|German name||Liga der Tessiner|
|French name||Ligue des Tessinois|
|Italian name||Lega dei Ticinesi|
|Founded||17 January 1991|
|Headquarters||Via Monte Boglia 3,|
1 / 200
|Council of States|
0 / 46
2 / 5
18 / 90
Swiss Federal Council
Council of States (members)
National Council (members)
The Ticino League (Italian : Lega dei Ticinesi) is a regionalist, national-conservative political party in Switzerland active in the canton of Ticino.
The party was founded in 1991 by entrepreneur Giuliano Bignasca and journalist Flavio Maspoli.After some public campaigning in the Sunday newspaper Il Mattino della Domenica against political power and use of public money, Bignasca and Maspoli founded the Ticino League to continue the fight at the political level. Bignasca (1945–2013) was the League's "president for life".
The League is one of four major parties in the canton, alongside the Liberal Radical Party (PLR), the Democratic People's Party (PPD), and the Swiss Socialist Party (PS). Since 1991, the party has been represented in the National Council and in the five-member cantonal executive of Ticino (the Council of State, Consiglio di Stato) with two seats. In the 90-seat Ticino legislature, (the Grand Council, Gran Consiglio) the party has 18 seats.
At the 2011 federal election, the party won 0.8% of the national popular vote and secured 2 out of 200 seats in the National Council (the first chamber of the Swiss parliament), doubling their representation compared to the single seat they held in 2007 with 0.5% of the vote.In the 2015 election, the Ticino League slightly increased their share of the national vote to 1.0% and kept their two seats in parliament. The party is not represented in the Council of States nor on the Federal Council.
The 2019 Swiss federal election cost the League one of its representatives in the National Council as Roberta Pantani was unable to hold her seat. Lorenzo Quadri was re-elected as the League’s sole representative in the Parliament.
In the Federal Assembly, the League sits with the Swiss People's Party (UDC) and commentators see it as the Swiss Italian equivalent of the UDC(although the UDC does still have some seats in the Ticino legislature as well). A more notable political position of the League is its support for banning the Burqa, which it achieved in 2015.
The League defines itself as neither a left or a right-wing party but is generally characterised as right-wing populist. It is also strongly eurosceptic, supporting Swiss sovereignty and reduced immigration.It also argues for the protection of Swiss and Ticino national identity, wants a more friendly environment for small businesses and policies to protect the elderly and more vulnerable members of society.
Although ideologically close to the UDC, the League has taken a more moderate posture on gay rights and voted in favour of the Marriage For All bill which open the process for legalization of same-sex marriage in Switzerland. The party took a neutral stance during the 2021 Swiss same-sex marriage referendum.
The League supports continued Ticino membership in Switzerland. [ better source needed ]However, it supports the project of Insubria, and it has some ties with the regional and federalist northern Italian rightist party Lega Nord.
Switzerland is a semi-direct democratic federal republic. The federal legislative power is vested in the two chambers of the Federal Assembly: the National Council and the Council of States. The Federal Council holds the executive power and is composed of seven power-sharing Federal Councillors elected by the Federal Assembly. The judicial branch is headed by the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland, whose judges are elected by the Federal Assembly.
Ticino, sometimes Tessin, officially the Republic and Canton of Ticino or less formally the Canton of Ticino, is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation. It is composed of eight districts and its capital city is Bellinzona. It is also traditionally divided into the Sopraceneri and the Sottoceneri, respectively north and south of Monte Ceneri. Red and blue are the colours of its flag.
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The Federal Assembly, also known as the Swiss parliament, is Switzerland's federal legislature. It meets in Bern in the Federal Palace.
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