W. K. H. Peters, 1852
Threespot barb (Enteromius trimaculatus) is a species of cyprinid fish in the large genus Enteromius . It has a wide distribution in sub-Saharan Africa from the Congo Basin east to the Indian Ocean coast of Tanzania and south to KwaZulu Natal in South Africa.It occurs in shallow water around river inflows or near swampy areas. It is a habitat generalist and also hardy, but it prefers vegetated areas. It feeds on insects and other small animals. It is often caught for use as bait by anglers fishing for tigerfish. It breeds during the summer rainy season when shoals of fertile adults migrate upstream when the rivers are in spate following rain. A single females may produce as many as 8,000 eggs.
In biology, a species ( ) is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which any two individuals of the appropriate sexes or mating types can produce fertile offspring, typically by sexual reproduction. Other ways of defining species include their karyotype, DNA sequence, morphology, behaviour or ecological niche. In addition, paleontologists use the concept of the chronospecies since fossil reproduction cannot be examined. While these definitions may seem adequate, when looked at more closely they represent problematic species concepts. For example, the boundaries between closely related species become unclear with hybridisation, in a species complex of hundreds of similar microspecies, and in a ring species. Also, among organisms that reproduce only asexually, the concept of a reproductive species breaks down, and each clone is potentially a microspecies.
A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.
Enteromius is a genus of small to medium-sized cyprinid fish native to tropical Africa. Most species were placed in the genus Barbus.
Enteromius arcislongae is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is endemic to Lake Malawi, and is found in Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. Its natural habitats are rivers and freshwater lakes.
The Zanzibar barb is a species of cyprinid fish.
Enteromius candens is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius from the upper and middle Congo Basin, where it is known to be harvested for human consumption.
Hamilton's barb, also known as the plump barb, is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius.
The broadstriped barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius.
The chubbyhead barb is a species of freshwater ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius. The fish is found throughout South Africa in a variety of aquatic environments. The species is notable for its two breeding seasons, which allows it to flourish despite a short lifespan.
The Barotse barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius from the southern Congo Basin, Zambezi, Okavango, Cunene and Kafue.
The redtail barb is a species of cyprinid fish endemic to KwaZulu Natal in South Africa. It is found at altitides of 300–1000 m, particularly in clear streams over sandstones.
The sickle barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius. it gets its common name from the sickle shaped anal fin of mature males, they are normally a translucent brown colour with a spot on the caudal peduncle but in breeding condition the males take on a rosy hue. It is a common and widespread species of swamps and shallow waters, including floodplains, in central Africa from the Congo Basin to the Zambezi. It is harvested commercially for food and for the aquarium trade and in some areas, such as Katanga, pollution may be a threat but it is a common and widespread small fish and is not considered to be globally threatened.
Spotscale barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius which occurs in western central Africa from Cameroon south to Angola.
The broadband barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius which occurs in Lake Malawi and the lower Zambezi, Pungwe River and Buzi River. The broadband barb is exploited for human consumption and for the aquarium trade.
Sidespot barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius. It has a disjunct distribution with the northern population in the upper Zambezi, Kafue, and upper Congo River systems in Zambia and Democratic Republic of the Congo, while the southern population is found in the tributaries of the Limpopo River and Steelpoort River. The southern population may be a separate species.
The goldie barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius. It is endemic to the Eastern Cape in South Africa where it is threatened by the introduction of non-native fish species.
The copperstripe barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius which occurs in central Africa from the Congo Basin to the Zambezi.
The dashtail barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius which is found in the rivers of western central Africa from Zimnanwe and Namibia north to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The slender barb or longbeard barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius which has a wide distribution from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to South Africa.
The bowstripe barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius. This species is native to Southern Africa.
Mormyrus longirostris, commonly referred as the eastern bottle-nosed mormyrid, is a medium-sized fish species belonging to the elephant-snout fish family Mormyridae. It was originally described by Wilhelm Peters in Monatsberichte der Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1852.
The barred minnow is a species of cyprinid fish found in river systems from the Democratic Republic of Congo, south to Namibia, Zimbabwe and far northern areas of South Africa.
The river sardine (Engraulicypris brevianalis or Mesobola brevianalis is an African species of freshwater fish in the Cyprinidae family. It is found in the Cunene, Okavango, upper Zambezi river systems and east coastal rivers from the Limpopo to the Umfolozi in northern KwaZulu-Natal. It is also known from the middle Luapula in Zambia. Engraulicypris gariepinus is sometimes considered conspecific.
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