous seeds. [2] [3]

Distribution and habitat

High Andean wet forests, in open areas and paramos, often dominant on rocky slopes. [2] [3]

Uses

Escallonia myrtilloides furnishes a reddish wood, with resistance to tension and shocks and easy drying. Because of this, it is useful for fences and woodcrafts. [4] [5]

The tree has an ornamental quality due to its distinctive crown shape, and is also used for hedges. [4]

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References

  1. "Tropicos.org". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  2. 1 2 3 Gargiullo, Margaret (2008). A field guide to plants of Costa Rica. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 180. ISBN   978-0-19-518824-0.
  3. 1 2 "Escallonia myrtilloides". Biodiversidad de Costa Rica (in Spanish). INBio. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  4. 1 2 "Rodamonte - Escallonia myrtilloides". opepa.org (in Spanish). Organizacion para la Educación y Protección Ambiental. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  5. "Ciprecillo". El Mundo Forestal (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 September 2015.