Tibatrochus incertus

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Tibatrochus incertus
Tibatrochus incertus 001.jpg
Original drawing of a shell of Tibatrochus incertus
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Vetigastropoda
Superfamily: Seguenzioidea
Family: Eucyclidae
Genus: Tibatrochus
Species:
T. incertus
Binomial name
Tibatrochus incertus
(Schepman, 1908)
Synonyms [1]
  • Priotrochus incertusSchepman, 1908

Tibatrochus incertus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Eucyclidae. [1] [2] [3]

In biology, a species ( ) is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which any two individuals of the appropriate sexes or mating types can produce fertile offspring, typically by sexual reproduction. Other ways of defining species include their karyotype, DNA sequence, morphology, behaviour or ecological niche. In addition, paleontologists use the concept of the chronospecies since fossil reproduction cannot be examined. While these definitions may seem adequate, when looked at more closely they represent problematic species concepts. For example, the boundaries between closely related species become unclear with hybridisation, in a species complex of hundreds of similar microspecies, and in a ring species. Also, among organisms that reproduce only asexually, the concept of a reproductive species breaks down, and each clone is potentially a microspecies.

Sea snail common name for snails that normally live in saltwater

Sea snail is a common name for snails that normally live in salt water, in other words marine gastropods. The taxonomic class Gastropoda also includes snails that live in other habitats, such as land snails and freshwater snails. Many species of sea snails are edible and exploited as food sources by humans.

Family is one of the eight major hierarcical taxonomic ranks in Linnaean taxonomy; it is classified between order and genus. A family may be divided into subfamilies, which are intermediate ranks between the ranks of family and genus. The official family names are Latin in origin; however, popular names are often used: for example, walnut trees and hickory trees belong to the family Juglandaceae, but that family is commonly referred to as being the "walnut family".

Contents

Description

(Original description by M.M. Schepman) The size of the shell varies between 2.5 mm and 6.1 mm. The imperforate, yellowish-white shell has a conical shape with a convex base, . The six convex whorls are separated by a deep suture, which is waved by the ends of the ribs. The nucleus is smooth, the other whorls have strong ribs, of which there are 12 on the body whorl. They are crossed on the lower whorls by 2 spiral cords, producing tubercles on the ribs. These ribs extend on the base till the first infraperipheral cord. The base of the shell is convex, with 5 spiral lirae. The whole shell is covered with microscopic, oblong punctures. The aperture is nearly circular. The thin outer and basal margin are regularly curved, and slightly thickened interiorly. The columella is nearly straight, with an inconspicuous tubercle about halfway, near the base with a rounded angle. The inside of the aperture is nacreous. [4]

Whorl (mollusc)

A whorl is a single, complete 360° revolution or turn in the spiral growth of a mollusc shell. A spiral configuration of the shell is found in of numerous gastropods, but it is also found in shelled cephalopods including Nautilus, Spirula and the large extinct subclass of cephalopods known as the ammonites.

In anatomy, a suture is a fairly rigid joint between two or more hard elements of an organism, with or without significant overlap of the elements.

Body whorl

The body whorl is part of the morphology of the shell in those gastropod mollusks that possess a coiled shell. The term is also sometimes used in a similar way to describe the shell of a cephalopod mollusk.

Distribution

This marine species occurs off Indonesia and the Philippines.

Indonesia Republic in Southeast Asia

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres, the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.

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References

  1. 1 2 Bouchet, P. (2012). Tibatrochus incertus (Schepman, 1908). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=547233 on 2013-04-14
  2. Poppe G.T., Tagaro S.P. & Dekker H. (2006) The Seguenziidae, Chilodontidae, Trochidae, Calliostomatidae and Solariellidae of the Philippine Islands. Visaya Supplement 2: 1-228.
  3. Higo, S., Callomon, P. & Goto, Y. (1999) Catalogue and Bibliography of the Marine Shell-Bearing Mollusca of Japan. Elle Scientific Publications, Yao, Japan, 749 pp.
  4. Schepman, M. M. (1908). The Prosobranchia of the Siboga Expedition. Part I. Rhipidoglossa and Docoglossa. Siboga-Expeditie. 49 (1)a. Leyden: E. J. Brill. pp. 45–46. Siboga expeditie on the Internet Archive .