Morogoro

Last updated
Morogoro
Municipality
Mji kasoro bahari
Morogoro panorama.jpg
Panorama of Morogoro
Tanzania relief location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Morogoro
Location of Morogoro
Africa relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Morogoro
Morogoro (Africa)
Coordinates: 06°49′27″S37°39′48″E / 6.82417°S 37.66333°E / -6.82417; 37.66333 Coordinates: 06°49′27″S37°39′48″E / 6.82417°S 37.66333°E / -6.82417; 37.66333
CountryTanzania
Region Morogoro Region
District Morogoro Urban District
Area
[1]
  Total360 km2 (140 sq mi)
  Land260 km2 (100 sq mi)
  Water100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Highest elevation
509 m (1,669 ft)
Population
 (2012) [2]
  Total315,866
Time zone GMT +3
Climate Aw
Website www.morogoro.go.tz

Morogoro is a town with a population of 315,866 (2012 census) in the eastern part of Tanzania, 196 kilometres (122 mi) west of Dar es Salaam, the country's largest city and commercial centre, and 260 kilometres (160 mi) east of Dodoma, the country's capital city. [3] Morogoro is the capital of the Morogoro Region. It is also known informally as "Mji kasoro bahari," which translates as "city short of an ocean/port."[ citation needed ]

Tanzania Country in Africa

Tanzania officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands at the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in north-eastern Tanzania.

Dar es Salaam Largest city in Tanzania

Dar es Salaam, or simply Dar, formerly known as Mzizima, is the former capital as well as the most populous city in Tanzania and a regionally important economic centre. Located on the Swahili coast, the city is one of the fastest growing cities in the world.

Dodoma Capital of Tanzania

Dodoma, officially Dodoma City, is the national capital of Tanzania and the capital of Dodoma Region, with a population of 410,956.

Contents

The Uluguru Mountains in the background of Morogoro city Uluguru Mountain.JPG
The Uluguru Mountains in the background of Morogoro city

Overview

Sisal plantations in the outskirts of Morogoro (Uluguru Mountains in the background) Mt Uluguru and Sisal plantations.jpg
Sisal plantations in the outskirts of Morogoro (Uluguru Mountains in the background)
Aerial view Aerial view of Morogoro town.jpg
Aerial view

Morogoro lies at the base of the Uluguru Mountains and is a centre of agriculture in the region. The Sokoine University of Agriculture is based in the city. A number of missions are also located in the city, providing schools and hospitals.

The Uluguru Mountains are a mountain range in eastern Tanzania, named after the Luguru tribe. The main portion of the Uluguru Mountains is a ridge running roughly north-south and rising to 2,630 metres (8,600 ft) altitude at its highest point. On the main Uluguru range, 50 villages touch the forest boundary and over 151,000 people are found within the mountain area, often at increasing densities at higher altitudes up to the forest boundary.

Sokoine University of Agriculture

Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) is a public university in Morogoro, Tanzania, specializing in agriculture. The university is named after the country's second prime minister Edward Sokoine.

Morogoro is the home of Salim Abdullah, who was the founder of the Cuban Marimba jazz band, and the Morogoro Jazz Band, another well-known band established in 1944. [4] From the mid-1960s to the 1970s, Morogoro was home to one of Tanzania's most influential and celebrated musicians, Mbaraka Mwinshehe, a lead guitarist and singer-songwriter. [4]

Morogoro is home to the Amani Centre, which has helped over 3,400 disabled people in the surrounding villages. [5]

Public transport

Public transport buses called dala dala are available for transport within the town, the fare are mostly around Tsh 400 from town to nearby area. Also for faster transportation motorcycles boda boda and Bajaj are the best within town areas; fare is depending on distance of the destination.

Dala dala

Dala dala are minibus share taxis in Tanzania. Often overcrowded and operated at unsafe speeds, these minibuses developed as a response to an insufficient public transport system in the country. While the name may be a corruption of the English word "dollar", they are also referred to as thumni.

Boda boda A type of motorcycle or bicycle with a space for a passenger or for carrying goods, often used as a taxi

Boda bodas are bicycle and motorcycle taxis commonly found in East Africa. While motorcycle taxis like boda bodas are present throughout Africa and beyond, the term boda boda is specific to East Africa. In Kenya, they are more frequently called boda boda. Their ubiquitous presence in East African cities is the result of a number of factors including an increasing demand for public transit, the ability to purchase motorcycles on credit, and an influx of cheap imports from Indian manufacturers like Bajaj. In the countries where they are present, boda bodas can provide transportation options to riders and job opportunities to drivers while at the same time resulting in an increase in road hazards and collisions and unnecessary injuries and deaths.

Water supply

Eighty percent of the Morogoro's water supply comes from the Mindu Dam on the Ngerengere River. The dam project, begun in 1978, has been controversial. The lake behind the dam has led to high rates of bilharzia infection, [6] and mercury run-off from gold mining nearby the dam has polluted the city's water supply. [7] The dam is also being rapidly silted due to deforestation in the surrounding areas. [8]

Ngerengere River is a river of the Morogoro Region of Tanzania. The dam project, began in 1978, which has been surrounded by controversy. The Mindu Dam is being rapidly silted due to deforestation in the surrounding areas. It faces mercury poisoning from gold mining nearby and a threat to water supply.

In 2012-13 a $8.31m USAID/MCC-funded programme was implemented for the Morogoro Water Supply Authority (MORUWASA) to rehabilitate drinking water resources from the Uluguru Mountains with an inlet and treatment plant near the Regional Governance offices at the high end of the Boma Road.

Climate

Climate data for Morogoro
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)32
(89)
32
(89)
31
(88)
29
(85)
28
(83)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(83)
29
(85)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(89)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F)21
(69)
21
(70)
21
(69)
21
(69)
19
(66)
16
(61)
15
(59)
16
(60)
17
(62)
18
(64)
19
(67)
21
(69)
18
(65)
Average precipitation mm (inches)99
(3.9)
97
(3.8)
170
(6.8)
210
(8.1)
99
(3.9)
28
(1.1)
15
(0.6)
10
(0.4)
15
(0.6)
25
(1.0)
51
(2.0)
71
(2.8)
890
(35)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

Education

Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro Muslim University, St Joseph and Jordan University College are located in Morogoro. Mzumbe University is located 26 km south of the town on the highway to Iringa. There are other famous colleges like Ardhi Institute Morogoro, Morogoro Teachers College, and LITI (Livestock Training Institute).

One of the oldest secondary schools in the country, Kilakala Girls High School (formerly known as Marian College), is also found in the municipality. Other secondary schools within the municipality are Morogoro Secondary School (formerly Aga Khan Secondary School), Forest Hill Secondary, Jabal Hira Muslim Secondary, Kigurunyembe Secondary, Lutheran Junior Seminary, and Lupanga Practising Secondary School (a newly established school near Kigurunyembe teacher's college). The English-language Morogoro International School was founded in 1975. [9]

Sports

The Jamhuri Stadium Jamhuri Stadium, Morogoro.jpg
The Jamhuri Stadium

The city is represented in the Tanzanian Premier League by football club Mtibwa Sugar F.C.

Sister cities

The city of Milwaukee in the state of Wisconsin in the United States is a sister city of Morogoro as designated by Sister Cities International. [10] Morogoro is also twinned with Linköping in Sweden and Vaasa in Finland.[ citation needed ]

Fuel tanker explosion

On 10 August 2019, a fuel tanker exploded in the town, killing at least 71 people and injuring at least 70 others. [2] The event was one of the largest disasters of its kind to happen in Tanzania. [3]

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References

  1. "Statistical Abstract 2011", Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics, page 3 Archived 2013-11-05 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "2012 Population and Housing Census - Population Distribution by Administrative Areas", Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics, page 56 [ permanent dead link ]
  3. 1 2 "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Morogoro, Tanzania". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  4. 1 2 Askew, Kelly Michelle (2002). Performing the nation: Swahili music and cultural politics in Tanzania. University Of Chicago Press. p. 92. ISBN   978-0-226-02981-8.
  5. IRDC Archive: The Essential Health Interventions Project Archived 2007-05-04 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Mindu destruction setting stage for a catastrophe Archived 2005-01-16 at the Wayback Machine
  7. Ashagre, B. B., White, S., Balmford, A., Burgess, N., Matalo, F., Mwakalila, S., Platts, P., Schaafsma, M., Smith, C. and Swetnam, R. (2014) Water to Everyone. The Arc Journal, (29), pp. 15 - 18
  8. https://www.mis.co.tz/about-mis/school-history/
  9. "Milwaukee's Sister Cities", Go Milwaukee, City of Milwaukee

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Morogoro at Wikimedia Commons