Cuttack district

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Cuttack District
Chahata near mahanadi river.jpg
Mahanadi river in the Cuttack district
OrissaCuttack.png
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°27′58″N85°49′59″E / 20.466°N 85.833°E / 20.466; 85.833 Coordinates: 20°27′58″N85°49′59″E / 20.466°N 85.833°E / 20.466; 85.833
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Odisha
Founded byKing Ananga Bhimdev-III
Headquarters Cuttack
Government
   Collector & District Magistrate Shri Bhabani Shankar Chayani
Area
  Total3,932 km2 (1,518 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total2,624,470
  Rank2nd
  Density666/km2 (1,720/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Odia
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
754 xxx
Telephone code0671
Vehicle registration OD-05
Sex ratio 955 /1000
Literacy85.05%
Lok Sabha constituency Cuttack
Vidhan Sabha constituency10
Climate Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,501.3 millimetres (59.11 in)
Avg. summer temperature40 °C (104 °F)
Avg. winter temperature10 °C (50 °F)
Website cuttack.nic.in

Cuttack district is one of the 30 districts of Odisha state in India. Its administrative headquarters are located in the city of Cuttack. As of 2011 Census, after Ganjam, it is the second most populous district of Odisha (out of 30), with a population of 2,624,470. [1] The name is an anglicised form of Kataka or Katak which literally means The Fort a reference to the ancient Barabati Fort.

Contents


Geography and Climate

The district covers an area of 3,932 km². The geographical location of the district is 20.517° N latitude and 85.726° E longitude. From the point of view of climatology, the average annual precipitation over the district is about 1,440 mm, most of which occurs during south-west monsoon period (June to September). The temperature seems moderate for the area throughout the year except for the summer season (March to mid-June), where the average maximum temperature is 41 °C. The average minimum temperature over the district is 10 °C. [2]

Divisions

Sub-divisions: Cuttack, Athagarh, Banki

This district was subdivided into 15 tehsils and 15 Revenue Blocks. The tehsils are Banki, Cuttack, Niali, Salepur, Choudwar, Mahanga, Kishannagar, Athagad, Baramba, Narasinghpur, Tigiria, Baranga, Kantapada, Nischintakoili and Damapada. The last four were created in 2008. [3]

Education

Culture

Religious Places

There are religious establishments often built within close proximity of each other in Cuttack.

Festivals

Cuttack celebrates festivals from all religions with much fanfare and devotion.

All the other regular Indian festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi, Vasant Panchami, Holi, Id, Good Friday, Rath Yatra, Diwali, Christmas and the numerous Hindu festivals are celebrated here.

Economy

Cuttack is widely known as the commercial capital of Odisha. It is believed to have the largest GDP among all cities in Odisha due to its large business houses and wide range of industries ranging from ferrous alloys, steel and logistics to agriculture and traditional industries like textiles and handicrafts. There are many trading houses in the city renowned nationally and internationally. The Port of Paradip around 85 km from the city facilitates the process.

Large-scale industries

There are 11 large-scale industries in and around Cuttack mostly in Choudwar and Athagarh and many more in the pipeline. These industries include steel, power, automobile, alloys, fireclay, etc. Indian Metals & Ferro Alloys, the country's largest producer of ferrous alloys is in Choudwar, Cuttack. A mega-auto complex is in implementation stages on the city's outskirts.

Traditional industries

The legacy of Cuttack in traditional industries in enviable. The city is second largest hub for textiles in eastern India after Raipur. The city's annual textile trade generates over a billion dollars. A large textile park is planned by giving a facelift to the erstwhile Orissa Textile Mills on city outskirts. Cuttack is famous for its glory of craftsmanship of handicraft work in silver filigree. These fine and unique handicraft works add significantly to the local economy.

Logistics and other industries

The number of medium- and small-scale industries concentrated around Cuttack is by far the largest among the cities in the state. The industrial estates in and around Cuttack numbers around eight. Jagatpur and Khapuria are industrial estates inside the city. A large chunk of these serve as ancillary industries for the big industrial houses in Odisha and other states.

Cuttack occupies a very significant place in the logistics map of the country. It connects the upper mineral-advanced districts and states to the Kolkata-Chennai corridor at the meeting point of NH-42 and NH-5 at Manguli Square.

The proximity to Paradip Port comes as an added advantage. OSL Group, one of the leading stevedore firms of the country is headquartered in Cuttack. Cuttack, being the largest business hub of the state is the nodal point of trade and transport. It also has the largest wholesale commodities market of the state at Malgodown and Chatrabazaar catering to the whole state.

Primary and service sector

Agriculture is a mainstay of Cuttack's economy. The nearby villages are known for their high-quality and surplus production of crops, vegetables and fruits. These are usually sold at the largest mandi of the state at Chatrabazaar inside the city. The presence of Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), the largest rice research institute in Asia, adds to the importance of Cuttack in the agricultural map of the country.

Being the former capital of the state and a big business hub, many central and state government and corporate offices are in Cuttack. The service sector is quite large. The people of nearby districts are heavily depended on the city for their livelihood, contributing to the service sector and, thus, the floating population. The presence of Odisha High Court and the SCB Medical & College, the largest medical institution in the state, further nourishes the service sector. The Oriya film industry, Ollywood, is based in Cuttack and adds to its economy. Education is a major industry due to large number of universities, colleges, schools and coaching centres and caters to the neighboring districts.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901816,086    
1911835,867+0.24%
1921812,372−0.28%
1931864,780+0.63%
1941905,515+0.46%
1951935,593+0.33%
19611,131,236+1.92%
19711,414,425+2.26%
19811,719,771+1.97%
19912,052,936+1.79%
20012,340,832+1.32%
20112,624,470+1.15%
source: [4]

According to the 2011 census Cuttack district has a population of 2,624,470, [1] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait [5] or the US state of Nevada. [6] This gives it a ranking of 156th in India (out of a total of 640). [1] The district has a population density of 666 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,720/sq mi). [1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.86%. [1] Cuttack has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males, [1] and a literacy rate of 84.2%. [1]

Languages of Cuttack district in 2011 census

  Odia (91.36%)
  Urdu (4.66%)
  Hindi (1.39%)
  Bengali (0.86%)
  Telugu (0.78%)
  Others (0.95%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 91.36% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 4.66% Urdu, 1.39% Hindi, 0.86% Bengali and 0.78% Telugu as their first language. [7]

Important Places

Dhabaleswar

Bhattarika Temple

Anshupa Lake

Charchika Temple

Paramahansanath Temple

Odisha State Maritime Museum

Barabati Fort

Besides these places there are also many interesting places.

Politics

Vidhan sabha constituencies

The following is the 9 Vidhan sabha constituencies [8] [9] of Cuttack district and the elected members [10] of that area

No.ConstituencyReservationExtent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks)Member of 14th Assembly Party
87BarambaNoneBaramba, Baramba NarasinghapurDebiprasad Mishra BJD
88BankiNoneBanki (NAC), Banki, Banki-Damapara, Baranga (part)Pravata Kumar TripathyBJD
89AthgarhNoneAthgarh (NAC), Athgarh, Tigiria, Tangi-Chowdwar (part)Ranendra Pratap SwainBJD
90Barabati-CuttackNoneCuttack (MC) (part)Debashish SamantarayBJD
91Choudwar-CuttackNoneChowdwar (M), Chowdwar (O. G), Charbatia (C. T), Cuttack (MC) (part), Tangi-Chowdwar (part)Pravat Ranjan BiswalBJD
92NialiSCNiali, Kantapada, Baranga (part)Pramod Kumar MallickBJD
93Cuttack SadarSCCuttack Sadar, Cuttack (MC) (part), Nischintakoili (part)Chandra sarathi BeheraBJD
87SalipurNoneSalipur, Tangi-Chowdwar (part)Prakash Ch. BeheraINC
95MahangaNoneMahanga, Nischintakoili (part)Pratap JenaBJD

See also

Salepur

Sisua village

Oriya Literature

Oriya language

Odisha

Jagannath

Naraganga village

Related Research Articles

Cuttack City in Odisha, India

Cuttack is the former capital and the second largest city in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the headquarters of the Cuttack district. The name of the city is an anglicised form of Kataka which literally means The Fort, a reference to the ancient Barabati Fort around which the city initially developed. Cuttack is known as the Millennium City as well as the Silver City due to its history of 1000 years and famous silver filigree works. It is considered as the judicial capital of Odisha as the Orissa High Court is located here. It is the commercial capital of Odisha which hosts many trading and business houses in and around the city. Cuttack is famous for its Durga puja which is the most important festival of Odisha. Cuttack is also the birthplace of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. The city is categorised as a Tier-II city as per the ranking system used by Government of India.

Kendrapara City in Odisha, India

Kendrapara is a town and a Municipality in Kendrapara district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the headquarters of Kendrapara district.

Choudwar Town & Municipality in Odisha, India

Choudwar is a city and a municipality in Cuttack district of India in administered state Odisha. It comes under Bhubaneswar-Cuttack Comminsiorate.

Banki, Odisha Town in Odisha, India

Banki is a town and a Subdivision, Legislative Council constituency no. 88 and Notified Area Council in Cuttack district in the state of Odisha, India. Banki is famous for the Charchika Temple, dedicated to the deity of Chamunda, the eight armed goddess and incarnation of Durga. Current MLA Devi Ranjan Tripathy

Bissam Cuttack town in Odisha, India

Bissam Cuttack is a census town in the Rayagada district, within the state of Odisha, India. It is one of the identified Tourist Centres of Odisha.

Brajarajnagar Town in Odisha, India

Brajrajnagar is a town and a municipality in Jharsuguda district in the state of Odisha, India. Popular legend says the town was named after Braj Mohan Birla after he setup Orient Paper Mills in 1936. It's a small sleepy town on rocky terrain, built on the banks of IB river, with temples mostly built by the Birlas. Later it became famous for MCL-owned coal mines after Orient Paper Mills of Birlas closed down in 1999.

Nuapatna city in Odisha, India

Nuapatna is a census town in Cuttack district in the Indian state of Odisha.

Salepur town in Odisha, India

Salepur is a town in the district of Cuttack, and the headquarters of the Salipur block. It is situated near the bank of river Chitrotpala, 25 km from the city of Cuttack and 55 km from the state capital Bhubaneswar.

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This article lists the traditional festivals and other cultural events in the Odisha region of India.

Barabati fort

Barabati Fort is a 13th-century fort built by the Ganga dynasty in Cuttack, Odisha. The ruins of the fort remain with its moat, gate, and the earthen mound of the nine-storied palace, which evokes the memories of past days. Today it sits next to the modern Barabati Stadium, the venue of various sport events and cultural programs. There is also a temple dedicated to Katak Chandi, the presiding deity of the city, not far away from the fort. Now there are plans to develop the old Gadakhai into a world class tourist destination with boating facilities and a world class park. The renovation work of the Gadakhai is going on in full swing.

Bali Jatra

Bālijātrā literally means A Voyage to Bali. It is the Asia's largest open trade fair. This festival is held in Odisha, in the city of Cuttack at Gadagadia Ghata of the Mahanadi river, to mark the day when ancient Sadhabas would set sail to distant lands of Bali, as well as Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and Sri Lanka for trade and cultural expansion. To commemorate this, the festival is celebrated every year from the day of Kartika Purnima according to the Odia Calendar.

Cuttack Chandi Temple temple in India

The Katak Chandi Temple is an ancient temple dedicated to the Goddess Chandi, the presiding deity of Cuttack, Odisha. The temple is located nearby the banks of the Mahanadi River. It is famous for the annual Durga Puja and Kali Puja festivals. The Durga Puja festivities are prominent in Maa Katak Chandi temple which takes place for 16 days starting from dark fortnight of Ashwina Krishna Ashtami till Ashwina shukla navami and Vijayadashami. The goddess popularly called as Maa Katak Chandi, sits and rules on the heart of the ancient city. She has four hands holding Paasha (noose), Ankusha (goad), gestures dispelling fear (Abhaya), and granting boon (Varada). She is worshiped as Bhuvaneshvari Mahavidya by Sevayatas belonging to Utkala Brahmins every day. Maa Chandi is worshipped in various incarnations of Durga during the puja. In Cuttack, people strongly believe Maa Katak Chandi as 'The Living Goddess'.

Tourism in Odisha is one of the main contributors to the Economy of Odisha, India, with a 500 km (310 mi) long coastline, towering mountains, serene lakes and frolicking rivers. Odisha is one of the major tourism sectors of India, with various tourists' attractions, ranging from wildlife reserves, beaches, temples, monuments, the arts and festivals. Other than wildlife reserves, beaches, temples, monuments, the arts and festivals, the Odisha Tourism Development Corporation, a Public Sector Undertaking of Government of Odisha, is also developing tourism sector of Odisha and India.

Mahanadi Vihar is a residential area in Cuttack, Orissa, India. It is situated in a tongue of land formed by the Mahanadi River and National Highway 5. The area is named after the river and comes under the control of the CDA. Schools, a college, hospitals, temples, parks, playgrounds, markets and banks can be found there and Dussera and Puja take place there.

Dhabaleswar temple in India

Dhabaleswar Temple is dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva. It is situated at a distance of 27 km from the city of Cuttack, in the exotic island of Lord Dhabaleshwar. It is one of the famous weekend tours from Cuttack. The temple, located in an island on River Mahanadi, is embellished with stone carvings that date back to the early 10th and 11th century. The serene ambiance, in which the temple is situated, inspires spiritual feeling among one and all.

Budheisuni Village in Odisha, India

Budheisuni is a village and gram panchayat and a notified area committee in Ganjam district in the Indian state of Odisha. People of the village mainly depend upon cultivation, business, and very few people are working in government services and rest all are working in the textile industry at Surat and Ahmedabad. The village is surrounded with hills, river and ponds. The neighbouring villages includes Chanchania Palli, Gothali Sodaka.

Sisua village Village in Odisha, India

Sisua is a medium-sized village in the Salepur taluk/mandal/tehsil/block of Cuttack district in the state of Odisha, India, close to the new Sisua Village Jagannath Temple. The village lies South of Cuttack to Kendraparda road left of Sisua village road if traveling South. As of 2009 Kantapara is the gram panchayat of Sisua village

Oranda is a village located in the Gurudijhatia Block of the Athagad Tehsil of the Cuttack District of the Indian state of Odisha.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  2. Swain, S.; et al. (2017). "A Multiple Linear Regression Model for Precipitation Forecasting over Cuttack District, Odisha, India". 2017 2nd International Conference for Convergence in Technology (I2CT): 355–357. doi:10.1109/I2CT.2017.8226150. ISBN   978-1-5090-4307-1.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-12-30. Retrieved 2011-12-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population" . Retrieved 2011-10-01. Kuwait 2,595,62
  6. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nevada 2,700,551
  7. 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  8. Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  9. Seats of Odisha
  10. "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME