Raigarh district

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Raigarh district
Kelo river.jpg
Kelo river
Raigarh in Chhattisgarh (India).svg
Location of Raigarh district in Chhattisgarh
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Chhattisgarh
Headquarters Raigarh
Tehsils 09
  Total7,086 km2 (2,736 sq mi)
  Total1,493,984 (2,011 census)
   Literacy 73.7%(959,866)
  Sex ratio993
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highways NH-49, NH-153(new numbering after a gazette notification of March 5, 2010)
Average annual precipitation1584 mm
Website raigarh.nic.in

Raigarh district is a district of the state of Chhattisgarh, in India. Raigarh is the district headquarters. The languages spoken in the district are Chhattisgarhi, Odia and Hindi. Due to railway and industrial development, a fair representation from all over India can be seen here. A large population of Schedule Tribes, Odia, Marwari, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Christian, Muslim, Gujarati, Punjabi, Bihari and many other community are living here. The city has cosmopolitan nature.


The district was formed by merging the princely states of Raigarh, Sakti, Sarangarh, Udaipur and Jashpur. [1] Jashpur is now a separate district. Sakti is now not a part of Raigarh district.

It is rapidly growing as an industrial district of Chhattisgarh. One of the oldest jute mills of India is situated here, Mohan jute mill; it was the only Jute Mill of the state CG and undivided MP. Raigarh is one of the major producers of steel and power in the country. Here are situated many steel and power plants such as JSPL, MSP, Monnet steel, and many other small and medium producers. The volume can be judged by the statement that Raigarh itself is consuming about 20,000 tons of coal per day.[ citation needed ]

Raigarh ditrict has 9 tehsils:

  1. Raigarh
  2. Sarangarh
  3. Udaipur (Dharamjaigarh)
  4. Baramkela
  5. Kharsia
  6. Pusour
  7. Lailunga
  8. Tamnar
  9. Gharghoda


According to the 2011 census Raigarh district has a population of 1,493,984, [2] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon [3] or the US state of Hawaii. [4] This gives it a ranking of 336th in India (out of a total of 640). [2] The district has a population density of 211 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) . [2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.02%. [2] Raigarh has a sex ratio of 993 females for every 1000 males, [2] and a literacy rate of 73.7%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 15.06% and 33.84% of the population respectively. [2]


Languages of Raigarh district, 2011 census

   Chhattisgarhi (75.61%)
   Odia (9.52%)
   Hindi (6.70%)
   Kurukh (4.04%)
  Others (4.13%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 75.61% of the population in the district spoke Chhattisgarhi, 9.52% Odia, 6.70% Hindi and 4.04% Kurukh as their first language. [5]

Languages spoken here include Asuri, an Austroasiatic language spoken by approximately 17,000. [6]

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Raipur district District of Chhattisgarh in India

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Bastar district District of Chhattisgarh in India

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Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh District of Chhattisgarh in India

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Jharsuguda district District in Odisha, India

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Sundergarh district District of Odisha in India

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Jashpur district District of Chhattisgarh in India

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Durg district District of Chhattisgarh in India

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Raigarh Place in Chhattisgarh, India

Raigarh is a city and municipal corporation in the Raigarh district of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. The administrative headquarters of Raigarh district, it is known for its coal reserves and power generation for the state as well as the country. It is also known as Sanskardhani i.e. Cultural capital of Chhattisgarh.

Dharamjaigarh town in Chhattisgarh, India

Dharamjaygarh is a town and a nagar panchayat in Raigarh District in the state of Chhattisgarh, India. Major languages spoken are Hindi and Chhattisgarhi, with a little Odia, Bengali and English.

Pithora, Chhattisgarh town in Chhattisgarh, India

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Mahasamund district District of Chhattisgarh in India

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Sadri language Eastern Indo-Aryan language

Sadri is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Odisha. It is native language of the Sadan. In addition to native speakers, it is also used as lingua franca by many tribal groups such as Kharia, Munda and Kurukh, and a number of speakers of these tribal groups have adopted it as their first language. It is also used as a lingua franca among Tea-garden community of Assam, West Bengal and Bangladesh. According to the 2011 Census, there were approximately 5,130,000 native speakers of the Nagpuri language, including 19,100 identifying as Gawari, 4,350,000 as "Sadan/Sadri" and 763,000 as "Nagpuria". Around 7 million people speak it as second language.

Raigarh Lok Sabha constituency is one of the eleven Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Chhattisgarh state in central India.

Asuri is an Austroasiatic language spoken by the Asur people, part of the Munda branch. Asuri has many Dravidian loanwords due to contact with Kurukh.

Korwa, or Kodaku/Koraku (Korku), is a Munda language of India spoken in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

Raigarh State

Raigarh was a princely state in India at the time of the British Raj. The state was ruled by a Gond dynasty of Gond clan.

Udaipur State, Chhattisgarh

Udaipur State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The town of Dharamjaigarh was the former state's capital.

Jashpur State

Jashpur State, was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The town of Jashpur was the former state's capital. The rulers were Rajputs of the Chauhan dynasty.

Surgujia is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Chhattisgarh. It belongs to the Eastern Hindi subgroup.


  1. Publication by Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics - 1973- Issue 61 - Page 346
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population" . Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gabon 1,576,665
  4. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Hawaii 1,360,301
  5. 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  6. M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Asuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.

Coordinates: 21°54′N83°24′E / 21.900°N 83.400°E / 21.900; 83.400