Subarnapur district

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Subarnapur district

Bhima Bhoi memorial, Khaliapali temple.jpg
City of Temples & Crafts
India Odisha Subarnapur district.svg
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°51′N83°54′E / 20.85°N 83.9°E / 20.85; 83.9 Coordinates: 20°51′N83°54′E / 20.85°N 83.9°E / 20.85; 83.9
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Orissa Flag(INDIA).png Odisha
Region Western Odisha
EstablishedApril 1st, 1993
Headquarters Subarnapur
   Collector & District Magistrate Monisha Banerjee, IAS
   Divisional Forest Officer Cum Wildlife Warden Sushant K. Samantaray, OFS
   Superintendent of Police Debi Prasad Dash, OPS
  Total2,284.4 km2 (882.0 sq mi)
  Density231/km2 (600/sq mi)
  Official Odia, English
  Spoken Sambalpuri
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
767 xxx
Telephone code+91 665x
Vehicle registration OD 31
Nearest city Balangir
Sex ratio 1000:966 /
Lok Sabha constituency Bolangir
Vidhan Sabha constituency064-Birmaharajpur (SC)
Climate Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,443.5 millimetres (56.83 in)
Avg. annual temperature30 °C (86 °F)
Avg. summer temperature45 °C (113 °F)
Avg. winter temperature24 °C (75 °F)

Subarnapur District, also called Sonepur District or Sonapur District, is an administrative district in western Odisha state in eastern India. The town of Sonepur is the district headquarters. Sonepur has a rich cultural heritage and is known as the Mandiramalini town (city of temples) of Odisha with more than hundred temples.


The people of the Sonepur region are referred to as Sonepuria.


In the 8th century, the region was known as Swarnapur and was rules by vassal lords of the Bhaumkaras of Tosali. The region was then taken over by the Somavamsis and eventually became one of two capitals of the Somavamsi empire. Around the 10th and 11th centuries, the region was called Pashima Lanka or Western Lanka. [1] The evidence for these names comes from a Somavamsi prince of the region called Kumara Someswaradeva who issued a copper plate charter in the late 10th century which identified him as the ruler of Paschima Lanka. [2] Historically, the presiding deity of the region was the goddess Lankeswari. [3]

At some point during Somavamsi rule, the region was given its current name, Subarnapur. It was formally established as a district in 1993.[ citation needed ]


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Subarnapur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). [4] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). [4]



According to the 2011 census, Subarnapur district has a population of 610,183, [5] roughly equal to the nation of Montenegro [6] or the US state of Vermont. [7] The district is the 512th most populous in India out of a total of 640. [5] The district has a population density of 279 inhabitants per square kilometre (720/sq mi). [5] Its population growth rate over the decade of 2001–2011 was 20.35%. [5] Subarnapur has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 74.42%. [5] Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 25.6% and 9.8% of the population respectively. [8]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 99.00% of the population in the district spoke Odia as their first language. [9] The Sambalpuri dialect is common in the district.[ citation needed ]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
source: [10]

Languages of Subarnapur district in 2011 census

  Odia (99.00%)
  Others (1.00%)


Subarnapur is home to a wide variety of cultural heritage, arts, and crafts. The Sonepur area specializes in textiles and terracotta, Tarbha and Binka produce brass metal works, Ullunda is home to a tradition of stone carving, and Dunguripali produces Paddy crafts.[ citation needed ]

Subarnapur is home to the poet and prophet Mahima Dharma. The district is also known for "Danda-nata", a religious folk tradition which is native to the area. [11]

Temple town, Sonepur

Tourist attractions


Notable people

Education in Subarnapur district




This district is a part of Balangir (Lok Sabha constituency).

Vidhan Sabha Constituencies

The following are the two Vidhan sabha constituencies [12] [13] of Subarnapur district and the elected members of each area. [14]

No.ConstituencyReservationExtent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks)Member of 14th Assembly Party
64BirmajarajpurSCUlunda, Birmaharajpur, Binka (NAC), Binika (part)Padmanabh Behera BJD
65SonepurNoneSonepur, Tarabha, Tarabha (NAC), Sonepur (M), Dunguripali, Binka (part)Niranjan PujariBJD

See also

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Sambalpuri language

Sambalpuri is an Indo-Aryan language variety spoken in western Odisha, India. It is alternatively known as Western Odia, and as Kosali, a recently popularised but controversial term, which draws on an association with the historical region of Dakshina Kosala, whose territories also included the present-day Sambalpur region.

Birmaharajpur is a subdivision town of Subarnapur district in the state of Odisha, India. Birmaharajpur Subdivisional Headquarter is the Birmaharajpur town. It is located 22 km towards east from district headquarter Sonepur. It is a dispersed town and located on the left bank of the river Mahanadi. It is located about 229 km from state capital Bhubaneswar.

Pitamahul is a gram panchayat of Birmaharajpur subdivision of Subarnapur district, Odisha, India. It is located on the bank of river Mahanadi and on the side of the road connecting Birmaharajpur and Rairakhol town. Durdura, Tebhapadar, Amsarbhata and Subalaya are the nearby village of Pitamahul.

Sureswari temple or Sursuri temple is located at the left bank of Tel River towards the south-west of the confluence of Mahanadi and Tel River. This temple is located in the temple town of Sonepur, Subarnapur district, Odisha, India. The presiding deity is maa Sursuri, and it is well known as one of the oldest Shakti shrine. In western part of odisha maximum people devote of Maa sursuri The word Sureswari is the sanskritised version of Sursuri.

Lankeswari Temple

Lankeswari temple is located inside the river Mahanadi at Sonepur town, Subarnapur district, Odisha, India. Once upon a time Sonepur region was known as Paschima Lanka. Goddess Lankeswari was the presiding deity of Paschima Lanka. Now Maa Lankeswari is worshiped by the Kaivarta (fisherman) community of Sonepur and people of Subarnapur district. One can see this temple while travelling on the road connecting Ulunda, Dharmasala, Sonepur and Birmaharajpur.

Patali Srikhetra

Patali Srikhetra is a famous place with significant historical importance for Subarnapur district and Odisha. This religious place is associated with Shaktism, Buddhism and Vaishnavism. It is located in the foot of Trikut Hill at Kotsamalai of the Birmaharajpur subdivision of Subarnapur district, Odisha, India. It widely believed that the idol of Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra were kept hiding in the caves of the Trikut for a period of 144 years.

Sasisena Kavya is a literary book written by Pratap Rai in the 17th century. It is considered as one of the landmark books in the Odia literature.

Godhaneswar temple is located on the bank of river Mahanadi in the Godhaneswar village. The name Godhaneswar means lord of cows. It is a very famous Shiva temple of Birmaharajpur subdisvison of Subarnapur district, Odisha.

Odisha, an eastern Indian state on the Bay of Bengal, is known for its tribal cultures and its many ancient Hindu temples. Many small kingdoms, ruled by local chieftains, existed in ancient times, in what is now called Western Odisha.Western Odisha or the western part of Odisha, India, is extending from the Bolangir district in the south to the Sundargarh district in the north.

Bhawanipatna is classified as one of the major tourist destinations by the tourism Department of Government of Odisha. All the tourist attraction in Kalahandi region comes under Bhawanipatna jurisdiction. Though tourist potential of Kalahandi has not been exploited optimally due to poor marketing, political negligence and infrastructure development, the land is very rich in terms of water fall, forest and wild life, natural and scenic beauty, tribal life, mountains, agriculture field, historical sites and handicrafts. The best time to visit Kalahandi region is from October to March. April–June is hard Summer and the mercury may rise to 45 degree C and June to August is the Monsoon Season. It occasionally rains in September, but do not miss the great festival like Nuakhai in September and Dassara in end of September or early October. Beginning of Dessara marks the pleasant weather condition till the celebration of Chaitra in February/March.

Subarnapur district or Sonepur district of Odisha is a part of Kalahandi Balangir Koraput region. This district does not have any universities and postgraduate level educational institution. In addition, there are no medical and engineering colleges in Subarnapur district. Following are the colleges, high schools, primary schools and Saraswati vidyamandir present in Subarnapur district. According to recent report there are 654 primary schools, 212 ME schools, 100 high schools and 8 colleges in Subarnapur district.


  1. Web site of Planning Commission of India
  2. Some New Facts About Goddess Samlei
  3. Encyclopaedia of tourism resources in India, Volume 2
  4. 1 2 Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  6. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population" . Retrieved 2011-10-01. Montenegro 661,807 July 2011 est.
  7. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Vermont 625,741
  8. "Demography | Subarnapur District,Government of Odisha | India" . Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  9. 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  10. Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  11. (Pasayat,1994:413-427;2003)
  12. Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  13. Seats of Odisha
  14. "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME