Raigarh district

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Raigarh district
Kelo river.jpg
Kelo river
Raigarh in Chhattisgarh (India).svg
Location of Raigarh district in Chhattisgarh
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Chhattisgarh
DivisionBilaspur
Headquarters Raigarh
Tehsils 09
Area
  Total7,086 km2 (2,736 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total1,493,984 (2,011 census)
   Urban
246,281
Demographics
   Literacy 73.7%(959,866)
  Sex ratio993
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highways NH-49, NH-153(new numbering after a gazette notification of March 5, 2010)
Average annual precipitation1584 mm
Website raigarh.nic.in

Raigarh district is a district of the state of Chhattisgarh, in India. Raigarh is the district headquarters. The languages spoken in the district are Chhattisgarhi, Odia and Hindi. Due to railway and industrial development, a fair representation from all over India can be seen here. A large population of Schedule Tribes, Odia, Marwari, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Christian, Muslim, Gujarati, Punjabi, Bihari and many other community are living here. The city has cosmopolitan nature.

Contents

The district was formed by merging the princely states of Raigarh, Sakti, Sarangarh, Udaipur and Jashpur. [1] Jashpur is now a separate district. Sakti is now not a part of Raigarh district.

It is rapidly growing as an industrial district of Chhattisgarh. One of the oldest jute mills of India is situated here, Mohan jute mill; it was the only Jute Mill of the state CG and undivided MP. Raigarh is one of the major producers of steel and power in the country. Here are situated many steel and power plants such as JSPL, MSP, Monnet steel, and many other small and medium producers. The volume can be judged by the statement that Raigarh itself is consuming about 20,000 tons of coal per day.[ citation needed ]

Raigarh ditrict has 9 tehsils:

  1. Raigarh
  2. Sarangarh
  3. Udaipur (Dharamjaigarh)
  4. Baramkela
  5. Kharsia
  6. Pusour
  7. Lailunga
  8. Tamnar
  9. Gharghoda

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Raigarh district has a population of 1,493,984, [2] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon [3] or the US state of Hawaii. [4] This gives it a ranking of 336th in India (out of a total of 640). [2] The district has a population density of 211 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) . [2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.02%. [2] Raigarh has a sex ratio of 993 females for every 1000 males, [2] and a literacy rate of 73.7%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 15.06% and 33.84% of the population respectively. [2]

Languages

Languages of Raigarh district, 2011 census

   Chhattisgarhi (75.61%)
   Odia (9.52%)
   Hindi (6.70%)
   Kurukh (4.04%)
  Others (4.13%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 75.61% of the population in the district spoke Chhattisgarhi, 9.52% Odia, 6.70% Hindi and 4.04% Kurukh as their first language. [5]

Languages spoken here include Asuri, an Austroasiatic language spoken by approximately 17,000. [6]

Related Research Articles

Chhattisgarh State in central India

Chhattisgarh is a state located in the region of Central India. Formerly part of Madhya Pradesh, it was granted statehood on November 1, 2000. It is the 9th-largest state in India, with an area of 135,192 km2 (52,198 sq mi). As of 2020, it has a population of roughly 29.4 million, making it the 17th most populated state in the country.

Raipur district District of Chhattisgarh in India

Raipur district is a district in the Chhattisgarh state of India. Its administrative headquarters is the city of Raipur. The district is rich in mineral resources and there are many wildlife sanctuaries. With a population of 4 million, it is the most populous district of Chhattisgarh.

Bastar district District of Chhattisgarh in India

Bastar is a district in the state of Chhattisgarh in Central India. Jagdalpur is the district headquarters. Bastar is bounded on the northwest by Narayanpur District, on the north by Kondagaon District, on the east by Nabarangpur and Koraput Districts of Odisha State, on the south and southwest by Dantewada and Sukma. The district possesses a unique blend of tribal and Odia culture.

Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh District of Chhattisgarh in India

Bilaspur district is a district of the Chhattisgarh state of India. Bilaspur city is the headquarters of the district. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Chhattisgarh, after Raipur.

Jharsuguda district District in Odisha, India

Jharsuguda is a district in Odisha, India with Jharsuguda town as its headquarters. The district once had an airport during World War II. This region is rich in coal and other mineral reserves. Of late, many small and medium scale iron and steel units have been set up in the vicinity of Jharsuguda town, giving impetus to the industrial growth of the district.

Sundergarh district District of Odisha in India

Sundargarh District is a district in the northwestern part of Odisha state in eastern India.

Jashpur district District of Chhattisgarh in India

Jashpur District lies in the north-eastern corner of the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh adjoining the border of Jharkhand and Odisha. Jashpur Nagar is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is placed among valleys and surrounded with lush green environment. Jashpur has a rich historical culture. It was a princely state before independence. The density of the population is 132 persons per sq. km. 91% of the population is rural where as 9% belongs to the urban populace. Tribals are 62.28% of the district Population. The district is famous for its tribal inherent culture where 14608 are Pahadi Korvas, a primitive vulnerable tribal group and 515 are the Birhor tribes.

Durg district District of Chhattisgarh in India

Durg district is a district situated in Chhattisgarh, India. The district headquarters is Durg. The district covers an area of 2,238 km². As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Chhattisgarh, after Raipur.

Raigarh Place in Chhattisgarh, India

Raigarh is a city and municipal corporation in the Raigarh district of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. The administrative headquarters of Raigarh district, it is known for its coal reserves and power generation for the state as well as the country. It is also known as Sanskardhani i.e. Cultural capital of Chhattisgarh.

Dharamjaigarh town in Chhattisgarh, India

Dharamjaygarh is a town and a nagar panchayat in Raigarh District in the state of Chhattisgarh, India. Major languages spoken are Hindi and Chhattisgarhi, with a little Odia, Bengali and English.

Pithora, Chhattisgarh town in Chhattisgarh, India

Pithora is a town and a nagar panchayat in Mahasamund district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

Mahasamund district District of Chhattisgarh in India

Mahasamund District is a district in Chhattisgarh state in central India. The city of Mahasamund is the district headquarters. Mahasamund district is bounded by Raipur district–Gariaband district–Baloda Bazar district–Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh state and Bargarh district and Nuapada district of Odisha state.

Sadri language Eastern Indo-Aryan language

Sadri is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Odisha. It is native language of the Sadan. In addition to native speakers, it is also used as lingua franca by many tribal groups such as Kharia, Munda and Kurukh, and a number of speakers of these tribal groups have adopted it as their first language. It is also used as a lingua franca among Tea-garden community of Assam, West Bengal and Bangladesh. According to the 2011 Census, there were approximately 5,130,000 native speakers of the Nagpuri language, including 19,100 identifying as Gawari, 4,350,000 as "Sadan/Sadri" and 763,000 as "Nagpuria". Around 7 million people speak it as second language.

Raigarh Lok Sabha constituency is one of the eleven Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Chhattisgarh state in central India.

Asuri is an Austroasiatic language spoken by the Asur people, part of the Munda branch. Asuri has many Dravidian loanwords due to contact with Kurukh.

Korwa, or Kodaku/Koraku (Korku), is a Munda language of India spoken in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

Raigarh State

Raigarh was a princely state in India at the time of the British Raj. The state was ruled by a Gond dynasty of Gond clan.

Udaipur State, Chhattisgarh

Udaipur State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The town of Dharamjaigarh was the former state's capital.

Jashpur State

Jashpur State, was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The town of Jashpur was the former state's capital. The rulers were Rajputs of the Chauhan dynasty.

Surgujia is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Chhattisgarh. It belongs to the Eastern Hindi subgroup.

References

  1. Publication by Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics - 1973- Issue 61 - Page 346
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population" . Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gabon 1,576,665
  4. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Hawaii 1,360,301
  5. 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  6. M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Asuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.

Coordinates: 21°54′N83°24′E / 21.900°N 83.400°E / 21.900; 83.400