Gaj Singh

Last updated

Gaj Singh
Maharaja Gaj Singh.jpg
Head of the House of Rathore
Reign26 January 1952 – present
Predecessor Hanwant Singh I
Heir apparent Shivraj Singh
Maharaja of Jodhpur
Reign26 January 1952 – 5 November 1971
Predecessor Hanwant Singh I
Successor position abolished
Personal Details
Born (1948-01-13) 13 January 1948 (age 72)
Jodhpur, Jodhpur State, India
SpouseHemalata Rajye
(m. 1973)
Issue Shivranjani Rajye
Shivraj Singh
House Rathore-Jodhpur
Father Maharaja Hanwant Singh I of Jodhpur
Mother Princess Krishna Kumari of Dhrangadhra
Religion Hinduism

Gaj Singh (born 13 January 1948) is an Indian politician who served as a member of the Indian parliament and High Commissioner of India. He was the titular Maharaja of Jodhpur from 1952 until the royal powers, privileges and privy purses were abolished by twenty-sixth Amendment of the Constitution of India (effective since 5 November 1971.)


Early years and accession

Gaj Singh is the son of Maharaja Hanwant Singh of Jodhpur by his first wife, Maharani Krishna Kumari of Dhrangadhra. He succeeded to the titles and dignities of his father when only four years of age, in 1952, when his father died suddenly in a plane crash. He was enthroned shortly afterwards.

The infant and his siblings were raised by their mother, Rajmata Krishna Kumari. At the age of eight, Gaj Singh was sent first to Cothill House, a prep school in Oxfordshire, England, and then to Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, where he obtained a degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics.

Singh's full title as Maharaja was His Highness Raj Rajeshwar Saramad-i-Raja-i-Hind Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri Gaj Singhji II Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Marwar.


In 1970, Gaj Singh returned to Jodhpur to take up his duties as Maharaja of Jodhpur. In 1973, he married Hemalata Rajye, daughter of the Raja of Poonch, a major feudatory state of Kashmir State and his wife Nalini Rajya Lakshmi Devi, a daughter of King Tribhuvan of Nepal and Queen Ishwari Rajya Lakshmi Devi. They are the parents of two children, being:

  1. A daughter, Shivranjani Rajye (born 22 August 1974), and
  2. A son, Shivraj Singh (born 30 September 1975).


In 1971, the constitution of India was amended. On 5 November 1971, the Maharaja and other princes were deprived of their privy purses, the government annuities that had been guaranteed to them both in the constitution and in the covenants of accession whereby their states were merged with the Dominion of India in the 1940s, with the enactment of the amendment. The same amendment also deprived them of other privileges, such as diplomatic immunity. [1] In the Constitution of India promulgated in 1971, the Government of India abolished all official symbols of princely India, including titles, privileges, and remuneration (privy purses). [2]


Later, Gaj Singh served as Indian High Commissioner to Trinidad and Tobago. He also served a term in the Rajya Sabha, the Upper House of the Indian Parliament.

On 20 July 1992,he founded a day-cum-residential girls' school named Rajmata Krishna Kumari Girls' Public School, named after his mother. It is a CBSE affiliated English medium school with classes from Nursery to XII. It has been named under one of the best schools in India for a long time now.

In 2002, Gaj Singh celebrated the Golden Jubilee of his accession.

See also

Related Research Articles

Princely state Type of vassal state in British India

A princely state, also called native state, feudatory state or Indian state, was a vassal state under a local or indigenous or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj. Though the history of the princely states of the subcontinent dates from at least the classical period of Indian history, the predominant usage of the term princely state specifically refers to a semi-sovereign principality on the Indian subcontinent during the British Raj that was not directly governed by the British, but rather by a local ruler, subject to a form of indirect rule on some matters. The imprecise doctrine of paramountcy allowed the government of British India to interfere in the internal affairs of princely states individually or collectively and issue edicts that applied to all of India when it deemed it necessary.

Gayatri Devi Maharani of Jaipur and Indian politician

Maharani Gayatri Devi was the third Maharani consort of Jaipur from 1940 to 1949 through her marriage to Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II. Following her husband's signature for the Jaipur State to become part of the Union of India and her step-son's assumption of the title in 1970, she was known as Maharani Gayatri Devi, Rajmata of Jaipur.


Rajpramukh was an administrative title in India which existed from India's independence in 1947 until 1956. Rajpramukhs were the appointed governors of certain of India's provinces and states.

Madhavrao Scindia Maharaja of Gwalior

Madhavrao Jivajirao Scindia was an Indian politician and minister from the Indian National Congress. Earlier, in 1961, he had become the titular Maharaja of Gwalior being a descendant of the Scindia dynasty of the Marathas. However, after the 26th amendment to the Constitution of India, the Government of India abolished all official symbols of princely India, including titles, privileges, and remuneration.

In India, a privy purse was a payment made to the ruling families of erstwhile princely states as part of their agreements to first integrate with India in 1947 after the independence of India, and later to merge their states in 1949 whereby they lost all ruling rights.

Man Singh II Maharaja of Jaipur (more)

Maj. Gen. HH Maharaja Sawai Shri Sir Man Singh II GCSI GCIE was the last ruling Maharaja of Jaipur State. He ruled the princely state between 1922 and 1949, when the state acceded unto the Dominion of India. Thereafter, he held office as Rajpramukh of Rajasthan between 1949 and 1956. In later life, he served as Ambassador of India to Spain. He was also a notable sportsman and celebrated polo player.

Bhawani Singh Maharaja of Jaipur

Brig. Maharaja Sawai Bhawani Singh Bahadur MVC was the last titular Maharaja of Jaipur from 24 June 1970 until 1971 when all titles, privileges, and privy purses associated with princely states in India were abolished by the 26th Amendment to the Constitution of India. He died at age 79 due to multi-organ failure.

Fatehsinghrao Gaekwad

Fatehsinghrao Prataprao Gaekwad was an Indian politician, cricketer, and titular Maharaja of Baroda from 1951 until 1988. In the 26th amendment to the Constitution of India promulgated in 1971, the Government of India abolished all official symbols of princely India, including titles, privileges, and remuneration.

Vishvendra Singh is an Indian politician. Before 2008, he has been associated with Bhartiya Janta Party and Janata Dal. He was the Cabinet Minister in the Government of Rajasthan, India.

Jyotiraditya Scindia Indian politician

Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia is an Indian politician. He belongs to the House of Scindia that once ruled in Gwalior and a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha representing the State of Madhya Pradesh. He is a former Member of Parliament in the Lok Sabha, representing the Guna constituency in Madhya Pradesh until his defeat in the 2019 Indian general election. He is a former member of the Indian National Congress (INC) and presently a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Karan Singh

Karan Singh is an Indian politician, philanthropist and poet. He belongs to Jamwal Dogra Dynasty is the son of Maharaja Hari Singh, and was born in Cannes, France. From 1947 he worked closely, as a teenager, with Jawaharlal Nehru, and Sardar Patel during the founding of the Republic of India, and in 1967 became the youngest ever union cabinet minister in the government of Indira Gandhi. He was the Prince regent of Jammu and Kashmir until 1952. Following which at age 21 years old, Karan Singh served as the first President of Jammu and Kashmir from 1952 to 1965.

Tukoji Rao IV Puar was the titular Maharaja of Dewas (Senior) State and an Indian politician belonging to the Bharatiya Janata Party. Mr. Pawar was member of the Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh. He was a descendant of the Puar dynasty of the Marathas that ruled Dewas (Senior) State.

Ranjitsinhrao Gaekwad was an Indian politician and the titular Maharaja of Baroda from 1988 until his death in 2012.

Pataudi State

Pataudi State was a small princely state in India, established in 1804 during the East India Company rule in India.

Padmanabh Singh is a polo player and member of the former ruling family of Jaipur State, in present-day Rajasthan, India.

Rajmata Indian term used for the mother of the head of a princely family in India

Rajmata is an Indian term used for the mother of the head of a princely family in India.

Rao Nara, . Rao Nara was of Rathore lineage and the crown Prince of Nadol, the then small kingdom in northwest India in the 15th century. Nadol had been ruled by the Chauhans in the 11th to 14th centuries, but was taken over by the Rathores. His father was Rao Samra, the Raja (King) of Nadol. Rao Nara is significant in the history of India, as he plays a crucial role in the founding of Jodhpur, India in 1459 with Rao Jodha.

Bhupal Singh Maharana of Udaipur

Shri Maharana Bhupal Singh Bahadur KCIE, also spelt Bhopal Singh, was the ruler of the Indian princely state of Udaipur from 1930 and also Rajpramukh of Rajasthan from 1948 until his death on 4 July 1955.

Narasingha Malla Deb

Narasingha Malla Deb was a member of the Parliament of India and the 16th ruler of Jhargram, which he led from 1916 until his royal powers were abolished by an amendment to the Constitution of India in 1954.

Bhagwat Singh of Mewar Titular Maharana of Mewar

Maharana Bhagwat Singh Mewar was the titular ruler of the Indian princely state of Udaipur or Mewar from 1955 until the Indian government abolished all royal titles in 1971. Bhagwat Singh was born in 1927, three years after the accession of his father Bhupal Singh to the throne of Mewar and Udaipur as Maharana.


  1. "The Constitution (26 Amendment) Act, 1971",, Government of India, 1971, retrieved 9 November 2011
  2. 1. Ramusack, Barbara N. (2004). The Indian princes and their states. Cambridge University Press. p. 278. ISBN   978-0-521-26727-4., "Through a constitutional amendment passed in 1971, Indira Gandhi stripped the princes of the titles, privy purses and regal privileges which her father's government had granted." (p 278). 2. Naipaul, V. S. (2003), India: A Wounded Civilization, Random House Digital, Inc., p. 37, ISBN   978-1-4000-3075-0 Quote: "The princes of India – their number and variety reflecting to a large extent the chaos that had come to the country with the break up of the Mughal empire – had lost real power in the British time. Through generations of idle servitude they had grown to specialize only in style. A bogus, extinguishable glamour: in 1947, with Independence, they had lost their state, and Mrs. Gandhi in 1971 had, without much public outcry, abolished their privy purses and titles." (pp 37–38). 3.Schmidt, Karl J. (1995), An atlas and survey of South Asian history, M.E. Sharpe, p. 78, ISBN   978-1-56324-334-9 Quote: "Although the Indian states were alternately requested or forced into union with either India or Pakistan, the real death of princely India came when the Twenty-sixth Amendment Act (1971) abolished the princes' titles, privileges, and privy purses." (page 78). 4. Breckenridge, Carol Appadurai (1995), Consuming modernity: public culture in a South Asian world, U of Minnesota Press, p. 84, ISBN   978-0-8166-2306-8 Quote: "The third stage in the political evolution of the princes from rulers to citizens occurred in 1971, when the constitution ceased to recognize them as princes and their privy purses, titles, and special privileges were abolished." (page 84). 5. Guha, Ramachandra (2008), India After Gandhi: The History of the World's Largest Democracy, HarperCollins, p. 441, ISBN   978-0-06-095858-9 Quote: "Her success at the polls emboldened Mrs. Gandhi to act decisively against the princes. Through 1971, the two sides tried and failed to find a settlement. The princes were willing to forgo their privy purses, but hoped at least to save their titles. But with her overwhelming majority in Parliament, the prime minister had no need to compromise. On 2 December she introduced a bill to amend the constitution and abolish all princely privileges. It was passed in the Lok Sabha by 381 votes to six, and in the Rajya Sabha by 167 votes to seven. In her own speech, the prime minister invited 'the princes to join the elite of the modern age, the elite which earns respect by its talent, energy and contribution to human progress, all of which can only be done when we work together as equals without regarding anybody as of special status.' " (page 441). 6.Cheesman, David (1997). Landlord power and rural indebtedness in colonial Sind, 1865–1901. London: Routledge. p. 10. ISBN   978-0-7007-0470-5. Quote: "The Indian princes survived the British Raj by only a few years. The Indian republic stripped them of their powers and then their titles." (page 10). 7.Merriam-Webster, Inc (1997), Merriam-Webster's geographical dictionary, Merriam-Webster, p. 520, ISBN   978-0-87779-546-9 Quote: "Indian States: "Various (formerly) semi-independent areas in India ruled by native princes .... Under British rule ... administered by residents assisted by political agents. Titles and remaining privileges of princes abolished by Indian government 1971." (page 520). 8.Ward, Philip (September 1989), Northern India, Rajasthan, Agra, Delhi: a travel guide, Pelican Publishing, p. 91, ISBN   978-0-88289-753-0 Quote: "A monarchy is only as good as the reigning monarch: thus it is with the princely states. Once they seemed immutable, invincible. In 1971 they were "derecognized," their privileges, privy purses and titles all abolished at a stroke" (page 91)