Thompsons Island Site
|Nearest city||Rehoboth Beach, Delaware|
|Area||60 acres (24 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||78000926|
|Added to NRHP||November 15, 1978|
Thompsons Island Site is an archaeological site located near Rehoboth Beach, Sussex County, Delaware. Thompson's Island was first identified as an archaeological site in 1942. The Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control acquired the property in January 1990. The site appears to have functioned as a micro-band base camp, repeatedly re-occupied by small groups of people for several weeks at a time. No extensive occupation appears to have taken place before the beginning of the Woodland I Period, about 3000 B.C., with the greatest intensity of occupation on Thompson's Island occurred between 500 B.C. and A.D. 0; the time period associated with the Wolfe Neck and Delmarva Adena cultural complexes.
An archaeological site is a place in which evidence of past activity is preserved, and which has been, or may be, investigated using the discipline of archaeology and represents a part of the archaeological record. Sites may range from those with few or no remains visible above ground, to buildings and other structures still in use.
Rehoboth Beach is a city on the Atlantic Ocean along the Delaware Beaches in eastern Sussex County, Delaware, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 1,327, reflecting a decline of 161 (11.2%) from the 1,488 counted in the 2000 Census. Along with the neighboring coastal city of Lewes, Rehoboth Beach is one of the principal cities of Delaware's rapidly growing Cape Region. Rehoboth Beach lies within the Salisbury, Maryland-Delaware Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Sussex County is a county located in the southern part of the U.S. state of Delaware, on the Delmarva Peninsula. As of the 2010 census, the population was 197,145. The county seat is Georgetown.
It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.
Fort Delaware State Park is a 288-acre (117 ha) Delaware state park on Pea Patch Island in New Castle County, Delaware, in the United States. A fortress was built on Pea Patch Island by the United States Army in 1815, near the conclusion of the War of 1812, to protect the harbors of Wilmington, Delaware and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The fort was burned and rebuilt in the years prior to the American Civil War, and soon after the start of the war the fort was converted to a Prisoner of War camp. Fort Delaware continued to protect the mouth of the Delaware River through World War I and II. Pea Patch Island and Fort Delaware was declared surplus land by the United States Department of Defense in 1945.
Lums Pond State Park is a 1,790-acre (720 ha) Delaware state park near Bear, New Castle County, Delaware in the United States. The park surrounds Lums Pond, an impoundment built by the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal on St. Georges Creek. The C&D built the pond as a source of water to fill the locks of the canal that connected the Chesapeake Bay with the Delaware River during the early 19th century. Lums Pond State Park is open for a wide variety of year-round recreation.
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First State Heritage Park is Delaware's first urban "park without boundaries" linking historic and cultural sites in the city that has been the seat of state government since 1777. It is a partnership of state and city agencies under the leadership of Delaware State Parks. It is located in Dover, Kent County, Delaware in the United States. Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States Constitution. The sites of the park highlight Delaware's role as the "First State." First State Heritage Park is open year-round, with special tours of the sites given the first Saturday of each month.
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Towosahgy State Historic Site (23MI2), also known as "Beckwith's Fort," is a large Mississippian earthwork mound site with a Woodland period Baytown culture component located in Mississippi County, Missouri. It is believed to have been inhabited from c. 400-1350. The site is maintained by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources as a state historic site. The name Towosahgy is an Osage word which means "old town." It is not known if members of the historic Osage, who dominated a large area of present-day Missouri at the beginning of encounter with European colonizers, occupied the site. The site includes the Beckwith's Fort Archeological Site, added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1969.
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The Ufferman Site is an archaeological site in the central part of the U.S. state of Ohio. Located north of the city of Delaware, it occupies approximately 2 acres (0.81 ha) of land near Delaware Lake on property near to the boundaries of Delaware State Park. It appears to have been the location of a village of the Cole culture, which inhabited the region during the later portion of the Woodland period. Ufferman lies only 0.6 kilometres (0.37 mi) south of the W.S. Cole Site, the type site for the culture, and approximately 23 kilometres (14 mi) north of the Highbank Park Works, which are believed to have been built by peoples of the Cole culture.
Deprato Mounds, also known as the Ferriday Mounds, is a multi-mound archaeological site located in Concordia Parish, Louisiana. The site shows occupation from the Troyville period to the Middle Coles Creek period. The largest mound at the site has been dated by radiocarbon analysis and decorated pottery to about 600 CE.
Barnes Woods Archeological District is a national historic district located near Seaford, Sussex County, Delaware. The district includes four contributing sites. They are two small base camps and two procurement camps, representing a segment of the settlement system of Native American groups living in the Nanticoke River drainage between about 3000 B.C. and A.D. 1700.
Wolfe's Neck Site is an archaeological site located near Lewes, Sussex County, Delaware. The early occupation of the site was apparently a small seasonal camp. The later occupation may have been a more permanent village. Excavations conducted by the Section of Archaeology, Division of Historic & Cultural Affairs, in 1975 at one of the hillside middens produced a dated sequence of ceramics from 500 B.C. to 330 A.D.
Cape Henlopen Archeological District is a national historic district located near Lewes, Sussex County, Delaware. The district includes seven contributing sites. They are a discontinuous series of discrete shell middens of varying sizes and cultural affiliation. They date from approximately 500 B.C. to 1600 A.D.
Poplar Thicket, also known as Marian R. Okie Memorial Wildlife Preserve at Poplar Thicket, is an archaeological site located near Lewes, Sussex County, Delaware. Poplar Thicket is the name of a farm purchased by L.P. Faucett in 1918. It consists of forest, marshes, and wetlands spread across a quarter-mile of undisturbed Indian River Bayshore. Austin Okie, a grandson of Faucett, donated the property to The Nature Conservancy in October 2007, to serve as a bird refuge. The property was subsequently transferred to the state of Delaware, establishing it as the Marian R. Okie Memorial Wildlife Preserve at Poplar Thicket. The property is administered by the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control and serves as a bird sanctuary, used for conservation education and environmentally-sensitive activities such as bird-watching and walking.
Skiffes Creek Sand Spit Site is a historic archaeological site located at Newport News, Virginia. It is a well-preserved, possibly stratified archaeological site containing evidence of prehistoric habitation dating to the Early and Middle Woodland eras. The site is invaluable to documenting settlement patterning and environmental and cultural adaptation in Tidewater Virginia during the period 500 B.C. to A.D. 500.
The Carrier Mills Archaeological District is a group of prehistoric archaeological sites located along the Saline River south of Carrier Mills, Illinois. The sites were inhabited over the period from 2500 B.C. to 700 A.D. The oldest three sites date from the Late Archaic period, which encompassed the first 1500 years of occupation at the district; these sites include two small campsites and a larger base camp. Several sites were inhabited during the Early Woodland period, which lasted until 500 B.C.; these sites are distinguished by fragments of pottery, which was developed during this period. The Early Woodland period sites are likely to have been a part of the Crab Orchard culture, a local subtype of the Hopewell tradition. A number of sites date from the Middle Woodland Period, which spanned from 300 B.C. to 500 A.D.; these sites appear to have adopted the technology, but not the traditions, of the Hopewell culture. A single projectile point from the Late Woodland period has also been recovered from the site.
The Hughes-Willis Site is a prehistoric Native American archaeological site in Kent County, Delaware. It is located in Dover, Delaware on the banks of the Little River, and was identified in 1971. The site contains evidence of occupation dating back 5,000 years, with its most significant occupational period being the Middle Woodland Period. Finds at the site include projectile points, and tools for cutting and scraping made of stone. The evidence suggests the site was occupied seasonally, probably sometime in the period between late fall and mid-winter.
The town of North Haven, Maine is an island community located principally on North Fox Island in southern Penobscot Bay, separated from its mouth by Vinalhaven. The Fox Islands were the subject of an intensive archaeological survey in the 1970s, in which more than 49 sites of interest were identified in North Haven. Eight of these were deemed significant enough to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the most significant of these, the Turner Farm Site, was a site exhibiting evidence of year-round occupation during at least three time periods in prehistory.
St. Joseph Neighborhood Historic District is a national historic district located at Indianapolis, Indiana. The district encompasses 57 contributing buildings in a predominantly residential section of Indianapolis. It was developed between about 1855 and 1930, and include representative examples of Italianate and Queen Anne style architecture. Located in the district are the separately listed Bals-Wocher House, William Buschmann Block, Delaware Court, Pearson Terrace, and The Spink. Other notable buildings include the Christian Place complex, Fishback-Vonnegut-New House, Henry Hilker House, Apollo-Aurora Rowhouses, Israel Traub Store, and Lorenzo Moody House.
The Hacklander Site, also designated 20AE78, is an archaeological site located on the south shore of the Kalamazoo River east of Douglas, Michigan. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. The site is significant because it represents much of what is understood about Woodland period life in the region.
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