Thyatira Presbyterian Church, Cemetery, and Manse

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Thyatira Presbyterian Church, Cemetery, and Manse
2012-09-24 17-25-08 557 Thyatira.jpg
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LocationOff NC 150, Mill Bridge, North Carolina
Coordinates 35°39′1″N80°38′12″W / 35.65028°N 80.63667°W / 35.65028; -80.63667 Coordinates: 35°39′1″N80°38′12″W / 35.65028°N 80.63667°W / 35.65028; -80.63667
Area18 acres (7.3 ha)
Builtc. 1860
ArchitectMurdoch, William & Raeder, W.
Architectural style Vernacular Gothic Revival
NRHP reference # 84002488 [1]
Added to NRHPFebruary 17, 1984

Thyatira Presbyterian Church, Cemetery, and Manse is a historic church at 220 White Road off NC 150 in Mill Bridge in Rowan County, North Carolina, ten miles west of the town of Salisbury. Presbyterians have been worshiping at this site since at least 1753. [2] [3]

Contents

The current Gothic Revival church building was constructed between 1858 and 1860 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. The church was originally organized as early as 1753 as Cathey's Meeting Place on its current site on Cathye's Creek. The adjacent cemetery features gravestones dating back to 1755. [4] The church is still in active use, and the congregation is currently affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (USA). [5]

Name origin

1833 map of portion of Rowan County showing location of Thyatira Church on Cathey's Creek Portion of Rowan County 1833.jpg
1833 map of portion of Rowan County showing location of Thyatira Church on Cathey's Creek

Thyatira Presbeterian Church had two other names before the final name was appointed. On January 17, 1753 John and Naomi Lynn deeded twelve acres of land to the congregation of Lower Meeting House belonging to the old synod of Philadelphia. On January 18, 1753 twelve more acres on James Cathey's north line was deeded to the same congregation. Lower Meeting House became later known as Cathey's Meeting House. [6] [3]

In 1764 Elihu Spencer and Alexander McWhorter, two visiting Presbyterian ministers, carefully selected the name "Thyatira". Mentioned in the Bible in Acts 16:14 and Revelation 1:11 and 2:18-29, Thyatira was one of the seven churches of Asia. This early church had a record of faith, love, and endurance until an evil temptress, Jezebel, led many of the townspeople into disbelief and immorality, and some of the congregation followed their example. By choosing the name Thyatira, the two ministers demonstrated their knowledge of the Scriptures and left a reminder to the congregation. Church members were called to keep their faith in God and to prevent the prevailing materialism of the frontier society from leading them into immorality or infidelity. [7]

History

The deed for the land on which the church and cemetery are located was made on January 17, 1753. At this time, the land was in Anson County, North Carolina in an area that became Rowan County on March 27, 1753. A copy of the deed is on display in the current church building and reads as follow: [3]

"This Indenture, made the Eighteenth day of January in ye year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Fifty Three, between Jno. Lynn of yet County of Anson in the Province of North Carolina, of the one part, And the Congregation Known by Ye Congregation belonging to Ye Lower Meeting house between ye yatkin river & the Cutabo River, adhering to a Minister Licensed From or by a Presbytery belonging to & the old synod of Philadelphia..." (sic)

The deed indicates that there was a congregation prior to the date of the deed. The name was changed by December 1755 to "Cathey's Meeting House". Prior to the American Revolution, the word "church" was reserved for use by the Anglican (Episcopal) Church. [3]

The name of the licensed minister mentioned in the deed is not known. The church evidently was served by itinerant ministers until August 2, 1777 when the Rev. Samuel Eusebius McCorkle was ordained and installed as pastor. Rev. McCorkle was known for his Zion-Parnassus classical school, which was located about a mile from the Church. [3]

During the later part of Rev. McCorkle's pastorate, a split of the congregation between revivalists and non-revivalists occurred in 1805. A revival was sweeping through the area with people shouting, dancing, barking like dogs, swooning and having the "jerks". The congregation was divided on whether this was a true manifestation of the Holy Spirt. Dr. McCorkle believed it was not. Feelings were so strong that 20 or 30 church families, including five elders, left Thyatira to form Back Creek Presbyterian Church on September 6, 1805. [3]

Thyatira Presbyterian Church Thyatira Presbyterian Church, Mill Bridge, Rowan County, North Carolina.jpg
Thyatira Presbyterian Church

There have been four house of worship buildings at Thyatira. The first building was a log building located above and west of the old part of the church cemetery. Nothing is known about the second building. The third church building was very large and had galleries on three sides. One gallery was reserved for use by slaves. The high pulpit was reached by winding stairs and an ornamental sounding board suspended above the minister's head. The church building that stands in the 21st century is a brick structure and was completed in 1860 and renovated in 1864. [3]

Notable interments

The oldest known graves in the cemetery at Thyatira include: [3]

Graves of notable persons buried at Thyatire include: [3]

The cemetery also contains four pirate tombstones. According to tradition, four pirates from the coast of North Carolina made their way inland and settled in Rowan County and became farmers. They were later identified, convicted and executed. Their burial in the Thyatira cemetery was permitted only if the skull and crossbones, or just the crossbones were used on their gravestones. [3]

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References

  1. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. "National Register of Historic Places Inventory – Nomination Form" (PDF). North Carolina Listings in the National Register of Historic Places. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Lingle, Walter Lee (2013). Thyatira Presbyterian Church Rowan County, North Carolina (1753-1948). Forgotten Books., ISBN   152779248X
  4. "Marker: L-10 – THYATIRA". North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program. North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
  5. "History". Thyatira Presbyterian Church. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
  6. Hurley, James F.; Eagan, Julia G. (1934). The prophet of Zion-Parnassus, Samuel Eusebius McCorkle. Richmond: Presbyterian Committee of Publication.
  7. Enger, William (1973). "Samuel Eusebius McCorkle: North Carolina Educator" (PDF). Retrieved November 20, 2018.