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Plantation Town
Tea Estate.jpg
Tea plantations at Kumily
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Location in Kerala, India
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Kumily (India)
Coordinates: 9°37′0″N77°9′0″E / 9.61667°N 77.15000°E / 9.61667; 77.15000
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Idukki
Taluk Peerumedu
Named for Thekkady tourist spot
  Type Panchayati raj (India)
  BodyKumily Grama Panchayat
  Total203.31 km2 (78.50 sq mi)
880 m (2,890 ft)
  Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
  Official Malayalam, English [1]
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Area code 04869
Nearest City Kottayam, Kochi
Assembly constituency Peerumedu
Lok Sabha constituency Idukki

Kumily, also spelt as Kumaly is a revenue village and Gram Panchayat in the Idukki district of the state of Kerala. It is a town in Cardamom Hills near Thekkady and Periyar Tiger Reserve. Kumily is a gateway town into Kerala from Tamil Nadu. [2]



Kumily, once known as Kuzhumoor, used to be the capital of the Thekkumkoor Kingdom.  In the 18th century, Marthanda Varma of Travancore defeated the Thekkumkoor Rajas. The Kingdom of Travancore comprised most of modern-day southern Kerala, the district of Kanyakumari , and the southernmost parts of the neighboring state of Tamil Nadu. After India's independence, Travancore merged with Cochin to form Travancore-Cochin which again, some time later, joined with Malabar district of Madras State to form Kerala.

Later the Travancore kings granted control of the region to their serf, the Lord of Poonjar (Poonjar Thamburan). Till the 19th century, the lords of Poonjar governed the region and the Travancore kings visited the place rarely, with the sole intention of hunting.

It was with the advent of the British in the region that it underwent drastic changes. The British either bought or obtained on lease, vast stretches of land and hilly areas of this region from the feudal lords or from the princely state of Travancore. They converted the forestlands to plantations of tea, coffee, cardamom, ginger, cinnamon and other spices. People from Tamil Nadu and Kerala were brought to work in the plantations.

The 1920s saw the arrival of  Malayalis to this area in great numbers. There are different stories about the events that led to this. According to one, the Malayali settlers here bought land from the descendants of a certain Ankur Rawther , a Tamil muslim Wealthy Landlord who lived in this area in the 19th century.

Another story is that when the king came to supervise the construction of the Mullaperiyar dam in the 1890s, Ankur Rawther The largest timper merchant he supplied timpers to travancore. His kindness touched the king and that was what inspired the king to gift him land. [3]


As of 2011 Census, Kumily village had population of 30,276 where 15,162 are males and 15,114 are females. Kumily village spreads over an area of 203.31 km2 (78.50 sq mi) with 7,404 families residing in it. The average sex ratio was 997 lower than the state average of 1084. In Kumily, 10.3% of the population was under 6 years of age. Kumily had an average literacy of 90.5% lower than the state average of 94%; male literacy was 93.6% and female literacy was .87.4%. [4]


Two national highways pass through Kumily town.

The nearest railway station is 60 km away at Theni. Madurai International Airport is the nearest airport to Kumily of about 120km km distance.

See also

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  2. "Kumily - the plantation town". Department of Tourism, Government of Kerala. Retrieved 8 February 2024.
  3. "History, Kumily panchayat- details, Periyar, Thekkady, Idukki, Kerala - www.keralatourism.org › periyar". www.keralatourism.org. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  4. Kerala, Directorate of Census Operations. District Census Handbook, Idukki (PDF). Thiruvananthapuram: Directorateof Census Operations,Kerala. p. 70,71. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  5. "New highways notification dated March, 2014" (PDF). The Gazette of India - Ministry of Road Transport and Highways . Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  6. "National Highway work from next month". The Hindu . Retrieved 16 September 2016.