Raigarh

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Raigarh
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Raigarh
Location in Chhattisgarh,India
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Raigarh
Raigarh (India)
Coordinates: 21°54′N83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E / 21.9; 83.4 Coordinates: 21°54′N83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E / 21.9; 83.4
CountryIndia
State Chhattisgarh
District Raigarh
Government
  BodyRaigarh (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  MLA Prakash Naik (Indian National Congress)
Elevation
219 m (719 ft)
Population
185,000
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
496 001
Area code(s) 7762
Vehicle registration CG 13
Sex ratio 1000/985 /
Website www.raigarh.gov.in

Raigarh is a city and municipal corporation in the Raigarh district of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. The administrative headquarters of Raigarh district, it is known for its coal reserves and power generation for the state as well as the country. It is also known as Sanskardhani i.e. Cultural capital of Chhattisgarh.

Contents

With a population of just about 1,64,000, it is a rapidly growing industrial city and home to the Mohan Jute Mill, one of the oldest jute mills in India and the only one in Madhya Pradesh prior to the splitting off of Chhattisgarh in 2000. Raigarh is also a major producer of steel and iron ore as well as the cultural and industrial capital of Chhattisgarh. Jindal Steel and Power Limited is a major steel plant based in Raigarh. Raigarh is a major rice producing district with a net production of 350,000 tonnes per annum.

History

The tradition preserved by the ruling family of the erstwhile state of Raigarh maintains that the Raj Gond family migrated to this region from Bairagarh/Wariagarh of Chanda district of Maharashtra state about the beginning of the eighteenth century and first stayed at Phuljhar in Raipur district. From there Madan Singh, head of the family migrated to Banda of the present day Raigarh. The successor kings of Raigarh state after Maharaja Madan Singh were Maharaja Takhat Singh, Maharaha Beth Singh, Maharaja Dilip Singh, Maharaja Jujhar Singh, Maharaja Devnath Singh, Maharaja Ghansyam Singh, Maharaja Bhupdev Singh, Maharaja Natwar Singh and Maharaja Chakradhar Singh. Truly speaking music, dance, and literature got fillip during the reign of Maharaja Bhupdev Singh and developed further during the rule of Maharaja Chakradhar Singh. [1] Prior to Indian Independence, Raigarh was capital of Princely State of Raigarh. [2] After the independence of the country, the princely state was the first ones to join the Union of India. The Royal family still resides here, but due to Privy Purse and internal conflicts, the royalty seems to have faded away.[ original research? ] Moreover, the palace - Moti Mahal - is in very bad shape. It has recently been declared a heritage site by the state government.

Etymology

Raigarh got its name from Garh (गढ) named "Rai" established by Raja Madan Singh at Munga near river Mahanadi.

Geography and climate

Raigarh is located at 21°54′N83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E / 21.9; 83.4 . [3] It has an average elevation of 215  metres (705  feet). The Kelo river flows through the city, which is one of its main water sources.

The minimum - maximum temperature range is 29.5 - 49 °C in summer, and 8 - 25 °C in winter.

Climate data for Raigarh (1981–2010, extremes 1951–2008)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)33.4
(92.1)
39.4
(102.9)
43.0
(109.4)
46.0
(114.8)
48.3
(118.9)
47.2
(117.0)
41.8
(107.2)
39.0
(102.2)
38.0
(100.4)
38.6
(101.5)
36.6
(97.9)
34.4
(93.9)
48.3
(118.9)
Average high °C (°F)27.9
(82.2)
30.8
(87.4)
35.5
(95.9)
39.8
(103.6)
41.4
(106.5)
37.4
(99.3)
32.2
(90.0)
31.2
(88.2)
32.2
(90.0)
32.4
(90.3)
30.3
(86.5)
28.2
(82.8)
33.3
(91.9)
Average low °C (°F)13.3
(55.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.5
(68.9)
24.8
(76.6)
27.5
(81.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.6
(76.3)
22.2
(72.0)
17.5
(63.5)
13.1
(55.6)
21.4
(70.5)
Record low °C (°F)6.8
(44.2)
7.8
(46.0)
12.2
(54.0)
14.4
(57.9)
18.7
(65.7)
19.5
(67.1)
18.6
(65.5)
18.4
(65.1)
20.2
(68.4)
13.4
(56.1)
9.3
(48.7)
6.4
(43.5)
6.4
(43.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches)16.7
(0.66)
16.0
(0.63)
14.3
(0.56)
14.7
(0.58)
34.5
(1.36)
202.0
(7.95)
403.5
(15.89)
401.9
(15.82)
230.7
(9.08)
46.6
(1.83)
11.3
(0.44)
2.4
(0.09)
1,394.7
(54.91)
Average rainy days1.31.21.31.32.18.515.816.211.02.80.60.262.4
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)49403126305375797562535152
Source: India Meteorological Department [4] [5]

Language and demographics

Languages spoken are Chhattisgarhi Hindi, and Odia. The demographics of the city consist mainly of people from Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Haryana and Bihar. A sizeable community of Bengali, Telugu and Marathi speaking people also live here.

As of 2001 India census, [6] Raigarh district had a population of 12,69,925, [7] and the city of Raigarh a population of 364,287. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Raigarh has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 62%. About 80% of the population are Hindus, 15% Christians and the remaining 5% are other religions. In Raigarh, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

New Raigarh

New Raigarh (New Raigarh) involves the transformation of old Raigarh into a better planned and a laid out town. Located around National Highway 216, it lies 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the south-east of the old town of Raigarh and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the proposed NTPC Lara-Pussore site. Kodatarai Airport (the future domestic airport of Chhattisgarh) separates the old Raigarh, new Raigarh, and the NTPC site. Naya Raigarh will serve as the industrial capital of the state and also cater to the infrastructure needs of industry and trade in the region. Naya Raigarh is spread over an area of about 600 acres (240 ha) and includes a number of villages of which Kodatarai village forms the core of the Naya Raigarh. About half of the total acquired land is being used for afforestation, roads, parks, public conveniences, water facilities-canals, and green belts. 23 percent of the land will be reserved for educational institutions, government offices, and public auditoriums. 30 percent of the land will be designated for residential and economic use.

Culture

Raigarh is a cultural city known for its Kathak dance and classical music. Raja Chakradhar Singh Porte of Raigarh made prominent contributions to the development of Kathak Dance. Every year on Ganesh Chaturthi a festival called 'Chakradhar Samaroh' is organized in which music and dance exponents from all over India visit and display their arts. This event is organized in memory of Raja Chakradhar Singh Porte.

Economy

Kosa Silk culture at Kosabadi Kosa Silk Culture at Raigarh.jpg
Kosa Silk culture at Kosabadi

Raigarh is well known for its 'kosa' or tasar, a kind of fine silk created by the silkworm feeding on mulberry fruit.

Black Dust Pollution and its impact on Medicinal Flora in Raigarh Black dust pollution.jpg
Black Dust Pollution and its impact on Medicinal Flora in Raigarh

Most of the public buildings in Raigarh were built by Seth Kirodimal[ clarification needed Who or what is this?] and afterwards made part of a charitable trust. These include the district government hospital, Mahatma Gandhi Eye Hospital, Kirodimal Polytechnic College, Kirodimal Degree College and many others. Raigarh is home to the world's second largest and India's largest sponge iron plants and 62 other industries. It has become a growing industrial hub for the steel market. Jindal Steel and Power Limited operate the world's largest sponge iron and steel plant 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Raigarh city while 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city is Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd. The director of the Jindal Group, Mr. Naveen Jindal provides electricity to few industries at Punjipathra to encourage entrepreneurship.

Raigarh is an old city and the marketplace is congested with narrow and curving roads. More than 50 sponge iron plants have already been started in the vicinity of Raigarh. The new Raigarh consists of various shopping complexes, broad four-lane roads, 3-star hotels, upcoming malls (Ela Mall, Galaxy Mall, and Grand Mall) and much more.

A rapid change in the demographics has resulted in a number of colonies and apartments.

Dhokra or bell metal casting is world acclaimed art form of Raigarh. Based in the village of Ektaal, the bell metal structures are noted for their aesthetic value.

Tendu patta [8] collection is one of major sources of income for villagers while Raigarh District is a major producer of rice.

Kelo River Raigarh Kelo-River.jpg
Kelo River Raigarh

Tourism

Raigarh is one of the favorite destinations in the state of Chhattisgarh which is known for Kosa silk, rice fields and indigenous tribes. Nearby place to visit in Raigarh are Pahad Mandir at Gajmar Pahadi, Ram Jharna in Bhupdeopur, Teepa Khol, Maa Chandrasini Devi Temple at Chandrapur and Banjari Mandir situated in Raigarh-Tamnar road.

Transportation

Railways

Raigarh Railway Station Raigarh Railway Station.jpg
Raigarh Railway Station

Raigarh is a station on the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line the broad gauge line. It comes under Bilaspur railway division. All express and some superfast trains stop here, while Gondwana express and Janshatabdi express originate at Raigarh. It is well connected with many major cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Kota, Patna, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Bhubaneswar, Nagpur, Vishakhapatnam etc., while for other destinations it has to depend upon Bilaspur railway station, which is a regional rail hub connected to every part of country and 132  km from Raigarh district headquarter. The main railway station Raigarh is near the heart of the city. Kirodimal Nagar railway station is another suburb small station of Raigarh city. Raigarh railway station serving to the people of the nearby area lie Ambikapur, Surguja, Dharamjaigarh, Lailunga, Sarangarh. The Raigarh railway station has good Vehicle parking facility even overnight parking can be done on need.

Airport

Raigarh Airport near Kondatarai is 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from the city center. The State Government signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Airports Authority of India (AAI) in July 2013 to develop Raigarh Airport as the state's second airport for domestic flights by 2017 May [9] A Four Lane road is proposed on NH 216 which will connect the airport to the city more efficiently.

A private airport owned by the Jindal Steel and Power Limited is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north-west of the city. The Chhattisgarh state government and the Airport Authority of India (AAI) may sign an agreement for setting up a full-fledged airport at Raigarh at a cost of Rs 280 crore.

AAI is expected to develop the proposed airport in two phases, with Rs 158 crore being spent on the first phase. The authority expects to complete the project in three to four years. Once the airport becomes operational, flights of ATR-72 aircraft, which can seat 70 to 80 people, would be started initially. AAI would introduce flights of bigger aircraft, with seating capacity for 200 people as and when the traffic increases and the airport is fully operational. The state government may allocate 600 acre of land to the AAI for developing the airport. As of now, Raigarh has an airstrip, which is primarily used for small aircraft and choppers but once the airport is developed, it would give a fillip to the industrial activity in and around the district. The airport would promote air connectivity and help in boosting the state's economy.

Education

Average literacy rate in Raigarh district as per census 2011 is 85.22 % of which males and females are 92.01 % and 78.09 % literates respectively.

Media

News channels

Rainbow Over TV Tower TV-Tower.jpg
Rainbow Over TV Tower

Many local news channels are Broadcast from Raipur in Hindi :

News ChannelsLanguage
IBC24 MP Chhattisgarh Hindi
Zee 24 Chhattisgarh Hindi
ETV MP Chhattisgarh Hindi
Sadhna News Hindi
Sahara Samaye Hindi
CG 24 News (Cable Network) Hindi
Abhi Tak (Cable Network) Hindi
HARSH NEWS (Cable Network) Hindi
SARTHAK NEWS (Cable Network) Hindi
CG Superfast News Hindi

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References

  1. Poyam, Akash (18 December 2015). "Story of Gond Raja Chakradhar Singh: Scholar, Musician, Dancer". Adivasi Resurgence. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  2. "Raigarh State". Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 21. 1909. pp. 45–47. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  3. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Raigarh
  4. "Station: Raigarh Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 641–642. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  5. "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M43. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  6. "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  7. Raigarh District Official Website
  8. "What is Tendu Patta and why is collecting it a big business in Chhattisgarh". 11 November 2016.
  9. "Chhattisgarh's second airport worth Rs 280 crore in Raigarh soon". The Times of India . 24 July 2013. Archived from the original on 16 November 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2013.