Thyronine

Last updated
l-Thyronine
Thyronine.png
L-Thyronine zwitterion 3D ball.png
Names
IUPAC name
(2S)-2-amino-3-[4-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)phenyl]propanoic acid
Other names
4-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)-l-phenylalanine
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.014.986
PubChem CID
UNII
Properties
C15H15NO4
Molar mass 273.28 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
X mark.svgN  verify  (what is  Yes check.svgYX mark.svgN ?)
Infobox references

Thyronine is a deiodinated form of thyroxine. [1]

Related Research Articles

Triiodothyronine chemical compound

Triiodothyronine, also known as T3, is a thyroid hormone. It affects almost every physiological process in the body, including growth and development, metabolism, body temperature, and heart rate.

Thyroxine 5-deiodinase Protein-coding gene in the species Homo sapiens

Thyroxine 5-deiodinase also known as type III iodothyronine deiodinase (EC number 1.21.99.3) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the DIO3 gene. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction

Retinoid X receptor gamma protein-coding gene in the species Homo sapiens

Retinoid X receptor gamma (RXR-gamma), also known as NR2B3 is a nuclear receptor that in humans is encoded by the RXRG gene.

Monocarboxylate transporter 8 protein-coding gene in the species Homo sapiens

Monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8) is an active transporter protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC16A2 gene.

USP20 protein-coding gene in the species Homo sapiens

Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 20 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the USP20 gene.

PKM2 protein-coding gene in the species Homo sapiens

Pyruvate kinase isozymes M1/M2 (PKM1/M2), also known as pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme (PKM), pyruvate kinase type K, cytosolic thyroid hormone-binding protein (CTHBP), thyroid hormone-binding protein 1 (THBP1), or opa-interacting protein 3 (OIP3), is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PKM2 gene.

Deiodinase is a peroxidase enzyme that is involved in the activation or deactivation of thyroid hormones.

3-Monoiodothyronine chemical compound

3'-Monoiodothyronine is a monoiodinated thyronine.

Lewis E. Braverman was a U.S. endocrinologist who specialized in thyroid gland problems. He discovered that humans converted thyroxine to triiodothyronine. He was a mentor to physicians for over 40 years.

References

  1. Thyronine at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)