Ashburton, Devon

Last updated

Ashburton
West Street , Ashburton.jpg
West Street, Ashburton
Devon UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ashburton
Location within Devon
Population4,170 
OS grid reference SX756698
Civil parish
  • Ashburton
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWTON ABBOT
Postcode district TQ13
Dialling code 01364
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Devon
50°31′01″N3°45′04″W / 50.517°N 3.751°W / 50.517; -3.751 Coordinates: 50°31′01″N3°45′04″W / 50.517°N 3.751°W / 50.517; -3.751

Ashburton is a town on the south-southeastern edge of Dartmoor in Devon, England, adjacent to the A38. The town is 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Plymouth and 17 miles (27 km) southwest of Exeter.

Contents

It was formerly important as a stannary town (a centre for the administration of tin-mining), and remains the largest town within the national park. Ashburton has five pubs within the centre of town and five restaurants/cafés. The town is also part of the electoral ward named Ashburton and Buckfastleigh , the population of which at the 2011 census was 7,718. [1]

History

The town's name derives from the Old English æsc-burna-tun meaning 'farm/settlement with a stream frequented by ash trees'. [2]

The name is recorded in the Domesday Book (1086) as Essebretone. Ashburton was then the main town of the Parish of Ashburton, in Teignbridge Hundred. During the English Civil War, Ashburton was a temporary refuge for Royalist troops fleeing after their defeat by General Fairfax at nearby Bovey Tracey.

The town was the terminus of the Buckfastleigh, Totnes and South Devon Railway that opened on 1 May 1872. Ashburton railway station closed to passengers in November 1958 although goods traffic on the line continued until 7 September 1962.

Ashburton used to be famous for a beverage known as Ashburton Pop, possibly a type of champagne, the recipe of which was lost with the brewer in 1765. [3] [4]

Ashburton Carnival is one of the oldest, possibly the oldest, surviving in Devon. Written records date it back to 1891, but it is believed to have been started in the mid-1880s to raise funds for a new hospital.

Ashburton Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1910. The club continued into the 1920s. [5]

Ashmoor Hockey Club was formed in 2003 and plays at South Dartmoor Community College.

Politics

Ashburton was the first place to elect a candidate of the Official Monster Raving Loony Party to public office. The candidate was Alan Hope, a local publican, who was elected unopposed to Ashburton Town Council in 1989. He subsequently became deputy mayor and later mayor of Ashburton.

The town is one of a few to still annually appoint a portreeve or 'port warden'. Others are Laugharne, Beccles, Callington (where the name is given to the council chairman), Cheevel, and Yeovil.

Sites of interest

Ashburton Town Hall Ashburton Town Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1073214.jpg
Ashburton Town Hall

The parish church of St Andrew is a fine building of the 15th century with a tall tower and two aisles. The 15th-century church tower includes sculptures by Herbert Edmund Read (1885–1951), who also carved the oak reredos; this is not the art historian Herbert Read. One window has stained glass designed by C. E. Kempe. The porch is partly Norman. [6]

St Lawrence Chapel is a Grade II* Listed Building in St Lawrence Lane in the centre of the town. Originally a chantry chapel and then a grammar school for over 600 years, St Lawrence Chapel is now an important heritage, cultural and community centre, managed by the Guild of St Lawrence. [7]

The town's old Methodist Church (Grade II listed) at 15 West St was built in 1835. [8] In 2015 the Methodist congregation moved to the nearby St Andrew's Church Hall. Their previous building was sold by public auction on 19 July 2017, when it was bought by Ashburton Arts Ltd (a not-for-profit company limited by guarantee) using funds donated or loaned by members of the community. The building now houses Ashburton Arts Centre. [9]

St Gudula's Well and Cross in Old Totnes Road is probably named after St Gulval, also honoured at the village of Gulval in Cornwall. [10]

The Rippon Tor Rifle Range lies within five miles of Ashburton. [11]

Ashburton Town Hall was originally built as a market hall in 1850. [12]

International relations

Twin towns - sister cities

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">River Dart</span> River in Devon, England

The River Dart is a river in Devon, England, that rises high on Dartmoor and flows for 75 kilometres (47 mi) to the sea at Dartmouth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Buckfastleigh</span> Town and civil parish in Devon, England

Buckfastleigh is a market town and civil parish in Devon, England situated beside the Devon Expressway (A38) at the edge of the Dartmoor National Park. It is part of Teignbridge and, for ecclesiastical purposes, lies within the Totnes Deanery. It is 18 miles east-northeast of Plymouth, 20 miles southwest of Exeter and has a population of 3,661. It is a centre of tourism and is home to Buckfast Abbey, the South Devon Railway, the Buckfastleigh Butterfly Farm and Otter Sanctuary, the Tomb of Squire Richard Cabell and The Valiant Soldier.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Okehampton</span> Town in Devon, England

Okehampton is a town and civil parish in West Devon in the English county of Devon. It is situated at the northern edge of Dartmoor, and had a population of 5,922 at the 2011 census. Two electoral wards are based in the town. Their joint population at the same census was 7,500.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Devon Railway (heritage railway)</span> Heritage railway in Devon, England

The South Devon Railway (SDR) is a 6.64-mile (10.69 km) heritage railway from Totnes to Buckfastleigh in Devon. Mostly running alongside the River Dart, it was initially known as the Dart Valley Railway. The railway is now operated by the South Devon Railway Trust, a registered charity.

Bridford Village in Devon, England

Bridford is a village and civil parish in south west England, located in the Teign Valley, Devon on the edge of Dartmoor. The parish is surrounded by the parishes of Dunsford, Doddiscombsleigh, Christow, and Moretonhampstead. At the 2011 census the population of the parish was 503, compared with 404 in 1901.

Addlethorpe Small village in Lincolnshire, England

Addlethorpe is a small village situated just off the A52 west of Ingoldmells in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Totnes (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997 onwards

Totnes is a Parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since December 2019 by Conservative Anthony Mangnall. Mangnall defeated incumbent Dr Sarah Wollaston who had originally been elected as a Conservative but defected to the Liberal Democrats earlier that year.

Bovey Tracey Town in Devon, England

Bovey Tracey is a small town and civil parish in Devon, England, on the edge of Dartmoor, its proximity to which gives rise to the "slogan" used on the town's boundary signs, "The Gateway to the Moor". It is often known locally as "Bovey". It is about 10 miles south-west of Exeter and lies on the A382 road, about halfway between Newton Abbot and Moretonhampstead. The village is at the centre of the electoral ward of Bovey. At the 2011 census the population of this ward was 7,721.

Totnes railway station Railway station in Devon, England

Totnes railway station serves the towns of Totnes and Dartington in Devon, England. It was opened by the South Devon Railway Company in 1847. Situated on the Exeter to Plymouth Line, it is 222 miles 66 chains measured from the zero point at London Paddington via Box.

Wiveliscombe Human settlement in England

Wiveliscombe is a small town and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated 9 miles (14 km) west of Taunton in the Somerset West and Taunton district. The town has a population of 2,893. The Square, fronted by several listed structures, held the former market. The parish includes the nearby hamlet of Maundown.

Whitstone Village and civil parish in east Cornwall, England

Whitstone is a village and civil parish in east Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is roughly halfway between the towns of Bude and Launceston. The population at the 2011 census was 590.

The Buckfastleigh, Totnes and South Devon Railway built the broad gauge railway line from Totnes to Buckfastleigh and Ashburton in Devon, England.

Ashburton railway station Disused railway station in Devon, England

Ashburton railway station is a closed railway station situated in the town of Ashburton in Devon, England. It was the terminus of a branch line from Totnes.

Totnes (Riverside) railway station Heritage railway station in Devon, England

Totnes (Riverside) railway station, previously known as Totnes Littlehempston railway station and Littlehempston Riverside railway station, is a railway station situated in Littlehempston in the English county of Devon. It is the southern terminus of the South Devon Railway, a steam-operated heritage railway. Littlehempston station should not be confused with the Totnes main line station on the National Rail Exeter to Plymouth line, which is a 330 yards (300 m) walk away.

South Dartmoor Community College Academy in Ashburton, Devon, England

South Dartmoor Community College (SDCC) is a co-educational academy school located in Ashburton, Devon, England. The number of students on roll is 1,650. The school has a sixth form centre and has become a Specialist Sports College with Training School Status that is strongly linked with Ashmoor Hockey Club. It has 5 Tors from Dartmoor as its school houses and is split into 2 different populations, X and Y. The Tors are as listed, Hay Tor, Bel Tor, Fox Tor, Rippon Tor and Hound Tor.

River Ashburn River in Devon, England

Ashburn is a river in the Dartmoor moors in Devon in south-west England, flowing through the Ashburton valley to the River Dart.

Scoriton is a tiny village in the county of Devon, England, and the main centre of habitation of the parish of West Buckfastleigh.

Dean Prior Village in Devon, England

Dean Prior is a village and civil parish near the A38 road, in the South Hams district, in the county of Devon, England. It is located near the town of Buckfastleigh and north of South Brent. Dean Prior has a Grade I listed church dedicated to St George the Martyr, where the seventeenth-century poet Robert Herrick was vicar from 1629 to 1646 and 1660 to 1674 and is buried.

Buckfast Village in Devon, England

Buckfast is a small village near Buckfastleigh in Teignbridge district, Devon, England, on the bank of the River Dart. It is the home of Buckfast Abbey, an active Benedictine monastery, which gave its name to Buckfast Tonic Wine, originally made there.

References

  1. "Ward population 2011". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  2. "Key to English Place-names". kepn.nottingham.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 1 July 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  3. "The Noted John Cooke of Exeter" Archived 23 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine , The Every-day Book and Table Book; or, Everlasting Calendar of Popular Amusements, Sports, Pastimes, Ceremonies, Manners, Customs, and Events, Each of the Three Hundred and Sixty-Five Days, in Past and Present Times; Forming a Complete History of the Year, Months, and Seasons, and a Perpetual Key to the Almanac, Including Accounts of the Weather, Rules for Health and Conduct, Remarkable and Important Anecdotes, Facts, and Notices, in Chronology, Antiquities, Topography, Biography, Natural History, Art, Science and General Literature; Derived from the Most Authentic Sources, and Valuable Original Communication, with Poetical Elucidations, for Daily Use and Diversion. Vol III., ed. William Hone, (London: 1838) p 356. Retrieved on 2008-11-21
  4. "Ashburton Pop corks", Notes and Queries 1937 172: 50
  5. “Ashburton Golf Club” Archived 6 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine , “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  6. Pevsner, N. (1952) South Devon, Penguin Books; pp. 3839
  7. Historic England. "Chapel of St Lawrence (1207789)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  8. Historic England. "Ashburton Methodist Church (1282869)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  9. "Welcome to Ashburton Arts" . Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  10. Historic England. "St Gudula's Well, including steps and retaining wall (1201014)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  11. "Rippon Tor Small Arms Firing Range". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  12. Historic England. "Town Hall, North Street (1201012)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 27 December 2021.