Syro-Malankara Catholic Church

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Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
St. Marys Cathedral Trivandrum Fassade 2.jpg
Type Particular church ( sui iuris )
Classification Eastern Catholic
Orientation Eastern Christianity
Scripture Peshitta [1]
Theology Catholic theology
Polity Episcopal polity
Pope Francis
Catholicos Baselios Cleemis
Parishes 1096[ citation needed ]
Liturgy West Syriac Rite
(Malankara Rite)
Headquarters Cathedral of Saint Mary, Pattom, Kerala, India
Foundera. Geevarghese Ivanios (1930)
b. Apostle Thomas through apostolic succession, by tradition.
c. Jesus according to Catholic sacred tradition
Origin1930, with tradition tracing its origin to the 1st century.
Branched from Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church (Malankara Church)
Members458,015 [2]
Ministers Bishops:25 [3]
Priests: 1007[ citation needed ]
Nuns: 2500[ citation needed ]
Other name(s)Malankara Syrian Catholic Church, Syro-Malankara Rite Catholic Church
Official website Official site

The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, also known as the Malankara Syrian Catholic Church, is an Eastern Catholic, autonomous (in Latin, sui iuris ), particular church, in full communion with the Holy See and the worldwide Catholic Church, with self-governance under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches. It is part of the Major Archiepiscopal Churches of the Catholic Church that are not distinguished with a patriarchal title. It is headed by Major Archbishop Baselios Cardinal Cleemis Maphrian of the Major Archdiocese of Trivandrum based in Kerala, India.

Contents

The Malankara Syrian Catholic Church traces its origins to the missions of Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century. [4] [5] [6] [7] The Church employs the West Syriac Rite Divine Liturgy of Saint James. It is one of the two Eastern Catholic churches in India, the other being the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church which employs the East Syriac Rite liturgy.

The Malankara Syrian Catholic Church was established on 20 September 1930 as a result of the reunion movement under the leadership of Bishop Mar Geevarghese Ivanios, when it split from the Malankara Church and entered into communion with the Catholic Church. The Malankara Church itself had emerged from the split within the Saint Thomas Christian community of the 17th century; after the Coonan Cross Oath in 1653, the Malankara Church emerged as the Puthenkuttukar, or "New Party" faction that stood with Archdeacon Thoma I in swearing to resist the authority of the Latin Catholic Portuguese Padroado . This faction entered into a relationship with the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch. [8] [9] The Malankara Syrian Catholic Church represents the group from this Malankara faction that reunited with Rome in the 20th century (1930).

Mar Ivanios started to have negotiations with the Holy See of Rome in 1926 to enter into a new communion. The two bishops including Ivanios, a priest, a deacon and a layman were received into the Catholic Church together on 1930. This resulted in a significant movement of the faithful into the Malankara Catholic Church. Hindus, especially from Nadar community, also joined the Malankara Catholic Church. [10] By 1950 there were some 65,588 faithful, in 1960 112,478, and in 1970 183,490. There are now over 400,000 faithful in over six dioceses in India and across the world. [11]

Part of a series on
Saint Thomas Christians
Nasrani cross.jpg
History
Saint Thomas  · Thomas of Cana  · Mar Sabor and Mar Proth  · Tharisapalli plates  · Synod of Diamper  · Coonan Cross Oath
Religion
Crosses  · Denominations  · Churches  · Syriac language  · Music
Prominent persons
Abraham Malpan  · Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar  · Kayamkulam Philipose Ramban  · Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara  · Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly  · Mar Thoma I  · Saint Alphonsa  · Sadhu Kochoonju Upadesi  · Kariattil Mar Ousep  · Geevarghese Dionysius of Vattasseril  · Geevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala  · Geevarghese Ivanios  · Euphrasia Eluvathingal  · Thoma of Villarvattom
Culture
Margamkali  · Parichamuttukali  · Cuisine  · Suriyani Malayalam

History

Divisions among Saint Thomas Christians

Relationship of the Nasrani groups SaintThomasChristian'sDivisionsHistoryFinal-en.svg
Relationship of the Nasrani groups

A protest took place in 1653 with the Coonan Cross Oath. Under the leadership of Archdeacon Thomas, the Thomas Christians publicly took an oath that they would not obey the Jesuit bishops. [12]

Rome sent Carmelites in two groups from the Propagation of the Faith to Malabar headed by Fr. Sebastiani and Fr. Hyacinth. Fr. Sebastiani arrived first in 1655. He began to deal directly with the Archdeacon, Mar Thoma I. Fr. Sebastiani gained the support of many, especially with the support of Parambil Chandy, Alexandar Kadavil and the Vicar of Muttam. According to Jesuit reports, [12] these were the three councilors of Thoma I who, before the arrival of Sebastiani, were reconciled with Francisco Garcia Mendes, the Jesuit Archbishop of Cranganore, one of the Latin rite sees in Kerala. A faction of people split off from the Malankara Church in 1663 under the leadership of Palliveettil Mar Chandy Kathanar who joined with the Catholic Church; this split caused to the emergence of the first Uniate Church (modern-day Syro-Malabar Catholic Church) in Malankara. The faction of people who stood with the Malankara Moopan (Mar Thoma I) remained independent as Malankara Nasranis. Mar Thoma I with 44 churches(out of 69 total churches)and their congregations represented the nucleus from which the Malankara Orthodox, Jacobites, Thozhiyur, MarThoma Syrian, Syro Malankara Catholics originated. [13]

In 1665 Gregorios, a bishop, sent by the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch, arrived in India. The Malankara group under the leadership of the Archdeacon welcomed him. [14] Though most of the St. Thomas Christians gradually relented in their strong opposition to the Western control, the arrival of Gregory of the Syriac Orthodox Church in 1665 marked the beginning of a formal schism among the St. Thomas Christians. Those who accepted the West Syriac theological and liturgical tradition of the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch of Gregory became known as the Malankara Syrians. The Syriac Catholics of Malabar remained in communion with Rome and later came to be known as the Syro Malabar Catholic Church with East Syriac Liturgy. [14]

Turbulence in Malankara Church

It was in this contentious context that the 118th Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch, Ignatius Abded Aloho II, went to Malankara in 1911 and excommunicated Vattasseril Geevarghese Dionysius (This excommunication was declared invalid by the High Court of Travancore). To ward off the undue interference of the Patriarch in the administration of the temporalities of the Church, Fr. P.T. Geevarghese with the blessing of Vattasseril Thirumeni contacted Ignatius Abdul Masih II, the 117th Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch, who had been excommunicated by the Ottoman government in 1906, and invited him to visit Malankara and to establish a Catholicate here. Accordingly, Ignatius Abdul Masih II went to Malankara in 1912 and established the Catholicate in Malankara. This created a split in the church:

Baselios Paulose I (1912–1913), the first Catholicos, died after a short period of five months on 13 May 1913; the See remained vacant until 1925. That was a period of litigation in the Malankara Church. The litigation for Vattippanam (a fixed deposit of money in the name of the Church) and its after-effects in the community was at its zenith.

Geevarghese Ivanios

Aboon Geevarghese Ivanios ARCHBISHOP GEEVARGHESE MAR IVANIOS.jpg
Aboon Geevarghese Ivanios

Geevarghese was born on 21st Sept 1882 at Mavelikara to the 'Mallitty' Panickervettil family, belonging to the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church. He was given the baptismal name Geevarghese. At the age of 15 he joined M. D. Seminary School for high school studies. On 20 April 20, 1898 he received minor orders and was sent to Madras Christian College and obtained his master's degree. On 15 September 1908 Geevarghese was ordained priest by Vattasseril Dinoysius. Just after the ordination Geevarghese was appointed Principal of M. D. Seminary, Kottayam. Later he moved to Calcutta, accepting an invitation to teach at Searmpore College. During his stay at Calcutta Geevarghese founded a monastic community.

Establishment of Bethany Ashram

On Geevarghese's return from Calcutta a friend, E. John Vakeel, donated 100 acres (400,000 m2) of land at Mundanmala, Ranni-Perunadu, Kerala, at the meeting place of the rivers Pampa and Kakkatt for an ashram. Geevarghese and his followers built a small thatched hut at what became the first Ashram in Malankara on 15 August 1919, named "Bethany". [15] Along with the Ashram, Geevarghese started a house for orphans.

While at Serampore, Geevarghese founded the Bethany Madhom (convent) for women religious in 1925, with the help of the Epiphany Sisters of England working at Serampore. He was ordained a bishop of the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church by Catholicos Beselios Geevarghese I on 1 May 1925. He received the name Geevarghese Ivanios. [16]

Ecclesial communion

The Five Pillars of 1930 Union Event: Ivanios, Jacob Theophilos, John Kuzhinapurath, Alexander, Chacko Kilileth Five Pillars.jpg
The Five Pillars of 1930 Union Event: Ivanios, Jacob Theophilos, John Kuzhinapurath, Alexander, Chacko Kilileth

On 20 September 1930 Ivanios, Bishop Jacob Theophilos, Fr. John Kuzhinapurath OIC, Dn. Alexander OIC, and Chacko Kilileth embraced and united with the Catholic Church. The Union Movement under the leadership of Ivanios gave rise to Malankara Catholic Church. This took place in the Quilon bishop’s chapel. The members of the Jacobite Church were received by his Lordship Bishop Aloysius Maria Benziger (Bishop of Quilon) to whom Ivanios approached for help and whom the Holy See deputed to perform the reception.

Quilon bishop's chapel, memorial stone to commemorate the founding of the Syro-Malankara rite, 1930 Quilon Bischofskapelle Gedenkstein JS2.jpg
Quilon bishop's chapel, memorial stone to commemorate the founding of the Syro-Malankara rite, 1930

After Union movement

Pope Pius XI, through the Apostolic Constitution Christo Pastorum Principi of 11 June 1932, established the Syro-Malankara Catholic hierarchy for the reunited community and erected the Archiparchy of Thiruvananthapuram with the Eparchy of Tiruvalla as its suffragan. The Metropolitan Eparchy of Thiruvananthapuram was established in 1933. Ivanios was enthroned as its first Metropolitan Archbishop. The Eparchy of Tiruvalla was established in 1933. Jacob Theophilos was enthroned as its first Bishop.

In 1937 Joseph Severios of the Malankara Orthodox Church joined the Catholic Church.[ citation needed ] In 1939, Thomas Dioscoros, the Metropolitan of the Knanaya Jacobite Church,joined the Catholic Church.[ citation needed ] In 1938, the missionary congregation of the Daughters of Mary was founded at Marthandom in Kanyakumari District. Bishop Dioscoros died in 1943.

Ivanios consecrated Benedict Gregorios as his Auxiliary Bishop in 1953. Ivanios died on 15 July 1953.

The Eparchy of Tiruvalla was led by Jacob Theophilos and Joseph Severios. Severios was the administrator of the Eparchy until 1950 due to the ill health of Theophilos. In 1950 he was appointed as the Bishop of Tiruvalla. He was also invested with the title "Archbishop". He died on 18 January 1955.

Metropolitan Archbishop Benedict Gregorios

Benedict Gregorios Gregorios4.jpg
Benedict Gregorios

In 1955 Metropolitan Archbishop Benedict Gregorios was enthroned as the Metropolitan Archbishop of Thiruvananthapuram and the Head of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church. [17]

The Holy See appointed Zacharias Athanasios as successor to Severios, whose consecration took place in 1954. Jacob Theophilos died in 1956.

Francis Acharya, a Cistercian monk, came to the Eparchy of Tiruvalla. In the year 1957 he founded the Kristiya Sanyasa Samaj, Kurisumala Ashram in the high ranges of Vagamon.

In 1958 the territorial boundary of the Eparchy of Tiruvalla was extended north to include the Malabar region of Kerala, the civil districts of Coimbatore and Nilgiris and Karoor Taluk in Tiruchirappally District of Tamil Nadu and districts of Mysore, Mandya, Coorg, Hasan, Chickamangalore, Shimoga and South Kanara of Karnataka State.

Athanasios died in 1977.

Paulos Philoxenos, the Metropolitan of the Malabar Independent Syrian Church, was received into the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church on 28 August 1977.

The appointment of Isaac Yoohanon as Bishop of Tiruvalla and erection of the Eparchy of Bathery with the appointment of Cyril Baselios as its first Bishop through the decree of the Holy See took place in 1978. Both prelates were consecrated that year.

The Eparchy of Bathery was officially inaugurated in 1978. In 1979 the Eparchial contemplative monastery, Dhyana Ashram, was founded in the Eparchy of Bathery by Fr. Silvester Kozhimannil.

Lawrence Ephrem was consecrated Bishop in 1980.

Malankara Catholics within India but outside the canonical territorial boundaries of the Church were first organized as Malankara Catholic Associations, and later came to be erected as personal parish communities. A coordinator was appointed to oversee them, in the Council of Hierarchs of the Malankara Catholic Church.[ citation needed ]

St. Mary’s Malankara Major Seminary, the first local seminary, was inaugurated at Pattom in 1983 and the new building was blessed at Nalanchira, Thiruvananthapuram was blessed in 1989.

On 8 February 1986, Pope John Paul II visited St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram.

On 28 April 1987, Yoohanon, the Bishop of Tiruvalla died.

Cardinal Lourdusamy, the then Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, visited the Malankara Catholic Church in August 1987.

Geevarghese Timotheos succeeded Yoohanon as the Bishop of Tiruvalla. He was consecrated Bishop in 1988.

Benedict Gregorios died in 1994 after serving 41 years.

Moran Mor Cyril Baselios, Major Archbishop - Catholicos

BaseliFinal.jpg

Cyril Baselios, the Bishop of Bathery having been appointed by Pope John Paul II, was enthroned as Metropolitan Archbishop of Thiruvananthapuram and as the head of the Malankara Catholic Church on 14 December 1995. Geevarghese Divannasios was consecrated Bishop of Bathery in the place of Cyril Baselios on 5 February 1997. Achille Silvestrini, Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, visited the Malankara Catholic Church on 11–13 February 1996. On the request of Cyril Baselios, by an Apostolic Bull dated 16 December 1996, Pope John Paul II erected the Eparchy of Marthandom bifurcating the Metropolitan Eparchy of Thiruvananthapuram. Lawrence Ephrem was appointed as its first Bishop. He died after a few months of his enthronement as Bishop of Marthandom, on 8 April 1997.

In the meantime the Eparchy of Tiruvalla was blessed with an Auxiliary Bishop in the person of Thomas Koorilos, who was consecrated Bishop on 17 July 1997. On 29 June 1998 Yoohanon Chrysostom was consecrated as the Bishop of Marthandom and Joshua Ignathios as the Auxiliary Bishop for the Metropolitan Eparchy of Thiruvananthapuram. Paulos Philoxenos died on 3 November 1998.

Christu Jayanthi Maha Jubilee and the Sapthathy of the Re-union Movement of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church were celebrated jointly at Tiruvalla on 26–28 December 2000.

In this period parishes for the faithful of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church in the United States of America were established. Pope John Paul II nominated the Proto-Syncellus of Bathery Isaac Thottunkal, as Apostolic Visitor and Auxiliary Bishop of Thiruvananthapuram on 18 June 2001 for the Syro-Malankarites residing in North America and Europe. He was consecrated on 15 August 2001 at Tirumoolapuram, (Tiruvalla), and assumed the name Isaac Cleemis.

Bifurcating the Eparchy of Tiruvalla, the Eparchy of Muvattupuzha was erected on 15 January 2003 and Thomas Koorilos was appointed as its first Bishop.

On 29 March 2003 Bishop Timotheos resigned due to his age, and the Holy See appointed Isaac Cleemis, the Apostolic Visitor to Europe and America, as the Bishop of Tiruvalla. Cleemis took charge of the Diocese on 2 October 2003. On 5 January 2005 Joseph Thomas was appointed as the Auxiliary Bishop of Thiruvananthapuram and Apostolic Visitor to North America and Europe.

On 10 February 2005, the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church was raised to the status of a Major Archiepiscopal Church by the papal document Ab ipso Sancto Thoma , and as such possesses a high level of autonomy under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches . Pedro López Quintana, the Apostolic Nuncio in India, read the official declaration at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram. The Hierarchical Head of the Church became a Major Archbishop who exercises patriarchal powers and governs the Church assisted by the Holy Synod of Bishops of the Church.

On 19 February 2005, Joseph Thomas was consecrated as Auxiliary Bishop of Thiruvananthapuram and Apostolic Visitor to North America and Europe. On 11 April 2005 the Faculty of Theology of St. Mary’s Malankara Major Seminary became affiliated to the Pontifical Urban University, Rome.

The enthronement of the Major Archbishop as the head of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church took place on 14 May 2005. The Malankara Major Archiepiscopal Curia (Catholicate Centre) started functioning at the St. Mary's Campus, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram. On 20 May 2005, Cyril Baselios blessed the Curia building. Baselios soon constituted the first Synod of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, convened from 16–18 August 2005 at the Major Archiepiscopal Curia, Thiruvananthapuram. It constituted the Permanent Synod and the various Synodal Commissions headed by Bishops to take care of various apostolates of the Church. The official bulletin, Malankara is published from the Major Archiepiscopal Curia, to communicate the Synodal acts and voice of the Syro-Malankara Major Archiepiscopal Church.

The Platinum Jubilee of the Reunion Movement and the Year of the Eucharist were celebrated jointly at Mar Ivanios Nagar, Punnamoodu, Mavelikara, on 19–21 September 2005.

By decrees of Baselios, the Metropolitan Province of Tiruvalla, with the Eparchies of Bathery and Muvattupuzha as suffragans, was established on 15 May 2006 and Isaac Cleemis was appointed as the Metropolitan Archbishop of Tiruvalla. On 10 June 2006 Isaac Cleemis was enthroned as the first Metropolitan-Archbishop of Tiruvalla.

By the decree of Baselios, on 1 January 2007, the new Eparchy of Mavelikara was erected and Joshua Ignathios, the Auxiliary Bishop and protosyncellus of the Major Archdiocese of Thiruvananthapuram, was appointed as its first Bishop.

The Second Ordinary Holy Episcopal Synod was convoked on 6–7 December 2006 and it was decided to revive monastic consecration according to the tradition of the Antiochene Church, properly termed Rabban per the Syriac, but locally called Ramban; and Corepiscopo, to honour a number of priests for their meritorious service in the Church.

On Thursday, 18 January 2007, Cyril Baselios died, and was entombed by the side of his predecessors at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram on 20 January 2007.

Moran Mor Baselios Cleemis, Major Archbishop - Catholicos and Cardinal

Isaac Cleemis was elected the Major Archbishop of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church through the first Episcopal Synod of election of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church held on 7–10 February 2007 at the Catholicate Centre, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram. Pope Benedict XVI confirmed the election on 9 February and it was announced on 10 February at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram.

Holy Qurbono in Syro-Malankara Rite Syro-Malankara Holy Mass 1.jpg
Holy Qurbono in Syro-Malankara Rite

The installation of Aboon Joshua Ignathios was held on 16 February 2007 at Mavelikara and Aboon Geevarghese Divannasios, the administrator of The Malankara Catholic Major Archiepiscopal Church, presided over the installation ceremony. The new eparchy has a 30,825 Syro-Malankara Catholic faithful of a total population of 2,998,325 inhabitants. Of this 269,849 are Malankara non-Catholics and 598,824 Christians of other denominations.

On 7 February 2007, Pope Benedict XVI appointed Fr. Chacko Aerath OIC as the Apostolic Visitor with Episcopal status for the Malankara Catholic faithful residing in the Extraterritorial Regions of the Church within India.[ citation needed ]

Baselios Cleemis was enthroned as the Major Archbishop of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church on 5 March 2007 at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram.

On 26 March 2007 the Aboon Thomas Koorilos was appointed the Second Metropolitan Archbishop of the Archieparchy of Tiruvalla. His installation Ceremony was held on 2 May 2007 at St. John's Cathedral, Tiruvalla. Cleemis was the main celebrant.

Baselios Cleemis visited Pope Benedict XVI on 28 May 2007 at the Vatican and exchanged ecclesiastical Communion.

On 14 July 2007 Baselios Cleemis declared Ivanios a Servant of God.

In accordance with the provisions of CCEO can. 1063, the Ordinary Tribunal of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church was constituted on 15 November 2007.

Aboon Abraham Julios, PhD, was consecrated Bishop of the Eparchy of Moovattupuzha by Baselios Cleemis on 9 February 2008 at Moovattupuzha.

Baselios Cleemis blessed the newly built Tomb Chapel of the Servant of God Ivanios in St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram, on 1 July 2008.

Cardinal Leonardo Sandri at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram Leonardosandri.jpg
Cardinal Leonardo Sandri at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram

Leonardo Sandri, Cardinal Prefect of Congregation for the Oriental Churches, visited the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church on 10 November 2008. Holy Qurbono according to the Syro-Malankara Tradition was celebrated. Baselios Cleemis was the main celebrant. In the following meeting Cardinal Sandri recognized Queen of Peace Pro-Cathedral at Palayam, Thiruvananthapuram, as a Basilica. Cleemis dedicated St. Mary, Queen of Peace Basilica on 7 December 2008.

Cleemis created two new eparchies in the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, Pathanamthitta in Kerala and Puthur in the State of Karnataka. He appointed four new bishops, elected by the Holy Episcopal Synod. He announced the transfer of Bishop of Marthandom Yoohanon Chrysostom to the new See of Pathanamthitta and Bishop Geevarghese Divannasios from the See of Bathery to the new See of Puthur. Joseph Thomas, the Apostolic Visitator to North America and Europe was appointed Bishop of Bathery. To the See of Marthandom, vacant due the transfer of its Bishop, was appointed Vincent Kulapuravilai, Professor and Registrar of St. Mary's Malankara Seminary Thiruvananthapuram. Samuel Kattukallil, Syncellus of the Major Archeparchy of Thiruvananthapuram, and Stephen Thottathil, Dean of the Faculty of Theology of St. Mary's Malankara Seminary, were appointed auxiliary bishops of the Major Archeparchy of Thiruvananthapuram and the Archieparchy of Tiruvalla respectively. Antony Valiyavilayil, the Postulator of the Cause of Canonisation of Servant of God Archbishop Ivanios and the Chancellor of the Major Archiepiscopal Curia, was appointed the Bishop of the Curia. [18]

The episcopal ordination of Bishops Vincent Paulos, Samuel Irenios, Philipose Stephanos and Thomas Anthonios took place at Ivanios Vidya Nagar in Thiruvananthapuram on 13 March 2010

The public meeting after the Episcopal Ordination on 13 March 2010 Episcopal Ordination Syro-Malankara Catholic Church 1.jpg
The public meeting after the Episcopal Ordination on 13 March 2010

Thomas Naickamparampil was appointed as the first exarch of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Exarchate in the United States by Pope Benedict XVI, with consultation by Cleemis and the Holy Synod of Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, on 14 July 2010. He was ordained bishop and received the name Aboon Thomas Eusebius on 21 September 2010 at St. Mary's Malankara Syrian Catholic Cathedral, Thiruvananthapuram. His installation ceremony was on 3 October 2010 at Kellenberg Memorial High School, Uniondale, New York.

Baselios Cleemis was elevated to the College of Cardinals of the Catholic Church by Pope Benedict XVI at the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican on 24 November 2012. [19] As Cardinal-Priest he was assigned the titular church of San Gregorio VII . He is the first bishop of the Syro-Malankara church and the fifth Keralite to become cardinal.

The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is fast growing in theological and canonical studies. Many authors have contributed to the development in the field of theology and canon law. [20]

Besides the canonical institutions of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, various associations including the Malankara Catholic Youth Movement (MCYM), the Malankara Catholic Association (MCA), and the Legion of Mary, Matruvedi, Pithruvedi, emerged.

The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church engages in humanitarian activities. One example of such services is Thapovanam, Shelter of Hope, Sulthan Bathery, a centre for the rehabilitation of the mentally ill.

St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram.jpg
St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram
Syro-Malankara Catholics in Ireland with His Excellency Most Rev.Dr.Joshua Ignathius. ( Mavelikara Diocese Bishop) SyroMalankara ireland.JPG
Syro-Malankara Catholics in Ireland with His Excellency Most Rev.Dr.Joshua Ignathius. ( Mavelikara Diocese Bishop)

Eparchies

Statistics

According to the Pontifical yearbook Annuario Pontificio for 2012, the Syro-Malankara Church had approximately 436,870 members. [21] [22]

DiocesesMembersBishopsParishesDiocesan PriestsReligious PriestsMen ReligiousWomen ReligiousSeminarians
Archeparchy of Thiruvananthapuram219,4372300+1312497578100
Eparchy of Parassala22,0001
Eparchy of Pathanamthitta37,5001100646611026
Eparchy of Marthandom65,7151824071417821
Eparchy of Mavelikara24,083195567914523
Archeparchy of Tiruvalla40,0003132112255428537
Eparchy of Bathery25,0001102778827425
Eparchy of Muvattupuzha12,435164418248213
Eparchy of Puttur2,7002241478203
Eparchy of the United States and Canada [23] 10,0001161111164
TOTAL436,87014692546932211688252

Hierarchs

The Malankara Syrian Catholic Church has 16 Hierarchs:

HierarchsDioceseCathedral / Location
Baselios Cleemis
Major Archbishop and Catholicos of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
St. Mary's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Thomas Koorilos
Metropolitan Archbishop of Tiruvalla
St. John's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Tiruvalla, Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India
Geevarghese Timotheos
Metropolitan Emeritus of Tiruvalla (Retired)
Emeritus of St. John's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Tiruvalla, Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India
Joseph Thomas
Metropolitan of Bathery
St. Thomas Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Sulthan Bathery, Wayanad, Kerala, India
Vincent Paulos
Metropolitan of Marthandom
Christuraja Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Marthandam, Kuzhithurai, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, India
Abraham Julios
Metropolitan of Muvattupuzha
St. Joseph's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Vazhappilly, Mudavoor, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam, Kerala, India
Joshua Ignathios
Metropolitan of Mavelikkara
St.Mary's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Punnamoodu, Mavelikkara, Alappuzha, Kerala, India
Yoohanon Chrysostom
Bishop Emeritus of Pathanamthitta
St. Peter's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Pathanamthitta, Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India
Thomas Eusebius
Metropolitan of Parassala
St. Mary’s Malankara Catholic Church /
Parassala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Philipose Stephanos
Metropolitan of St. Mary, Queen of Peace (USA & Canada)
St. Vincent de Paul Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Elmont, New York, USA
Jacob Barnabas
Metropolitan of Gurgaon
St. Mary's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Neb Sarai, New Delhi, India
Thomas Anthonios
Metropolitan of Khadki
St. Mary's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Khadki, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Samuel Irenios
Bishop of Pathanamthitta
St. Peter's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral /
Pathanamthitta, Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India
Geevarghese Makarios
Metropolitan of Puttur
St. Mary’s Pro-Cathedral /
Noojibalthila, Kerala, India
Yuhannon Theodosius
Curia Bishop
NA

Late Lamented Metropolitans

TitleNameNotes
Archbishop Geevarghese Ivanios
Split from Malankara Orthodox Church
Archbishop Jacob Theophilos
Split from Malankara Orthodox Church
Archbishop Joseph Severios
Left Malankara Orthodox Church
to join Malankara Catholic Church
Thomas Dioscoros
Left Knanaya Syriac Orthodox Church
to join Malankara Catholic Church
Archbishop Benedict Gregorios
Zacharias Athanasios
Paulos Philoxenos
Left Malabar Independent Syrian Church
to join Malankara Catholic Church
Isaac Yoohanon
Major Arch Bishop-Catholicos Cyril Baselios
Lawrence Ephrem
Metropolitan of Puthur Geevarghese Divannasios

Liturgy and worship

The liturgy of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is of the Antiochene Rite, West Syriac in character. The liturgy today is celebrated in Malayalam, Syriac, English, Tamil, and Hindi. The church uses one of several Bible translations into Malayalam.

In the Indian diaspora

There are 39 Syro-Malankara communities in North India, including churches at Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Pune and Hyderabad. On 26 March 2015, Cleemis and the Holy Synod in consultation with Pope Francis erected two Eparchies to cover all of India. Bishop Barnabas Jacob was appointed bishop of the Delhi-based Eparchy of St John Chrysostom of Gurgaon. Bishop Anthonios Thomas heads the Apostolic Exarchate of St Ephrem of Khadki. [24]

Around the world

United States

In July 2010, Pope Benedict XVI erected an apostolic exarchate for Syro-Malankara Catholics in the United States, and appointed Father Thomas Naickamparampil, then head secretary general of the major archiepiscopate of the Syro-Malankara Church, as first apostolic exarch of the new exarchate. The bishop-elect was ordained to the episcopacy on 21 September 2010 at St. Mary's Malankara Syrian Catholic Cathedral, Pattom, receiving the name "Aboon Thomas Eusebius". The Enthronement Ceremony in the United States was held on 3 October 2010 at Kellenberg High School, Uniondale, New York. [25]

Canada and Europe

In July 2010 Pope Benedict XVI also appointed Thomas Eusebius as Apostolic Visitor for Syro-Malankara Catholics in Canada and Europe, alongside his primary work as apostolic exarch of the above-mentioned newly created Syro-Malankara exarchate in the U.S. [25] There are Syro-Malankara parishes and communities in Canada, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.

Middle East

Thirteen Syro-Malankara communities are present in Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Because parishes (Qatar has parish) have not yet been organized, as the Syro-Malankara does not have ecclesiastical jurisdiction in the Middle East, the people are under the direct supervision of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Vicariates of Northern Arabia and Southern Arabia. [26] Malankara Catholics of Abu Dhabi launched one of the early websites for the Syro Malankara Catholic Church before any official sites were existing and the first in the Middle East. Now almost all communities in the Gulf have their own websites.

Recently Rev. Fr. Mathew Kandathil, a Syro Malankara priest serving in UAE, in the Apostolic Vicariate of Southern Arabia, is appointed the Coordinator of the Malankara Catholic Faithful in the Middle East. He oversees the pastoral engagement of the Syro-Malankara priests and coordinate the pastoral activities of common interest in the Gulf Region, according to Malankara, the official communiqué of the Syro Malankara Catholic Church regarding this new appointment.

Religious orders

Seminaries

Colleges

The Malankara Catholic Educational Society manages various ecclesiastical, charitable, and educational institutions. Baselios Cleemis is the president and Samuel Irenios the vice-chairman of Malankara Catholic Educational Society.

Malankara Catholic Youth Movement

Malankara Catholic Youth Movement (MCYM) is the official organization for the youth in Syro-Malankara Catholic Church. The Catholic Youth Movement of Kerala dates back to the second half of the 1960s. Although there were some youth organisations in the parish level at different parts of Kerala, the spread of the organization of the youth movements in the diocese took place rather late.

MCYM Branches

1) Major Archieparchy of Thiruvananthapuram
2) Archieparchy of Thiruvalla
3) Eparchy of Bathery
4) Eparchy of Marthandom
5) Eparchy of Muvattupuzha
6) Eparchy of Mavelikkara
7) Eparchy of Pathanamthitta

1.) Eparchy of Marthanadom

1.) Eparchy of Puttur

1) Apostolic Visitation of North India Malankara Syrian Catholic Churches (MCCETR – New Delhi)

1) Exarchate of United States Malankara Syrian Catholic Churches (Elmont, New York)

Malankara Catholic Association

Founded in 1989, the Malankara Catholic Association is the association of lay faithful of the Church. Baselios Cleemis is the patron; there are now diocesan sections in the Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvalla, Bathery, Moovattupuzha and Marthandom Dioceses and in North America.

Official name

The official name of the church is Syro-Malankara Catholic Church which is mainly used in the English speaking Western regions. The name of the church as translated from Malayalam/Syriac is Malankara Syrian Catholic Church.

See also

Sources

Citations

  1. Metzger, Bruce M. (2001). The Bible in Translation: Ancient and English Versions. Baker Academic. ISBN   9780801022821.
  2. The Eastern Catholic Churches 2017
  3. http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/rite/bml.html
  4. "The Syro-Malabar Church Today: An Overview::The St. Thomas Christians::East Syrian (Chaldean)::Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Church". www.syromalabarchurch.in. Retrieved 2020-02-28.
  5. George Menachery (1973) The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India, Ed. George Menachery, B.N.K. Press, vol. 2, ISBN   81-87132-06-X, Lib. Cong. Cat. Card. No. 73-905568; B.N.K. Press – (has some 70 lengthy articles by different experts on the origins, development, history, culture... of these Christians, with some 300 odd photographs).
  6. Leslie Brown, (1956) The Indian Christians of St. Thomas. An Account of the Ancient Syriac Church of Malabar, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1956, 1982 (repr.)
  7. Thomas Puthiakunnel, (1973) "Jewish colonies of India paved the way for St. Thomas", The Saint Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India, ed. George Menachery, Vol. II., Trichur.
  8. Gregorios & Roberson, p. 285.
  9. Vadakkekara, p. 91.
  10. "The Nadar Community of Syro-Malankara Catholic Church".
  11. Roberson, Ronald. "The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church". E Catholic Near East Welfare Association. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  12. 1 2 Eugene Cardinal Tisserant, "Eastern Christianity in India"
  13. Catholic Encyclopedia profile of "St. Thomas Christians" - The Carmelite Period
  14. 1 2 Thekkedath, History of Christianity in India”
  15. Fr. Thomas Inchakkalody, Archbishop Mar Ivanios (Vol.1), pp. 152-171
  16. Rajan, Matthew (2004). "H.H. Baselios Geevarghese I - Second Catholicose". The Christian Light of Life. 3 (12): 221–225.
  17. "Archbishop Benedict Varghese Gregorios Thangalathil [Catholic-Hierarchy]". www.catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 2020-02-28.
  18. Malayala Manorama, Deepika January 26, 2010
  19. "Annuncio di Concistoro per la Creazione di Sei Nuovi Cardinali" (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 2012-10-24. Archived from the original on 2013-02-23.
  20. "The classified Bibliography of Fr. Dr. Thomas Kuzhinapurath" (in English and Malayalam). Scribd.com. 2014-09-15.
  21. "Population Statistics"., Syro Malankara Church.
  22. Ronald Roberson. "The Eastern Catholic Churches 2012" (PDF). Catholic Near East Welfare Association. Retrieved Nov 18, 2012. Information sourced from Annuario Pontificio 2012 edition.
  23. "The Statutes from St. Mary, Queen of Peace Syro-Malankara Catholic Eparchy in USA and Canada website"., Syro Malankara Church.
  24. http://press.vatican.va/content/salastampa/en/bollettino/pubblico/2015/03/26/0219/00492.html
  25. 1 2 "New Apostolic Exarchate for Syro-Malankara Church". ZENIT News Agency. July 14, 2010. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011.
  26. "St. Mary's Malankara Catholic Church (Doha, Qatar)" . Retrieved July 15, 2010.

Additional sources

Official websites

Other

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