Thyrocopa apatela

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Thyrocopa apatela
Starr 060929-9317 Dubautia menziesii.jpg
At Haleakala National Park
Maui, Hawaii
Scientific classification
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T. apatel
Binomial name
Thyrocopa apatela
(Walsingham, 1907)
Synonyms
  • Hodegia apatelaWalsingham, 1907
  • Thyrocopa mediomaculataWalsingham, 1907

Thyrocopa apatela, the grasshopper moth [1] or Haleakala flightless moth, [2] is a species of brachypterous (flightless) moth from the Hawaiian island of Maui. [3]

This species appears to be undergoing severe range reduction. Although it was found as low as 1,524 meters in the 1970s, recent collecting indicates it is now restricted to areas above 2,900 meters. This may be the result of the range expansion of introduced ants on Haleakalā.

The length of the forewings is 8–11 mm. Adults are on wing from May to August. It is largely diurnal, though they occasionally come to light. Adults are mostly collected while hopping between sunny rocks.

The larva is likely a generalist, feeding on Dubautia and other plant species found in the alpine scrub of Haleakalā's high-elevation areas. Larvae have also been found feeding on wind-blown debris under small rocks.

Related Research Articles

<i>Thyrocopa</i> Moth genus in family Xyloryctidae

Thyrocopa is a genus of moths in the family Xyloryctidae endemic to Hawaii. The taxon has approximately forty species, including some flightless species.

Thyrocopa kikaelekea, a species of flightless moth from Hawaii in genus Thyrocopa, was recently discovered by entomologists at University of California, Berkeley and described in a 2008 paper.

Thyrocopa abusa is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Lord Walsingham in 1907. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui and Hawaii. It is the type species of the genus Thyrocopa.

Thyrocopa alterna is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Lord Walsingham in 1907. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Maui and Hawaii.

Thyrocopa apikia is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was described by Matthew J. Medeiros in 2009 and is endemic to the Hawaiian island of Molokai.

Thyrocopa decipiens is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Lord Walsingham in 1907. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Oahu, Molokai, Maui and Hawaii.

Thyrocopa epicapna is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Edward Meyrick in 1883. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Kauai, Lanai, Kahoolawe, Maui, Hawaii, and possibly Oahu.

Thyrocopa geminipuncta is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Lord Walsingham in 1907. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Maui and Molokai.

Thyrocopa gigas is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Arthur Gardiner Butler in 1881. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Kauai, Oahu, Molokai and Maui. However, it may be extinct on Oahu, where two females were collected in 1892 but no further specimens have been collected since then.

Thyrocopa indecora is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Arthur Gardiner Butler in 1881. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Oahu, Maui and Hawaii.

Thyrocopa megas is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Lord Walsingham in 1907. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Oahu and Maui.

Thyrocopa minor is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Lord Walsingham in 1907. It is endemic to the Hawaiian island of [[Molokai] and possibly extinct.

Thyrocopa neckerensis is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Matthew J. Medeiros in 2009. It is endemic to Necker Island in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.

Thyrocopa nihoa is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Matthew J. Medeiros in 2009. It is endemic to Nihoa in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.

Thyrocopa peleana is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It is endemic to the Hawaiian island of Oahu. It may be extinct.

Thyrocopa sapindiella, the Oahu aulu thyrocopa moth, is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Otto Swezey in 1913. It is endemic to the Hawaiian island of Oahu. It may be extinct.

Thyrocopa spilobathra is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Edward Meyrick in 1915. It is endemic to the Hawaiian island of Oahu. It may be extinct.

Thyrocopa subahenea is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Lord Walsingham in 1907. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Molokai and Maui.

Thyrocopa usitata is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Arthur Gardiner Butler in 1881. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Kauai, Oahu and Hawaii.

Thyrocopa viduella is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It is endemic to the Hawaiian island of Kauai.

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