Tarbha

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Tarbha
Town
India Orissa location map.svg
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Tarbha
Location in Odisha, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tarbha
Tarbha (India)
Coordinates: 20°26′N83°24′E / 20.43°N 83.40°E / 20.43; 83.40 Coordinates: 20°26′N83°24′E / 20.43°N 83.40°E / 20.43; 83.40
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Odisha
Region Western Odisha
Division Sonepur
District Subarnapur (or Sonepur)
Government
  Body Notified Area Committee, Tarbha
   Chairman Ms.Monika lal Agrawala
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total8,334
Languages
  Official Odia
  Regional Sambalpuri
Ethnicity
  Ethnic groups Hindu, Muslim, Sindhi, Marwari
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
767016
Telephone code916654
Vehicle registration OD 31 (previously OR 31)
Nearest city Balangir (20km)
Sex ratio 1000:974 /
Literacy74%
Civic agency Notified Area Committee, Tarbha
Website odisha.gov.in

Tarbha (also known as Tarabha, sometimes called "Ulta Bharat" or Opposite India) is a Notified Area Council in Sonepur district in the Indian state of Odisha.

Contents

History

The name Tarbha apparently came from Tera Bhaya (तेराह भेया), or 13 brothers. In the Gauntia (ଗଁତିଆ) (The Village Head) system thirteen brothers were the Gauntia (Village Heads) of this small town. Later on this village was named Terabhaya and then modified to Tarbha (Official)/Tarabha/Tarva. The River Nibruti (ନିବୃତି) passes by one side of town, separating its two districts, Bolangir and Sonepur. Many residents participated in the Indian Freedom Movement.

Demography

As of 2012 India census, [2] Tarbha had a population of 12,886. Males constitute 51% of the population. Tarbha has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78% and female literacy is 58%. 12% are under 6. Tarbha is a Block, Police Station, Tahashil, Panchayat and NAC.

Economy

The town hosts a mixture of castes, with the majority working as goldsmiths, brassmiths and weavers. The majority are either service holders or businessmen. Most businessmen here are either Marwari or Weavers. Meher constitute the majority of Weavers people.

A market complex is organised every Sunday and a daily market provides the people with their daily food. The market is popularly known as Tarbha Hat.

Education

AES College, Tarbha AES College Tarbha.jpg
AES College, Tarbha

A.E.S. College provides science and arts education. The most influential institute is the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, which is situated in the middle of town providing National Level studies to JNV-Entrance selected students. It provides education from 6th to 10th. Saraswati Sishu Vidya Mandir provides up to 10th. Two High Schools (one each for boys and girls), one English Medium School, 8 U.P. Schools.

Educational institutes

  1. Colleges
    1. A.E.S. College, Tarbha (Provides +2 (Both Science and Arts) and +3 (Only Arts))
    2. ANANYA CET., TARBHA, Nuapada, Tarbha (Provides DCA, PGDCA, ADCA, BCA, +2 SCIENCE COACHING, OSCIT, KLIC COURSES)
  2. High Schools
    1. Govt. Boys High School, Tarbha (Hub for 6th to 10th Std. for Boy Scholars)
    2. Govt. Girls High School, Tarbha (Hub for 6th to 10th Std. for Girl Scholars)
    3. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Tarbha (One of the Leading Schools in the Districts)
    4. Saraswati Sishu Vidya Mandir, Antarda, Tarbha (Provides Quality Education for 6th to 10th Std. Students)
    5. Shri Hari Vidyapeeth, Tarbha (Oriya medium residential school)
  1. English Medium Schools
    1. Shri Hari Vidyaniketan, Tarbha
    2. Reem Jhim Pre-school, Tarbha
  1. Upper Primary Schools
    1. Govt. U.P. School, Kumbharpara
    2. Block U.P. School, Hatpada
    3. Pournamasi U.P. School, Pournamasipara
    4. Govt. U.P. School, Nuapara
    5. Shiv Shankar U.P. School, Shiv Shankar Para
    6. Govt. Girl's U.P. School, Rathapara
    7. Garhbhitar Govt. U.P. School, Bandhpara
  1. Special School
    1. Blind Deaf-Dumb school, main road (web site: www.bddstarbha.net63.net)

Culture

The Statue of Lord Jagannath of Tarbha shot during Rath Yatra. Lord Jagannath of Tarbha.jpg
The Statue of Lord Jagannath of Tarbha shot during Rath Yatra.

Tarbha is a sacred place for Muslims, however the majority are Hindus. All festivals are celebrated in a grand way. The Tarbha Rath Yatra is very important in the locality. Celebrants pull the chariot of Lord Jagannath from Rathapara to Durgamandap, a distance of nearly 1 km. The annual festival is Nuakhai Parab , which is observed on the next day to Sri Ganesh Chaturthhi.

Tarbha hosts more than twenty temples.

The club culture (in which local youth voluntarily work for the people) that is disappearing from many villages is still powerful in Tarbha. Friend's Recreational Cultural Center (FRCC, Durgamandap), Nabajyoti Club (Rathapara), Bapuji Club (Bandhapara), Geetha Pathagar (Malipara) contribute.

Food

Rice is the main component of the diet. Mudhi (Puffed Rice) and Snacks like Samosa, Vada, are commonly consumed. Tarbha is also famous for its few type of snack called Chaka Pitha (made of rice and Potato with several spices) and Chaul Bara (Rice Pakoda). The recipe of Chaul Bara is spread to many places but Chaka Pitha is the uniqueness of Tarbha till now.

Religion

Hinduism

Tarbha is a holy place for both Hindus and Muslims. People from all religions celebrate their festival peacefully. The major festivals being organized here are Nuakhai, Ratha Yatra (Very famous in the locality), Durga Puja, Ganesh Puja, Vishwakarma Puja.

In the Shravan Month according to the Hindu Calendar, Many "Bolbam Bhaktas" come to the Lord Shiv Temple in order to fulfill their dreams.

Islam

Tarbha is one of the few places in India where Hindus and Muslims enjoys all festivals together irrespective of religion. All the people are in harmony with each other.

Fakir Baba

The Fakir Baba popularly known as Tarbhawale Baba who introduced Muslim Religion in Tarbha. Tarbhawale Baba.jpg
The Fakir Baba popularly known as Tarbhawale Baba who introduced Muslim Religion in Tarbha.

Fakir Baba, popularly known as Tarbhawale Baba, came to Tarbha as a preacher. He was born to a Muslim family on 20 June 1831 in Kandhar, the capital of Afghanistan. His Islamic name was Aulade Ghause Azam Allajush Saha Sayad Abdul Sakkur Khan Rehmattullla Alleh. After coming to Tarbha the people called him Fakir Baba or Tarbhawale Baba. He was known for his charitable works. He died on 16 March 1984 10:05 PM at the age of 154. In his memory there is a Dargah, named Ziarat Dargah in Tarbha. So Tarbha is also known as Tarbha Sharif. Every year Lakhs of Muslims come to Tarbha to receive his heavenly blessing.

Christianity

Since last few years, some of the citizens have joined the Christian community. Recently, a church is created at Oriya Pada as the number of followers of Christianity have been increasing.

Religious venues

  1. Hindus
    1. Lord Jagannath Temple, Rathapada
    2. Lord Nilakantheswar Temple, Shiv Shankar Pada
    3. Lord Dhawaleswar Temple, Bandhpada
    4. Lord Nrusingha Temple, Telipada
    5. Lord Hanumaan Temple, Nuapada
    6. Nitai Gauranga Temple, Nuapada
    7. Shree Radha Krishna Temple, Daily Market
    8. Goddess Maa Bairasarani, Off NH 57, Near Namaste Gate, Tarbha
    9. Laxmi Narayan Temple, Meherpada
    10. Maa Pataneswari Temple, Rathapada
    11. Balunkeswar Temple, Malipada
  2. Muslims
    1. Mosque and Zariat Dargah, Hatpada

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References

  1. https://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=468582
  2. "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.