Mark Ablowitz | |
---|---|

Born | Mark Jay Ablowitz June 5, 1945 |

Alma mater | University of Rochester (BS) Massachusetts Institute of Technology (PhD) |

Awards | Sloan Research Fellowship ^{[ when? ]} |

Scientific career | |

Institutions | University of Colorado Boulder Princeton University |

Thesis | Non-Linear Dispersive Waves and Multiphase Modes (1971) |

Doctoral advisor | David Benney ^{ [1] } |

Doctoral students | Rudy Horne ^{ [1] } |

Website | markablowitz |

**Mark Jay Ablowitz** (born June 5, 1945, New York)^{ [2] } is a professor in the department of Applied Mathematics at the University of Colorado at Boulder, Colorado. He was born in New York City.^{[ citation needed ]}

Ablowitz received his Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from University of Rochester,^{[ when? ]} and completed his Ph.D. in Mathematics under the supervision of David Benney at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1971.^{ [1] }^{ [3] }

Ablowitz was an assistant professor of Mathematics at Clarkson University during 1971–1975 and an associate professor during 1975–1976. He visited the Program in Applied Mathematics founded by Ahmed Cemal Eringen at Princeton University during 1977–1978. He was a professor of Mathematics at Clarkson during 1976-1985 where he became the Chairman of the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science in 1979. On July 1, 1985, he was appointed as the Dean of Science of Clarkson University and served there until he joined to the department of Applied Mathematics (APPM) at University of Colorado Boulder on June 30, 1989.^{ [4] }

- Sloan Fellowship, 1975–1977.
- Clarkson Graham Research Award, 1976.
- John Simon Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship, 1984.
- SIAM Fellow, 2011.
- National Academy of Sciences Symposium on Soliton Theory Kiev, USSR 1979.
- Fellow of the American Mathematical Society, 2012.
^{ [5] }

*Solitons and the Inverse Scattering Transform*, M.J. Ablowitz and H. Segur, (SIAM Studies in Applied Mathematics) 1981*Topics in Soliton Theory and Exactly Solvable Nonlinear Equations*, Eds. M.J. Ablowitz, B. Fuchssteiner and M. D. Kruskal, (World Scientific) 1987*Solitons, Nonlinear Evolution Equations and Inverse Scattering*, M.J. Ablowitz and P.A. Clarkson, (London Mathematical Society Lecture Notes Series, 516 pages, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1991)*Complex Variables: Introduction and Applications*, Mark J. Ablowitz and A. S. Fokas, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1997)*Nonlinear Physics: Theory and Experiment. II*, M.J. Ablowitz, M. Boiti, F. Pempinelli and B. Prinari, (World Scientific 2003)*Discrete and Continuous Nonlinear Schrödinger Systems*, Mark J. Ablowitz, B. Prinari and D. Trubatch, 258 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2004)*Nonlinear Dispersive Waves: Asymptotic Analysis and Solitons*, Mark J. Ablowitz, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2011)

In mathematics and physics, a **soliton** or **solitary wave** is a self-reinforcing wave packet that maintains its shape while it propagates at a constant velocity. Solitons are caused by a cancellation of nonlinear and dispersive effects in the medium. Solitons are the solutions of a widespread class of weakly nonlinear dispersive partial differential equations describing physical systems.

In mathematics and physics, the **inverse scattering problem** is the problem of determining characteristics of an object, based on data of how it scatters incoming radiation or particles. It is the inverse problem to the **direct scattering problem**, which is to determine how radiation or particles are scattered based on the properties of the scatterer.

**Martin David Kruskal** was an American mathematician and physicist. He made fundamental contributions in many areas of mathematics and science, ranging from plasma physics to general relativity and from nonlinear analysis to asymptotic analysis. His most celebrated contribution was in the theory of solitons.

In theoretical physics, the (one-dimensional) **nonlinear Schrödinger equation** (**NLSE**) is a nonlinear variation of the Schrödinger equation. It is a classical field equation whose principal applications are to the propagation of light in nonlinear optical fibers and planar waveguides and to Bose–Einstein condensates confined to highly anisotropic cigar-shaped traps, in the mean-field regime. Additionally, the equation appears in the studies of small-amplitude gravity waves on the surface of deep inviscid (zero-viscosity) water; the Langmuir waves in hot plasmas; the propagation of plane-diffracted wave beams in the focusing regions of the ionosphere; the propagation of Davydov's alpha-helix solitons, which are responsible for energy transport along molecular chains; and many others. More generally, the NLSE appears as one of universal equations that describe the evolution of slowly varying packets of quasi-monochromatic waves in weakly nonlinear media that have dispersion. Unlike the linear Schrödinger equation, the NLSE never describes the time evolution of a quantum state. The 1D NLSE is an example of an integrable model.

In physics, a **breather** is a nonlinear wave in which energy concentrates in a localized and oscillatory fashion. This contradicts with the expectations derived from the corresponding linear system for infinitesimal amplitudes, which tends towards an even distribution of initially localized energy.

**David George Crighton**, FRS was a British mathematician and physicist.

In mathematics, and in particular in the theory of solitons, the **Dym equation** (**HD**) is the third-order partial differential equation

In mathematics, **integrability** is a property of certain dynamical systems. While there are several distinct formal definitions, informally speaking, an **integrable system** is a dynamical system with sufficiently many conserved quantities, or first integrals, such that its behaviour has far fewer degrees of freedom than the dimensionality of its phase space; that is, its evolution is restricted to a submanifold within its phase space.

In mathematics and physics, the **Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equation** is a partial differential equation to describe nonlinear wave motion. Named after Boris Borisovich Kadomtsev and Vladimir Iosifovich Petviashvili, the KP equation is usually written as:

**Athanassios Spyridon Fokas** is a Greek mathematician, with degrees in Aeronautical Engineering and Medicine. Since 2002, he is Professor of Nonlinear Mathematical Science in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP) at the University of Cambridge.

In mathematics, the **inverse scattering transform** is a method for solving some non-linear partial differential equations. The method is a non-linear analogue, and in some sense generalization, of the Fourier transform, which itself is applied to solve many linear partial differential equations. The name "inverse scattering method" comes from the key idea of recovering the time evolution of a potential from the time evolution of its scattering data: inverse scattering refers to the problem of recovering a potential from its scattering matrix, as opposed to the direct scattering problem of finding the scattering matrix from the potential.

**Robin K. Bullough** was a British mathematical physicist known for his contributions to the theory of solitons, in particular for his role in the development of the theory of the optical soliton, now commonly used, for example, in the theory of trans-oceanic optical fibre communication theory, but first recognised in Bullough's work on ultra-short optical pulses. He is also known for deriving exact solutions to the nonlinear equations describing these solitons and for associated work on integrable systems, infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian systems, and the statistical mechanics for these systems. Bullough also contributed to nonlinear mathematical physics, including Bose–Einstein condensation in magnetic traps.

**Robert M. Miura** was a Distinguished Professor of Mathematical Sciences and of Biomedical Engineering at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) in Newark, New Jersey. He was formerly a professor in the Department of Mathematics at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver.

**Gerald Teschl** is an Austrian mathematical physicist and professor of mathematics. He works in the area of mathematical physics; in particular direct and inverse spectral theory with application to completely integrable partial differential equations.

In mathematics, the **Novikov–Veselov equation** is a natural (2+1)-dimensional analogue of the Korteweg–de Vries (KdV) equation. Unlike another (2+1)-dimensional analogue of KdV, the Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equation, it is integrable via the inverse scattering transform for the 2-dimensional stationary Schrödinger equation. Similarly, the Korteweg–de Vries equation is integrable via the inverse scattering transform for the 1-dimensional Schrödinger equation. The equation is named after S.P. Novikov and A.P. Veselov who published it in Novikov & Veselov (1984).

**Clifford Spear Gardner** was an American mathematician specializing in applied mathematics.

**John Morgan Greene** was an American theoretical physicist and applied mathematician, known for his work on solitons and plasma physics.

**Wiktor Eckhaus** was a Polish–Dutch mathematician, known for his work on the field of differential equations. He was Professor Emeritus of Applied Mathematics at the Utrecht University.

**Integrable algorithms** are numerical algorithms that rely on basic ideas from the mathematical theory of integrable systems.

In nonlinear systems, the **three-wave equations**, sometimes called the **three-wave resonant interaction equations** or **triad resonances**, describe small-amplitude waves in a variety of non-linear media, including electrical circuits and non-linear optics. They are a set of completely integrable nonlinear partial differential equations. Because they provide the simplest, most direct example of a resonant interaction, have broad applicability in the sciences, and are completely integrable, they have been intensively studied since the 1970s.

- 1 2 3 Mark J. Ablowitz at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- ↑ Company, R. R. Bowker (9 September 1992).
*American men & women of science: a biographical directory of today's leaders in physical, biological and related sciences*. Bowker. ISBN 9780835230759 – via Google Books. - ↑ Ablowitz, M. J.; Benney, D. J. (1970). "The Evolution of Multi-Phase Modes for Nonlinear Dispersive Waves".
*Studies in Applied Mathematics*.**49**(3): 225–238. doi:10.1002/sapm1970493225. ISSN 0022-2526. - ↑ "Background - Mark J. Ablowitz".
*sites.google.com*. - ↑ List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2012-11-03.

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