|Church of North India|
Logo of the Church of North India
|Classification||United Protestant Church|
|Orientation||Anglican, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist and Presbyterian|
|Polity||Mixed polity with Episcopal, presbyterian, and congregational elements|
|Moderator||Most. Rev. Dr. Prem Chand Singh|
|Distinct fellowships||World Council of Churches, Council for World Mission, Christian Conference of Asia, Communion of Churches in India, National Council of Churches in India|
|Associations||Anglican Communion, World Methodist Council, World Communion of Reformed Churches|
|Region||All of India except Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Lakshadweep, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu|
|Origin||29 November 1970 |
|Merger of||Church of India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon, United Church of Northern India, Baptist Churches of Northern India, Church of the Brethren in India (formerly), Methodist Church (British and Australian Conferences), and Disciples of Christ|
|Separations||United Church of Northern India - Presbyterian Synod Church of the Brethren in India|
|Congregations||3500 congregations in 3000 parishes and 26 dioceses|
|Hospitals||65 hospitals and nine nursing schools.|
|Secondary schools||564+ educational institutions and three technical schools.|
The Church of North India (CNI), the dominant united Protestant Church in northern India, was established on 29 November 1970 by bringing together the Protestant churches working in northern India; it is thus a province of the worldwide Anglican Communion and member of the World Methodist Council, as well as the World Communion of Reformed Churches.The merger, which had been in discussions since 1929, came eventually between the Church of India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon (Anglican), the United Church of Northern India, (Congregationalist and Presbyterian), the Baptist Churches of Northern India (British Baptists), the Church of the Brethren in India, which withdrew in 2006, the Methodist Church (British and Australian Conferences) and the Disciples of Christ denominations.
The CNI's jurisdiction covers all states of India with the exception of the five states in the south (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu which are under the jurisdiction of the Church of South India) and has approximately 2,200,000 members (0.1% of India's population) in 3,000 pastorates.
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Ecumenical discussions with a view to a unified church were initiated by the Australian Churches of Christ Mission, the Methodist Church of Australia, the Wesleyan Methodist Church, the Methodist Episcopal Church and the United Church of Northern India during a round table meeting in Lucknow in 1929.
A negotiation committee was set up in 1951 using the plan of Church Union that resulted from the earlier consultations as its basis. The committee was composed of representatives from the Baptist Churches in Northern India, the Church of India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon, the Methodist Church (British and Australian conferences), the Methodist Church in Southern Asia and the United Church of Northern India (UCNI).The Methodist Episcopal Church, however, did not join the discussions and, in 1981, it became the Methodist Church in India (MCI). In 1957, the Church of the Brethren in India and the Disciples of Christ denominations joined in the negotiations as well.
A new negotiation committee was set up in 1961 with representatives from all the above-mentioned denominations. In 1965, a finalised plan of Church Union, known as the 4th Plan of Union 1965, was made. The union was formalised on 29 November 1970 when all the negotiating churches were united as the Church of North India with the exception of the Methodist Church in Southern Asia, which decided not to join the union.
The CNI is a trinitarian church that draws from the traditions and heritage of its constituent denominations. The basic creeds of the CNI are the Apostle's Creed and the Nicene Creed of 381 AD.
The liturgy of the CNI is of particular interest, as it combines many traditions, including that of the Methodists and such smaller churches as the Church of the Brethren and the Disciples of Christ. Provision is given for diverse liturgical practices and understandings of the divine revelation.
The polity of the CNI brings together the episcopal, the presbyterial and the congregational elements in an effort to reflect the polity of the churches which entered into union. The episcopacy of the CNI is both historical as well as constitutional. There are 26 dioceses, each under the supervision of a bishop. The main administrative and legislative body is the synod, which meets once every three years to elect a presiding bishop, called a moderator, and an executive committee. The moderator acts as the head of the church for a fixed term; another bishop is elected Deputy Moderator.
Social involvement is a major emphasis in the CNI. There are synodal boards in charge of various ministries: Secondary, Higher, Technical and Theological Education, Health Services, Social Services, Rural Development, Literature and Media. There is also a synodal Programme Office which seeks to protect and promote peace, justice, harmony and dignity of life.
The CNI currently operates 65 hospitals, nine nursing schools, 250 educational institutions and three technical schools. Some of the oldest and well-respected educational institutions in India like Scottish Church College in Calcutta, La Martiniere Calcutta, Wilson College in Mumbai, St. James' School, Calcutta, Hislop College in Nagpur, St. John's Diocesan Girls' School, Calcutta, St. Paul's School in Darjeeling, St. John's College in Agra and St. Stephen's College in Delhi, Bishop Cotton School in Shimla, Sherwood College in Nainital and St. Andrew's College in Gorakhpur are under the administration of the CNI.
The CNI participates in many ecumenical bodies as a reflection of its commitment towards church unity. Domestically it participates in a joint council with the Church of South India and the Mar Thoma Syrian Church known as the Communion of Churches in India. It is also a member of the National Council of Churches in India. Regionally, the CNI participates in the Christian Conference of Asia and on an international level it is a member of the World Council of Churches, the Council for World Mission, World Alliance of Reformed Churches, World Methodist Council and in full communion with the Anglican Communion. The CNI is also in partnership with many other domestic, regional and international Christian agencies.
As of July 2020.
When originally founded in 1813, the fourth overseas diocese of the Church of England covered all the subcontinent, all Australasia and some of Africa. With its 1835 split to create Madras diocese, Calcutta was made metropolitan over all its original area, and has been split many times since. The Bishop of Calcutta remained Metropolitan of India until the CNI's 1970 creation; the current diocese covers parts of Bengal and the bishop is Paritosh Canning [ permanent dead link ]</ref>
Split from Calcutta diocese in 1837,the Diocese of Bombay was the last new Indian diocese of the Church of England before all colonial dioceses became independent in 1863. Like Calcutta, Mumbai diocese has been a very large Church of England diocese, a diocese of the independent Indian Anglican church, and now a United Church diocese. The CNI diocese today covers Maharashtra, and the bishop is Prakash D. Patole.
Founded from Calcutta diocese in 1890,the current diocese is based in Ranchi, its territory is Jharkhand and the bishop is B. B. Baskey.
Erected 1893from the Diocese of Calcutta, the current CNI bishop is Peter Baldev; the diocese is headquartered at Allahabad and serves Uttar Pradesh.
Sharad Y. Gaikwad is the current Bishop of Nagpur,based in Nagpur itself. The diocese was originally created in 1902/03, from Chotanagpur diocese.
The CNI Northeast diocese, based in Shillong, North East India is headed by bishop Michael Herenz.It originated as the Diocese of Assam, in the Anglican Church of India, erected from Calcutta in 1915; and became known by the present name before 1986.
In 1929, Nasik diocese was founded from Bombay;her present bishop is Pradip Kamble.
|Diocese of Delhi||1947, from Lahore||New Delhi||Delhi, Haryana||Warris K. Masih (prev. Rajasthan) |
1990–?: Pritam Santram
|Diocese of Amritsar||1953, from Lahore||Amritsar||Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir||P. K. Samantaroy||www.amritsardiocesecni.org [ permanent dead link ]|
|Diocese of Barrackpore||1956, from Calcutta||Barrackpore||West Bengal||Paritosh Canning|
|Diocese of Andaman & Nicobar||1966, from Calcutta||Port Blair||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Christopher Paul|
|Diocese of Jabalpur||1970, from Nagpur||Jabalpur||Madhya Pradesh||Prem Chand Singh (Moderator)|
|Diocese of Patna||bef. 70||Bhagalpur||Bihar & Jharkhand||Philip P. Marandih|
|Diocese of Cuttack||1970||Cuttack||Cuttack, Odisha||Surendra Kumar Nanda|
|Diocese of Bhopal||betw. 70-79, from Jabalpur||Indore||Madhya Pradesh||Manoj Charan|
|Diocese of Rajasthan||1981, from Delhi||Ajmer||Rajasthan||Darbara Singh|
|Diocese of Gujarat||betw. 70-96||Ahmedabad||Gujarat||Silvans Christian|
|Diocese of Kolhapur||betw. 70-96||Kolhapur||Maharashtra||Sandeep Suresh Vibhute|
|Diocese of Durgapur||betw. 70-96||Durgapur||West Bengal||Sameer Issac Khimla|
|Diocese of Chandigarh||1974, from Amritsar||Ludhiana||Chandigarh, Punjab||Younas Massey|
|Diocese of Agra||1976, from Lucknow||Agra||Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand||Prem Prakash Habil||http://cnidioceseofagra.org|
|Diocese of Eastern Himalaya||bef. 1987 — Darjeeling, renamed c. 1992, from Barrackpur||Darjeeling||West Bengal, Bhutan, parts of Assam||vacant|
Acting: Michael Herenz
|Diocese of Sambalpur||bef 96||Bolangir||Odisha||Pinuel Dip|
|Diocese of Phulbani||1997, from Cuttack||Kandhmal||Odisha||Bijay K. Nayak|
|Diocese of Marathwada||c. 2000||Aurangabad||Maharashtra||M. U. Kasab|
|Diocese of Pune||c. 2000||Pune||Maharashtra||Paul B. Dupare|
|Diocese of Chhattisgarh||2010, from Jabalpur||Raipur||Chhattisgarh||Rt. Rev. Robert Ali (previous Bishop of Bhopal)|
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...churches that would combine the episcopal, presbyterian and congregational forms of church polity, and would accept the historic episcopate without committing the church to any particular theological interpretation of episcopacy. This is essentially what has been done both in the Church of South India and the Church of North India.
The Church of South India (1947) and the Church of North India (1970) are unique and ecumenically important because they have combined the "historic episcopate" with other forms of polity
The Church of North India is a united church which came into being as the result of a union of six churches on 29th November 1970. The six churches were: The Council of the Baptist Churches in Northern India, The Church of the Brethren in India; The Disciples of Christ; The Church of India (formerly known as the Church of India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon); The Methodist Church (British and Australian Conferences); The United Church of Northern India. ... The Church of North India is a full member of the World Council of Churches, the Christian Conference of Asia, the Council for World Mission, the Anglican Consultative Council, the World Methodist Council and the World Alliance of Reformed Churches.
While the Methodist Churches of British and Australian origin joined the two great unions of 1947 (Church of South India) and 1970 (Church of North India), the Methodist (Episcopal) Church refrained and, in 1981, was inaugurated as Methodist Church in India (MCI), autonomous, yet affiliated with the UMC.
The three dioceses thus formed have been repeatedly subdivided, until in 1930 there were fourteen dioceses, the dates of their creation being as follows : Calcutta 1814; Madras 1835; Bombay 1837; Colombo 1845; Lahore 1877; Rangoon 1877; Travancore 1879; Chota Nagpur 1890; Lucknow 1893; Tinnevelly 1896; Nagpur 1903; Dornakal 1912; Assam 1915; Nasik 1929.
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