Praja Socialist Party
|Succeeded by||Samyukta Socialist Party/Socialist Party. |
|Headquarters||18, Windsor Place, New Delhi |
|International affiliation||Asian Socialist Conference|
The Praja Socialist Party, abbreviated as PSP, was an Indian political party.  It was founded when the Socialist Party, led by Jayaprakash Narayan, Rambriksh Benipuri, Acharya Narendra Deva and Basawon Singh (Sinha), merged with the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party led by J. B. Kripalani (former president of the Indian National Congress and a close associate of Jawaharlal Nehru).
It led the cabinet under Pattom A. Thanu Pillai as chief minister of State of Travancore-Cochin from March 1954 to February 1955. A section led by Rammanohar Lohia broke from the party in 1955,[ citation needed ] resuming the name "Socialist Party".[ citation needed ] It again came to power in the new state of Kerala under Pattom A. Thanu Pillai from February 1960 to September 1962. In 1960, Kripalani left the party and in 1964, Asoka Mehta joined Congress after his expulsion from the party.
Another section of the party, led by the trade union leader George Fernandes, broke off to become the Samyukta Socialist Party in 1969. In 1972, a section merged with Fernandes' party to become the Samyukta Socialist Party/Socialist Party once more, before becoming part of the Janata coalition in 1977 following the Emergency.[ citation needed ]
In September 1952, the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party merged with the Socialist Party with J. B. Kriplani as the chairman and Asoka Mehta as the general secretary. 
At the party's first general election in 1957, the PSP won 10.41% of the total votes and 19 seats in the Lok Sabha.  However, the party's vote share continued to decline over the next few elections. It won 6.81% of the total votes and 12 seats in the Lok Sabha in 1962,  3.06% of the total votes and 13 seats in the Lok Sabha in 1967  and only 1.04% of the total votes and only 2 seats in the Lok Sabha in 1971.  
Samyukta Socialist Party, was a political party in India from 1964 to 1972. SSP was formed through a split in the Praja Socialist Party (PSP) in 1964. In 1965, Ram Manohar Lohia merged his Socialist Party (Lohia) with SSP and contested in 1967 Indian general election. In 1972, SSP was reunited with PSP, forming the Socialist Party.
Socialist Party has been the name of several political parties in India, all of which have their roots in the Congress Socialist Party during the freedom struggle.
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Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani, popularly known as Acharya Kripalani, was an Indian politician, noted particularly for holding the presidency of the Indian National Congress during the transfer of power in 1947 and the husband of Sucheta Kripalani. Kripalani was an environmentalist, mystic and independence activist who was long a Gandhian socialist, before joining the economically right wing Swatantra Party later in life.
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The Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party was a political party of India. Established in 1951, it merged with the Socialist Party to form the Praja Socialist Party in the following year.
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