Daman, India

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Daman
City
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Daman
Coordinates: 20°25′N72°51′E / 20.42°N 72.85°E / 20.42; 72.85 Coordinates: 20°25′N72°51′E / 20.42°N 72.85°E / 20.42; 72.85
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
Union Territory Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu emblem.png Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
District Daman
Government
  TypeDaman Municipal Council
   Member of Parliament Lalubhai Patel
   Administrator Praful Khoda Patel,
   District Collector Dr Rakesh Minhas, IAS [1]
Area
  Total72 km2 (28 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2011 Census)
  Total191,173
  Density2,700/km2 (6,900/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registration DD-03
Sex ratio 1.69 /
Website https://dmcdaman.in/

Daman ( /dəˈmɑːn/ ) (Portuguese: Damão) is the capital city of the Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. It is a municipal council situated in Daman district of the union territory.

Contents

Daman Ganga River divides Daman into two parts — Nani-Daman (nani meaning "small") and Moti-Daman (Moti meaning "big"). Despite its name, Nani-Daman is the larger of the two parts, while the old city is mainly in Moti-Daman. This holds most of the important entities like the major hospitals, supermarkets and major residential areas. Vapi, Gujarat is the nearest city to Daman.

History

The Portuguese Diogo de Melo arrived at the spot by chance in 1523, when heading towards Ormuz. He was caught in a violent storm and had his boat blown towards the coast of Daman. [2] Soon after, it was settled as a Portuguese colony which lasted for over 400 years. A larger fort was built in Moti Daman in the 16th century to guard against the Mughals who ruled the area until the Portuguese arrived. It stands today, most of it preserved in its original form. Today the majority of the municipal government offices are inside the fort.

Daman was incorporated into the Republic of India in December 1961 after a battle between the Portuguese and the Indians. The battle left four Indians dead and 14 wounded; [3] Portuguese casualties were 10 dead and two wounded. [4]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Daman District, India has a population of 191,173. [5] [6] This gives it a ranking of 592nd in India (out of a total of 640). [5] The district has a population density of 2,655 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,880/sq mi) . [5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 69.256%. [5] Daman has a sex ratio of 533 females for every 1,000 males, [5] and a literacy rate of 88.06%. [5]

Religions in Daman
ReligionPercent
Hindus
89.73%
Muslims
8.41%
Buddhists
0.14%
Christians
1.37%
Jains
0.13%
Others†
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Climate

Daman has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with two distinct seasons: a long sunny dry season from October to May and a hot, very humid and extremely wet monsoon season from June to September. Almost no rain falls during the dry season. With milder mornings and lower humidity especially up to the middle of March, this is by far the most comfortable time of the year.

The monsoon season, though relatively short, is extremely wet. Along with the very high humidity and heavy rain every afternoon, travel is difficult and uncomfortable.

Climate data for Daman, Daman and Diu (1961 to 1990)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)29.1
(84.4)
29.9
(85.8)
32.8
(91.0)
34.5
(94.1)
34.9
(94.8)
33.2
(91.8)
30.3
(86.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
33
(91)
32.6
(90.7)
30.4
(86.7)
31.8
(89.2)
Average low °C (°F)15.7
(60.3)
16.6
(61.9)
20.3
(68.5)
20.7
(69.3)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
25.3
(77.5)
24.8
(76.6)
24.3
(75.7)
22.6
(72.7)
19.2
(66.6)
16.5
(61.7)
21.6
(70.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
324
(12.8)
766
(30.2)
473
(18.6)
288
(11.3)
44
(1.7)
6
(0.2)
2
(0.1)
1,909
(75.1)
Source: climate-data.org [7]

Places of interest

Indian Coast Guard

Jampore Beach in Daman Daman 01012012 221.JPG
Jampore Beach in Daman

Indian Coast Guard Air Station, Daman is the premier air station of the Coast Guard with all the airfield facilities, air traffic control and other allied air traffic services. It is equipped with state-of-the-art airport surveillance radar (ASR), precision approach path indicator (PAPI), Doppler very high frequency omnidirectional radio range (DVOR) – distance measuring equipment (DME) and nondirectional beacon (NDB), as navigational aids. This air station provides ATC and parking facilities to defence as well as civil aircraft. [9]

Schools and colleges

Related Research Articles

Dadra and Nagar Haveli District in Western India

Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a district of the Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu in western India. It is composed of two separate geographical entities: Nagar Haveli, wedged between Maharashtra and Gujarat and 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) to the northwest, the smaller enclave of Dadra, which is surrounded by Gujarat. Silvassa is the administrative headquarters of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Daman and Diu Former union territory in western India

Daman and Diu is a former union territory in western India. It was a separate union territory until 26 January 2020 before it was merged with Dadra and Nagar Haveli union territory to form a single UT due to its small landmass. With an area of 112 km2 (43 sq mi), it was the smallest federal division of India on the mainland. The territory comprised two distinct areas—Daman and Diu—that are geographically separated by the Gulf of Khambhat. The state of Gujarat and the Arabian Sea bordered the territory. A Portuguese colony since the 1500s, the territories were annexed by India in 1961. Daman and Diu were administered as part of the union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu between 1961 and 1987, when they became a separate union territory. In 2019, legislation was passed to merge the union territory of Daman and Diu with its neighbouring union territory, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, to form the new union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu with effect from 26 January 2020.

Portuguese India Former colony of Portugal

The State of India, also referred as the Portuguese State of India or simply Portuguese India, was a colonial state of the Portuguese Empire founded six years after the discovery of a sea route to the Indian Subcontinent by the Kingdom of Portugal. The capital of Portuguese India served as the governing centre of a string of Portuguese fortresses and settlements scattered along the Indian Ocean.

The Daman and Diu Portuguese Creole, also known as Daman and Diu Indo-Portuguese and, to its speakers, as Língua da Casa, refers to varieties of Portuguese-based creole spoken in Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, especially in Daman district and Diu district. Before the Indian annexation of the territory, the Daman creole went through a profound decreolisation by Standard Portuguese of Goa, a phenomenon whereby the Indo-Portuguese creole reconverged with Standard Portuguese.

Virar Place in Maharashtra, India

Virar is a coastal city in the district of Palghar. It is clubbed into Vasai-Virar city, administered by Vasai-Virar Municipal Corporation. It lies north to the city of Mumbai and is often considered an extended suburb of the same. It is legally a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.

Daman Ganga River River in western India

The Daman Ganga also called Dawan River is a river in western India. The river's headwaters are on the western slope of the Western Ghats range, and it flows west into the Arabian Sea. The river flows through Maharashtra and Gujarat states, as well as the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. The industrial towns of Vapi, Dadra and Silvassa lie on the north bank of the river, and the town of Daman occupies both banks of the river's estuary.

Valsad district District of Gujarat in India

Valsad district, historically known as Bulsar district is one of the 33 districts in the Western Indian state of Gujarat. It is bound by Navsari district to the north, Nashik district of Maharashtra state to the east, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli district of the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (DNHDD) union territory and the Palghar district of Maharashtra to the south. The Arabian Sea lies west of the district. The coastal Daman enclave of DNHDD is bounded by Valsad district on the north, east, and south. The district's administrative capital is Valsad. The district's largest city is Vapi.

Mahuva, Bhavnagar city in Gujarat, India

Mahuva is a town and subdistrict of Bhavnagar District, in the state of Gujarat, India. Located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, Mahuva is known for its mild weather and green, lush surroundings, including many coconut tree plantations. The town is a part of the Saurashtra region, and is known as the Kashmir of Saurashtra. Mahuva is also known for wooden toys, raw onions, groundnuts, and a local variety of mango called the Jamadar. The region is home to a thriving agribusiness industry, particularly enterprises that dehydrate vegetables such as garlic and onions for use in processed foods.

Daman district, India District in Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, India

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Diu, India City in Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, India

Diu, also known as Diu Town, is a town in Diu district in the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, India. Diu District is the tenth least populated district of India.

Diu district District in Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, India

Diu is one of the three districts of the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu of India. The district is made up of Diu Island and two small enclaves on the Indian mainland. The district headquarters are at Diu Town. It is the ninth least populous district in the country.

Daman Airport Airport in Daman, India

Daman Airport is a military airbase at Daman in the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. It is home to the Indian Coast Guard Air Station, Daman which provides ATC and parking facilities to Defence as well as civilian aircraft.

Annexation of Goa Indian Army operation in December 1961 to annex Goa into Indian Republic

The Annexation of Goa was the process in which the Republic of India annexed Estado da India, the then Portuguese Indian territories of Goa, Daman and Diu, starting with the armed action carried out by the Indian Armed Forces in December 1961. In India, this action is referred to as the "Liberation of Goa". In Portugal, it is referred to as the "Invasion of Goa".

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman Archdiocese

The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman encompasses the state of Goa and the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu in India. The ecclesiastical province of Goa and Daman includes a suffragan diocese, Sindhudurg. The Archbishop of Goa also holds the titles of Primate of the East and Patriarch of the East Indies. The diocese is under the Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

St. Pauls Church, Diu Church in Diu, India

The St. Paul’s Church, is situated on Diu Island, on the west coast of India, a Union Territory of India. Diu came under the control of Portuguese colonists in early 16th century.

Diu Fortress

The Diu Fortress, is a Portuguese-built fortification located on the west coast of India in Diu. The fortress was built as part of Portuguese India's defensive fortifications at the eastern tip of the island of Diu during the 16th century. The fortress, which borders on the town of Diu, was built in 1535 subsequent to a defense alliance forged by Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat and the Portuguese when Humayun, the Mughal Emperor attempted to annex this territory. It was strengthened over the years, till 1546. The Portuguese ruled over this territory from 1537 until the Indian invasion of December 1961. Today it is a landmark of Diu and one of the Seven Wonders of Portuguese Origin in the World.

The Portuguese language is spoken in Asia by small communities either in regions which formerly served as colonies to Portugal, notably Macau and East Timor where the language is official albeit not widely spoken, Lusophone immigrants, notably the Brazilians in Japan or by some Afro-Asians and Luso-Asians. In Larantuka, Indonesia and Daman and Diu, India, Portuguese has a religious connotation, according to Damanese Portuguese-Indian Association, there are 10 – 12,000 Portuguese speakers in the territory.

Goa State in India

Goa is a state on the southwestern coast of India within the region known as the Konkan, and geographically separated from the Deccan highlands by the Western Ghats. It is surrounded by the Indian states of Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast. It is India's smallest state by area and its fourth-smallest by population. Goa has the highest GDP per capita among all Indian states, two and a half times as high as the GDP per capita of the country as a whole. The Eleventh Finance Commission of India named Goa the best-placed state because of its infrastructure, and India’s National Commission on Population rated it as having the best quality of life in India. It is the third-highest ranking among Indian states in human development index.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Union territory of India

Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu is a union territory in western India. It was created through the merger of the former union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. Plans for the proposed merger were announced by the Government of India in July 2019 and the necessary legislation was passed in the Parliament of India in December 2019 and came into effect on 26 January 2020. The territory is made up of four separate geographical entities Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman and the island of Diu. All four areas were part of Portuguese India with the capital in Velha Goa, they came under Indian administration in the mid-20th century after the Annexation of Goa and Damaon. The capital city is Daman while Silvassa is the largest city.

References

  1. U.T. Administration of Daman and Diu Archived 12 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Singh, Kumar Suresh (1995). Daman and Diu. People of India. XIX. Popular Prakashan. p. 3. ISBN   9788171547616 . Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  3. Anil Shorey (21 February 1999). "The Forgotten Battles of Daman and Diu". The Tribune . Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  4. Chakravorty, Dr. B.C. (2008). "Operation Vijay" Archived 31 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine . Bharat Rakshak. Retrieved 12/18/2010.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  6. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison: Population" . Retrieved 1 October 2011. Samoa 193,161
  7. Climate Daman
  8. http://www.nrigujarati.co.in/tourism/174/Religious-Places/jain-temple-daman.html
  9. "Indian Coast Guard". Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2012.