(Sanap & Mirza, 2014)
Haploclastus psychedelicus, synonym Thrigmopoeus psychedelicus, is a theraphosid spider. It is native to India.
In scientific nomenclature, a synonym is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name, although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature. For example, Linnaeus was the first to give a scientific name to the Norway spruce, which he called Pinus abies. This name is no longer in use: it is now a synonym of the current scientific name, Picea abies.
Spiders are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs able to inject venom. They are the largest order of arachnids and rank seventh in total species diversity among all orders of organisms. Spiders are found worldwide on every continent except for Antarctica, and have become established in nearly every habitat with the exceptions of air and sea colonization. As of July 2019, at least 48,200 spider species, and 120 families have been recorded by taxonomists. However, there has been dissension within the scientific community as to how all these families should be classified, as evidenced by the over 20 different classifications that have been proposed since 1900.
India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
The specific name psychedelicus refers to the word "psychedelia", referring to the adult's bright blue carapace and legs.
Psychedelia refers to psychedelic art, psychedelic music and the subculture that originated in the psychedelic experience of the 1960s, by people who used psychedelic drugs such as LSD, mescaline and psilocybin. Psychedelic art and music typically recreate or reflect the experience of altered consciousness. Psychedelic art uses highly distorted, surreal visuals, bright colors and full spectrums and animation to evoke, convey, or enhance the psychedlic experience. Psychedelic music uses distorted electric guitar, Indian music elements such as the sitar, electronic effects, sound effects and reverberation, and elaborate studio effects, such as playing tapes backwards or panning the music from one side to another.
The cephalothorax, also called prosoma in some groups, is a tagma of various arthropods, comprising the head and the thorax fused together, as distinct from the abdomen behind. The word cephalothorax is derived from the Greek words for head and thorax. This fusion of the head and thorax is seen in chelicerates and crustaceans; in other groups, such as the Hexapoda, the head remains free of the thorax. In horseshoe crabs and many crustaceans, a hard shell called the carapace covers the cephalothorax.
H. psychedelicus has a blue metallic tinge to the cephalothorax and legs, and has scattered maxillary setae on the prolateral face of the maxillae. In other species it is "C" shaped.
In biology, setae are any of a number of different bristle- or hair-like structures on living organisms.
Sania Mirza is an Indian professional tennis player. A former world No. 1 in the doubles discipline, she has won six Grand Slam titles in her career. From 2003 until her retirement from singles in 2013, she was ranked by the WTA as India's No. 1 player in both the categories. Throughout her career, Mirza has established herself as by far the most successful Indian (female) tennis player ever and one of the highest-paid and high-profile athletes in the country.
Macrothele is a genus of mygalomorph spiders in the Macrothelidae family, and was first described by A. Ausserer in 1871. It is the only genus in the family Macrothelidae, and most species occur in Asia, from India to Japan, and Java, with four found in Africa, and two in Europe. The name is derived from Ancient Greek μακρός ("makro-"), meaning "big", and θηλή ("thele"), referring to the spinnerets.
Tarantulas comprise a group of large and often hairy spiders belonging to the family Theraphosidae. Currently, about 1,000 species have been identified. The term tarantula is usually used to describe members of the family Theraphosidae, although many other members of the same infraorder (Mygalomorphae) are commonly referred to as "tarantulas" or "false tarantulas". Some of the more common species have become popular in the exotic pet trade. New World species kept as pets have urticating hairs that can cause irritation to the skin, and in extreme cases, cause damage to the eyes.
Idiops is a genus of armored trapdoor spiders that was first described by Josef Anton Maximilian Perty in 1833.
Heligmomerus is a genus of armored trapdoor spiders that was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1892.
Scalidognathus is a genus of Asian armored trapdoor spiders that was first described by Ferdinand Anton Franz Karsch in 1892. Originally placed with the Ctenizidae, it was moved to the Idiopidae in 1985.
Cnemaspis girii, also known as Giri’s day gecko, is a species of geckos in the genus Cnemaspis described in 2014. The species, found in the forests of the Kaas plateau in Satara district, Maharashtra, India, was discovered by researchers from Bangalore’s National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS) and Centre for Ecological Sciences (CES). It is named after Dr. Varad Giri of the Bombay Natural History Society.
Hemidactylus acanthopholis is a species of house geckos from the Tirunelveli in southern Tamil Nadu. Bearing a superficial resemblance to Hemidactylus maculatus, the species is usually found on large rocks or boulders. Growing 20–23 cm (7.9–9.1 in) in length, the species is an overall brown color, but has dark stripes on its back. It takes its name from the warty protuberances running along its dorsal surface.
The Ischnocolinae are a subfamily of tarantulas. The composition of the subfamily was reviewed in 2014 and the number of genera included sharply reduced.
Neoheterophrictus is a genus of tarantula in the family Theraphosidae. It comprises seven species, all found in India.
Neoheterophrictus bhori is a species of tarantula. It is native to Parambiculam, Western Ghats, Cochin province, India.
The Eumenophorinae are a subfamily of tarantula spiders. They are known from 13 genera distributed across Africa, southwestern countries in Saudi Arabia, and Madagascar and the associated islands.
Neoheterophrictus amboli is a species of theraphosid spiders, which is found in India.
Neoheterophrictus smithi is a species of tarantulas, native to India.
Neoheterophrictus madraspatanus is a species of spider in the family Theraphosidae, found in India.
Thrigmopoeus is a genus of spiders in the family Theraphosidae.
Tigidia is a genus of brushed trapdoor spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1892.
Haploclastus is a genus of spiders in the Theraphosidae family. It was first described in 1892 by Simon. As of 2017, it contains 7 species, all found in India.
Sahydroaraneus is a genus of spiders in the Theraphosidae family. It was first described in 2014 by Mirza & Sanap. As of 2016, it contains 3 species, all in India.
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