Durgapur

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Durgapur
DurgapurComplete.jpg
Clockwise from top: Durgapur Station, Durgapur Barrage,view of Durgapur Skyline, Durgapur Haat, NIT Durgapur,view of City Centre, Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport
Nickname(s): 
Ruhr of India
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Durgapur
Location in West Bengal, India
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Durgapur
Durgapur (India)
Coordinates: 23°33′N87°19′E / 23.55°N 87.32°E / 23.55; 87.32 Coordinates: 23°33′N87°19′E / 23.55°N 87.32°E / 23.55; 87.32
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State ..West Bengal Flag(INDIA).png West Bengal
District Paschim Bardhaman
EstablishedLate 1950s
Founded by Bidhan Chandra Roy (former chief minister of West Bengal)
Named for Durgadas Chattopadhyay
Government
  Type Municipal Corporation
  Body
   Mayor Dilip Agasty
  Commissioner of Police (CP)Sukesh Kumar Jain, IPS (Asansol-Durgapur Police Commissionerate)
Area
[1]
   Metropolitan city 154 km2 (59 sq mi)
  Metro
[2]
1,615 km2 (624 sq mi)
Elevation
65 m (213 ft)
Population
 (2011)
   Metropolitan city 580,990
  Rank 4th in West Bengal
  Density3,800/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
   Metro
[2]
3,000,000
Demonym(s) Durgapurbashi, Durgapurians
Languages
  Official Bengali [3] [4]
  Additional official English [3]
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
713 2xx
Telephone code+91 343
Vehicle registration WB-39 / WB-40
Lok Sabha constituency Bardhaman-Durgapur (MP - S.S. Ahluwalia  - BJP)
Vidhan Sabha constituency Durgapur Purba (MLA - Santosh Debray - CPI(M)), Durgapur Paschim (MLA - Biswanath Pariyal (CPIM & INC)
Climate Aw
Website durgapurmunicipalcorporation.org

Durgapur ( /ˈdʊrɡəpɔːr/ ) is a major industrial and tier-II city and a municipal corporation in Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the fourth largest urban agglomeration after Kolkata, Asansol and Siliguri in West Bengal [5] and was planned by two American architects, Joseph Allen Stein and Benjamin Polk in 1955. Durgapur is the only city in eastern India to have an operational dry dock. Durgapur has been aptly nicknamed as the Ruhr of Bengal.

Contents

Geography

Location

Durgapur is located at 23°33′N87°19′E / 23.55°N 87.32°E / 23.55; 87.32 . It has an average elevation of 65 metres (213 ft).

Durgapur is in the Paschim Bardhaman district of West Bengal, on the bank of the Damodar River, just before it enters the alluvial plains of Bengal. The topography is undulating. The coal-bearing area of the Raniganj coalfields lies just beyond Durgapur; some parts intrude into the area. The area was deeply forested till recent times, and some streaks of the original Sal and eucalyptus forests can still be seen.

Durgapur
R: temple, mosque, P: park, F: facility, N: neighbourhood, W: works, factory
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
Places marked on this map, which have a separate page, are linked in the larger full screen map

Civic administration

Map of Paschim Bardhaman district Map of Paschim Bardhaman district.jpg
Map of Paschim Bardhaman district

Police stations

Durgapur police station, located on Aurobindo Avenue, Durgapur Steel Township, has jurisdiction over parts of Andal CD Block. The area covered is 80 km2 and the population covered is 292,841. [6] [7]

Coke Oven police station, located near Durgapur railway station, has jurisdiction over parts of Durgapur municipal corporation. The area covered is 49 km2 and the population covered is 136,181. [6] [7]

New Township police station, located in MAMC township, has jurisdiction over parts of Durgapur municipal corporation and Faridpur Durgapur CD Block. The area covered is 23 km2 and the population covered is 160,411. [6] [7]

Children enjoy a ride in Anand Amusement Park at Durgapur City Centre Troika Park.jpg
Children enjoy a ride in Anand Amusement Park at Durgapur City Centre
At the entrance of Durgapur Steel city from NH-2 Durgapur.JPG
At the entrance of Durgapur Steel city from NH-2

Demographics

In the 2011 census, Durgapur Urban Agglomeration had a population of 581,409 out of which 301,700 were males and 279,709 were females. The 0–6 years population was 51,930. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 87.70. [8] Durgapur Urban Agglomeration included Durgapur (M. Corp) and 2 census towns: Bamunara and Arra. [9]

In the 2011 census, Durgapur Municipal Corporation had a population of 566,937 out of which 294,349 were males and 272,588 were females. The 0–6 years population was 50,512. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 87.84. [10]

Religions in Durgapur
ReligionPercent
Hindus
91.63%
Muslims
6.34%
Sikhs
0.44%
Others†
1.59%
Distribution of religions
Includes Christians (0.36%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Religion

According to Census of India 2011, Hinduism is the predominant religion in this city, followed by Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism and others. Out of 5,66,517 people living in Durgapur (Municipal Corporation); 5,19,122 are Hindus (91.63%), 35,923 are Muslims (6.34%), 1889 are Christians (0.36%), 2346 are Sikhs (0.44%), 513 are Buddhists, 382 are Jains, 906 are other religions and 5436 (1.04%) did not state their religion. [11]

Economy

Durgapur is one of the biggest industrial hubs of West Bengal and was planned as an integrated industrial town. It lays on the banks of Damodar river and coalfields of Raniganj. Durgapur was a dream of former prime minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru and chief minister of West Bengal, Bidhan Chandra Roy. [12] The first project in Durgapur was Damodar Valley Corporation's Durgapur Barrage which attracted many public sector units. Durgapur Steel Plant was the first PSU established in the region in 1955 with the help of U.K which was later undertaken by SAIL. Later, an alloy plant was established by Hindustan Steel.Ltd in 1965 which was also acquired by SAIL. Mining and Allied Machinery Corp (MAMC) established in 1964 (now closed but reviving with J.V of Bharat Earth Movers, Coal India & DVC). [13] Hindustan Fertilisers Corporation (HFC) was also operational but got closed down (now RCF showed interest to reopen it). [14]

Durgapur is also an emerging IT and real estate hub have many proposed residential areas like DLF's Durgapur Township. [15]

Transport

Road

Durgapur is the preferred gateway to the districts of Bankura, Birbhum ( Bolpur, Rampurhat, Suri ), and Purulia. NH 19 (old numbering: NH 2) passes through the city jurisdiction and SH 9 originates from Muchipara in the city. NH 14 (old numbering NH 60) passes through the north-western suburb of Pandabeswar and finally passes through Raniganj and heads away towards Odisha. It happens to be one of the very few cities that have an Asian Highway (AH) passing directly through the city jurisdiction. The AH1 links Japan with Turkey, through Korea, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iran.

Durgapur has bus terminus at Benachiti-I, Benachiti-II (commonly referred to as Prantika), City Center, and Station More. Within the city, private mini-buses operate from Prantika to Station terminus, via different routes through the city, including the popular 8B route.

Auto-rickshaws ply between City Center, Benachity, Bidhannagar, Railway Station and other parts of the city in a number of routes. Pre-paid taxis are available in the city from Station and City Center Terminus. Additionally, cab and auto-rickshaw services for the city are offered online.

Only one Bus (Abhishek) is available for the Kalyani-Bansberia route and it departs from Benachity at 4:40 am and from Kalyani at 10 am every day.

SBSTC and various other private buses ranging from sleepers to premium Volvo's are available from City Centre, Durgapur for Kolkata, Asansol, Barddhaman, Barakar, Bhubaneswar and other nearby cities.

Air

The domestic airport of the city is Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport. The airport is roughly 15 kilometres from Durgapur's City Centre. It is India's first private-sector Greenfield airport. It is located in a place called Andal. [16] The airport has direct flights to New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad, which are operated by Air India and Spicejet.

An air force station at Panagarh (16.3 km from Durgapur City Centre), belonging to the Indian Air Force, is used as a base for a C-130J Hercules squadronal. [17]

Rail

Durgapur is served by Durgapur railway station. It is one of the most important station of Eastern Railways where almost all express trains give a stop, except a few long-distance trains like the Howrah - New Delhi Rajdhani express and Duronto express. It falls in the Bardhaman-Asansol section of Eastern Railways and Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line of Indian Railways.

Climate

Durgapur
Climate chart (explanation)
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M
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J
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S
O
N
D
 
 
14
 
 
26
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29
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19
 
 
31
 
 
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87
 
 
39
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275
 
 
39
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334
 
 
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78
 
 
31
22
 
 
15
 
 
29
17
 
 
24
 
 
26
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Durgapur experiences a somewhat transitional climate between the tropical wet and dry climate of Kolkata and the more humid subtropical climate further north. Summers are extremely hot and dry, lasting from March to the middle of June, with average daily temperatures near 40 °C. They are followed by the monsoon season with heavy precipitation and somewhat lower temperatures. Durgapur receives most of its annual rainfall of around 52 inches during this season. The monsoon is followed by a mild, dry winter from November to January. Temperatures are quite moderate, with average daily temperatures near 16 °C. There is a short autumn at the end of October and a short spring in February, both of which have relatively moderate temperatures of around 20 °C.

Industrialisation

Durgapur Steel Plant Durgapur Steel Plant.jpg
Durgapur Steel Plant
Queen Elizabeth at Durgapur Queen Elizabeth at Durgapur.jpg
Queen Elizabeth at Durgapur

Durgapur is by far the most industrialised city in eastern India and the second planned city in India. It started with the first prime minister of independent India, Jawaharlal Nehru. His dream of transforming the backward agricultural country into an industrially advanced nation was picked up in West Bengal by Dr. B.C. Roy. At the earlier stages for the selection of a proper site for a new industrial township, Jnananjan Niyogi, a great business organiser and planner, was involved. The modernist American architect Joseph Allen Stein, invited to head the newly formed Department of Architecture and Planning at the Bengal Engineering College in Calcutta, plunged into a major project as soon as he reached India in 1952 – the designing of Durgapur city with Benjamin Polk, another American architect already living in Calcutta. Thereafter it was the task of local leaders such as Ananda Gopal Mukhopadhyay and bureaucrats such as K.K. Sen to get Durgapur going.

Before independence, only one small refractory plant of the Martin Burn group was located at Durgapur: the abandoned chimney is visible near the station. Damodar Valley Corporation constructed Durgapur Barrage in 1955 and shortly followed with the Durgapur Thermal Power Station.

There was a massive follow up – Durgapur Steel Plant (commissioned 1960), Alloy Steels Plant (commissioned 1965), Durgapur Projects Ltd. (established 1961), Mining and Allied Machinery Corporation, ACC-Vickers Babcock (later ACC-Babcock and Alstom Power Boilers Ltd, now GE Power India Ltd.), Hindustan Fertiliser Corporation, Philips Carbon Black Ltd., Sankey Wheels (a unit of GKW), Bharat Ophthalmic Glass Ltd, Durgapur Cement Ltd. (now Birla Cement) (established 1975), Graphite India Ltd. (established 1967), Durgapur Chemicals Ltd. (DCL) was incorporated on 31 July 1963, Ispat Forgings and many others, large and small.

Administrative changes

The administrative setup came in stages. In 1837, when Bankura district was formed, Durgapur area was part of it. In 1847, Raniganj subdivision was formed with three police stations – Raniganj, Kanksa, and Neamatpur - and it was made a part of Bardhaman district. In 1906, the subdivisional headquarters was shifted to Burdwan and the subdivision renamed accordingly. In 1910, the police stations in Asansol subdivision were Asansol, Ranigunj, Kanksa, Faridpur, and Barakar. On 14 April 1968, Durgapur subdivision was carved out of Asansol subdivision. In 2011, the Asansol Durgapur Police Commissionerate (ADPC) was formed by the State Government.

Education

Colleges

Garden of the National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, West Bengal, India Garden of the National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, West Bengal, India.jpg
Garden of the National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, West Bengal, India

Durgapur is home to National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, [19] an autonomous institution in eastern India of national importance. It is one of the 31 N.I.T.s in the country. N.I.T. Durgapur is one of the 8 old Regional Engineering Colleges established in 1956.

Durgapur Government College is the only government college not only in the home district of Burdwan but also in the neighbouring districts of Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum. It was established on 15 September 1970 and was affiliated to the University of Burdwan which later got affiliated to Kazi Nazrul University.

The Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (also known as CSIR-CMERI Durgapur or CMERI Durgapur) is a public engineering research and development institution in Durgapur, West Bengal, India. It is a constituent laboratory of the Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). [20] The institute is dedicated to work in the mechanical and allied engineering disciplines. [21]

The National Power Training Institute (Also known as NPTI(ER) and formerly known as PETS, Durgapur) is an institute under Ministry of Power, Government of India which offers postgraduate education in the field of power plants. This institute is also associated with several industrial bodies for imparting training to plant personnel. [22]

Durgapur Institute of Advanced Technology and Management, Dr. B.C. Roy Engineering College and the Bengal College of Engineering and Technology are affiliated to West Bengal University of Technology (WBUT) offers engineering degrees. Durgapur Women's College and Michael Madhusudan Memorial College are general degree colleges affiliated to Kazi Nazul University.

Schools

Jawaharlal Nehru with schoolchildren at Durgapur Jawaharlal Nehru with school children at Durgapur copy.jpg
Jawaharlal Nehru with schoolchildren at Durgapur

Durgapur houses a large number of government aided and public schools in addition to two Kendriya Vidyalaya and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (under the Government of India). Notable schools include St. Michael's School, St. Xavier's School, Carmel Convent High School, Pranavananda Vidyamandir and Amrai High School.

Sports facilities

Media

Durgapur has several electronic media houses. Express News, Axes Info Media, DSTV (owned by DSP), Hallow India, TV Bangla are some of them., are printed from the city. Anandabazar Patrika is published from Ghutgoria, near Durgapur, in Bankura District, and has a separate Asansol-Durgapur edition. Samay Sanket is another newspaper published from Durgapur. Dainik Jagaran has a Durgapur Edition, too. Durgapur does not have any F.M. stations. However All India Radio 100.3 FM, 92.7 Big FM, 93.5 Red FM and Radio Mirchi 95 FM has stations at Asansol [23] and serve both Asansol and Durgapur.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Asansol Metropolitan city in West Bengal, India

Asansol is a metropolitan city in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the second largest and most populated city of West Bengal and the 39th largest urban agglomeration in India. Asansol is the district headquarters of Paschim Bardhaman district. According to a 2010 report released by the International Institute for Environment and Development, a UK-based policy research non-governmental body, Asansol was ranked 11th among Indian cities and 42nd in the world in its list of 100 fastest-growing cities. Asansol is classed as a Y-category city for calculation of HRA for public servants, making it a Tier-II city.

Bankura district District of West Bengal in India

Bankura district is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is part of Medinipur division—one of the five administrative divisions of West Bengal. Bankura district is surrounded by Purba Bardhaman district and Paschim Bardhaman district in the north, Purulia district in the west, Jhargram district and Paschim Medinipur district in the south, and some part of Hooghly district in the east. Damodar River flows in the northern part of Bankura district and separates it with the major part of Burdwan district. The district head quarter is located in Bankura town.

Purulia district District of West Bengal in India

Purulia district is one of the twenty three districts of West Bengal state in Eastern India. Purulia is the administrative headquarters of the district. Some of the other important towns of Purulia district are Raghunathpur-Adra, Jhalida and Balarampur.

Bardhaman district District of West Bengal in India

Bardhaman district, also spelled Burdwan or Barddhaman or Vardhaman) was a district in West Bengal. On 7 April 2017, the district was bifurcated into Purba Bardhaman district and Paschim Bardhaman district. The headquarters of the district was Bardhaman, and it housed the cities of Asansol and Durgapur. Great revolutionary Rashbehari Bose was born in village Subaldaha, Bardhaman district. Bengali poet Kumud Ranjan Mullick was born at Kogram and poet Kazi Nazrul Islam was born at Churulia in the same district. Notable persons like Prabhat Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Akshay Kumar Datta, Jatindranath Sengupta were also born in erstwhile Bardhaman district.

Neamatpur Neighbourhood in Asansol in Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal, India

Neamatpur is a neighbourhood in Asansol of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is governed by Asansol Municipal Corporation

Burdwan division Division of West Bengal in India

Burdwan Division is one of the 5 administrative division in the Indian state of West Bengal. The headquarters of the Burdwan division is situated at Chinsurah while the largest city in this division is Asansol. This division is known for its huge reserve of coal, mainly in the districts of Paschim Bardhaman and Birbhum.

Burnpur Neighbourhood in Asansol in Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal, India

Burnpur is a captive township of SAIL, the area covered by IISCO Steel Plant and its surroundings in Asansol of Paschim Bardhaman district, in the heart of the mining-industrial belt in the western periphery of the state of West Bengal, India. It is governed by Asansol Municipal Corporation

Chittaranjan Census Town in West Bengal, India

Chittaranjan is a census town in the Salanpur CD block in the Asansol Sadar subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is popularly known for the Chittaranjan Locomotive Works.

Jamuria Neighbourhood in Asansol in Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal, India

Jamuria is a neighbourhood in Asansol of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is governed by Asansol Municipal Corporation

Kulti Neighbourhood in Asansol in Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal, India

Kulti is a neighbourhood in Asansol of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is governed by Asansol Municipal Corporation

Raniganj Neighbourhood in Asansol in Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal, India

Raniganj is a neighbourhood in Asansol of the Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is governed by Asansol Municipal Corporation

Asansol Sadar subdivision Subdivision in West Bengal, India

Asansol Sadar subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the Paschim Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Durgapur subdivision Subdivision in West Bengal, India

Durgapur subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the Paschim Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Barabani Village in West Bengal, India

Barabani is a village, in the Barabani CD block in the Asansol Sadar subdivision of the Paschim Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Raniganj (community development block) Community development block in West Bengal, India

Raniganj is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Asansol subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Andal, Paschim Bardhaman Census Town in West Bengal, India

Andal is a census town in the Andal CD block in the Durgapur subdivision of the Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Durgapur railway station Railway Station in West Bengal, India

Durgapur is a model railway station on the Bardhaman–Asansol section. It is located in Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It serves Durgapur, the third most populous city in West Bengal, and the surrounding industrial areas. It was ranked the third-cleanest railway station in India in 2019.

Gulzarbagh Ukhra Town in West Bengal, India

Gulzarbagh-Ukhra is a Minority Mohalla/Sansad under Ukhra Gram Panchayat of Andal CD Block in Durgapur subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in West Bengal, India.

Paschim Bardhaman district District of West Bengal in India

Paschim Bardhaman district is a predominantly urban mining-industrial district in West Bengal. The headquarter of the district is Asansol. It was formed on 7 April 2017 after bifurcation of the erstwhile Bardhaman district as the 23rd district of West Bengal.

Purba Bardhaman district District of West Bengal in India

Purba Bardhaman district is in West Bengal. Its headquarters is in Bardhaman. It was formed on 7 April 2017 after the division of the previous Bardhaman district.

References

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