Ticto barb

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Ticto barb
Pethia ticto.JPG
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Barbinae
Genus: Pethia
Species:
P. ticto
Binomial name
Pethia ticto
(F. Hamilton, 1822)
Synonyms
  • Cyprinus tictoF. Hamilton, 1822
  • Barbus ticto(F. Hamilton, 1822)
  • Puntius ticto(F. Hamilton, 1822)
  • Puntius ticto ticto(F. Hamilton, 1822)
  • Rothee ticto(F. Hamilton, 1822)
  • Systomus ticto(F. Hamilton, 1822)
  • Systomus tripunctatusJerdon, 1849

The ticto barb or twospot barb (Pethia ticto) is a species of subtropical freshwater fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae. It is a native of the upper Mekong, Salwen, Irrawaddy, Meklong and upper Charo Phraya basins in the countries of Nepal, India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Thailand, and Sri Lanka. [2] [3] It has frequently been confused with the Odessa barb in the aquarium trade, but in that species the male is reddish-orange (lacking in P. ticto). [4] [5]

Contents

The ticto barb is silver and gold with two black spots; one just before the pectoral fin and one near the back tail. It grows to a maximum length of 10 cm (4 in). [3]

It is natively found in still, shallow, marginal waters of lakes and rivers, usually with muddy bottoms. It browses close to the substrate in shallow water. Ticto barbs natively live in a subtropical environment and prefer water with a 6.0—7.0 pH, a water hardness of up to 10 dGH, and a temperature range of 14–22 °C (57–72 °F). [3] Their diet consists of small crustaceans, insects and plankton. [3]

The ticto barb is one of many barbs undergoing revisions in their taxonomic classification. It is frequently confused with its sympatric relative P. stoliczkana .

In the aquarium

The ticto barb is an active schooling fish, which is usually kept in groups. When in large enough groups, they will not bother any other species of fish. They prefer a well planted environment that is similar to the still and shallow waters with mud bottoms of their native habitat.

Ticto barbs are egg-layers that spawn among a course gravel bed. During spawning, they will lay approximately 150 eggs, laying around 20 at a time. Once spawning is finished, they will usually eat any of the eggs that they find. It is usually necessary to separate the fish from the eggs after spawning in order to prevent the eggs from being eaten. The eggs will hatch in approximately 1 day and will be free-swimming a day later.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Golden barb

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Arulius barb Species of fish

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<i>Pethia stoliczkana</i>

Pethia stoliczkana is a freshwater tropical cyprinid fish native to the upper Mekong, Salwen, Irrawaddy, Meklong and upper Charo Phraya basins in the countries of Nepal, India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Laos, Thailand, China and Sri Lanka.

Spotted barb

Barbodes binotatus, commonly known as the spotted barb or common barb, is a tropical species of cyprinid fish native to Southeast Asia. It has also become established as an exotic species in Palau and Singapore.

Swamp barb

The swamp barb or chola barb, Puntius chola, is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the subfamily Cyprininae of the family Cyprinidae. It originates in inland waters in Asia, and is found in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and Myanmar. Puntius brevis is also sometimes known as swamp barb.

Spanner barb Species of fish

Barbodes lateristriga, the spanner barb or T-barb, is a species of cyprinid fish native to the Malay Peninsula and the island of Borneo. It can reach a length of 18 centimetres (7.1 in) TL. This species can also be found in the aquarium trade.

Spottedsail barb

The spottedsail barb, dwarf barb, phutuni barb, or pygmy barb is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the subfamily Cyprininae of the family Cyprinidae. It originates in inland waters in Asia, and is found in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.

Onespot barb

The onespot barb or Teri barb is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the Cyprininae sub-family of the family Cyprinidae. It originates in inland waters in Asia, and is found in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar. It was originally described as Cyprinus terio by Dr. Francis Buchanan-Hamilton in 1822, and has also been referred to in scientific literature as Systomus terio or Barbus terio.

Greenstripe barb

The greenstripe barb, silver barb or striped barb is a tropical freshwater and brackish fish belonging to the subfamily Cyprininae of the family Cyprinidae. It originates in inland waters in Asia, and is found in Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka.

Pool barb

The pool barb, spotfin swamp barb, or stigma barb is a tropical freshwater and brackish fish belonging to the Puntius genus in the family Cyprinidae. It is native to inland waters in Asia and is found in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Yunnan, China.

Pethia cumingii, known as the Cuming's barb or the two spot barb, is a species of cyprinid fish endemic to Sri Lanka.

Odessa barb

The Odessa barb is a species of cyprinid fish known from Central Myanmar, where it is known to occur in an artificial pond above the Anisakan Falls and also from the lower Chindwin River. For many years it has been known to the aquarium hobby, where it has frequently been confused with the less colourful ticto barb), but it was only described scientifically in 2008.

<i>Pethia</i> Genus of fishes

Pethia is a genus of small freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae native to South Asia, East Asia(only Pethia stoliczkana recorded)and Mainland Southeast Asia. Some species are commonly seen in the aquarium trade. The name Pethia is derived from the Sinhalese "pethia", a generic word used to describe any of several small species of cyprinid fishes. Most members of this genus were included in Puntius, until it was revised in 2012.

References

  1. Dahanukar, N. 2010. Pethia ticto . In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 May 2013.
  2. Pethiyagoda, R., Meegaskumbura, M. & Maduwage, K. (2012): A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (1): 69-95.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Pethia ticto" in FishBase . April 2013 version.
  4. Seriouslyfish: Pethia ticto. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
  5. Kullander, S. O.; and R. Britz (2008). Puntius padamya, a new species of Cyprinid fish from Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Electronic Journal of Ichthyology, Bulletin of the European Ichthyology Society 2: 56-66.