List of state and union territory capitals in India

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India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 8 union territories. [1] All states, as well as the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments, both patterned on the Westminster model. The remaining five union territories are directly ruled by the central government through appointed administrators. In 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, states were reorganised on a linguistic basis. [2] Their structure has since remained largely unchanged. Each state or union territory is further divided into administrative districts.


The legislatures of three states Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand meet in different capitals for their summer and winter sessions. Ladakh has both Leh and Kargil as its administrative capitals.


The state and union territory capitals are sorted according to administrative, legislative and judicial capitals. The administrative capital is where the executive government offices are located.


Executive capital
Legislative capitalJudicial capitalYear of
Former capital
Andhra Pradesh Amaravati AmaravatiAmaravati2014 Hyderabad [lower-alpha 1] (1956–2014)
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Itanagar Guwahati 1987 
Assam Dispur Dispur Guwahati 1972 Shillong [lower-alpha 2] (1950–1972)
Bihar Patna PatnaPatna1950 
Chhattisgarh Raipur [lower-alpha 3] Raipur Bilaspur 2000 
Goa Panaji [lower-alpha 4] Porvorim Mumbai 1987 
Gujarat Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1970Ahmedabad (1960–1970)
Haryana Chandigarh ChandigarhChandigarh1966 
Himachal Pradesh Shimla Shimla (Summer)
Dharamshala (Winter) [5]
Jharkhand Ranchi RanchiRanchi2000 
Karnataka Bangalore Bangalore (Summer)
Belgaum (Winter)
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Ernakulam 1956 
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Bhopal Jabalpur 1956 
Maharashtra Mumbai [lower-alpha 5] Mumbai (Summer)
Nagpur (Winter)
Manipur Imphal ImphalImphal1972 
Meghalaya Shillong ShillongShillong1972 
Mizoram Aizawl Aizawl Guwahati 1987 
Nagaland Kohima Kohima Guwahati 1963 
Odisha Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Cuttack 1950 
Punjab Chandigarh ChandigarhChandigarh1966 
Rajasthan Jaipur Jaipur Jodhpur 1950 
Sikkim Gangtok [lower-alpha 6] GangtokGangtok1975 
Tamil Nadu Chennai [lower-alpha 7] ChennaiChennai1956 
Telangana Hyderabad HyderabadHyderabad2014 
Tripura Agartala AgartalaAgartala1972 
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Lucknow Prayagraj 1950 
Uttarakhand Dehradun Bhararisain (summer) [7]
Dehradun (winter)
Nainital 2000 
West Bengal Kolkata KolkataKolkata1950 

Union territories

Union TerritoryAdministrative/
Executive capital
Legislative capitalJudicial capitalYear of
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair Kolkata 1956
Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh1966
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Daman Mumbai 2020
Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (summer)
Jammu (winter)
Srinagar (summer)
Jammu (winter)
Srinagar (summer)
Jammu (winter)
Ladakh Leh (summer)
Kargil (winter)
Srinagar (summer)
Jammu (winter)
Lakshadweep Kavaratti Ernakulam 1956
Delhi New Delhi New DelhiNew Delhi1956
Puducherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Chennai 1951


  1. Hyderabad is de jure joint capital of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana until 2024.
  2. Shillong was the joint capital of Assam and Meghalaya until 1972. [3]
  3. Naya Raipur is planned to replace Raipur as the capital city of Chhattisgarh.
  4. Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese. [4]
  5. Mumbai (Bombay) was the capital of Bombay Presidency which was a province until 1950. After that Bombay became the capital of Bombay State. Subsequently, Bombay State was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.
  6. Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. Kingdom of Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975. [6]
  7. Chennai (Madras) was the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Madras State in 1956. Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1968.


  1. "Jammu and Kashmir bifurcated: India has one less state, gets two new UTs in J&K, Ladakh". India Today. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  2. Sharma 2007, p. 49.
  3. Baruah 1999, p. xiii.
  4. Ring 1996, p. 288.
  5. "Dharamshala Declared Second Capital of Himachal". Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  6. Spate 1953, p. 200.
  7. "Bhararisain declared as summer capital of Uttarakhand". Retrieved 24 November 2021.

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