Thomas R. Turner II
Thomas R. Turner II, while in command of the 101st Airborne Division.
|Born||March 2, 1955|
|Years of service||1974 - 2010|
|Commands held|| United States Army North |
101st Airborne Division
|Battles/wars|| Operation Just Cause |
|Awards|| Defense Superior Service Medal (3)|
Legion of Merit
Lieutenant General Thomas R. Turner II is a retired United States Army officer, who served as the commander of the 101st Airborne Division and United States Army North, Fort Sam Houston, Texas.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States, and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution. As the oldest and most senior branch of the U.S. military in order of precedence, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which was formed to fight the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)—before the United States of America was established as a country. After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The United States Army considers itself descended from the Continental Army, and dates its institutional inception from the origin of that armed force in 1775.
The 101st Airborne Division is a specialized modular light infantry division of the US Army trained for air assault operations. The Screaming Eagles has been referred to as "the tip of the spear" by former U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates and the most potent and tactically mobile of the U.S. Army's divisions by former Chief of Staff of the Army GEN Edward C. Meyer (ret). The 101st Airborne is able to plan, coordinate, and execute brigade-size air assault operations capable of seizing key terrain in support of operational objectives, and is capable of working in austere environments with limited or degraded infrastructure. These particular operations are conducted by highly mobile teams covering extensive distances and engaging enemy forces behind enemy lines. According to the author of Screaming Eagles: 101st Airborne Division, its unique battlefield mobility and high level of training have kept it in the vanguard of US land combat forces in recent conflicts. More recently, the 101st Airborne has been performing foreign internal defense and counterterrorism operations within Iraq and Afghanistan.
The United States Army North (ARNORTH) is a formation of the United States Army. An Army Service Component Command (ASCC) subordinate to United States Northern Command (NORTHCOM), ARNORTH is the joint force land component of NORTHCOM. ARNORTH is responsible for homeland defense and defense support of civil authorities.
Turner graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1974 and was commissioned as second lieutenant in the infantry. His first assignment was with the 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized), as a platoon leader and company executive officer. In August 1977, he was assigned as a platoon leader with the United Nations Command Security Force, Joint Security Area, Panmunjom, Korea. He attended the Infantry Officer Advance Course prior to taking command of B Company, 3rd Battalion, 19th Infantry, 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) in Fort Stewart, Georgia. Following this assignment, he served as the Aide-de-Camp to the Deputy Commanding General, Combined Arms Combat Development Activity at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy, or simply The Point, is a four-year federal service academy in West Point, New York. It was originally established as a fort that sits on strategic high ground overlooking the Hudson River with a scenic view, 50 miles (80 km) north of New York City. It is one of the five U.S. service academies.
Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces. Also known as foot soldiers or infanteers, infantry traditionally relies on moving by foot between combats as well, but may also use mounts, military vehicles, or other transport. Infantry make up a large portion of all armed forces in most nations, and typically bear the largest brunt in warfare, as measured by casualties, deprivation, or physical and psychological stress.
A platoon is a military unit typically composed of two or more squads/sections/patrols. Platoon organization varies depending on the country and the branch, but typically, per the official tables of organization as published in U.S. military documents; a full-strength U.S. infantry rifle platoon consists of 39 Soldiers or 43 Marines. There are other types of infantry platoons, depending upon service and type of infantry company/battalion to which the platoon is assigned, and these platoons may range from as few as 18 to 69. Non-infantry platoons may range from as small as a nine-man communications platoon to a 102-man maintenance platoon. A platoon leader or commander is the officer in command of a platoon. This person is usually a junior officer—a second or first lieutenant or an equivalent rank. The officer is usually assisted by a platoon sergeant. A platoon is typically the smallest military unit led by a commissioned officer.
In February 1981, he was assigned to the 2d Battalion, 75th Infantry (Ranger) where he served as the battalion S5 and company commander of C Company. Upon graduation from the Naval Postgraduate School and completion of the Armed Forces Staff College, he was assigned to the 75th Ranger Regiment where he served as the Regimental Plans and Liaison Officer. In September 1986, he was assigned to the 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, where he served as the battalion S3 (operations) and executive officer. Subsequently, he was named the Assistant to the Commander, 75th Ranger Regiment, during Operation Just Cause in Panama. Next, MG Turner was assigned as Commander, United Nations Command Security Force, Joint Security Area, Panmunjom, South Korea. Following completion of the United States Army War College at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, he assumed command of 2d Brigade, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment, 82d Airborne Division, in Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Upon relinquishing command, he served as the Chief of Staff for the 82d Airborne Division. Selected to attend the Royal College of Defense Studies in London, England, he served a one-year tour as a British Defense college Fellow and was subsequently named the Executive Assistant to the Commander-in-Chief, United States Atlantic Command, and Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic, in Norfolk, Virginia.
The 2nd Ranger Battalion, currently based at Joint Base Lewis–McChord south of Seattle, Washington, United States, is the second of three ranger battalions belonging to the United States Army's 75th Ranger Regiment.
The United States Army Rangers are designated U.S. Army Ranger units, past or present, or are graduates of the U.S. Army Ranger School. The term ranger has been in use unofficially in a military context since the early 17th century. The first military company officially commissioned as rangers were English soldiers fighting in King Philip's War (1676) and from there the term came into common official use in the French and Indian Wars. There have been American military companies officially called Rangers since the American Revolution.
The Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) is a public graduate school operated by the United States Navy and located in Monterey, California. It grants master’s degrees, doctoral degrees, and certificates. Established in 1909, the school also offers research fellowship opportunities at the postdoctoral level through the National Academies’ National Research Council research associateship program.
In September 1999, Turner returned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, where he served as the Chief of Staff, XVIII Airborne Corps. Following this assignment, he was named the Assistant Division Commander for Maneuver of the 1st Infantry Division, United States Army Europe and U.S. Seventh Army, Germany. In August 2001, he was assigned as the Deputy United States Military Representative to the NATO Military Committee in Brussels, Belgium. On 2 December 2002, Turner assumed command of the U.S. Army Southern European Task Force (Airborne) in Vicenza, Italy.
The XVIII Airborne Corps is a corps of the United States Army that has been in existence since 1942 and saw extensive service during World War II. The corps is designed for rapid deployment anywhere in the world and is referred to as "America's Contingency Corps". Its headquarters are at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
United States Army Europe (USAREUR), formally United States Army Europe and Seventh Army, is an Army Service Component Command of the United States Army. It is responsible for directing US Army operations throughout the United States European Command Area of Responsibility. During the Cold War, HQ USAREUR supervised ground formations primarily focused upon the Warsaw Pact militaries to the east as part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation's (NATO) Central Army Group. Since the Revolutions of 1989, USAREUR has greatly reduced its size, dispatched US forces to Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm, and increased security cooperation with other NATO land forces.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
Following his assignment in Italy, Turner was made the commanding general of the 101st Airborne Division and Ft. Campbell, Kentucky in May 2004. On September 23, 2005, Turner deployed with the 101st to Iraq for one year. On November 10, 2006, the 101st Airborne changed commands, with Turner turning over his command of the Division and Ft. Campbell to Major General Jeffrey J. Schloesser.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Although styled as the "State of Kentucky" in the law creating it, (because in Kentucky's first constitution, the name state was used) Kentucky is one of four U.S. states constituted as a commonwealth. Originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky split from it and became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States.
Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Kurds, Chaldeans, Assyrians, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans, Circassians and Kawliya. Around 95% of the country's 37 million citizens are Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan, Yezidism and Mandeanism also present. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.
Jeffrey J. Schloesser is a retired Major General and the former President of Aviation Worldwide Services. He currently is Executive Vice President for Bell [[BELL]].
On December 4, 2006, Lieutenant General Turner received his third star and became the commanding general of United States Army North. Located on Fort Sam Houston, Texas, United States Army North is the Army's service component command for U.S. Northern Command and the U. S. Northern Command Joint Force Land Component Command.
Fort Sam Houston is a U.S. Army post in San Antonio, Texas. Known colloquially as "Fort Sam," it is named for the U.S. Senator from Texas, U.S. Representative from Tennessee, Tennessee and Texas Governor, and first President of the Republic of Texas, Sam Houston.
Lieutenant General John Randolph Vines is the former commander of the U.S. Army's XVIII Airborne Corps and Multi-National Corps – Iraq.
James Henry Binford "Binnie" Peay III is a retired four-star general from the United States Army and is currently the 14th Superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute.
Galen Bruce Jackman is a retired United States Army Major General. His last assignment in the Army was serving in the Pentagon as the Army's Chief Legislative Liaison. The Office of the Chief Legislative Liaison (OCLL) operates directly under the Office of the Secretary of the Army. Its mission is to coordinate efforts between the US Army and Congress. Prior to his assignment with the OCLL, he was the first commanding general of the Joint Force Headquarters National Capital Region (JFHQ-NCR), a dual-hatted role combined with commanding the Military District of Washington (MDW).
Thomas F. Metz is a Lieutenant General in the United States Army. Metz retired from the Army in Jan 2010 after more than 40 years of active military service. His tour of duty prior to retirement was as the Director, Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization., leading the DOD organization tasked with finding and fielding ways to defeat the IED threat. Previously he was the Deputy Commanding General and Chief of Staff, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. Previous to that assignment he was Commanding General of the U.S. III Corps and Fort Hood. He assumed command of III Corps on 7 February 2003.
Lieutenant General Franklin L. Hagenbeck is a retired United States Army officer who served as the 57th Superintendent of the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, from June 2006 to July 2010. Previous to his assignment at West Point, he was the Deputy Chief of Staff, G-1 United States Army, Washington, D.C.
Lieutenant General Robert T. Clark is a retired United States Army officer.
Lieutenant General Joseph R. Inge concluded a 38-year career as an army officer as Deputy Commander, United States Northern Command, and Vice Commander, U.S. Element, North American Aerospace Defense Command (USELEMNORAD), headquartered at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado in 2007.
William H. Brandenburg is a retired major general in the United States Army. He last served as Deputy Commanding General, U.S. Army, Pacific, August 8, 2003. Prior to his last assignment, he was Deputy Commanding General for Training and Readiness, I Corps and Fort Lewis. From November 29, 2004, until December 1, 2005, he deployed to Iraq as Deputy Commanding General and Commanding General Task Force 134.
General Louis Carson Wagner Jr. is a retired United States Army four-star general who served as Commanding General, United States Army Materiel Command from 1987 to 1989.
James C. Yarbrough is a retired General in the United States Army.
General Jimmy Douglas Ross was a United States Army 4-star general and member of the board of two corporations.
Larry Rudell Ellis is a retired United States Army four star general, who served as the Commander of U.S. Army Forces Command from November 19, 2001 until 2004, following his assignment as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans of the Department of the Army.
James Joseph Lindsay is a retired United States Army four-star general, and served as the first commander of the United States Special Operations Command.
David Anthony Bramlett is a retired United States Army four-star general who commanded United States Army Forces Command from July 1, 1996 to August 31, 1998, after serving as Deputy Commander in Chief and Chief of Staff, United States Pacific Command at Camp H. M. Smith, Hawaii. During his tenure as Deputy Commander, he was the interim commander of Pacific Command after the commander, Admiral Richard C. Macke, came under fire for comments he had made in regard to the 1995 rape scandal in Okinawa that involved several U.S. servicemen.
John P. McLaren, Jr. served in the United States Army from 1974 to 2011. He retired at the rank of Major General in the United States Army on August 29, 2011.
Major General John Uberti is the deputy commanding general for operations for the U.S. Army's III Armored Corps at Fort Hood, Texas.
Major General Carl H. Freeman, USA is a retired American Quartermaster officer and former Chairman of the Inter-American Defense Board, Washington, D.C.
John C. Hanley is a Brigadier General in the United States Army Reserve.
Michael Ferriter is a retired United States Army Lieutenant General. He served as Commanding General of the United States Army Installation Management Command/U.S. Army Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management from 2011 until 2014. During his career he has participated in Operation Restore Hope in Somalia, and served three tours of duty in Iraq. On June 19, 2018 he was named President and CEO of the National Veterans Memorial and Museum in Columbus, Ohio.
Mark J. O'Neil is a United States Army major general who currently serves as the commander of U.S. Army Alaska. He previously served as a commander in Special Operations Command from July 2, 2009 to August 2011. He has participated in numerous combat operations, such as; the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. He assumed his current assignment on July 12, 2017.