Taxi to the Dark Side

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Taxi to the Dark Side
Taxi to the dark side.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Alex Gibney
Produced byAlex Gibney
Eva Orner
Susannah Shipman
Written byAlex Gibney
Music byIvor Guest
Robert Logan
Edited bySloane Klevin
Distributed by THINKFilm
Release date
  • April 30, 2007 (2007-04-30)
Running time
106 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Mugshot of taxi driver Dilawar at the Bagram prison where he died. Dillawar.jpg
Mugshot of taxi driver Dilawar at the Bagram prison where he died.

Taxi to the Dark Side is a 2007 American documentary film directed by Alex Gibney, and produced by him, Eva Orner, and Susannah Shipman. It won the 2007 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. [1] It focuses on the December 2002 killing of an Afghan taxi driver named Dilawar, [2] who was beaten to death by American soldiers while being held in extrajudicial detention and interrogated at a black site at Bagram air base.

Contents

It was part of the Why Democracy? series, which consisted of ten documentary films from around the world questioning and examining contemporary democracy. As part of this series, the documentary was broadcast in over 30 countries from October 8–18, 2007. The BBC showed the film in its Storyville series.

Overview

Taxi to the Dark Side examines US policy on torture and interrogation, specifically the CIA's use of torture and their research into sensory deprivation. The film includes discussions against the use of torture by political and military opponents, as well as the defense of such methods; attempts by Congress to uphold the standards of the Geneva Convention forbidding torture; and popularization of the use of torture techniques in TV shows such as 24 .

Plot

The documentary concerns the death of Dilawar, an Afghan peanut farmer, who gave up farming to become a taxi driver and who died after several days of beating at Bagram detention center.

Dilawar left his home of Yakubi in eastern Afghanistan in the autumn of 2002, investing his family money in a new taxi to make money in a larger city. On 1 December 2002 he and three passengers were handed over to US military officials by a local Afghan warlord, accused of organising an attack on Camp Salerno. The warlord was later found guilty of the attack himself, but had been ingratiating himself (for $1000 per person) by handing over alleged terrorists.

Dilawar was held at the prison at Bagram Air Base, and given the prisoner number BT421. Chained from the ceiling, he received multiple attacks on his thighs, a standard technique viewed as "permissible" and non-life-threatening. It is likely that the severe attack caused a blood clot which then killed him. His official death certificate created by the US military to pass to his family, with his body, was marked "homicide". Medical conclusion stated that Dilawar's legs were "pulpified" and, had he lived, would have required amputation.

The film explores the background of increasingly sanctioned torture following 9/11 in contravention of the Geneva Convention and looks at the exposure of Abu Ghraib.

Interviews include Tim Golden of The New York Times who brought the case into the international spotlight, and Moazzam Begg, a British citizen imprisoned at the same time, and witness to the events. Military interviewees include Damien Corsetti the main interrogator, and Sgt. Anthony Morden. Cpt Christopher Beiring explains how he was the only person charged (charged with dereliction of duty).

The documentary claims that of the over 83,000 people incarcerated by US forces in Afghanistan up to 2007, 93 percent were captured by local militiamen and exchanged for US bounty payments. Also that 105 detainees had died in captivity and that 37 of these deaths had been officially classified as homicides up to 2007. [3]

The film also looks at Guantánamo Bay and how the same techniques were implemented there.

Release

The film premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival in New York City on April 28, 2007. [4]

Reception

Alex Gibney and the crew of Taxi to the Dark Side at the 67th Annual Peabody Awards Alex Gibney and the crew of Taxi to the Darkside at the 67th Annual Peabody Awards.jpg
Alex Gibney and the crew of Taxi to the Dark Side at the 67th Annual Peabody Awards

Taxi to the Dark Side appeared on some critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2008. Premiere magazine named it the fifth best film of 2008, [5] and Bill White of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer named it the seventh-best film of 2008. [5] The film also scored 100% for critic approval, out of 93 reviews on Rotten Tomatoes, with a weighted average of 8.34/10. The site's consensus reads: "Taxi to the Dark Side is an intelligent, powerful look into the dark corners of the War on Terror". [6] It also has a score of 82 out of 100 on Metacritic, based on 25 critics, indicating "universal acclaim". [7]

Awards

The film was named by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences as one of 15 films on its documentary feature Oscar shortlist in November 2007, [8] [9] and won the Oscar on February 24, 2008. [10] In his acceptance speech for the "Best Documentary Feature" Academy Award, Gibney said:

This is dedicated to two people who are no longer with us, Dilawar, the young Afghan taxi driver, and my father, a navy interrogator who urged me to make this film because of his fury about what was being done to the rule of law. Let's hope we can turn this country around, move away from the dark side and back to the light. [10] [11]

It also won a Peabody Award in 2007 "for its sober, meticulous argument that what happened to a hapless Afghani was not an aberration but, rather, the inevitable result of a consciously approved, widespread policy." [12] Additionally, Gibney received the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Documentary Screenplay at the 60th Writers Guild of America Awards. [13]

In June 2007, the Discovery Channel bought the rights to broadcast Taxi to the Dark Side. However, in February 2008, it made public its intention never to broadcast the documentary due to its controversial nature. [14] HBO then bought rights to the film and announced that it would be broadcast in September 2008, after which the Discovery Channel announced it would broadcast Taxi to the Dark Side in 2009.

In June 2008, Gibney's company filed for arbitration, arguing that THINKFilm failed to properly distribute and promote the film following its release and Oscar win. [15] [16]

See also

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References

  1. 2008|Oscars.org
  2. Eliza Griswold (May 2, 2007). "The other Guantánamo. Black Hole". The New Republic. Archived from the original on May 9, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-03.
  3. Phillips, Richard (28 March 2008). "Taxi to the Dark Side: Murder of young Afghan driver exposes US torture policies". World Socialist Web Site. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  4. Beckey Bright (April 28, 2007). "Director Explores 'Dark Side' Of U.S. Treatment of Detainees". Wall Street Journal . Retrieved 2007-05-05.
  5. 1 2 "Metacritic: 2008 Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. Archived from the original on January 2, 2009. Retrieved January 11, 2009.
  6. "Rotten Tomatoes review of Taxi to the Dark Side". Rotten Tomatoes. 2008-01-22. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  7. https://www.metacritic.com/movie/taxi-to-the-dark-side
  8. "80th Annual Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2008-01-22. Archived from the original on 2008-01-23. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
  9. "Shortlist for docu Oscar unveiled". The Hollywood Reporter. 2007-11-20. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved 2007-12-21.
  10. 1 2 ""Taxi to the Dark Side": Exposé on US Abuses in "War on Terror" Wins Oscar for Best Documentary". Democracy Now. 26 February 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  11. Taxi to the Dark Side Wins Documentary Feature: 2008 Oscars
  12. 67th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2008.
  13. Thielman, Sam; McNary, Dave (February 9, 2008). "Cody, Coens bros. top WGA Awards". Variety. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  14. Democracy Now! 12 Feb 2008 transcript, retrieved on 12 Feb 2008.
  15. Christine Kearney (2008-06-26). "US documentary maker seeks damages over Oscar film". Reuters . Retrieved 2008-06-26. He sued for damages, claiming that the film has grossed only $250,000 up to June 2008 due to inadequate promotion.
  16. Charles Lyons (June 26, 2008). "Filmmaker Says Distributor Failed Him". The New York Times . Retrieved 2008-07-21.