Off spin

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Animation of a typical off spin delivery, bowled from over the wicket. Off break small.gif
Animation of a typical off spin delivery, bowled from over the wicket.

Off spin is a type of finger spin bowling in cricket. A bowler who uses this technique is called an off spinner. Off spinners are right-handed spin bowlers who use their fingers to spin the ball. Their normal delivery is an off break, [1] which spins from left to right (from the bowler's perspective) when the ball bounces on the pitch. For a right-handed batsman, this is from his off side to the leg side (that is, towards the right-handed batsman, or away from a left-handed batsman). The ball breaks away from the off side, [2] hence the name 'off break'.

Contents

Off spinners bowl mostly off breaks, varying them by adjusting the line and length of the deliveries. Off spinners also bowl other types of delivery, which spin differently. Aside from these variations in spin, varying the speed, length and flight of the ball are also important for the off spinner.

The bowler with the most wickets in the history of both Test matches and ODIs, Muttiah Muralitharan, was an off spinner. [3]

History

Although rare now, in the past there were bowlers who used the off-break action who deliberately did not impart any considerable spin on the ball but relied on line and length (or even speed variations) to frustrate batsmen. They endeavoured to pitch the ball in an area that the batsman was unable to play a scoring shot, even making last moment adjustments to "follow" a batsman should they move within the crease to negate the bowlers tactics. Whilst this is primarily a defensive style, wickets were achieved by forcing a batsman to make a rash stroke or even bowling at the stumps instead of the retreating batsman. Another wicket taking method was to impart more spin on the ball than usual, and surprise the batsman. An exponent of this style of bowling was "Flat" Jack Simmons who played for Lancashire and Tasmania in the 1970s and 1980s. With the advent of limited overs cricket promoting more adventurous batting styles and the use of ever heavier bats this style of bowling has declined, although some off-spinners will still use this tactic when the pitch is offering very little or no turn. It is a tactic often used by Kane Williamson when he bowls occasionally in limited overs format because his bowling style tends to be flatter and faster.

Comparison with other types of spin bowling

Off spin contrasts with leg spin, in which the ball spins from leg to off and which is bowled with a very different action (wrist spin). [4] Off spin is generally considered less difficult to play than leg spin, as off breaks typically spin less than leg breaks, and do not generally possess the same loopy, potentially deceptive flight. In addition, off spinners tend to have a smaller repertoire of deliveries to choose from. For a right-handed batsman, the ball moves in towards the batsman's body, meaning the batsman's legs are usually in the path of the ball if it misses the bat or takes an edge. This makes it difficult for the bowler to get the batsman out bowled or caught from an off break, but it does mean there is a chance of leg before wicket, assuming the ball has not turned enough to miss the leg stump. However, the off spinner often bowls faster and more accurately than a leg spinner, and can therefore deceive the batsman with changes in the pace of the ball. A left-handed batsman has more difficulty facing off break bowling, because the ball moves away from his body. This means that any miscalculation can more easily result in an outside edge off the bat and a catch going to the wicket-keeper or slips fielders.

A left-handed bowler who bowls with the same (finger spin) action as an off spinner is known as a left-arm orthodox spin bowler. While the orthodox spinner has the same action as an off-spinner, the ball itself spins in the opposite direction (akin to a right arm leg spinner). [5] Such a ball is not normally called an off break, but a left-arm orthodox spinner.

Terminology

Off spin: Sometimes the term off spin is used to mean the off break delivery. [6] [7] [8] [9] At other times the term off spin has a wider meaning, to include all deliveries bowled by an off spinner, including non-off break deliveries. [10] [11] [12]

Off spinner: The term off spinner can be used to mean either the bowler [13] [14] or the off break delivery. [15] [16] [17] [9]

Offie: The term offie can also be used to mean either the bowler [18] [19] or the off break delivery. [20] [21]

Technique

An off break is bowled by holding the cricket ball in the palm of the hand with the seam running across under all the fingers. [2] As the ball is released, the fingers roll down the right side of the ball (for a right-handed bowler), giving the ball a clockwise spin as seen from behind.

Notable off spinners

Notable off spinners include:

Other deliveries bowled by off spin bowlers

Another common weapon of the off spinner is the arm ball, which does not spin but goes straight on "with the arm". [25] More skilled offspinners also have the topspinner. [26]

See also

Related Research Articles

Leg spin Type of spin bowling in cricket

Leg spin is a type of spin bowling in cricket. A leg spinner bowls right-arm with a wrist spin action. The leg spinner's normal delivery causes the ball to spin from right to left in the cricket pitch when the ball bounces. For a right-handed batsman, that is away from the leg side, and this is where it gets the name leg break, meaning it breaks away from the leg. The turn is mostly when the ball pitches.

Left-arm orthodox spin Type of spin bowling in cricket

Left-arm orthodox spin, Left-arm off spin also known as slow left-arm orthodox spin bowling, is a type of left-arm finger spin bowling in the sport of cricket. Left-arm orthodox spin is bowled by a left-arm bowler using the fingers to spin the ball from right to left of the cricket pitch.

The flipper is the name of a particular bowling delivery used in cricket, generally by a leg spin bowler. In essence it is a back spin ball. Squeezed out of the front of the hand with the thumb and first and second fingers, it keeps deceptively low after pitching and can accordingly be very difficult to play. The flipper is comparable to a riseball in fast-pitch softball.

Muttiah Muralitharan Sri Lankan cricketer

Deshabandu Muttiah Muralitharan is a Sri Lankan cricket coach and former professional cricketer. Averaging over six wickets per Test match, Muralitharan is one of the most successful bowlers in international cricket and the first to take 800 wickets in Tests. As of March 2021, he has taken more wickets in Test matches than any other cricketer.

In the game of cricket, a googly refers to a type of delivery bowled by a right-arm leg spin bowler. The googly is a variation of the typical leg spin type of delivery, in that the cricket ball is presented from the bowler's hand in such a way that once the ball pitches, it deviates in the opposite direction of a leg spinning type of delivery. It has also been colloquially and affectionately referred to as the wrong'un, Bosie or Bosey, with those latter two eponyms referring to Bernard Bosanquet, the bowler who initially discovered and began using the googly.

A topspinner is a type of delivery bowled by a cricketer bowling either wrist spin or finger spin. In either case, the bowler imparts the ball with top spin by twisting it with his or her fingers prior to delivery. In both cases, the topspinner is the halfway house between the stock delivery and the wrong'un - in the wrist spinner's case his googly, and in the finger spinner's case his doosra.

Glossary of cricket terms

This is a general glossary of the terminology used in the sport of cricket. Where words in a sentence are also defined elsewhere in this article, they appear in italics. Certain aspects of cricket terminology are explained in more detail in cricket statistics and the naming of fielding positions is explained at fielding (cricket).

A doosra is a particular type of delivery by an off-spin bowler in the sport of cricket. The doosra spins in the opposite direction to an off break, and aims to confuse the batsman into playing an unavoidable shot.

Fast bowling Bowling technique in cricket

Pace bowling is one of two main approaches to bowling in the sport of cricket, the other being spin bowling. Practitioners of pace bowling are usually known as fast bowlers, quicks, or pacemen. They can also be referred to as a seam bowler, a swing bowler or a fast bowler who can swing it to reflect the predominant characteristic of their deliveries. Strictly speaking, a pure swing bowler does not need to have a high degree of pace, though dedicated medium-pace swing bowlers are rarely seen at Test level these days.

Spin bowling Bowling technique in cricket

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An arm ball is a type of delivery in cricket. It is a variation delivery bowled by an off spin bowler or slow left-arm orthodox bowler. It is the finger spin equivalent of a wrist spinner's slider or zooter.

Leg cutter

A leg cutter is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. It is bowled by fast bowlers.

In the sport of cricket there are two broad categories of bowlers: pace and spin. Pace bowlers rely mostly on the speed of the ball to dismiss batsmen, whereas spin bowlers rely on the rotation of the ball.

Delivery (cricket) Single action of bowling a cricket ball

A delivery or ball in cricket is a single action of bowling a cricket ball toward the batsman. These terms can also refer to the events that occur after the ball is bowled while the ball is not dead.

Wrist spin Type of spin bowling in cricket

Wrist spin is a type of bowling in the sport of cricket. It refers to the cricket technique and specific hand movements associated with imparting a particular direction of spin to the cricket ball. The other spinning technique, usually used to spin the ball in the opposite direction, is finger spin. Wrist spin is bowled by releasing the ball from the back of the hand, so that it passes over the little finger. Done by a right-handed bowler, this imparts an anticlockwise rotation to the ball, as seen from the bowler's perspective; a left-handed wrist spinner rotates the ball clockwise.

Finger spin is a type of bowling in the sport of cricket. It refers to the cricket technique and specific hand movements associated with imparting a particular direction of spin to the cricket ball. The other spinning technique, generally used to spin the ball in the opposite direction, is wrist spin. Although there are exceptions, finger spinners generally turn the ball less than wrist spinners. However, because the technique is simpler and easier to master, finger spinners tend to be more accurate.

In the sport of cricket, throwing, commonly referred to as chucking, is an illegal bowling action which occurs when a bowler straightens the bowling arm when delivering the ball. The Laws of Cricket specify that only the rotation of the shoulder can be used to impart velocity to the ball – a bowler's arm must not extend during the bowling action. If the umpire deems that the ball has been thrown, they will call a no-ball which means the batsman cannot be given out from that delivery.

Topspin

In ball sports, topspin is a property of a ball that rotates forwards as it is moving. Topspin on a ball propelled through the air imparts a downward force that causes the ball to drop, due to its interaction with the air. Topspin is the opposite of backspin.

Ravichandran Ashwin Indian cricketer

Ravichandran Ashwinpronunciation  is an Indian international cricketer. An all-rounder who bats right-handed and bowls right-arm off break, Ashwin plays for Tamil Nadu in domestic cricket and Delhi Capitals in the Indian Premier League. He is the fastest Indian bowler to reach the 50-, 100-, 150-, 200-, 250-, 300-, 350- and 400-wicket mark in Test cricket in terms of number of innings. In 2016, he became the third Indian to win the ICC Cricketer of the Year award. He is currently the highest ranked spinner in Test cricket, and the highest ranked Test bowler for India on the ICC Player Rankings.

The carrom ball is a style of spin bowling delivery used in cricket. The ball is released by flicking it between the thumb and a bent middle finger in order to impart spin. Though the delivery was first brought in use in early 1940s, it was re-introduced by Ajantha Mendis in 2008 as well as by Indian spinner Ravichandran Ashwin later. Varun Chakravarthy is among the newer players to use it.

References

  1. Difference between Off Break and Off Spin
  2. 1 2 How to Grip the Ball to Bowl Offspin
  3. "Muttiah Muralitharan's rise to the top of the world". ICC. 17 April 2020. Retrieved 28 July 2020. On the occasion of the legendary Sri Lankan off-spinner Muttiah Muralitharan's 48th birthday, we revisit his rise to the top of the international wicket-takers' charts through an animated graph.
  4. "Off spin". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  5. "How to bowl left-arm spin". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  6. "A glossary of cricket terms". ESPN. 17 April 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2020. Off-break/spin - A ball turning into the right hander- from off to leg (from left to right)
  7. "Definition of offspin". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 31 July 2020. spin imparted to a bowled ball in cricket that tends to cause it to break from the off side to the leg side.
  8. "The man behind Murali". ESPN. 15 July 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2020. "A coach cannot change a bowler like Murali. If anyone tried to do that he will be lost. What made Murali so special was his off-spin. It was his main weapon. With his experience he added the doosra. But he got most of his wickets with off-spin," Fernando continued.
  9. 1 2 "Sunil Narine banned from bowling his off-spinner in IPL". skysports.com. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2020. West Indies 'mystery spinner' Sunil Narine has been banned from bowling his off-spin delivery at the Indian Premier League... A statement from the IPL read: "...the committee has concluded that Mr. Narine’s bowling action for his off-spinner, contravenes Law 24.2 (as read with Law 24.3) of the Laws of Cricket. Therefore the player is now banned from bowling the off-spinner in matches organised by the BCCI, including the IPL."
  10. Peter Such. "Simple And Common Variations In Off Spin". teamtechnology.co.uk. Retrieved 31 July 2020. Once the basics of bowling off spin have been mastered (the mechanics of finger spin bowling) to become a complete off spin bowler one must develop and have the ability to consistently deliver a range of variations... The Arm Ball, Swinger Or Floater
  11. "From cow corner to Mankads - your cricket questions answered". BBC. 17 April 2020. Retrieved 7 August 2020. When the ball spins the opposite way to how a batsman would expect, it is called a doosra (when an off-spin bowler turns it away from a right-hander)
  12. "Off Spin Variations: How to Bowl Off Spin". YouTube. 19 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2020. The one you've all been asking for, here's Kieran talking us through how to bowl the different off spin variations.
  13. "'Ashwin is the best off-spinner in the world' – Graeme Swann". ICC. 28 August 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2020. Former England off-spinner Graeme Swann has rated India's Ravichandran Ashwin as the best Test spinner in the world while picking Afghanistan's Rashid Khan as the best in Twenty20s. "Ashwin is easily the best off-spinner in the world."
  14. "England's Graeme Swann maintains a rich Old Trafford off-spin tradition". The Guardian. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2020. But there have been matches here that were not so memorable for off-spinners... Two fine English off-spinners, Fred Titmus and John Mortimore, bowled 93 overs between them in that match, yielding 222 runs without a wicket... Australia had one off-spinner, Tom Veivers
  15. "Pakistan v Australia". ESPN. Retrieved 4 August 2020. MacKay, bowling off-spinners on a perfect length
  16. "The Definitive: Michael Vaughan". Wisden. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2020. I was in the Yorkshire under 15 side and batting regularly at number seven and bowling off-spinners.
  17. "Ashes 2015: England and Australia's spinners prove a threat in a big-hitter's era". The Guardian. 15 July 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2020. Bowling off-spinners was a peaceful occupation then.
  18. "Three thrilling quicks and an offie with a seven-for". ESPN. 19 January 2020. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  19. "Top five: Most runs conceded by a bowler in an innings in IPL". Times of India. 12 June 2020. Retrieved 26 July 2020. The young offie from Afghanistan has often troubled the batsmen with his precise line and length and variations.
  20. "The doosra ain't the only game in town". ESPN. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2020. In Perth grade cricket I bowled offies and would keep bowling that way until inevitably the day would come when offbreaks didn't bring enough wickets... So if Laker was brought on, I would bowl offies, but if "Tich" Freeman was in action, I would bowl legspin.
  21. "Ponting gets a BBL wicket, bowling offies". cricket.com.au. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  22. "Records / Test matches / Bowling records / Most wickets in career". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  23. "Records / One-Day Internationals / Bowling records / Most wickets in career". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  24. Cricinfo staff (29 April 2009). "I can teach Australians the doosra - Saqlain". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  25. Eastaway, Rob (2003). What is a googly?. Robson Books. p.  118. ISBN   1-86105-629-X.
  26. Eastaway, Rob (2003). What is a googly?. Robson Books. p.  141. ISBN   1-86105-629-X.