Thomasina Elizabeth Jordan (Red Hawk Woman) (1929 – 1999) was a political activist, who focused on Native American issues and claimed to be Native American. She was born Eve Claire Schwartz in 1929 in Revere, Massachusetts.Her parents were Samuel E. Schwartz and Harriette J. Libby (originally Lifschitz). Her father and her mother's parents were born in Russia and her mother was Jewish. Jordan self-identified as a Maine Penobscot, a Maine Penobscot-Mashpee, and a Massachusetts Wampanoag.
Jordan claimed that she received bachelor's and master's degrees in fine arts at Bishop Lee College in Boston. She studied at Harvard University, received an educational doctorate from The Catholic University of America, and attended the American Academy of Fine Arts in New York City.
Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles (124 km2) with an estimated population of 685,094 in 2017, making it also the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999. The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area (CSA), this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth-largest in the United States.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6,700 undergraduate students and about 15,250 post graduate students. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning, and its history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most prestigious universities.
She resided in Alexandria, Virginia, where she was a member of the Alexandria Democratic City Committee in 1977.
Alexandria is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 139,966, and in 2016, the population was estimated to be 155,810. Located along the western bank of the Potomac River, Alexandria is approximately 7 miles (11 km) south of downtown Washington, D.C.
Jordan was appointed Chairperson of the Virginia Council on Indians by Governors George Allen and Jim Gilmore.
The Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term. The current holder of the office is Democrat Ralph Northam, who was sworn in on January 13, 2018.
George Felix Allen is an American politician. A member of the Republican Party, he served as the 67th Governor of Virginia from 1994 to 1998 and as a United States Senator from Virginia from 2001 to 2007.
James Stuart Gilmore III is an American politician and former attorney who was the 68th Governor of Virginia from 1998 to 2002 and Chairman of the Republican National Committee in 2001.
She also founded the American Indian Cultural Exchange, served on the Board of Directors of Save the Children and the National Rehabilitation Hospital, was president of Chapter I of the Capital Speakers Club, and was a recipient of the Medal of Honor of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution.
The Save the Children Fund, commonly known as Save the Children, is an international non-governmental organisation that promotes children's rights, provides relief and helps support children in developing countries. It was established in the United Kingdom in 1919 in order to improve the lives of children through better education, health care, and economic opportunities, as well as providing emergency aid in natural disasters, war, and other conflicts.
The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) is a lineage-based membership service organization for women who are directly descended from a person involved in the United States' efforts towards independence. A non-profit group, they promote historic preservation, education, and patriotism. The organization's membership is limited to direct lineal descendants of soldiers or others of the Revolutionary period who aided the cause of independence; applicants must have reached 18 years of age and are reviewed at the chapter level for admission. It has 185,000 members in the United States and other countries. Its motto is "God, Home, and Country."
According to a resolution passed by the Virginia General Assembly honoring her life, "Thomasina Jordan was instrumental throughout the years in bringing Indian issues to the forefront in the General Assembly, including legislation to correct birth certificates to identify Native Americans as such, allow animal parts and feathers to be used in religious regalia, and memorialize the United States Congress to grant historic federal recognition to Virginia’s state-recognized tribes."
The Virginia General Assembly is the legislative body of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World, established on July 30, 1619. The General Assembly is a bicameral body consisting of a lower house, the Virginia House of Delegates, with 100 members, and an upper house, the Senate of Virginia, with 40 members. Combined together, the General Assembly consists of 140 elected representatives from an equal number of constituent districts across the commonwealth. The House of Delegates is presided over by the Speaker of the House, while the Senate is presided over by the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. The House and Senate each elect a clerk and sergeant-at-arms. The Senate of Virginia's clerk is known as the "Clerk of the Senate".
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal Government of the United States. The legislature consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Congress first considered a recognition bill, as championed by Jordan and others, in 2000.Six Virginia tribes eventually gained federal recognition in 2018 under an act bearing her name, the Thomasina E. Jordan Indian Tribes of Virginia Federal Recognition Act of 2017.
The Powhatan people are an Indigenous group traditionally from Virginia. In some instances, The Powhatan may refer to one of the leaders of the people. This is most commonly the case in historical writings by the English. The Powhatans have also been known as Virginia Algonquians, as the Powhatan language is an eastern-Algonquian language, also known as Virginia Algonquian. It is estimated that there were about 14,000–21,000 Powhatan people in eastern Virginia, when the English colonized Jamestown in 1607.
Shannon Faulkner is an American educator known for being the first woman admitted into The Citadel. She currently teaches English in Greenville, South Carolina.
The Pamunkey Indian Tribe is one of 11 Virginia Indian tribes recognized by the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the state's first federally recognized tribe, receiving its status in January 2016. Six other Virginia tribes, the Chickahominy, the Eastern Chickahominy, the Upper Mattaponi, the Rappahannock, the Monacan, and the Nansemond, were similarly recognized through the passage of the Thomasina E. Jordan Indian Tribes of Virginia Federal Recognition Act of 2017 on January 12, 2018. The historical tribe was part of the Powhatan paramountcy, made up of Algonquian-speaking tribes. The Powhatan paramount chiefdom was made up of over 30 tribes, estimated to total about 10,000–15,000 people at the time the English arrived in 1607. The Pamunkey tribe made up about one-tenth to one-fifteenth of the total, as they numbered about 1,000 persons in 1607.
The Chickahominy are a Federally recognized tribe of Virginian Indians who primarily live in Charles City County, located along the James River midway between Richmond and Williamsburg in the Commonwealth of Virginia. This area of the Tidewater is not far from where they lived in 1600, prior to English colonization. They were officially recognized by the state in 1983 and the federal government in January 2018.
The Native American tribes in Virginia are the indigenous tribes who currently live or have historically lived in what is now the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States of America.
The Rappahannock are one of the eleven state-recognized Native American tribes in Virginia. They are made up of descendants of several small Algonquian-speaking tribes who merged in the 17th century. In January 2018, they were one of six Virginia tribes to gain federal recognition by the passage of the Thomasina E. Jordan Indian Tribes of Virginia Federal Recognition Act of 2017.
Katherine Keith "Kate" Hanley is an American Democratic politician in Virginia. She served as Secretary of the Commonwealth of Virginia from 2006 to 2010,
The Nansemond are the indigenous people of the Nansemond River, a 20-mile long tributary of the James River in Virginia. Nansemond people lived in settlements on both sides of the Nansemond River where they fished, harvested oysters, hunted, and farmed in fertile soil. The Nansemond Indian Tribe has been state recognized by the Commonwealth of Virginia since 1985 and federally recognized by the United States of America since 2018. Many members of the tribe still live on ancestral land in Suffolk, Chesapeake, and surrounding cities.
Susan O'Malley is an American sports executive. In 1991, she became president of the Washington Bullets team, a member of the National Basketball Association (NBA); then 29 years old, she was the first female president of an NBA franchise, and one of the first women to hold the top front-office position for a major league sports team in North America.
Barbara Jean Comstock is an American attorney and politician. A Republican, she was elected to two terms in Congress for the 10th congressional district in northern Virginia. She was defeated for reelection in 2018 by Democrat Jennifer Wexton.
Indian Neck is an unincorporated community in King and Queen County, Virginia, United States.
Jennifer Lynn Wexton is an American lawyer and politician from the Commonwealth of Virginia, currently serving as the U.S. Representative for Virginia's 10th congressional district. The district is anchored in the outer suburbs of Northern Virginia, and stretches into Winchester. She defeated Republican incumbent Barbara Comstock in the 2018 election. Wexton previously represented the 33rd district in the State Senate from 2014 to 2019. She is a member of the Democratic Party.
Jane Marum Roush is a Virginia lawyer and Judge who served as an interim Justice of the Supreme Court of Virginia from 2015 to 2016.
Estee Portnoy is an American business executive. She is business manager, spokesperson for National Basketball Association Hall of Famer and basketball player Michael Jordan.
Inova Alexandria Hospital is a not-for-profit hospital in Alexandria, Virginia, United States. Founded in 1872 as the Alexandria Infirmary, it became part of Northern Virginia's Inova Health System in 1997. The hospital is notable for its early contributions in the field of emergency medicine, introducing a 24-hour-a-day emergency department staffed by physicians that has since become the model for emergency care in the United States.
Virginia's 10th congressional district election was one of the highest-profile United States House of Representatives elections of 2018, and the most competitive and costly in Virginia, as the Republican incumbent congresswoman Barbara Comstock lost to Democrat Jennifer Wexton.
Dorothy McAuliffe was the First Lady of the Commonwealth of Virginia from January 2014 to January 2018.
Elaine Goodman Luria is an American Democratic politician who is the member of the United States House of Representatives for Virginia's 2nd congressional district. The district includes most of the heart of Hampton Roads, including all of Virginia Beach and Williamsburg and large portions of Norfolk and Hampton, as well as the Eastern Shore. Prior to being elected to Congress, Luria served as a United States Navy officer for 20 years, spending her entire career on combat ships, and reaching the rank of Commander.
Denver Lee Riggleman III is an American businessman and politician from the Commonwealth of Virginia, currently serving as the U.S. Representative for Virginia's 5th Congressional District. A former U.S. Air Force officer and National Security Agency contractor, Riggleman opened a craft distillery in Virginia in 2014. He ran for the Republican Party nomination for Governor of Virginia in the 2017 gubernatorial election, but withdrew from the race.
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