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|Type||Managing agency, later partnership firm|
|Defunct||1972 (de facto)|
|Headquarters||Puliakulam- Sungam Road, Ramanathapuram, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India|
|S. M. Sriramulu Naidu|
Pakshiraja Studios was a motion picture movie studio in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India, established by S. M. Sriramulu Naidu in 1945. The studio predominantly produced movies in Tamil, Telugu, Hindi and Malayalam languages, also having made one Kannada film. The studio had major releases in the 1950s and early 1960s and is well known for some blockbusters of the times.
During the early 1930s, Coimbatore became a hub for some of the south Indian language movies, especially Tamil and Telugu, when the director Naidu and other industrialists started Central Studios. Naidu became the creative head and started making his own movies under the banner of Pakshiraja Films. By the early 1930s, another movie studio, Premier Cinetone Studio  was under operation in Red Fields, Coimbatore. In 1945, Naidu left Central Studios and took over the Premier Cinetone Studio located in Puliyakulam Road, Red Fields, Coimbatore. He onstructed new floors and infrastructure and made it a fully-fledged movie studio with in-house processing lasoratories.
The most popular films from that studio was Malaikkallan (1955), starring M. G. R and P. Bhanumathi, and Azaad (1955) starring Dilip Kumar and Meena Kumari, which was the highest grossing film in Bollywood for that year, as well as Kumar and Kumari's first in lighter roles as against their tragic roles in most other movies. Malaikkallan was M. G. Ramachandran's first major box office hit.
Novie production in the studio slowly declined since mid 1960s. With Central Studios going out of movie industry some time earlier and declining production at Salem Modern Theaters, Chennai has become the de facto capital for the south Indian movie industry. In 1970, Sriramulu relocated his studio facilities to establish Chamundeshwari Studios in Bangalore.
The studio premises and structures still remain more or less intact with several other establishments housed inside.
Movies listed here are partial list only.
|1947||Kannika||Tamil||M. S. Sarojini, T. E. Varadan, M. R. Santhanalakshmi, D. Balasubramaniam, N. S. Krishnan, Kali N. Rathnam, T. A. Madhuram||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||Papanasam Sivan||Story and dialogue by Elangovan|
|1949||Pavalakodi||Tamil||T. R. Rajakumari, T. R.Mahalingam, T. E. Varadhan, M. S. Sarojini, N. S. Krishnan, T. A. Madhuram||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||C. R. Subburaman||Story and dialogue by Elangovan|
|1950||Ezhai Padum Padu||Tamil|| V. Nagayya, Serukulathur Sama, T. S. Balaiah, V. Gopalakrishnan,|
T. S. Durairaj, Lalitha and Padmini, Kumari N. Rajam. (a.k.a. Thanjavur N. Rajalakshmi)
|K. Ramnoth||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu||Lyrics by Papanasam Sivan, dialogue by Elangovan|
|1950||Beedala Paatlu||Telugu|| V. Nagayya, Serukalathur Sama, T. S. Balaiah, V. Gopalakrishnan,|
T. S. Durairaj, Lalitha and Padmini, Kumari N. Rajam. (a.k.a. Thanjavur N. Rajalakshmi)
|K. Ramnoth||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu|
|1952||Kanchana||Tamil]||K. R. Ramasamy, Lalitha, Padmini, Duraiswamy, Miss Kumari, Aranmula Ponnamma, T. S. Durairaj||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu|
|1952||Kanchana||Telugu||K. R. Ramasamy, Lalitha, Padmini, Duraiswamy, Miss Kumari, Aranmula Ponnamma, T. S. Durairaj||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu|
|1952||Kanjana||Malayalam||K. R. Ramasamy, Lalitha, Padmini, Duraiswamy, Miss Kumari, Aranmula Ponnamma, T. S. Durairaj||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu|
|1952||Puratchi Veeran (dubbed from Hindi movie Badal)||Tamil||Madhubala, Prem Nath, Purnima, Agha||Amiya Chakravarty||Shankar Jaikishan||Distribution only|
|1953||Ponni||Tamil||Sriram, Lalitha and Padmini||A. S. A. Sami and C. S. Rao||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu|
|1953||Oka Talli Pillalu||Telugu||Sriram, Lalitha and Padmini||A. S. A. Sami and C. S. Rao||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu|
|1954||Malaikkallan||Tamil||M. G. Ramachandran, P. Bhanumathi||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu||Story based on the novel by Namakkal Kavignar Va. Ramalingam Pillai. The movie|
was the first blockbuster hit for Ramachandran, establishing him as a major star.
|1954||Aggi Ramudu||Telugu||N. T. Rama Rao, P. Bhanumathi, R. Nageswara Rao||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu||Story based on the novel by Namakkal Kavignar Va. Ramalingam Pillai|
|1954||Azaad||Hindi||Dilip Kumar, Meena Kumari, Pran, Om Prakash||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||C. Ramchandra||Story based on the novel by Namakkal Kavignar Va. Ramalingam Pillai, Hindi lyrics|
by Rajendra Krishen. The film was the top grossing Hindi film in the year of its release, and one of the biggest Hindi films in the 1950s.
|1954||..Thaskaraveeran..||Malayalam||Thikkurisi Sukumaran Nair||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu||Story based on the novel by Namakkal Kavignar Va. Ramalingam Pillai.|
|1957||Bettada Kalla||Kannada||Kalyan Kumar||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu||Story based on the novel by Namakkal Kavignar Va. Ramalingam Pillai.|
|1959||Maragatham||Tamil|| Sivaji Ganesan, Veenai S. Balachander, Sandhya, Padmini, T. S. Durairaj,|
T. S. Balaiah, J. P. Chandrababu, C. Lakshmi Rajyam
|S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu||Dialogue by Murasoli Maran, cinematography by Sailen Bose, art direction by A. K. Sekhar|
|1960||Vimala||Telugu||N. T. Rama Rao, K. Savithri||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu|
|1961||Sabarimala Ayyappan||Malayalam||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu|| National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Malayalam: Certificate of Merit for|
Third Best Feature Film in Malayalam
|1963||Kalyaniyin Kanavan||Tamil||Sivaji Ganesan, B. Saroja Devi, M. R. Radha||S. M. Sriramulu Naidu||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu|
Azaad (transl. Free) is a 1955 Indian Hindi-language action comedy film produced and directed by S. M. Sriramulu Naidu. It was the top grossing Hindi film in the year of its release, and one of the biggest Hindi film hits in the decade. In addition, Dilip Kumar won his second Filmfare Award for Best Actor for his work in this movie.
Central Studios was an Indian film studio in the neighbourhood of Singanallur, Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu, started by B.Rangaswamy Naidu and other prominent industrialists like Swamikannu Vincent of Coimbatore in 1935 to make Tamil and other South Indian language movies. The studio was a major hub of Tamil movie production and notable for its association with many early day Tamil Movie Superstars, directors and script writers etc. and many making their career debuts here. The studio is best remembered for movies like Sivakavi, Velaikari and Haridas.
Yaragudipati Varada Rao was an Indian director, producer, actor, screenwriter, and editor known for his works primarily in Telugu, Kannada, and Tamil films. Rao plunged into theatre and did a few stage plays before moving to Kolhapur and Bombay to act in silent films. Rao started his career as a lead actor in many silent films such as Gajendra Moksham (1923), Garuda Garvabhangam (1929), and Rose of Rajasthan (1931). Regarded as one of the greatest filmmaking pioneers of the Cinema of South India, he made motion-pictures across Telugu, Kannada, Tamil, Konkani, and Hindi languages, apart from silent films.
Malaikkallan is a 1954 Indian Tamil-language action film starring P. Bhanumathi and M. G. Ramachandran. The film was released on 22 July 1954, and was an astounding success and highest collection of the year. It ran more than 140 days in Chennai and all other major cities. It was the first Tamil film to win a President's Silver Medal. It was the first Indian movie to be remade in five other languages.
Sivakavi is a 1943 Indian Tamil-language film directed, initially, by P. K. Raja Sandow and later, S. M. Sriramulu Naidu. It starred M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, S. Jayalakshmi, Serukalathur Sama, Thirupurambal, T. R. Rajakumari, N. S. Krishnan and T. A. Mathuram. The film's screenplay was written by Thiru Muruga Kirubanandha Variyar. The film was shot at Central Studios and released by Pakshiraja Films in Coimbatore. The film was released on 10 April 1943.
Subburayulu Munuswami Subbaiah Naidu was an Indian composer, conductor, and orchestrator. He was one of the oldest music directors. He worked as an in-house music composer for Central Studios and Pakshiraja Studios and well associated with S. M. Sriramulu Naidu. SMS also worked with many films under Jupiter Pictures banner and a favorite of M. G. Ramachandran.
Ezhai Padum Padu is a 1950 Indian Tamil language film directed by K. Ramnoth. It was simultaneously shot in Telugu as Beedala Patlu. It was an adaptation of Les Misérables, Victor Hugo's 1862 novel. The film was released on Diwali day. For his memorable portrayal of Javert in this film, N. Seetharaman came to be called as Javert Seetharaman. It was produced by S. M. Sriramulu Naidu of Pakshiraja Studios.
Pakshiraja Films was an Indian Movie production company based in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.It was owned and operated by Film Director S. M. Sriramulu Naidu.From 1937 to 1945 the company released movies from Central Studios, but later from 1945 the company had its own Movie studio under the name Pakshiraja Studios.
Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum is a 1941 Indian Tamil-language comedy film directed by K. S. Mani. The first Tamil film adaptation of the story Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves, it stars N. S. Krishnan and T. A. Mathuram. The film was released on 15 March 1941, and was commercially unsuccessful. No print is known to survive, making it a lost film.
Jagathalapratapan is a 1944 Indian Tamil-language film starring P. U. Chinnappa and M. S. Sarojini. A film adaptation of a folk tale "12 Minister's Tale", the film also features P. B. Rangachari, M. R. Santhanalakshmi and N. S. Krishnan playing supporting roles. The film revolves around the theme of a prince who through his talents wins over several girls and marries them. The film was released on 13 April 1944 and became a box-office success and established Chinnappa as one of the top stars in Tamil cinema.
Subbarayalu Munuswami Sriramulu Naidu (1910-1976), also known as Sreeramulu Naidu, was an Indian businessman and movie producer from Coimbatore who founded the Pakshiraja Studios in 1945.
Coimbatore is the second largest city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is a major commercial centre and an industrial hub of Tamil Nadu and is known as the Manchester of South India.
The Cinema of South India refers collectively to the six distinct film industries based in Southern region of India — namely Tamil, Telugu, Tulu, Kannada, Konkani, and Malayalam. Although these industries developed independently for a long period of time, gross exchange of artists and technicians, as well as globalisation helped in shaping this unique identity.
Coimbatore, also known as Kovai, is the second largest city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu with a metropolitan population of over 2 million. It is a major commercial centre and has often been referred to as the "Manchester of South India".
Kannan Shankar was an Indian film editor, screenwriter and director. He directed more than 80 films in South Indian languages including Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu and Kannada as well as in Hindi.
Maragatham (transl. Emerald) is a 1959 Indian Tamil-language crime thriller film produced, directed and co-written by S. M. Sriramulu Naidu. It is an adaptation of the novel Karunkuyil Kunrathu Kolai by T. S. D. Sami. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan and Padmini. It was released on 21 August 1959.
Ponni is a 1953 Indian Tamil-language film starring Sriram, Lalitha and Padmini. The film was released in 1953, and the Telugu version Oka Talli Pillalu in the same year.
Mullaivanam is a 1955 Indian Tamil language film produced and directed by V. Krishnan. The film stars Sriram and Kumari Rukmini.
Sathya Studios was an Indian film studio based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. It was one of the oldest film studios and was formerly known as "Neptune Studio". The studio was bought by former Indian actor and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu M. G. Ramachandran and renamed as Sathya Studios.
This is a timeline list of major events in the history of Coimbatore, a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.