Louisine Waldron Elder
July 28, 1855
New York, New York
|Died||January 6, 1929 73) (aged|
New York, New York
Henry Osborne Havemeyer
Louisine Waldron Elder Havemeyer (July 28, 1855 – January 6, 1929) was an art collector, feminist, and philanthropist. In addition to being a patron of impressionist art, she was one of the more prominent contributors to the suffrage movement in the United States. The impressionist painter Edgar Degas and feminist Alice Paul were among the renowned recipients of the benefactor's support.
Louisine Waldron Elder was born in New York City on July 28, 1855, to a merchant George W. Elder (1831–1873) and his wife, Matilda Adelaide Waldron (1834–1907). She was the second of four children: Anne Eliza Elder, later Mrs. Henry Norcross Munn (1853–1917), Adaline Deliverance Mapes Elder, later Mrs. Samuel Twyford Peters (1859–1943), and brother George Waldron Elder (1860–1916).
Shortly after her father's death, Louisine Elder and her family travelled to Europe for a three-year stay. They set sail on May 25, 1873, aboard the S.S. Calabria, accompanied by their extended family, aunt Amanda McCready and family, and cousin Mary Mapes Dodge, the editor of St. Nicholas Magazine and author of Hans Brinker; or the Silver Skates .Mary Mapes Dodge's sister Sophie Mapes Tolles was living in Paris with her friend Emily Sartain, studying art in the atelier of Evariste Luminais and boarding in the pensionnat of Mme. Del Sarte, widow of François Del Sarte, famed teacher of the art of expression. Louisine and her sister Addie joined Sophie Mapes Tolles and Emily Sartain in boarding at Mme. Del Sarte's, and it was during this time that Emily Sartain introduced Louisine to Mary Cassatt. Fellow Philadelphians, Cassatt and Sartain had studied together at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in the early 1860s and travelled to Europe together in the fall of 1871. During this time, Mary Cassatt took Louisine Elder under her wing, becoming a mentor and encouraging her to make her first art acquisition, a pastel by Edgar Degas. As time passed, particularly after Louisine married Henry O. Havemeyer, Cassatt became an advisor to the Havemeyers, helping to build their art collection and facilitating the working relationship which they would have with the Impressionist Artists, including Edgar Degas, Édouard Manet, Camille Pissarro and Claude Monet. A lifelong friendship developed between Louisine Havemeyer and Mary Cassatt, who later made several pastels of Louisine and her children.
Together with her husband, Louisine would build perhaps the finest art collection in America. Her three-story mansion at Fifth Avenue and East 66th Street in New York was filled with the finest possible examples of works by Manet, El Greco, Rembrandt, and Corot. The home was decorated 1889-1890 by Louis Comfort Tiffany and Samuel Colman, who made it an elegant showplace for their patron's varied and important collections.Henry Clay Frick, J.P. Morgan, and Mrs. Isabella Stewart Gardner were among the collectors with which Mr. and Mrs. Havemeyer would have known and competed.
On August 22, 1883, a decade after her father's death, Louisine married Henry O. Havemeyer of the American Sugar Refining Company.*
Louisine and Henry Osborne had three children:
*(Prior to his marriage to Louisine, Henry had been married to Louisine's aunt Mary Louise Elder (1847–1897), but that marriage ended in divorce.)
In addition to her standing as an early and important collector of Impressionist art, Louisine Havemeyer was an advocate of women's rights.
After her husband's death in 1907, Mrs. Havemeyer focused her attention on the women's suffrage movement. In 1912 she lent her artistic collection to Knoedler's Gallery in New York to raise money for the cause.In 1913, she founded the National Woman's Party with the radical suffragist Alice Paul. (The organization was previously known as the "Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage".) She repeated the money raising art exhibition at Knoedler's in 1915.
With the financial backing of Mrs. Havemeyer and others like her, Ms. Paul launched an increasingly confrontational series of protests that agitated for the right to vote. Paul's most famous efforts were the 1913 National Suffrage Parade, which produced a riot on the eve of President Woodrow Wilson's first inauguration and, as a member of the Silent Sentinels, the wartime picketing of the White House. During the latter, Paul used portions of the President's speeches heralding the defense of democracy in Europe which she masterfully contrasted with the denial of liberty to American women. When jailed for obstructing traffic in 1917, she hunger struck, bringing tremendous pressure to bear on the Congress and Wilson Administration. The Nineteenth Amendment, which extended voting rights to women, was debated by Congress, gained the necessary 2/3 votes in 1919, was sent to the states for ratification, and gained the necessary 3/4 of states ratifying in 1920.
Louisine Havemeyer became a well-known suffragist, publishing two articles about her work for the cause in Scribner's Magazine . The first, entitled "The Prison Special: Memories of a Militant", appeared in May 1922, and the other, "The Suffrage Torch: Memories of a Militant" appeared in June the same year. [ citation needed ], down New York's famed Fifth Avenue and addressed a standing room only audience at Carnegie Hall upon the completion of a nationwide speaking tour. A famous photograph of Mrs. Havemeyer shows her with an electric torch, similar in design to that of the Statue of Liberty, among other prominent suffragists. Her attempt to burn an effigy of President Wilson outside the White House in 1919 drew national attention.In 1912 and 1915, Mrs. Havemeyer organized exhibitions of art works from her collection at Knoedler Gallery to raise funds to support suffrage efforts. She participated in marches, much to the dismay of her children
After a period of failing health, Mrs. Havemeyer died in 1929. Mrs. Havemeyer is interred at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York. The terms of her will left a few choice paintings to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. The final bequest, made possible by the generosity of her children, included nearly two-thousand works that enrich nearly every segment of the museum's collections.
Many Tiffany pieces from her Fifth Avenue home, including a magnificent peacock mantelpiece decoration, and a chandelier are on permanent display at the University of Michigan Museum of Art.A portion of the Music Room furniture suite is on view at the Shelburne Museum.
Louisine's children would continue to build upon their family's legacy as art collectors. Louisine's daughter Electra Havemeyer Webb collected American fine and folk paintings and sculpture that helped to found the Shelburne Museum. The museum showcases a "collection of collections" in fine examples of early American homes and public buildings; a general store, meeting house, log cabin, and even a steamship dot the grounds. Her great-grandson, John Wilmerding, is a well known professor of art, collector, and curator, and is best known as a prolific author of books on American art.Her daughter Adaline and son Horace Havemeyer, and grandsons Horace Havemeyer, Jr. and Harry W. Havemeyer bequeathed several works from Vermeer, Goya, Corot, Manet, and others to the National Gallery of Art.
|image||title||painter||date||accession number||The Met url|
|Portrait of Herman Doomer||Rembrandt||1640||29.100.1||MET|
|Portrait of an Old Woman||Jacob Adriaensz Backer||1640s||29.100.2||MET|
|Portrait of a Man, probably a Member of the Van Beresteyn Family||Rembrandt||1632||29.100.3||MET|
|Portrait of a Woman, probably a Member of the Van Beresteyn Family||Rembrandt||1632||29.100.4||MET|
|Cardinal Fernando Niño de Guevara||El Greco||1600||29.100.5||MET|
|View of Toledo||El Greco||1596||29.100.6||MET|
|The Visit||Pieter de Hooch||1657||29.100.7||MET|
|Portrait of Petrus Scriverius||Frans Hals||1626||29.100.8||MET|
|Portrait of Anna van der Aar||Frans Hals||1626||29.100.9||MET|
|Majas on a Balcony||Francisco de Goya||1808||29.100.10||MET|
|María Luisa of Parma (1751–1819), Queen of Spain||Copy after Goya||1900s||29.100.11||MET|
|A City on a Rock||Style of Goya||1900s||29.100.12||MET|
|Saint Cecilia||Abraham van Diepenbeeck||1700s||29.100.14||MET|
|Portrait of a Man||Hugo van der Goes||29.100.15||MET|
|Portrait of a Young Man with a Book||Bronzino||1540||29.100.16||MET|
|Madonna and Child with Two Angels||Botticelli||1500s||29.100.17||MET|
|The Burning of Sodom||Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot||1850s||29.100.18||MET|
|Bacchante by the Sea||Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot||1860|
|Orpheus and Eurydice||painting in the manner of Nicolas Poussin||29.100.20||MET|
|Mercury and Battus||Francisque Millet||29.100.21||MET|
|Portrait of a Man||Corneille de Lyon||1540||29.100.22||MET|
|Joseph-Antoine Moltedo||Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres||1810||29.100.23||MET|
|Portrait of a Man with a Rosary||Lucas Cranach the Elder||29.100.24||MET|
|Dancers Practicing at the Barre||Edgar Degas||1877||29.100.34||MET|
|Woman Having Her Hair Combed||Edgar Degas||29.100.35||MET|
|Woman Drying Her Foot||Edgar Degas||29.100.36||MET|
|Woman with a Towel||Edgar Degas||29.100.37||MET|
|At the Milliner's||Edgar Degas||1882||29.100.38||MET|
|The Rehearsal Onstage||Edgar Degas||1874||29.100.39||MET|
|The Artist's Cousin, Probably Mrs. William Bell (Mathilde Musson, 1841–1878)||Edgar Degas||1873||29.100.40||MET|
|Woman Bathing in a Shallow Tub||Edgar Degas||1885||29.100.41||MET|
|Dancers, Pink and Green||Edgar Degas||29.100.42||MET|
|The Collector of Prints||Edgar Degas||1866||29.100.44||MET|
|Madame Théodore Gobillard (Yves Morisot, 1838–1893)||Edgar Degas||1869||29.100.45||MET|
|A Woman Ironing||Edgar Degas||1873||29.100.46||MET|
|Mother and Child (The Oval Mirror)||Mary Cassatt||29.100.47||MET|
|Young Mother Sewing||Mary Cassatt||1900||29.100.48||MET|
|The Dead Christ with Angels||Édouard Manet||1864||29.100.51||MET|
|A Matador||Édouard Manet||1866|
|Mademoiselle V. . . in the Costume of an Espada||Édouard Manet||1862||29.100.53||MET|
|Young man in Mayo costume||Édouard Manet||1863||29.100.54||MET|
|George Moore (1852–1933)||Édouard Manet||29.100.55||MET|
|Mademoiselle Isabelle Lemonnier (1857–1926)||Édouard Manet||29.100.56||MET|
|Woman with a Parrot||Gustave Courbet||1866||29.100.57||MET|
|The Source||Gustave Courbet||1862||29.100.58||MET|
|Woman in a Riding Habit (L'Amazone)||Gustave Courbet||1856||29.100.59||MET|
|Nude with Flowering Branch||Gustave Courbet||1863||29.100.60||MET|
|After the Hunt||Gustave Courbet||29.100.61||MET|
|The Woman in the Waves||Gustave Courbet||1868||29.100.62||MET|
|Jo, La Belle Irlandaise||Gustave Courbet||29.100.63||MET|
|Mont Sainte-Victoire and the Viaduct of the Arc River Valley||Paul Cézanne||1882||29.100.64||MET|
|Gustave Boyer (b. 1840) in a Straw Hat||Paul Cézanne||29.100.65||MET|
|Still Life with Jar, Cup, and Apples||Paul Cézanne||1877s||29.100.66||MET|
|The Gulf of Marseilles Seen from L'Estaque||Paul Cézanne||1885||29.100.67||MET|
|Portrait of a Man with a Breastplate and Plumed Hat||Rembrandt||1640s||29.100.102||MET|
|Portrait of a Woman|| Rembrandt |
|Portrait of a Woman||Francesco Montemezzano||29.100.104||MET|
|Boy with a Greyhound||Paolo Veronese||29.100.105||MET|
|Bouquet of Sunflowers||Claude Monet||1881||29.100.107||MET|
|Ice Floes||Claude Monet||1893||29.100.108||MET|
|Haystacks (Effect of Snow and Sun)||Claude Monet||1891||29.100.109||MET|
|The Four Trees||Claude Monet||1891||29.100.110||MET|
|The Green Wave||Claude Monet||29.100.111||MET|
|La Grenouillère||Claude Monet||1869||29.100.112||MET|
|Bridge over a Pond of Water Lilies||Claude Monet||1899||29.100.113||MET|
|Copy after Delacroix's "Bark of Dante"||Édouard Manet||29.100.114||MET|
|The Allegory of the Sorbonne||Pierre Puvis de Chavannes||1889||29.100.117||MET|
|Madame de Brayer||Gustave Courbet||1858||29.100.118||MET|
|Portrait of a Woman, Called Héloïse Abélard||Style of Gustave Courbet||1900s||29.100.119||MET|
|Charles Suisse||Gustave Courbet||1861||29.100.120||MET|
|Spring Flowers||Copy after Gustave Courbet||1855||29.100.121||MET|
|The Source of the Loue||Gustave Courbet||1864||29.100.122||MET|
|Apples||painting in the style of Gustave Courbet||1900s||29.100.123||MET|
|The Young Bather||Gustave Courbet||1866||29.100.124||MET|
|By the Seashore||Pierre-Auguste Renoir||1883||29.100.125||MET|
|Bather in the Woods||Camille Pissarro||1895||29.100.126||MET|
|Dancers in the Rehearsal Room with a Double Bass||Edgar Degas||29.100.127||MET|
|A Woman Seated beside a Vase of Flowers||Edgar Degas||1865||29.100.128||MET|
|The Third-Class Carriage||Honoré Daumier||1862||29.100.129||MET|
|Madame Auguste Cuoq (Mathilde Desportes, 1827–1910)||Gustave Courbet||29.100.130||MET|
|Christ Asleep during the Tempest||Eugène Delacroix||29.100.131||MET|
|Alphonse Promayet (1822–1872)||Gustave Courbet||1851||29.100.132||MET|
|Portrait of a Man||Gaspare Traversi||1800s||29.100.179||MET|
|Narcisa Barañana de Goicoechea||Francisco de Goya y Lucientes||1815||29.100.180||MET|
|Joseph-Henri Altès (1826–1895)||Edgar Degas||1868||29.100.181||MET|
|Marie Dihau (1843–1935)||Edgar Degas||29.100.182||MET|
|Portrait of a Young Woman||Edgar Degas||29.100.183||MET|
|The Dancing Class||Edgar Degas||1870s||29.100.184||MET|
|Woman on a Sofa||Edgar Degas||1875||29.100.185||MET|
|Two Dancers||Edgar Degas||1873||29.100.187||MET|
|Dancer with a Fan||Edgar Degas||29.100.188||MET|
|Two Dancers||Edgar Degas||29.100.189||MET|
|Bather Stepping into a Tub||Edgar Degas||29.100.190||MET|
|The Muse: History||Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot||1865||29.100.193||MET|
|Rocks in the Forest||Paul Cézanne||29.100.194||MET|
|The Experts||Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps||1837||29.100.196||MET|
|Anne de Pisseleu (1508–1576), Duchesse d'Étampes||Corneille de Lyon||29.100.197||MET|
|Man with a Tankard||Style of Adriaen van Ostade||1700s||29.100.198||MET|
|The Connoisseur||Honoré Daumier||1862s||29.100.200||MET|
|Portrait of a Man||Gustave Courbet||29.100.201||MET|
|The Ballet from "Robert le Diable"||Edgar Degas||1871||29.100.552||MET|
|Woman Drying Her Arm||Edgar Degas||29.100.553||MET|
|Fan Mount: The Ballet||Edgar Degas||1879||29.100.554||MET|
|Fan Mount: Ballet Girls||Edgar Degas||1879||29.100.555||MET|
|Russian Dancer||Edgar Degas||1899||29.100.556||MET|
|Dancer with a Fan||Edgar Degas||29.100.557||MET|
|Three Dancers Preparing for Class||Edgar Degas||29.100.558||MET|
|Mademoiselle Lucie Delabigne (1859–1910), Called Valtesse de la Bigne||Édouard Manet||1879||29.100.561||MET|
|Girl Weaving a Garland||Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot||29.100.562||MET|
|Reverie||Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot||29.100.563||MET|
|Portrait of a Child||Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot||29.100.564||MET|
|Sibylle||Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot||1870s||29.100.565||MET|
|The Calm Sea||Gustave Courbet||1869||29.100.566||MET|
|Bacchante in a Landscape||Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot||1865||29.100.598||MET|
Impressionism was a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities, ordinary subject matter, unusual visual angles, and inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience. Impressionism originated with a group of Paris-based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s.
Mary Stevenson Cassatt was an American painter and printmaker. She was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, but lived much of her adult life in France, where she befriended Edgar Degas and exhibited with the Impressionists. Cassatt often created images of the social and private lives of women, with particular emphasis on the intimate bonds between mothers and children.
Edgar Degas was a French Impressionist artist famous for his pastel drawings and oil paintings.
Henry Osborne Havemeyer was an American industrialist, entrepreneur and sugar refiner who founded and became president of the American Sugar Refining Company in 1891.
Shelburne Museum is a museum of art, design, and Americana located in Shelburne, Vermont, United States. Over 150,000 works are exhibited in 39 exhibition buildings, 25 of which are historic and were relocated to the museum grounds. It is located on 45 acres (18 ha) near Lake Champlain.
Electra Havemeyer Webb was a collector of American antiques and founder of the Shelburne Museum.
The Little Fourteen-Year-Old Dancer is a sculpture begun c. 1880 by Edgar Degas of a young student of the Paris Opera Ballet dance school, a Belgian named Marie van Goethem.
Julie Manet was a French painter, model, diarist, and art collector.
The Electra Havemeyer Webb Memorial Building is an exhibit building located at the Shelburne Museum in Shelburne, in the U.S. state of Vermont. It was built as a memorial to the museum's founder, Electra Havemeyer Webb, and her husband, James Watson Webb II. It is home to the museum's European Paintings Collection. The collection is shown in six period rooms relocated from Electra and J. Watson Webb's 1930s New York City apartment at 740 Park Avenue.
Théodore Duret was a French journalist, author and art critic. He was one of the first advocates of Courbet, Manet, and the Impressionists. One of his best known works is Critique d'Avant Garde which was written in support of the Impressionist movement. He also served as collecting advisor and buying agent for American art collector Louisine Havemeyer.
John Currie Wilmerding Jr., is an American professor of art, collector, and curator, and is best known as a prolific author of books on American art.
Mont Sainte-Victoire and the Viaduct of the Arc River Valley is an oil painting on canvas completed by the French artist Paul Cézanne between 1882 and 1885. It depicts Montagne Sainte-Victoire and the valley of the Arc River, with Cézanne's hometown of Aix-en-Provence in the background. Once owned by the art collectors and patrons Henry and Louisine Havemeyer, the painting was bequeathed to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York after the latter's death in 1929.
Gardner (Cassatt) Held by His Mother is a drypoint print dated circa 1889 by the American painter, printmaker, pastelist, and connoisseur Mary Cassatt. The example illustrated is in the collection of the Cooper-Hewitt Museum and is a gift of Samuel Putnam Avery.
The Boating Party is an 1893 oil painting by American artist Mary Cassatt. It has been in the collection of the National Gallery of Art since 1963.
Young Mother Sewing aka Little Girl Leaning on her Mother's Knee is a 1900 painting by Mary Cassatt. It is in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
The Havemeyer family is a prominent New York family of German origin that owned significant sugar refining interests in the United States.
The Matador Saluting is an oil on canvas painting produced by Édouard Manet between 1866 and 1867. Its precise date is unclear - Charles S. Moffett dates the first definite reference to the work to 1867, at an exhibition devoted to Manet's works at the pavillon de l'Alma.
Elizabeth "Elsie" Foster Cassatt Stewart was an American sportswoman and socialite.
Portrait of Clemenceau is an oil painting on canvas of 1879–80 by Édouard Manet, now in the Musée d'Orsay. The work can be dated via two letters of 9 December 1879 and 8 January 1880 from their subject fixing sitting dates. Clemenceau was not happy with the work, stating "My portrait by Manet? Very bad, I don't have it and I don't mind that. It is at the Louvre, I ask myself why we put it there". But he enjoyed the sittings at Manet's home, enjoying the conversation and finding the painter very spiritual.
Woman with a Sunflower is a 1905 oil painting by the American artist Mary Cassatt. It has been in the collection of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC since 1963.