Threespot barb

Last updated

Threespot barb
Enteromius trimaculatus Andrew Deacon.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Barbinae
Genus: Enteromius
Species:
E. trimaculatus
Binomial name
Enteromius trimaculatus
Synonyms [2]
  • Barbus trimaculatusPeters, 1852
  • Barbus kurumani Castelnau, 1861
  • Barbus breijeri Weber, 1897
  • Barbus katangae Boulenger, 1900
  • Barbus decipiensBoulenger, 1907

Threespot barb (Enteromius trimaculatus) is a species of cyprinid fish in the large genus Enteromius . It has a wide distribution in sub-Saharan Africa from the Congo Basin east to the Indian Ocean coast of Tanzania and south to KwaZulu Natal in South Africa. [3] It occurs in shallow water around river inflows or near swampy areas. It is a habitat generalist and also hardy, but it prefers vegetated areas. It feeds on insects and other small animals. It is often caught for use as bait by anglers fishing for tigerfish. It breeds during the summer rainy season when shoals of fertile adults migrate upstream when the rivers are in spate following rain. A single females may produce as many as 8,000 eggs. [4]

Related Research Articles

Enteromius arcislongae is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is endemic to Lake Malawi, and is found in Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. Its natural habitats are rivers and freshwater lakes.

<i>Enteromius litamba</i>

Enteromius litamba is a ray-finned fish species in the family Cyprinidae. It has long been placed in Barbus, the "wastebin genus" for barbs, by default, and this is still being done by the IUCN. However, the species is increasingly being restored by some taxonomists to the related yellowfish genus Labeobarbus, others place it in the genus Enteromius. It is presumably hexaploid like the other yellowfish.

Zanzibar barb

The Zanzibar barb is a species of cyprinid fish.

Enteromius candens is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius from the upper and middle Congo Basin, where it is known to be harvested for human consumption.

Hamiltons barb

Hamilton's barb, also known as the plump barb, is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius.

The broadstriped barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius.

Chubbyhead barb

The chubbyhead barb is a species of freshwater ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius. The fish is found throughout South Africa in a variety of aquatic environments. The species is notable for its two breeding seasons, which allows it to flourish despite a short lifespan.

The Barotse barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius from the southern Congo Basin, Zambezi, Okavango, Cunene and Kafue.

The sickle barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius. it gets its common name from the sickle shaped anal fin of mature males, they are normally a translucent brown colour with a spot on the caudal peduncle but in breeding condition the males take on a rosy hue. It is a common and widespread species of swamps and shallow waters, including floodplains, in central Africa from the Congo Basin to the Zambezi. It is harvested commercially for food and for the aquarium trade and in some areas, such as Katanga, pollution may be a threat but it is a common and widespread small fish and is not considered to be globally threatened.

Spotscale barb

Spotscale barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius which occurs in western central Africa from Cameroon south to Angola.

The broadband barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius. It is found in Lake Malawi and the lower Zambezi, Pungwe River and Buzi River. The broadband barb is exploited for human consumption and for the aquarium trade.

Sidespot barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius. It has a disjunct distribution with the northern population in the upper Zambezi, Kafue, and upper Congo River systems in Zambia and Democratic Republic of the Congo, while the southern population is found in the tributaries of the Limpopo River and Steelpoort River. The southern population may be a separate species.

The goldie barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius. It is endemic to the Eastern Cape in South Africa where it is threatened by the introduction of non-native fish species.

The copperstripe barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius which occurs in central Africa from the Congo Basin to the Zambezi.

Dashtail barb

The dashtail barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius which is found in the rivers of western central Africa from Zimnanwe and Namibia north to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Slender barb

The slender barb or longbeard barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Enteromius which has a wide distribution from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to South Africa.

Bowstripe barb

The bowstripe barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Enteromius. This species is native to Southern Africa.

Mormyrus longirostris, commonly referred as the eastern bottle-nosed mormyrid, is a medium-sized fish species belonging to the elephant-snout fish family Mormyridae. It was originally described by Wilhelm Peters in Monatsberichte der Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1852.

The barred minnow is a species of cyprinid fish found in river systems from the Democratic Republic of Congo, south to Namibia, Zimbabwe and far northern areas of South Africa.

The river sardine (Engraulicypris brevianalis or Mesobola brevianalis is an African species of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae. It is found in the Cunene, Okavango, upper Zambezi river systems and east coastal rivers from the Limpopo to the Umfolozi in northern KwaZulu-Natal. It is also known from the middle Luapula in Zambia. Engraulicypris gariepinus is sometimes considered conspecific.

References

  1. Bills, R.; Cambray, J.; Engelbrecht, J.; Kazembe, J.; Marshall, B.; Moelants, T.; Vreven, E.; Chakona, A.; Weyl, O. & Tweddle, D. (2017). "Enteromius trimaculatus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . IUCN. 2017: e.T182167A100160162. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T182167A100160162.en . Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  2. "Synonyms of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters, 1852)". Fishbase . Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  3. Bills, R.; Cambray, J.; Engelbrecht, J.; Kazembe, J.; Marshall, B.; Moelants, T. & Vreven, E. (2010). "Barbus trimaculatus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: 2010: e.T182167A7821621. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T182167A7821621.en.
  4. R. Froese; D. Pauly, eds. (2017). "Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters, 1852) Threespot barb". Fishbase . Retrieved 9 September 2017.