Independent Record

Last updated
Independent Record
Helena Independent Record logo.jpg
TypeDaily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) Lee Enterprises
PublisherAnita Fasbender
EditorJesse Chaney
(as the Independent)
Headquarters Helena, Montana, U.S.

The Independent Record (often abbreviated to IR) is a daily newspaper printed and distributed in Helena, Montana. The newspaper is part of the Lee Enterprises group. [1]

Newspaper scheduled publication containing news of events, articles, features, editorials, and advertising

A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background.

Helena, Montana State capital city in Montana, United States

Helena is the state capital of the U.S. state of Montana and the county seat of Lewis and Clark County.

Lee Enterprises

Lee Enterprises is a publicly traded American media company. It publishes 46 daily newspapers in 21 states, and more than 300 weekly, classified, and specialty publications. Lee Enterprises was founded in 1890 by Alfred Wilson Lee and is based in Davenport, Iowa.



The roots of the IR lie in two newspapers founded in 1867, the weekly Independent of Deer Lodge and the daily Herald of Helena. The Independent soon moved to Helena and began daily publication in 1874. The Herald later merged with the Montana Daily Record, which was founded in 1900. The new publication was renamed the Montana Herald-Record. And in 1943, another merger followed: this time with the Independent, to become the Independent Record.

A weekly newspaper is a general-news publication that is published once or twice a week.

Deer Lodge, Montana City in Montana, United States

Deer Lodge is an incorporated city in and the county seat of Powell County, Montana, in the United States. The population was 3,111 at the 2010 census. The city is perhaps best known as the home of the Montana State Prison, a major local employer. The Montana State Hospital in Warm Springs, and former state tuberculosis sanitarium in nearby Galen are the result of the power the western part of the state held over Montana at statehood due to the copper and mineral wealth in that area. Deer Lodge was also once an important railroad town, serving as a division headquarters for the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad before the railroad's local abandonment in 1980.

After over thirty years of ownership by the Anaconda Copper Mining Company, the IR was sold to Lee Enterprises in 1959. The IR converted from hot metal to phototype in 1973, and in 1975 installed one of the first newsroom computer systems. In the summer of 2002, a new press plant was opened and housed in a new 30,000-square-foot (2,800 m2) printing and distribution center.

Hot metal typesetting

In printing and typography, hot metal typesetting is a technology for typesetting text in letterpress printing. This method injects molten type metal into a mold that has the shape of one or more glyphs. The resulting sorts or slugs are later used to press ink onto paper. Normally the typecasting machine would be controlled by a keyboard or by a paper tape.

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  1. "About Lee". Lee Enterprises. Retrieved November 12, 2011.