MacGyver (1985 TV series)

Last updated

MacGyver
MacGyver intro.jpg
Genre
Created by Lee David Zlotoff
Starring
Narrated byRichard Dean Anderson
Theme music composer Randy Edelman
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons7
No. of episodes139 + 2 TV films(list of episodes)
Production
Executive producers
Production locations
Running time46–48 minutes
Production companies
Distributor
Release
Original network ABC [1]
Audio format
  • Mono (Seasons 1–3) (TV)
  • Stereo (Season 3) (DVD)
  • Stereo (Seasons 4–7) (TV) and (DVD)
Original releaseSeptember 29, 1985 (1985-09-29) 
May 21, 1992 (1992-05-21)
Chronology
Related shows MacGyver (2016)
External links
Website

MacGyver is an American action-adventure television series created by Lee David Zlotoff and starring Richard Dean Anderson as the title character. Henry Winkler and John Rich were the executive producers. The series follows the adventures of Angus MacGyver, a secret agent armed with remarkable scientific resourcefulness to solve almost any problem out in the field using mundane materials at hand.

Contents

The show ran for seven seasons on ABC in the United States and various other networks abroad from 1985 to 1992. The series was filmed in Los Angeles during seasons one, two and seven, and in Vancouver during seasons three through six. The show's final episode aired on April 25, 1992, on ABC (the network aired a previously unseen episode for the first time on May 21, 1992, but it was originally intended to air before the series finale).

The series was a moderate ratings success and gained a loyal following. It was popular in the United States and around the world. Two television films, MacGyver: Lost Treasure of Atlantis and MacGyver: Trail to Doomsday , aired on ABC in 1994. A spin-off series, Young MacGyver, was planned in 2003, but only the pilot was made. Merchandise for MacGyver includes games, toys, print media and an original audio series.

A reboot series of the same name premiered on September 23, 2016, on CBS, [3] which today owns the rights to the series through its acquisition of the original Paramount Television.

Plot

The show follows secret agent Angus MacGyver, played by Richard Dean Anderson, who works as a troubleshooter for the fictional Phoenix Foundation in Los Angeles and as an agent for a fictional United States government agency, the Department of External Services (DXS). Educated as a scientist in Physics at Western Tech ("Hell Week"), MacGyver served in the U.S. Army Special Forces as a Bomb Team Technician/EOD during the Vietnam War ("Countdown"). Resourceful and possessing an encyclopedic knowledge of the physical sciences, he solves complex problems by making things out of ordinary objects, along with his ever-present Swiss Army knife,duct tape, and occasionally matches. He favors non-violent resolutions and prefers not to handle firearms due to the accidental shooting death of one of his friends when he was 12.

His main asset is his practical application of scientific knowledge and inventive use of common items. The clever solutions MacGyver implemented to seemingly unsolvable problemsoften in life-or-death situations requiring him to improvise complex devices in a matter of minuteswere a major attraction of the show, which was praised[ by whom? ] for generating interest in the applied sciences, particularly engineering, [4] [ dubious ] and for providing entertaining storylines. All of MacGyver's exploits on the show were ostensibly vetted by consulting scientists for the show's writers to ensure a basis on scientific principles (even though, the creators acknowledged,[ citation needed ] in real life one would have to be extraordinarily lucky for most of MacGyver's ideas to succeed). In the few cases where MacGyver used household chemicals to mix up poisons, explosives or other items deemed too dangerous to be accurately described to the public, details were altered or left vague or an essential component or step was omitted. [5]

The show often dealt with social issues, though more so in seasons 4–7 than 1–3, which were mostly about MacGyver's adventures working for the United States government and later for the Phoenix Foundation.

Cast

Production

Development

While creating the series MacGyver, John Rich was working on the sitcom Mr. Sunshine for ABC, which was short-lived and cancelled quickly. Henry Winkler had just finished off his eleven-year run on Happy Days and was looking for another project. Lee David Zlotoff was working as a producer for Remington Steele , which was airing on NBC. The three got together to form the basis for MacGyver and sold the idea to Paramount, and ABC became interested in the series. [10]

Filming

The series was filmed in Southern California for its first two seasons and again in its final season. From seasons 3 to 6, it was filmed in various locations around Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada. [11] Los Angeles remained as the setting of the show for the entire duration. The move to Vancouver was due to the threat of the series being cancelled due to the high production cost. In seasons 1 and 2, MacGyver was portrayed living in a waterfront apartment in Venice Beach. In season 3, he moved onto a houseboat at an unspecified location, though implied still to be in Los Angeles (the actual shooting took place at Coal Harbour, near downtown Vancouver). Filming returned to Los Angeles for the final season. [12]

Casting

When the series was in pre-production, Winkler and Rich were looking for a suitable actor for the lead. [10] After Richard Dean Anderson's appearance in the American television series The Love Boat , Winkler got Anderson to audition for the part. [13] According to Rich, every auditioning actor "hulked" his way through his audition. When Anderson eventually auditioned for the role, Winkler and Rich felt that he gave the character a human touch which the other actors could not. Both believed that Anderson would become one of the new "breakout" stars on American television. [10]

Anderson is known for having done many of the stunts in the series, though in later seasons he reduced his participation because of accumulating injuries. He injured his back and required foot surgery because of accidents working as a stuntman. [14]

Episodes

SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
1 22September 29, 1985 (1985-09-29)May 7, 1986 (1986-05-07)
2 22September 22, 1986 (1986-09-22)May 4, 1987 (1987-05-04)
3 20September 21, 1987 (1987-09-21)May 9, 1988 (1988-05-09)
4 19October 31, 1988 (1988-10-31)May 15, 1989 (1989-05-15)
5 21September 18, 1989 (1989-09-18)April 30, 1990 (1990-04-30)
6 21September 17, 1990 (1990-09-17)May 6, 1991 (1991-05-06)
7 14September 16, 1991 (1991-09-16)May 21, 1992 (1992-05-21)
TV Films 2May 14, 1994 (1994-05-14)November 24, 1994 (1994-11-24)

Several episodes, including the pilot, begin with a cold open, finding MacGyver already on a mission. MacGyver often narrates a story from his childhood relating to his current situation. He resolves this situation quickly, and the main story commences after the opening credits. The credits refer to such an opening sequence as the "Opening Gambit"it occurs far more commonly in earlier episodes than in later ones. This segment is often written and directed by a different team than the main story of the episode. After the credits, the main story plays out in standard three-act structure. In many episodes, the opening sequence occurs after the opening credits and often does not involve MacGyver on a mission but rather in a situation used for character development. In the same manner as the "Opening Gambit" sequences, these opening segments often do not directly relate to the main story.

Broadcast history

After a slow start in its first season, MacGyver became a sleeper hit for ABC in its second season, during which it began a six-year run as the lead-in to ABC's Monday Night Football (the longest such run in history). [15] During the show's fourth season, Richard Dean Anderson complained that ABC was not marketing the series enough. Saying that the series is "just another action show" for ABC, he further stated that ABC didn't give the series enough promotion. [16]

MacGyver's seventh season was abbreviated. After the twelfth episode of the season aired on December 30, 1991, MacGyver disappeared from the ABC schedule and did not return until April 25, 1992 by which point the series had been canceled. The finale aired that night, with a previously unaired episode following on May 21, 1992. When asked why the series was canceled, Anderson replied: "The only reason it went off the air was that everybody was ready to move on. I was physically exhausted and had no life." [17]

Ratings

SeasonEpisodesFirst airedLast airedTime slotRankRating
1 22September 29, 1985May 7, 1986Sunday at 8:00 P.M.#47 [18] 14.6 [18]
2 22September 22, 1986May 4, 1987Monday at 8:00 P.M.#45 [19] 14.6 [19]
3 20September 21, 1987May 9, 1988#53 [20] 12.9 [20]
4 19October 31, 1988May 15, 1989#42 [21] 13.6 [21]
5 21September 18, 1989April 30, 1990#47 [22] 12.3 [22]
6 21September 17, 1990May 6, 1991#52 [23] 11.5 [23]
7 14September 16, 1991May 21, 1992#64 [24] 9.6 [24]

TV films

In 1994, the series was released in over 70 different worldwide markets. [25] Because of popular demand, two TV-movies were created, both released in 1994. The first movie MacGyver: Lost Treasure of Atlantis premiered in the United States in May. The film was shot in England and Greece. The second movie was entitled MacGyver: Trail to Doomsday . Anderson served as executive producer for both films, [25] which were filmed in Europe. [26]

Syndication and home media

Reruns of the series still air in North America, Europe, Australia, Asia, Costa Rica and Ethiopia. Alongside local syndication, reruns aired on the USA Network from 1990 to 1997, on WGN America from 1998 to 2002, on TV Land from January 2003 to 2006, on Spike for a brief time in 2005. It is formerly aired on Cloo (2011–2017) with marathon blocks shown on the weekends and on May 13, 2015, Esquire Network started airing reruns of the series. MeTV Network had acquired the rights to air the series as of December 2, 2015. It aired weekday afternoons & weeknights on MeTV from 12/19/16-5/26/17. [27] Heroes & Icons began airing the reruns every Saturday morning in September 2018.

Paramount Home Entertainment has released all seven seasons of MacGyver on DVD in Regions 1, 2 and 4. On October 16, 2007, CBS DVD released MacGyver: The Complete Series, a special collectors' edition box set that features all 139 episodes of the series as well as the two TV movies that followed.

On June 15, 2010, Paramount released the two TV movies on DVD in Region 1 in a separate single-disc release entitled MacGyver – The TV Movies. [28]

On January 13, 2015, CBS Home Entertainment announced they would release a repackaged version of the complete series set on DVD in Region 1, at a lower price, on April 7. [29]

DVD TITLERegion 4 (Australia)
The Complete First SeasonJanuary 25, 2005
The Complete Second SeasonJune 7, 2005
The Complete Third SeasonSeptember 6, 2005
The Complete Fourth SeasonDecember 6, 2005
The Complete Fifth SeasonMarch 14, 2006
The Complete Sixth SeasonJune 13, 2006
The Final SeasonOctober 24, 2006
The Complete Series (39 Disc Set)July 30, 2009
The Complete Collection (38 Disc Set)August 15, 2018

High definition remaster

In June 2018, CBS announced that the original camera negatives, thought to be lost, had been located and a high definition remaster of the series was underway. The June 21 press release confirmed that the first three seasons had been completed, with the remaining four to be remastered before the end of 2018. The press release also included a teaser showcasing the notable improvement in quality. [30]

The first season was eventually released on October 30, 2018.

Impact

The character's ability to use everyday objects to perform extraordinary feats (sometimes called "MacGyvering") has been widely referenced and parodied. There have been a few comedic spin-offs of the show, such as Saturday Night Live's "MacGruber," which later was made into a full feature film named MacGruber , and a parody of the song "Hey There Delilah", which was given the name "Hey There MacGyver."

The series is referenced in episodes of The Simpsons , primarily detailing the obsession Marge Simpson's sisters (Patty and Selma) have with the show and their crush on the MacGyver character. The sisters' regular viewing of the show is an unalterable element of their daily schedule to the point of death as demonstrated in the episode "Black Widower". The episode featured a fictional scene of MacGyver where he downplays his role in saving a village. ("Don't thank me. Thank the moon's gravitational pull.") [31] In another episode, "A Star is Burns", Homer tricks Jay Sherman into insulting MacGyver in front of Patty and Selma; Sherman ends up being hung from the rain gutter by his underpants, and Bart asks "You badmouthed MacGyver, didn't you?" Anderson himself is an avid fan of The Simpsons, and even provided his voice for an episode of the show titled "Kiss Kiss, Bang Bangalore", which first aired April 9, 2006, where Patty and Selma kidnap Richard Dean Anderson after he admits that he never liked doing MacGyver and only did the show for the money, but eventually gets a thrill out of escaping and annoys them by wanting to do it again and again.

In the first episode of Anderson's later show, Stargate SG-1 , Amanda Tapping mentions that the Air Force had to "MacGyver" a Dial Home Device for the Stargate, and a split-second shot following this shows Anderson twitching an eyebrow. (However, this line was removed when this episode was re-released in 2009. [32] ) There is a blooper reel where Tapping's character, who is trapped with Anderson's character on a glacier, begins ranting about how "we got belt buckles, shoelaces and a piece of gum. Build a nuclear reactor, for cryin' out loud! You used to be MacGyver, MacGadget, MacGimmick... now you're Mr. MacUseless... Dear God, I'm stuck on a glacier with MacGyver!" Later, various episodes establish that Jack O'Neill (Anderson's character) has an immense love of the cartoon series "The Simpsons".

In 2001, the band They Might Be Giants released a song titled "All MacGyver on It" on the Japanese version of their album Mink Car.

In 2006, Anderson appeared in a MasterCard television commercial for Super Bowl XL. In it, he manages to cut the ropes binding him to a chair using a pine tree air freshener, uses an ordinary tube sock as the pulley for a zip-line, and somehow repairs and hot-wires a nonfunctional truck using a paper clip, ballpoint pen, rubber band, tweezers, nasal spray, and a turkey baster. In contrast to previous MasterCard commercials showing people making extravagant purchases to accomplish some mundane task, MacGyver is portrayed as escaping from some sort of deathtrap using less than $20 worth of common household items. The commercial ends by showing him purposefully buying an assortment of such things at a department store with his credit card (as a tongue-in-cheek explanation for how he seems to always have items he needs on hand no matter where he goes). Although the commercial implies that Anderson is portraying MacGyver, he is not identified. [33]

In an August 2007 survey commissioned by the McCormick Tribune Foundation, Americans polled voted MacGyver as the favorite fictional hero they would want to have if they were ever caught in an emergency. [34]

In 2007, the NBC sketch series Saturday Night Live featured a parody of MacGyver called "MacGruber" with Will Forte as the title character. The intros for these skits featured scenes from the MacGyver series. MacGruber and cohorts are always locked in a control room of some type with a bomb set to go off in 15–20 seconds. MacGruber has his co-stars hand him components to defuse the device, but something inevitably gets in the way (either situational, because MacGruber himself interferes, or because no one wants to touch what he has asked for) and the bomb detonates. In the March 7, 2009 installment of the "MacGruber" sketches, it was revealed that MacGyver is MacGruber's long-lost father. In 2010 the character was featured in its own R-rated spinoff movie, entitled MacGruber ; the film was released by Rogue Pictures.

In February 2008, the science series MythBusters featured a MacGyver special which tested several of MacGyver's tactics. Of the seven tested only one (an ultralight plane can make a safe landing while gliding) was confirmed. In the final season's "Explosion Special" they busted filling a mail truck containing a bomb with wet concrete to contain the blast.

In 2008, the phrase "What would MacGyver do?" was used in a New Zealand television commercial for Gregg's "freestyle cooking" range of herbs and spices. The commercial featured the word MacGyver unfolding like a puzzle with a potato peeler and chopping knife opening out like the blades of a Swiss Army knife. [35]

"MacGyver" and "MacGyverism"

MacGyver employs his resourcefulness and his knowledge of chemistry, physics, [5] technology, and sportsmanship to resolve what are often life-or-death crises. He creates inventions from simple items to solve these problems. These inventions became synonymous with the character and were called MacGyverisms by fans. [36] MacGyver was unlike secret agents in other television series and films because, instead of relying on high-tech weapons and tools, he carried only a Swiss Army knife and duct tape but never a gun. [5]

This also led to the verb "to MacGyver". "MacGyverism" was first used by the character Joanne Remmings (played by Pamela Bowen) in the Season 2 episode "Twice Stung". When MacGyver introduces himself to her, she uses the term in a manner that suggests other people had used it before: [37]

Oh I've heard about you! You're the guy who does the whatchamacallits, you know, MacGyverisms; turns one thing into another?

In a 1989 interview with Richard Dean Anderson, Arsenio Hall said that he had heard the word MacGyver used as a verb meaning "to do the impossible." Anderson then used it as an adjective meaning "impossible." Anderson stated that his show's producers had just missed out on getting the word "MacGyverism" entered into the Webster's Dictionary and that "we" intended to try to get it in the next update. [38] The word "MacGyver" however entered the Oxford Dictionaries in 2015 as a verb meaning "make or repair (an object) in an improvised or inventive way, making use of whatever items are at hand". [39] [40]

The show's writers based MacGyver's inventions on items they found on location, concepts from scientific advisers John Koivula and Jim Green, and real events. [5] The show offered a monetary prize to people who sent good ideas for the show. A young fan suggested that MacGyver could patch up a vehicle's radiator by cracking an egg into it. The episode "Bushmaster" was constructed around this trick, and the fan was rewarded (producer Henry Winkler said in a 2005 NPR interview that this was his favorite "MacGyverism"). Although staff read every letter, few usable ideas were obtained in this way. [36]

2016 CBS reboot series

In October 2015, the original series' executive producer, Henry Winkler, signed on to produce a reboot series with James Wan and R. Scott Gemmill for CBS. [41]

In March 2016, Lucas Till was announced as the new MacGyver, Joshua Boone as Gunner, MacGyver's best friend from high school, former CSI star George Eads as Lincoln (later renamed as Jack Dalton), a man who could easily be written off as an eccentric conspiracy theorist but is a legitimate government employee with great capability for compassion, Addison Timlin as Mickey, an app developer who is aggressively progressive in her political views, with a soft spot for MacGyver, and Michelle Krusiec as Agent Croix, Lincoln’s sister who works for the Department of Homeland Security.

In May 2016, the network picked up the series, with co-creator/exec producer Peter Lenkov to serve as showrunner. [42] On May 18, 2016, CBS indicated that the new series would air in late 2016. [43] In June 2016, however, the network scrapped the pilot and set Wan to direct the new pilot episode with Till and Eads remaining in the cast. Justin Hires was cast as Wilt Bozer, MacGyver's roommate. [44] [45] In July 2016, Variety reported that Sandrine Holt is cast as Patricia Thornton, an ex-field agent who is now director of operations for the Department of External Services. [46] Also that Tristin Mays was cast as Riley Davis, a highly unpredictable computer hacker with a chip on her shoulder. [47] James Wan thinks they were lucky to find lead actor Lucas Till who is one of the biggest discoveries with the show.

It lasted for 5 seasons until the 94th and final episode has aired on April 30, 2021.

In other media

Mobile Game

A 3D puzzle game based on the TV series titled MacGyver: Deadly Descent was released on iOS and Android. [48]

MacGyver and the New Citan

Anderson reprised his role as MacGyver in September 2012 in a new series of short films, created by Mercedes-Benz for the launch of their new MPV Citan in Europe. [49] [50] The episodes were shot in Johannesburg, South Africa, in July 2012.

In the short film series, MacGyver now runs a mobile repair service with his daughter Caitlin. They go to a high-rise building to fix a faulty air conditioning system when terrorists incapacitate all of the occupants with knockout gas and take over the building. Despite his age, MacGyver uses his skills to overcome the knockout gas and follow the terrorists, discovering a military bunker below the basement. After the terrorists load a large crate into a van, MacGyver follows them in his Citan work van to a shipping yard, where the terrorists begin an exchange deal with another party. Inside the crate is a robot soldier, which goes haywire and kills everyone in sight. MacGyver then runs over the robot with his Citan and deactivates it to save the day.

Comic book

In 2012, Tony Lee joined with MacGyver creator Lee David Zlotoff and technical advisor John Potter to write a 5-part comic book series of MacGyver titled MacGyver: Fugitive Gauntlets. The story has a contemporary setting but retains all the major elements of the show, including well known character Pete Thornton and the Phoenix Foundation as well as the much loved narration by the eponymous protagonist and MacGyverisms. The first issue was released October 10, 2012 with a new issue released each month ending with issue 5 on February 27, 2013.

The comic book was very well received around the world with the first issue selling out within the first two weeks [51] and received mostly favorable reviews through major comic book sites. However, the series' lead author, Tony Lee, confirmed in September 2014 that the series in total did not sell well enough to warrant a second series. [52]

See also

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