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Hamilton c. 1958
Margaret Brainard Hamilton
December 9, 1902
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||May 16, 1985 82) (aged|
Salisbury, Connecticut, U.S.
|Resting place||Ashes scattered at Amenia, New York|
|Education||Hathaway Brown School|
|Alma mater||Wheelock College|
|The Wicked Witch of the West in MGM's The Wizard of Oz (1939)|
(m. 1931;div. 1938)
|Relatives|| Neil Hamilton (distant cousin)|
Dorothy Hamilton Brush (sister)
Margaret Brainard Hamilton (December 9, 1902 – May 16, 1985) was an American film character actress best known for her portrayal of Miss Almira Gulch and the Wicked Witch of the West in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's classic film The Wizard of Oz (1939).
A character actor or character actress is a supporting actor who plays unusual, interesting, or eccentric characters. The term, often contrasted with that of leading actor, is somewhat abstract and open to interpretation. In a literal sense, all actors can be considered character actors since they all play "characters", but in the usual sense it is an actor who plays a distinctive and important supporting role.
The Wicked Witch of the West is a fictional character created by American author L. Frank Baum as the antagonist in his classic children's novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900). In Baum's subsequent Oz novels, it is the Nome King who is the principal villain; the Wicked Witch of the West is rarely even referred to again after her death in the first book.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs. One of the world's oldest film studios, MGM's headquarters are located at 245 North Beverly Drive in Beverly Hills, California.
A former schoolteacher, she worked as a character actress in films for seven years before she was offered the role that defined her public image. In later years, Hamilton made frequent cameo appearances on television sitcoms and commercials. She also gained recognition for her work as an advocate of causes designed to benefit children and animals, and retained a lifelong commitment to public education. The Wicked Witch of the West was eventually ranked number four in the American Film Institute's 2003 list of the 50 Best Movie Villains of All Time, making her the top-ranking female villain.
A sitcom, clipping for situational comedy, is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode. Sitcoms can be contrasted with sketch comedy, where a troupe may use new characters in each sketch, and stand-up comedy, where a comedian tells jokes and stories to an audience. Sitcoms originated in radio, but today are found mostly on television as one of its dominant narrative forms. This form can also include mockumentaries.
A television advertisement is a span of television programming produced and paid for by an organization. It conveys a message, aimed to market a product or service. Advertisers and marketeers may refer to television commercials as TVCs.
The American Film Institute (AFI) is an American film organization that educates filmmakers and honors the heritage of the motion picture arts in the United States. AFI is supported by private funding and public membership fees.
Hamilton was born to Walter J. Hamilton, and his wife, Mary Jane (née Adams; known by her nickname, Jennie), in Cleveland, Ohio, and was the youngest of four children. She attended Hathaway Brown School, while the school was at 1945 East 93rd Street in Cleveland. Drawn to the theater at an early age, Hamilton made her stage debut in 1923. Hamilton also practiced her craft doing children's theater while she was a Junior League of Cleveland member. She later moved to Painesville, Ohio.[ citation needed ] Before she turned to acting exclusively, her parents insisted she attend Wheelock College in Boston, which she did, later becoming a kindergarten teacher.[ citation needed ]
Cleveland is a major city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County. The city proper has a population of 385,525, making it the 51st-largest city in the United States, and the second-largest city in Ohio. Greater Cleveland is ranked as the 32nd-largest metropolitan area in the U.S., with 2,055,612 people in 2016. The city anchors the Cleveland–Akron–Canton Combined Statistical Area, which had a population of 3,515,646 in 2010 and is ranked 15th in the United States.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus.
Hathaway Brown (HB) is an all-girls private school in Shaker Heights, Ohio, founded in 1876. It is also Ohio's oldest continuously operating college preparatory school for girls. The HB offers early childhood programs, primary school, middle school, and upper school.
Hamilton's career as a film actress was driven by the very qualities that placed her in stark contrast to the stereotypical Hollywood glamour girl. Her image was of a New England spinster, extremely pragmatic and impatient with all manner of "tomfoolery". Hamilton's looks helped to bring steady work as a character actor. She made her screen debut in 1933 in Another Language. She went on to appear in These Three (1936), Saratoga , You Only Live Once , When's Your Birthday? , Nothing Sacred (all 1937), The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1938), My Little Chickadee (with W. C. Fields, 1940), and The Sin of Harold Diddlebock (with Harold Lloyd, (1947). She strove to work as much as possible to support herself and her son; she never put herself under contract to any one studio and priced her services at $1,000 ($17,400 with inflation ) a week.
In social psychology, a stereotype is an over-generalized belief about a particular category of people. Stereotypes are generalized because one assumes that the stereotype is true for each individual person in the category. While such generalizations may be useful when making quick decisions, they may be erroneous when applied to particular individuals. Stereotypes encourage prejudice and may arise for a number of reasons.
New England is a region composed of six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. It is bordered by the state of New York to the west and by the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec to the northeast and north, respectively. The Atlantic Ocean is to the east and southeast, and Long Island Sound is to the south. Boston is New England's largest city as well as the capital of Massachusetts. The largest metropolitan area is Greater Boston with nearly a third of the entire region's population, which also includes Worcester, Massachusetts, Manchester, New Hampshire, and Providence, Rhode Island.
Spinster is a term referring to an unmarried woman who is older than what is perceived as the prime age range during which women should marry. It could also indicate that a woman is considered unlikely to ever marry. The term originally denoted a woman whose occupation was to spin. A synonymous but more pejorative term is old maid. The closest equivalent term for males is 'bachelor', but this generally does not carry the same pejorative connotations in reference to age and perceived desirability in the marriage.
Hamilton costarred opposite Buster Keaton and Richard Cromwell in a 1940s spoof of the long-running local melodrama The Drunkard, titled The Villain Still Pursued Her. Later in the decade, she was in a little-known film noir, titled Bungalow 13 (1948), in which she again costarred opposite Cromwell. Her crisp voice with rapid but clear enunciation was another trademark. She appeared regularly in supporting roles in films until the early 1950s, and sporadically thereafter. Opposite Bud Abbott and Lou Costello, she played a heavily made-up witch in Comin' Round the Mountain , where her character and Costello go toe-to-toe with voodoo dolls made of each other. She appeared, uncredited, in Joseph L. Mankiewicz's People Will Talk (1951) as Sarah Pickett. In 1960, producer/director William Castle cast Hamilton as a housekeeper in his 13 Ghosts horror film, in which 12-year-old lead Charles Herbert taunts her about being a witch, including one scene in which she is holding a broom in her hand.[ citation needed ]
Joseph Frank Keaton, known professionally as Buster Keaton, was an American actor, comedian, film director, producer, screenwriter, and stunt performer. He was best known for his silent films, in which his trademark was physical comedy with a consistently stoic, deadpan expression which earned him the nickname "The Great Stone Face". Critic Roger Ebert wrote of Keaton's "extraordinary period from 1920 to 1929" when he "worked without interruption" on a series of films that make him "the greatest actor-director in the history of the movies". His career declined afterward with a loss of artistic independence when he was hired by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, his wife divorced him, and he descended into alcoholism. He recovered in the 1940s, remarried, and revived his career to a degree as an honored comic performer for the rest of his life, earning an Academy Honorary Award.
Richard Cromwell, born LeRoy Melvin Radabaugh, was an American actor. His career was at its pinnacle with his work in Jezebel (1938) with Bette Davis and Henry Fonda and again with Fonda in John Ford's Young Mr. Lincoln (1939). Cromwell's fame was perhaps first assured in The Lives of a Bengal Lancer (1935), sharing top billing with Gary Cooper and Franchot Tone.
A melodrama is a dramatic work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization. Characters are often simply drawn, and may appear stereotyped. Melodramas are typically set in the private sphere of the home, and focus on morality and family issues, love, and marriage, often with challenges from an outside source, such as a "temptress”, an aristocratic villain.
In 1939, Hamilton played the role of the Wicked Witch of the West, opposite Judy Garland's Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz , creating not only her most famous role, but also one of the screen's most memorable villains. Hamilton was cast after Gale Sondergaard, who was first considered for the role, albeit as a more glamorous witch with a musical scene, declined the role when the decision was made the witch should appear ugly.
Judy Garland was an American actress, singer, dancer, and vaudevillian. During a career that spanned 45 years, she attained international stardom as an actress in both musical and dramatic roles, as a recording artist, and on the concert stage. Respected for her versatility, she received a juvenile Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, and a Special Tony Award. Garland was the first woman to win the Grammy Award for Album of the Year for her live recording Judy at Carnegie Hall (1961).
Dorothy Gale is a fictional character created by American author L. Frank Baum as the main protagonist in many of his Oz novels. She first appears in Baum's classic children's novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) and reappears in most of its sequels. In addition, she is the main character in various adaptations, notably the classic 1939 film adaptation of the novel, The Wizard of Oz.
The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, currently distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures. Widely considered to be one of the greatest films in cinema history, it is the best-known and most commercially successful adaptation of L. Frank Baum's 1900 children's book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Directed primarily by Victor Fleming, the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr.
She suffered a second-degree burn on her face and a third-degree burn on her hand during a second take of her fiery exit from Munchkinland, in which the trap door's drop was delayed to eliminate the brief glimpse of it seen in the final edit. Hamilton had to recuperate in a hospital and at home for six weeks after the accident before returning to the set to complete her work on the film, and refused to have anything further to do with fire for the rest of the filming. After she recuperated, she said, "I won't sue, because I know how this business works, and I would never work again. I will return to work on one condition — no more fireworks!" Garland visited Hamilton while the latter recuperated at home looking after her son.Studio executives cut some of Hamilton's more frightening scenes, worrying they would frighten children too much. Later on in life, she would comment on the role of the witch in a light-hearted fashion. For an interview, she joked:
I was in need of money at the time, I had done about six pictures for MGM at the time and my agent called. I said, 'Yes?' and he said 'Maggie, they want you to play a part on the Wizard.' I said to myself, 'Oh, boy, The Wizard of Oz! That has been my favorite book since I was four.' And I asked him what part, and he said, 'The Witch,' and I said, 'The Witch?!' and he said, 'What else?'
Hamilton's stand-in and stunt double for the Witch, Betty Danko, also suffered an on-set accident on February 11, 1939. Danko made the fiery entrance to Munchkinland, not Hamilton. She was severely burned during the "Surrender Dorothy!" skywriting sequence at the Emerald City. Danko sat on a smoking pipe configured to look like the Witch's broomstick. The pipe exploded on the third take of the scene. She spent 11 days in the hospital and her legs were permanently scarred. A new stunt double, Aline Goodwin, was hired to finish the broomstick-riding scene for Danko.[ citation needed ]
When asked about her experiences on the set of The Wizard of Oz, Hamilton said her biggest fear was her monstrous film role would give children the wrong idea of who she really was. In reality, she cared deeply about children, frequently giving to charitable organizations. She often remarked about children coming up to her and asking her why she had been so mean to Dorothy. She appeared on an episode of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood in 1975, where she explained to children she was only playing a role and showed how putting on a costume "transformed" her into the witch.She also made personal appearances, and Hamilton described the children's usual reaction to her portrayal of the Witch:
Almost always they want me to laugh like the Witch. And sometimes when I go to schools, if we're in an auditorium, I'll do it. And there's always a funny reaction, like 'Ye gods, they wish they hadn't asked.' They're scared. They're really scared for a second. Even adolescents. I guess for a minute they get the feeling they got when they watched the picture. They like to hear it but they 'don't' like to hear it. And then they go, 'Ohhhhhhhhhh ... !' The picture made a terrible impression of some kind on them, sometimes a ghastly impression, but most of them got over it, I guess ... because when I talk like the Witch, and when I laugh, there is a hesitation and then they clap. They're clapping at hearing the sound again.
Hamilton played two credited roles in the famous film: Almira Gulch and the Wicked Witch of the West. Hamilton also appears as an unidentified flying witch during the tornado scene. Some[ who? ] argue this is actually intended to be the Wicked Witch of the East rather than her sister, and Hamilton's credited role, the Wicked Witch of the West; if so, this would be a third, uncredited role. Only co-star Frank Morgan played more roles in the film (five roles). Hamilton and Morgan never share any scenes in Oz. However, in By Your Leave (1934), she plays his housekeeper, and in Saratoga (1937), she has a colloquy with Morgan regarding a cosmetic product he invented (with side glances and eye rolls by Morgan as to its effect on her "beauty"). Hamilton's line from The Wizard of Oz — "I'll get you, my pretty, and your little dog, too!" — was ranked 99th in the 2005 American Film Institute survey of the most memorable movie quotes. Her son, interviewed for the 2005 DVD edition of the film, commented that Hamilton enjoyed the line so much, she sometimes used it in her real life. A few months after filming Oz, she appeared in Babes in Arms (1939) as Jeff Steele's mother, Martha, a society do-gooder who made it her goal to send the gang of child actors, led by Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland, to a work farm. In 1945, she played the domineering sister of Oz co-star Jack Haley in George White's Scandals , comically trying to prevent him from marrying actress Joan Davis, even going so far as to throw a hatchet at her. Hamilton and Ray Bolger were cast members in the 1966 fantasy film The Daydreamer , a collection of stories by Hans Christian Andersen. A few years later, they were reunited on Broadway for the short-lived musical Come Summer .
In the 1940s and 1950s, Hamilton had a long-running role on the radio series Ethel and Albert (or The Couple Next Door) in which she played the lovable, scattered Aunt Eva (name later changed to Aunt Effie). During the 1960s and 1970s, Hamilton appeared regularly on television. She did a stint as a What's My Line? mystery guest on the popular Sunday night CBS-TV program. She played Morticia Addams' mother, Hester Frump, in three episodes of The Addams Family . (1965–66; Hamilton had been offered the role of Grandmama, but turned it down.)
In 1962, Hamilton played Leora Scofield, a suffragette who arrives in Laramie, Wyoming, to bolster feminist causes in a territory where women had already obtained the right to vote, in the episode "Beyond Justice" of NBC's Laramie . In the story line, she is depicted as a long-lost friend of series character Daisy Cooper, played by Spring Byington. Series lead character Slim Sherman (John Smith) is skeptical of the suffragettes, and Sheriff Mort Corey and he concoct a tale the women should head to Cheyenne, where their services are more needed than in Laramie.
Having started on the stage in the early 1930s, she began to work extensively in the theater after leaving Los Angeles, and appeared on Broadway in the musical Goldilocks opposite Don Ameche and Elaine Stritch, gave a lighter touch to the domineering Parthy Anne Hawks in the 1966 revival of Show Boat (dancing with David Wayne), and was the tender Aunt Eller in the 1968 Lincoln Center revival of Oklahoma! . Hamilton also toured in many plays and musicals, even repeating her role of the Wicked Witch in specially written stage productions of The Wizard of Oz. For her last stage role, she was cast as Madame Armfeldt in the Stephen Sondheim musical A Little Night Music , singing the song "Liaisons" for the national tour costarring with Jean Simmons as her daughter Desiree.
Even with her extensive film career, Hamilton took roles in whatever medium she could get if she was free, making her soap-opera debut as the nasty Mrs. Sayre on Valiant Lady , who schemed to prevent her daughter from marrying the heroine's son. In the 1960s, Hamilton was a regular on another CBS soap opera, The Secret Storm , playing the role of Grace Tyrell's housekeeper, Katie. In the early 1970s, she joined the cast of another CBS soap opera, As the World Turns , on which she played Miss Peterson, Simon Gilbey's assistant. She had a small role in the made-for-television film The Night Strangler (1973), and appeared as a befuddled neighbor on Sigmund and the Sea Monsters , who is a friend of the very similar Mary Wickes. In The Paul Lynde Halloween Special (1976), she portrayed Lynde's housekeeper, reprising the Wicked Witch role, as well as introducing Lynde to the rock group Kiss. She reprised her role as the Wicked Witch in an episode of Sesame Street , but as a result of complaints from parents of terrified children, the episode has not been seen since 1976. She appeared as herself in three episodes of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood , between 1975 and 1976, because Fred Rogers wanted his viewers to recognize the Wicked Witch was just a character and not something to be afraid of.Hamilton continued acting regularly until 1982, her last roles were two guest appearances as veteran journalist Thea Taft (in 1979 and 1982) on Lou Grant .
Throughout the 1970s, Hamilton lived in New York City's Gramercy Park neighborhood and appeared on local (and some national) public-service announcements for organizations promoting the welfare of pets. Her most visible appearances during this period were as general store owner Cora, in a national series of television commercials for Maxwell House coffee.On October 30, 1975 she guest-starred on the radio revival series CBS Radio Mystery Theater. In the episode, entitled "Triptych For A Witch," Hamilton played the title role.
Hamilton produced the stage productions An Evening with the Bourgeoisie, The Three Sisters, and House Party.[ where? ][ when? ]
Hamilton remained a lifelong friend of The Wizard of Oz castmate Ray Bolger. She married Paul Boynton Meserve on June 13, 1931, and made her debut on the New York City stage the following year. While her acting career developed, her marriage began to fail; the couple divorced in 1938. They had one son, Hamilton Wadsworth Meserve (born 1936), whom she raised on her own. She had three grandchildren, Christopher, Scott, and Margaret. Hamilton never remarried.Bruce Vilanch, who worked with her in her dotage, stated she was discreetly lesbian.
Hamilton's early experience as a teacher fueled a lifelong interest in educational issues. She served on the Beverly Hills Board of Education from 1948 to 1951, and was a Sunday school teacher during the 1950s. She lived in Manhattan for most of her adult life. In 1979, she was a guest speaker at a University of Connecticut children's literature class.[ citation needed ] She later moved to Millbrook, New York. She subsequently developed Alzheimer's disease, and died in her sleep following a heart attack on May 16, 1985, in Salisbury, Connecticut. She was 82 years old. Her body was cremated at Poughkeepsie Rural Cemetery, and her ashes were scattered at Amenia, New York.[ citation needed ]
|1933||Zoo in Budapest||Assistant Matron for orphans||Uncredited|
|Another Language||Helen Hallam|
|1934||Hat, Coat, and Glove||Madame Du Barry|
|There's Always Tomorrow||Ella|
|By Your Leave||Whiffen|
|1935||The Farmer Takes a Wife||Lucy Gurget|
|Way Down East||Martha Perkins|
|1936||Chatterbox||Emily 'Tippie' Tipton|
|The Moon's Our Home||Mitty Simpson|
|The Witness Chair||Grace Franklin|
|Laughing at Trouble||Lizzie Beadle|
|1937||You Only Live Once||Hester|
|When's Your Birthday?||Mossy|
|The Good Old Soak||Minnie|
|Mountain Justice||Phoebe Lamb|
|I'll Take Romance||Margot|
|Nothing Sacred||Vermont Drugstore Lady|
|1938||The Adventures of Tom Sawyer||Mrs. Harper|
|A Slight Case of Murder||Mrs. Cagle|
|Mother Carey's Chickens||Mrs. Pauline Fuller|
|Four's a Crowd||Amy|
|Breaking the Ice||Mrs. Small|
|1939||The Wizard of Oz||Miss Almira Gulch / The Wicked Witch of the West|
|The Angels Wash Their Faces||Miss Hannaberry|
|Babes in Arms||Martha Steele|
|Main Street Lawyer||Lucy, Boggs' Housekeeper|
|1940||My Little Chickadee||Mrs. Gideon|
|The Villain Still Pursued Her||Mrs. Wilson|
|I'm Nobody's Sweetheart Now||Mrs. Thriffie|
|The Invisible Woman||Mrs. Jackson|
|The Gay Vagabond||Agatha Badger|
|Meet the Stewarts||Willametta|
|The Affairs of Martha||Guinevere|
|1943||City Without Men||Dora|
|The Ox-Bow Incident||Mrs. Larch||Uncredited|
|Johnny Come Lately||Myrtle Ferguson|
|1944||Guest in the House||Hilda - the Maid|
|1945||George White's Scandals||Clarabelle Evans|
|1946||Janie Gets Married||Mrs. Angles|
|Faithful in My Fashion||Miss Applegate|
|1947||The Sin of Harold Diddlebock||Flora|
|Dishonored Lady||Mrs. Geiger|
|Pet Peeves||Haughty Woman|
|1948||Reaching from Heaven||Sophie Manley|
|State of the Union||Norah|
|Texas, Brooklyn and Heaven||Ruby Cheever|
|Bungalow 13||Mrs. Theresa Appleby|
|1949||The Sun Comes Up||Mrs. Golightly|
|The Red Pony||Teacher|
|The Beautiful Blonde from Bashful Bend||Mrs. Elvira O'Toole||Uncredited|
|1950||The Great Plane Robbery||Mrs. Judd|
|Wabash Avenue||Tillie Hutch|
|1951||Comin' Round the Mountain||Aunt Huddy|
|People Will Talk||Miss Sarah Pickett - Housekeeper||Uncredited|
|1960||13 Ghosts||Elaine Zacharides|
|1962||The Good Years||Narrator|
|Paradise Alley||Mrs. Nicholson|
|1966||The Daydreamer||Mrs. Klopplebobbler|
|1969||Angel in My Pocket||Rhoda|
|1970||Brewster McCloud||Daphne Heap|
|1971||The Anderson Tapes||Miss Kaler|
|1972||Journey Back to Oz||Aunt Em||(Voice)|
|1950–51||The Bigelow Theatre||Mrs. Greenstreet||Episodes: |
|1952||Gulf Playhouse||Guest||Episode: (S 1:Ep 3)|
|My Hero||Mrs. Morgan||Episode: "Lady Mortician" (S 1:Ep 2)|
|1953||Lux Video Theatre||Charity Ames||Episode: "Wind on the Way" (S 3:Ep 42)|
|Ethel and Albert||Aunt Eva||2 episodes|
|Man Against Crime||Mrs. Barker||Episode: "A Family Affair" (S 4:Ep 26)|
|A String of Blue Beads||Mrs. Loomis||Made-for-TV Movie|
|Man Against Crime||Mrs. Parmalee||Episode: "Petite Larceny" (S 5:Ep 11)|
|1954||The Campbell Playhouse||Guest||Epiisode: "An Eye for an Eye" (S 2:Ep 35)|
|The Best of Broadway||Sarah||Episode: "The Man Who Came to Dinner" (S 1:Ep 2)|
|Center Stage||Guest||Episode: "Lucky Louie" (S 1:Ep 5)|
|The Elgin Hour||Gwen||Episode: "Warm Clay" (S 1:Ep 4)|
|1955||The Best of Broadway||Usher||Episode: "The Guardsman" (S 1:Ep 7)|
|Valiant Lady||Mrs. Sayre||Main cast member|
|The Devil's Disciple||Mrs. Dudgeon||Made-for-TV Movie|
|The Way of the World||Guest||Short lived Tv series|
|1957||On Borrowed Time||Demetria Riffle||Made-for-TV Movie|
|1958||The Christmas Tree||Miss Finch||Made-for-TV Movie|
|1959||Once Upon a Christmas Time||Miss Scugg||Made-for-TV Movie|
|1960||Dow Hour of Great Mysteries||Lizzie Allen|
|The Secret World of Eddie Hodges||Mrs. Grundy||Made-for-TV Movie|
|1962||Laramie||Leora Scofield||Episode: "Beyond Justice" (S 4:Ep 9)|
|'The Danny Thomas Show||Miss Fenwick||Episode: "Bunny, the Brownie Leader" (S 10:Ep 13)|
|Car 54, Where Are You?||Spinster||Episode: "Benny the Bookie's Last Chance" (S 2:Ep 17)|
|The Patty Duke Show||The Lane Family housekeeper||Episode: "Double Date" (S 1:Ep 10)|
|Car 54, Where Are You?||Miss Pownthleroy||Episode: "Here Comes Charlie" (S 2:Ep 23)|
|The Patty Duke Show||Mrs. Williams||Episode: "Let 'Em Eat Cake" (S 1:Ep 21)|
|1964–67||The Secret Storm||Katie||Recurring|
|1965–66||The Addams Family||Hester Frump||Recurring|
|1967||Ghostbreakers||Ivy Rumson||Made-for-TV Movie|
|1970||As the World Turns||Miss Peterson #2||Recurring|
|1971||Is There a Doctor in the House||Emma Proctor||Made-for-TV Movie|
|1973||Sigmund and the Sea Monsters||Mrs. Eddels||Recurring|
|The Night Strangler||Professor Crabwell||Made-for-TV Movie|
|The Partridge Family||Clara Kincaid||Episode: "Reuben Kincaid Lives" (S 4:Ep 5)|
|1975–76||Mister Rogers' Neighborhood||Herself / Margaret H. Witch||4 episodes|
|1976||Sesame Street||Herself / Wicked Witch of the West||Episode: Episode #7.52 (S 7:Ep 52)|
|The Paul Lynde Halloween Special||The Wicked Witch of the West||Reprisal for a Halloween Special|
|1979||Lou Grant||Thea Taft||Episode: "Hollywood" (S 3:Ep 12)|
|Letters from Frank||Grandma Miller||Made-for-TV Movie|
|1982||Lou Grant||Thea Taft||Episode: "Review" (S 5:Ep 12)|
|Pardon Me For Living||Miss Holderness||Made-for-TV Movie|
Oscar Zoroaster Phadrig Isaac Norman Henkle Emmannuel Ambroise Diggs is a fictional character in the Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. The character was further popularized by a stage play and several movies, most famously the classic 1939 movie, as well as the 2013 prequel adaption.
Glinda, also known as the Good Witch of the South, is a fictional character created by L. Frank Baum in his Oz novels. She first appears in Baum's classic children's novel, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900), and is the most powerful sorceress in the Land of Oz, ruler of the Quadling Country south of the Emerald City, and protector of Princess Ozma.
The Tin Woodman, better known as either the Tin Man or (incorrectly) the Tin Woodsman, is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. Baum's Tin Woodman first appeared in his classic 1900 book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, and reappeared in many other subsequent Oz books in the series. In late 19th-century America, men made out of various tin pieces were used in advertising and political cartoons. Baum, who was editing a magazine on decorating shop windows when he wrote The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, was reportedly inspired to invent the Tin Woodman by a figure he had built out of metal parts for a shop display.
The Scarecrow is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum and illustrator W.W. Denslow. In his first appearance, the Scarecrow reveals that he lacks a brain and desires above all else to have one. In reality, he is only two days old and merely ignorant. Throughout the course of the novel, he demonstrates that he already has the brains he seeks and is later recognized as "the wisest man in all of Oz," although he continues to credit the Wizard for them. He is, however, wise enough to know his own limitations and all too happy to hand the rulership of Oz, passed to him by the Wizard, to Princess Ozma, to become one of her trusted advisors, though he typically spends more time playing games than advising.
The Wicked Witch of the East is a fictional character created by American author L. Frank Baum. She is a crucial character but appears only briefly in Baum's classic children's series of Oz novels, most notably The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900).
Journey Back To Oz is a 1972 American animated adventure fantasy film produced by Filmation and an official sequel to the 1939 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film The Wizard of Oz. It is loosely based on L. Frank Baum's second Oz novel, The Marvelous Land of Oz, although Baum received no screen credit. However, the Wizard was nowhere to be found, at least in the theatrical version. A 1976 television version shown on ABC featured live-action segments starring Bill Cosby as the Wizard.
Toto is a fictional dog in L. Frank Baum's Oz series of children's books, and works derived from them. His name is pronounced with a long "O", a homophone of "toe toe". He was originally a small terrier drawn by W. W. Denslow for the first edition of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900). He reappears in numerous adaptations, such as The Wizard of Oz (1939), The Wiz (1978) and Return to Oz (1985). The breed is cairn terrier.
The Muppets' Wizard of Oz is a 2005 American-Canadian fantasy television film directed by Kirk Thatcher and starring Ashanti and The Muppets with supporting roles done by Jeffrey Tambor, Quentin Tarantino, David Alan Grier, and Queen Latifah. The film was produced by Bill Barretta and written by Debra Frank, Steve L. Hayes, Tom Martin, and Adam F. Goldberg based on a story by Frank and Hayes.
The Good Witch of the North, sometimes named Locasta or Tattypoo, is a fictional character in the Land of Oz, created by American author L. Frank Baum. She is the elderly and mild-mannered Ruler of the Gillikin Country. Her only significant appearance in Baum's work is in Chapter 2 of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900), in which she introduces Dorothy to Oz and sends her to meet the Wizard, after placing a protective kiss on her forehead. She makes a brief cameo appearance at Princess Ozma's birthday party in The Road to Oz (1909), but is otherwise only mentioned elsewhere in the series.
Mombi is a fictional character in L. Frank Baum's classic children's series of Oz Books. She is the most significant antagonist in the second Oz book The Marvelous Land of Oz (1904), and is alluded to in other works. Mombi plays a very important role in the fictional history of Oz.
Aunt Em is a fictional character from the Oz books. She is the aunt of Dorothy Gale and wife of Uncle Henry, and lives together with them on a farm in Kansas. In The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, she is described as having been a "young, pretty wife" when she arrived at Uncle Henry's farm, but having been "grayed" by her life there, implying that she appears older than her years. Baum tells us that when Dorothy first came to live with her, Em would "scream and press her hand upon her heart" when startled by Dorothy's laughter, and she appears emotionally distant to her at the beginning of the story. However, after Dorothy is restored to her at the end of the book, we see her true nature: she cries out, "My darling child!" and covers her with kisses.
Aljean Harmetz is a Hollywood journalist and film historian. She was the Hollywood correspondent of The New York Times from 1978 to 1990.
"Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead" is the centerpiece of several individual songs in an extended set-piece performed by the Munchkins, Glinda and Dorothy Gale in the classic 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. It was also sung by studio singers and represented as being sung by the Winkie soldiers. It was composed by Harold Arlen, with the lyrics written by E.Y. Harburg.
"The Jitterbug" was a song sung by Dorothy, together with the Scarecrow, Tin Man and Cowardly Lion, that was cut from the soundtrack of the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. It was both a jazzy development of the plot and a nod to the then-popular bobby-soxer dance craze. As the song begins, the four friends see a jitterbug flitting in the shadows from tree to tree and become frightened. The refrain that they sing is: "Oh, the bats and the bees and the breeze in the trees have a terrible, horrible buzz/But the bats and the bees and the breeze in the trees couldn't do what the Jitterbug does/So, be careful of that rascal/Keep away from The Jitterbug." The Jitterbug puts a magical influence on the characters, forcing them to dance the Jitterbug frenetically. Soon there are many jitterbugs, and eventually, everyone collapses from exhaustion and are subdued by the Witch's army of flying monkeys.
The Wizard of Oz in Concert: Dreams Come True is a 1995 television musical performance based on the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. The book and score of the film were performed on stage at Lincoln Center to benefit the Children's Defense Fund. The concert featured guest performers including Jackson Browne as the Scarecrow, Roger Daltrey as the Tin Man, Natalie Cole as Glinda, Joel Grey as the Wizard, Jewel as Dorothy, Nathan Lane as the Cowardly Lion, Debra Winger as the Wicked Witch, and Lucie Arnaz as Aunt Em. The Boys Choir of Harlem appeared as the Munchkins, and Ry Cooder and David Sanborn performed as musicians.
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a 1900 children's novel written by American author L. Frank Baum. Since its first publication in 1900, it has been adapted many times: for film, television, theatre, books, comics, games, and other media.
The Wizard of Oz is a musical commissioned by the St. Louis Municipal Opera based on the novel, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum and the 1939 film, The Wizard of Oz and using the film's songs by Harold Arlen and E.Y. Harburg. The book of the musical is by Frank Gabrielson, who would later write an adaptation of The Marvelous Land of Oz for Shirley Temple (1960).
Margaret Hamilton, the actress whose role as the cackling Wicked Witch of the West in The Wizard of Oz unnerved generations of children, died yesterday, apparently of a heart attack, at a nursing home in Salisbury, Connecticut. She was 82 years old. Miss Hamilton was a gentle, lively woman who taught kindergarten for years before she began a career of 50 years in the theater, movies, radio and television. But she seared a fearsome image on the public consciousness in 1939 when, at the age of 36, she played the Wicked Witch, the terror of Judy Garland's long dream in the classic film of L. Frank Baum's story.
Dow Hour of Great Mysteries (NBC, 9-10 p.m.). The first of a series of classic mysteries adapted for TV. Mary Roberts Rinehart's The Bat stars Helen Hayes and Jason Robards Jr. Host: Joseph Welch.
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