Thomas Pridias

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Arms of Prideaux: Argent, a chevron sable in chief a label of three points gules

Sir Thomas Pridias (died 1310 or 1311 [1] ) (alias Prideaux) lord of the manor of Newham (anciently Nunneam, etc.) [2] in the parishes of Kenwyn and Kea, immediately south of the parish of Truro, in Cornwall, was a Member of Parliament for Cornwall in 1298. [3]

Lord of the manor title from the feudal system of manorialism

In English and Irish history, the lordship of a manor is a lordship emanating from the feudal system of manorialism. In modern England and Wales, it is recognised as a form of property, one of three elements of a manor that may exist separately or be combined, and may be held in moieties:

  1. the title ;
  2. the manorial, comprising the manor and/or its land; and
  3. the seignory, rights granted to the titular holder of the manor.
Kenwyn suburb of the city of Truro and civil parish in Cornwall, England

Kenwyn is a settlement and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The settlement is a suburb of the city of Truro and is situated 0.5 mi (1 km) north of the city centre. It gives its name to one of three rivers that flow through the city. The population of the civil parish including Marazanvose at the 2011 census was 5,800.

Kea, Cornwall village and civil parish in Cornwall, England

Kea is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is a "large straggling parish" in a former mining area south of Truro.



He was the son and heir of Sir Reginald Pridias (fl. 1262) lord of the manor of Newham (anciently Nunneam, etc.) in Truro, probably [4] a younger son of Richard Pridias (d.1250) of Prideaux Castle, near Fowey, in Cornwall, lord of the manor of Prideaux. The Prideaux family is believed to be of Norman origin and to have first settled in England at some time after the Norman Conquest of 1066 at Prideaux Castle. Sir Thomas Pridias's ancestors had obtained a moiety of the manor and borough of Truro at some time before 1175, the supposed date of a charter granted by Reginald de Pridias to the town of Truro. [2] Sir Reginald Pridias (fl. 1262) of Newham was party to a deed dated 1262 summarised as follows: [2]

Prideaux Castle is a multivallate Iron Age hillfort situated atop a 133 m (435 ft) high conical hill near the southern boundary of the parish of Luxulyan, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is also sometimes referred to as Prideaux Warren, Prideaux War-Ring, or Prideaux Hillfort. The site is a scheduled monument and so protected from unauthorised works by the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

Fowey small town, civil parish and cargo port at the mouth of the River Fowey in south Cornwall, England

Fowey is a small town, civil parish and cargo port at the mouth of the River Fowey in south Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The town has been in existence since well before the Norman invasion, with the local church first established some time in the 7th century; the estuary of the River Fowey forms a natural harbour which enabled the town to become an important trading centre. Privateers also made use of the sheltered harbourage. The Lostwithiel and Fowey Railway brought China clay here for export.

Moiety title is a legal term describing a portion other than a whole of ownership of property. The word derives from Old French moitié, "half", from Latin medietas ("middle"), from medius.

to settle certain disputes between the lords and burgesses of Treuru (Truro) and Reginald de Pridias, lord of Nunneam, in which he consents that his men of the chase at Nunneam should be talliaged with the men of Trueru and pay toll there

Burgess originally meant a freeman of a borough or burgh (Scotland). It later came to mean an elected or unelected official of a municipality, or the representative of a borough in the English House of Commons.

The Prideaux family later abandoned their seat at Prideaux and moved to Devon, where it spread out in various branches, earliest at Orcheton, Modbury, inherited by the marriage of Sir Thomas Pridias's uncle Geoffry Pridias to the heiress Isabella de Orcharton. [5] Later branches were seated at Adeston, Holbeton; Thuborough, Sutcombe; Soldon, Holsworthy; Netherton, Farway (see Prideaux baronets); Ashburton; Nutwell, Woodbury and Ford Abbey, Thorncombe and at Prideaux Place in the parish of Padstow, Cornwall, where the Prideaux-Brune family still resides today. It was one of the most widespread and successful of all the gentry families of Devon, and as remarked upon by Swete (d.1821), exceptionally most of the expansion was performed by younger sons, [6] who by the custom of primogeniture were expected to make their own fortunes.

Orcheton, Modbury

Orcheton is an historic estate in the parish of Modbury in Devon. The present house, known as Great Orcheton Farm is situated 1 1/2 miles south-west of Modbury Church.

Holbeton farm village in the United Kingdom

Holbeton is a civil parish and village located 9 miles south east of Plymouth in the South Hams district of Devon, England. Historically it formed part of Ermington Hundred. To the east of the village is an Iron age enclosure or hill fort known as Holbury.

Sutcombe farm village in the United Kingdom

Sutcombe is a village and civil parish in the local government district of Torridge, Devon, England. The parish, which lies about 5.5 miles north of the town of Holsworthy, is surrounded clockwise from the north by the parishes of West Putford, Abbots Bickington, Milton Damerel, Holsworthy Hamlets and Bradworthy. In 2001 its population was 299, compared to 351 in 1901.


He was a Member of Parliament for Cornwall in 1298 [3] and was a Collector of the Subsidy in 1298. [5] In 1297 he is recorded as holding lands to the annual value of £20. [5] Thomas de Pridias, in 1294, was summoned from the County of Cornwall to perform military service against the Welsh, and, in the same year, he was appointed one of the Assessors and Collectors of the subsidy for the County, as he was again in 1309. In 1297, as Sir Thomas Pridias, he was returned from Cornwall as holding lands or rents of the value of £20 a year or upwards, and as such was summoned under the general writ to perform military service, with horses and arms, beyond the seas.' In the following year he was returned as Knight for the shire of Cornwall at the Parliament held at York, and in 1301 he was summoned from Cornwall to perform military service in person against the Scots. [3]

Cornwall is a former county constituency covering the county of Cornwall, in the South West of England. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of England then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire, elected by the bloc vote system.

Feudal land tenure in England Forms of land tenure in the feudal system in Medieval England

Under the English feudal system several different forms of land tenure existed, each effectively a contract with differing rights and duties attached thereto. Such tenures could be either free-hold, signifying that they were hereditable or perpetual, or non-free where the tenancy terminated on the tenant's death or at an earlier specified period. The main varieties are as follows:



The manor of Newham was situated in the parishes of Kenwyn and Kea, situated south of the former Church of St Mary, now Truro Cathedral. The estate was sold by Lord Vivian in the 1920s. [7] Today it is represented by Higher Newham Farm, 92 acres of which in 2014 were scheduled to be built on to provide 155 dwelling houses [8]

Truro Cathedral Church in Cornwall, United Kingdom

The Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Truro is a Church of England cathedral in the city of Truro, Cornwall. It was built between 1880 and 1910 to a Gothic Revival design by John Loughborough Pearson on the site of the parish church of St Mary. It is one of only three cathedrals in the United Kingdom with three spires.


John de Ripariis (de Rivers) granted, under the designation of Thomas son of Reginald de Prydyas, Knt., one messuage and one garden in Trurue Marche, with the advowson of the Church of the Blessed Mary of Trurue appertaining to the same garden and house, and one place of land called the Castle, together with the moiety of the free Borough of Trurue Marche with fairs, markets, tolls, stallages, riverage, sac and soc, toll and them, infangenethef, utfangenethef, with all the liberties to the said borough pertaining, &c., &c., and the services of Thomas Davy for the moiety of the mill which he holds of him in Trureu, to hold to the said Thomas de Pridyas his heirs and assigns of him the said John de Ripariis and his heirs and assigns for ever of the King in capite by the accustomed services. [9]

Marriage, children and death

He married a certain Rose, of unrecorded family origins, who in 1345 exercised patronage of the advowson of St Mary's Church in Truro, Cornwall [5] (demolished in 1500's, now Truro Cathedral [ citation needed ]). By his wife he had children including his son and heir, Geoffry de Pridias (1274 – before 1347). [3]

On Thomas's death in 1310 or 1311, he held, amongst others, a part of the Borough of Truro and the manor of Nywenen (Newnham). [3]

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  1. Inquisition post mortem regnal date 4 Edward II, per Vivian, p.616
  2. 1 2 3 Report - Royal Institution of Cornwall. p. 19. Retrieved 2016-12-03.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Mclean, p.196.
  4. Uncertain descent indicated by dotted line in Vivian, p.616.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Vivian, p.616.
  6. Gray, Todd & Rowe, Margery (Eds.), Travels in Georgian Devon: The Illustrated Journals of The Reverend John Swete, 1789-1800, 4 vols., Tiverton, 1999, vol.2, p.107
  7. "Higher Newham Farm & Village". 1971-11-07. Retrieved 2016-12-03.
  8. "Higher Newham Farm & Village | Higher Newham, Truro, Cornwall". Retrieved 2016-12-03.
  9. "The parochial and family history of the deanery of Trigg Minor, in the county of Cornwall : Maclean, John, Sir, 1811-1895 Internet Archive". Retrieved 2016-12-03.