Thomasina Jordan

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Thomasina Elizabeth Jordan (Red Hawk Woman) (1929 – 1999) was a political activist, who focused on Native American issues and claimed to be Native American. She was born Eve Claire Schwartz in 1929 in Revere, Massachusetts. [1] Her parents were Samuel E. Schwartz and Harriette J. Libby (originally Lifschitz). Her father and her mother's parents were born in Russia and her mother was Jewish. [2] [3] Jordan self-identified as a Maine Penobscot, a Maine Penobscot-Mashpee, and a Massachusetts Wampanoag. [4] [5] [6]

Jordan claimed that she received bachelor's and master's degrees in fine arts at Bishop Lee College in Boston. She studied at Harvard University, received an educational doctorate from The Catholic University of America, and attended the American Academy of Fine Arts in New York City.

Boston Capital city of Massachusetts, United States

Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles (124 km2) with an estimated population of 685,094 in 2017, making it also the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999. The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area (CSA), this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth-largest in the United States.

Harvard University private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6,700 undergraduate students and about 15,250 post graduate students. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning, and its history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most prestigious universities.

She resided in Alexandria, Virginia, where she was a member of the Alexandria Democratic City Committee in 1977. [7]

Alexandria, Virginia Independent city in Virginia, United States

Alexandria is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 139,966, and in 2016, the population was estimated to be 155,810. Located along the western bank of the Potomac River, Alexandria is approximately 7 miles (11 km) south of downtown Washington, D.C.

Jordan was appointed Chairperson of the Virginia Council on Indians by Governors George Allen and Jim Gilmore.

Governor of Virginia head of state and of government of the U.S. commonwealth of Virginia

The Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term. The current holder of the office is Democrat Ralph Northam, who was sworn in on January 13, 2018.

George Allen (American politician) 67th Governor of Viginia (1994–1998), U.S. Senator (2001–2007)

George Felix Allen is an American politician. A member of the Republican Party, he served as the 67th Governor of Virginia from 1994 to 1998 and as a United States Senator from Virginia from 2001 to 2007.

Jim Gilmore American politician and former Governor of Virginia

James Stuart Gilmore III is an American politician and former attorney who was the 68th Governor of Virginia from 1998 to 2002 and Chairman of the Republican National Committee in 2001.

She also founded the American Indian Cultural Exchange, served on the Board of Directors of Save the Children and the National Rehabilitation Hospital, was president of Chapter I of the Capital Speakers Club, and was a recipient of the Medal of Honor of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution.

The Save the Children Fund, commonly known as Save the Children, is an international non-governmental organisation that promotes children's rights, provides relief and helps support children in developing countries. It was established in the United Kingdom in 1919 in order to improve the lives of children through better education, health care, and economic opportunities, as well as providing emergency aid in natural disasters, war, and other conflicts.

Daughters of the American Revolution lineage-based membership service organization for women

The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) is a lineage-based membership service organization for women who are directly descended from a person involved in the United States' efforts towards independence. A non-profit group, they promote historic preservation, education, and patriotism. The organization's membership is limited to direct lineal descendants of soldiers or others of the Revolutionary period who aided the cause of independence; applicants must have reached 18 years of age and are reviewed at the chapter level for admission. It has 185,000 members in the United States and other countries. Its motto is "God, Home, and Country."

According to a resolution passed by the Virginia General Assembly honoring her life, "Thomasina Jordan was instrumental throughout the years in bringing Indian issues to the forefront in the General Assembly, including legislation to correct birth certificates to identify Native Americans as such, allow animal parts and feathers to be used in religious regalia, and memorialize the United States Congress to grant historic federal recognition to Virginia’s state-recognized tribes." [8]

Virginia General Assembly legislative body of Virginia, United States

The Virginia General Assembly is the legislative body of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World, established on July 30, 1619. The General Assembly is a bicameral body consisting of a lower house, the Virginia House of Delegates, with 100 members, and an upper house, the Senate of Virginia, with 40 members. Combined together, the General Assembly consists of 140 elected representatives from an equal number of constituent districts across the commonwealth. The House of Delegates is presided over by the Speaker of the House, while the Senate is presided over by the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. The House and Senate each elect a clerk and sergeant-at-arms. The Senate of Virginia's clerk is known as the "Clerk of the Senate".

United States Congress Legislature of the United States

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal Government of the United States. The legislature consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Congress first considered a recognition bill, as championed by Jordan and others, in 2000. [9] Six Virginia tribes eventually gained federal recognition in 2018 under an act bearing her name, the Thomasina E. Jordan Indian Tribes of Virginia Federal Recognition Act of 2017. [10] [11]

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  1. " Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007, entry for Eve Claire Schwartz Sanger Sherry Cozzi Jordan".
  2. " 1940 United States Federal Census, Revere, Suffolk, Massachusetts, household number 73, Samuel Schwartz".
  3. "Obituary of Harriette (Libby) Schwartz". The Boston Globe. 27 September 1957.
  4. Associated Press (15 August 1980). "Indian Demo Coverage Limited". The Bismarck Tribune.
  5. Kline, Margo (30 October 1980). "No Title". The Washington Post-Virginia Weekly.
  6. Booker, Betty (31 May 1999). "Red Hawk Woman; Thomasina Jordan Leaves Indelible Mark on Virginia's American Indians". Richmond Times Dispatch.
  7. Cue, Eduardo (7 December 1977). "Alexandria Democrats Expel Officer Accused of Helping Defeat Thomson". The Washington Post.
  8. House Joint Resolution 79 (2000)
  9. Portnoy, Jenna (2018-01-11). "Senate sends bill recognizing six Virginia Indian tribes to President Trump's desk". Washington Post. ISSN   0190-8286 . Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  10. H.R.984 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) - Thomasina E. Jordan Indian Tribes of Virginia Federal Recognition Act of 2017
  11. Portnoy, Jenna (2018-01-30). "Trump signs bill recognizing Virginia Indian tribes". Washington Post. ISSN   0190-8286 . Retrieved 2018-01-30.