|Regions with significant populations|
|• Hinduism 100% •|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Kewat are a Hindu caste, found in the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh in India. They are the traditional boatmen of northern India.
Their main sub-groups are the Banaphar, Dhivar, Balavarna, Chay, Sorahiya, Kairata, and Tiar. The Banaphar consider themselves to be superior to the other groups.
The Kewat of Uttar Pradesh mostly live near the river Ganges. They are the traditional businessman.They are among 17 OBC communities that have been proposed for Scheduled Caste status by the Samajwadi Party-controlled Government of Uttar Pradesh. However, this proposal, which relates to votebank politics and has been made in the past, has been stayed by the courts; a prior attempt was also rejected by the Government of India.
The Kewat in Rajasthan are found in along the banks of the rivers Chambal, Benas and Kalinath rivers, in the districts of Kota and Sawai Madhopur. They are divided into eighty four clans, and their origin myth refers to them being created by god Vishnu. The community speak the Hadoti dialect of Rajasthani. There traditional occupation of being boatmen has declined,.
In Bihar, they are both cultivators and businessman. The community are also known as Kewat Kaut. There is considerable difference of opinion as to the origin of the word Kewat. . They are found in the(all districts of bihar )bt mostly in MADHUBANI , Jhanjharpur, Nirmalli, Bhagalpur, Purnea, Katihar, Darbhanga, Munger, Muzaffarpur and Khagaria ,sharsha , Supaul Madhepura . Their villages are found mainly along the near of the Ganges river, and many have taken to cultivation. They speak Maithili, Magadhi and Bhojpuri.[ citation needed ]
A major population of kewat/keot/kaut live in the district of Madhubani. The farmers of the Jhanjharpur region are more prosperous while those belonging to the kosi (the flood effected) belt not so prosperous with many of them taken to jobs outside the state. Maithili is the major language spoken in the district of Madhubani, Darbhanga, Jhajharpur etc.
Nomads are known as a group of communities who travel from place to place for their livelihood. Some are salt traders, fortune-tellers, conjurers, ayurvedic healers, jugglers, acrobats, actors, story tellers, snake charmers, animal doctors, tattooists, grindstone makers, or basketmakers. Some anthropologists have identified about 8 nomadic groups in India, numbering perhaps 1 million people—around 1.2 percent of the country's billion-plus population. Aparna Rao and Michael Casimir estimated that nomads make up around 7% of the population of India.
The Kalbi are a Hindu caste found in the state of Rajasthan in India. They are also known as Patel.
The Manihar are a Muslim community, found mainly in North India, and the province of Sindh in Pakistan. A number of Manihar are also found in the Terai region of Nepal.
The Rangrez is a Muslim community in North India. Many members of Muslim Rangrez community have migrated to Pakistan after independence and have settled in Karachi, Sindh.
The Muslim Gaddi Ghazi are a Muslim community found mainly in northern India. After the independence in 1947, the Gaddi of the states of Haryana and Delhi migrated to Pakistan and are now found in the provinces of Punjab and Sindh. In Pakistan, the community is often referred to as Gadi Rajput, and sometimes Gaddi.
The Thathera are a community in India that produce metal household utensils. In 2014, the craft of the Thathera community of Jandiala Guru were included in UNESCO’s List of Intangible Cultural Heritage.
The Kahars are an Indian community, originating from the Gangatic region.
The Qassab (Urdu: قصاب; plural of قصائی Qasai from the Arabic word خصب, are members of a north Indian community or biradari.
The Marasi are the genealogists and traditional singers and dancers of a number of communities. The word " mirasi" is derived from the Arabic word (ميراث) mirasi, which means inheritance or sometimes heritage.
The Bind' are a caste found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal and Tripura. Bind are under the OBCs category of the central list. The government of India's draft defines them as a nomadic tribe in Tripura. The Assam government and MP government categorise them as a tribe. The nearest name which comes closer for them is Nishad. The Bind are originally from the Vindhya.
The Farooqui are a community, found in North India. They are also known as Farooqi and Shaikh Farooqi.
The Van Baoria are a scheduled tribe found in the state of Rajasthan in India.
The Sunga are a Hindu caste found in the state of Rajasthan in India.
The Singiwala are both a scheduled caste, as well as a Muslim community, found in the state of Rajasthan in India. They also known as Jheewar Bangalee. Many members of Singiwala community have migrated to Pakistan after independence have settled in Karachi, Sindh.
The Pateliya is a scheduled tribe found in the Indian states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka.
The Kharol are a Hindu caste found in the state of Rajasthan in India. Kharol are classified as an Other Backward Class (OBC) in Rajasthan.
The Deshwali, or sometimes pronounced Deswali are a Rajput community found in the state of Rajasthan in India. A small number of Deshwali are found in the city of Hyderabad, Jharkhand.
The Hiranbaz are a Muslim community found in the state of Rajasthan in India. They are also known as Mertia or Mertia Qasai.
The Dabgar are a Hindu caste found in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat in India. They were the follower of Shiva. According to their traditions, they were originally found in Rajasthan and were soldiers. In Rajasthan, the community prefer to call themselves Dhalgar.
The Bargi are a Hindu caste found in the states of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in India. They have been granted Scheduled Caste status in Rajasthan, and their population according 2001 Census of India was 10,739.