Timeline of computing

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Timeline of computing presents events in the history of computing organized by year and grouped into six topic areas: predictions and concepts, first use and inventions, hardware systems and processors, operating systems, programming languages, and new application areas.


Detailed computing timelines: before 1950, 1950–1979, 1980–1989, 1990–1999, 2000–2009, 2010–2019, 2020–present

Graphical timeline

Video hosting serviceIEEE 802.11blogwikiWeb search engineWorld Wide WebWYSIWYGPort Island LineUsenetCATS (trading system)VisiCalcemailPongNon-linear video editingNLS (computer system)The Mother of All DemosProof assistantCDC 6600Bulletin board systemSpacewar (video game)computer reservations systemtimesharingcompiler compilerCSIRACMicrosoft Power FxC++20Bosque (programming language)Fortran 2018C++17Raku (programming language)C++14SwiftTypeScriptElm (programming language)Elixir (programming language)KotlinC++11RustCoffeeScriptClojureGo (programming language)PowerShellF Sharp (programming language)Scala (programming language)ActionScriptC Sharp (programming language)D (programming language)XSLTPHPObjective CamlRuby (programming language)Java (programming language)JavaScriptDelphi (programming language)AppleScriptVisual BasicPython (programming language)HaskellMathematicaTclErlangPerlSQL (programming language)HyperCardObjective-CEiffel (programming language)CamlPostScriptPARADOX programming languageCommon LispTurbo PascalC++Ada (programming language)DBASERexxAWKSQLModula-2VisiCalcIDL (programming language)FORTRAN 77Scheme (programming language)ML (programming language)PrologC (programming language)SmalltalkForth (programming language)Pascal (programming language)B (programming language)PLILogo (programming language)ALGOL 68BCPLFORTRAN 66BASICSNOBOLSimulaAPL (programming language)COBOLMAD (programming language)Lisp (programming language)ALGOL 58FORTRAN IMark I AutocodeA-0 SystemPlankalkülWindows 11ArcaOSWindows 10Qubes OSWindows 8Chrome OSWindows 7Android (operating system)Windows VistaiOSUbuntu (operating system)ReactOSWindows Server 2003Gentoo Linuxz/OSWindows XPMac OS XWindows 2000Windows MeMac OS historyMac OS historyBlackBerry OSWindows 98FreeDOSSymbianMac OS historySUSE LinuxMkLinuxWindows 95OS/390OpenBSDRed Hat LinuxDebianSlackwareWindows NTUnixWareSLS LinuxOS/2Windows 3.1xSolaris Operating EnvironmentLinuxOSF/1BeOSSCO UNIXNEXTSTEPPOSIXOS/400RISC OSWindows 2.0OS/2MinixIRIXHP-UXApple IIgsAIX (operating system)MachWindows 1.0Atari TOSAmigaOSGNUMac OS historyUNIX System VApple LisaSunOSMS-DOSOS-9Virtual Memory SystemApple DOSCP/M operating systemMVSVM/CMSRSTS-11RT-11UnixTOPS-20Airline Control ProgramWAITSCP/CMSMichigan Terminal SystemIncompatible Timesharing SystemMulticsOS/360TOPS-10Dartmouth Time Sharing SystemGeneral Comprehensive Operating SystemBurroughs MCPCTSSIBSYSSHARE Operating SystemUniversity of Michigan Executive SystemGM-NAA I/OiPadCell (microprocessor)Athlon 64PowerPC 970ItaniumPOWER4iMacIBM PS/2Connection MachineAcorn ArchimedesARM architectureAmstrad 1512Commodore AmigaAtari STMIPS architectureIBM ATApple MacintoshIBM PCjrIBM XTApple LisaApple IIe

Commodore 64BBC MicroIBM PCZX81

Apple IIIZX80Commodore VIC-20Motorola 68000TRS-80Apple IIVAX-11Commodore PETApple ICray-1MOS Technologies 6502Zilog Z80Altair 8800Motorola 6800Intel 8080Intel 8008Intel 4004PDP-11Datapoint 2200PDP-10BESMCDC 6600PDP-8IBM 360PDP-6ReserVecATLAS computerIBM 7030 StretchCDC 1604PDP-1IBM 1401AN/FSQ-7UNIVAC IIIBM 608IBM 305 RAMACHarwell CADETIBM 704IBM 650Strela computerIBM 701UNIVAC 1101Whirlwind (computer)UNIVAC ILEO (computer)Ferranti Mark 1Manchester Mark 1Small-Scale Experimental MachineIBM SSECENIACColossus computerHarvard Mark IZ3 (computer)Atanasoff–Berry ComputerDocker (software)CryptocurrencyTor (anonymity network)Onion routingPCI ExpressSerial ATABlade serverAsymmetric Digital Subscriber LineAccelerated Graphics PortDVD-ROMUSBIEEE 1394 interfaceBeowulf (computing)DNA computingSmartphoneConventional PCICD-iPCMCIAVESASVGAExtended Industry Standard Architecturesound cardVGAConnection MachinePersonal digital assistantSCSIParallel ATACD ROMEnhanced Graphics AdapterExpanded MemoryAdvanced Technology AttachmentDomain Name SystemcoprocessorMulti-touchRISCMIDIHayes SmartmodemColor Graphics AdapterIndustry Standard ArchitectureVMEbuscompact disksupercomputerlaser printersingle-board computerTCP/IPtouchscreenethernetMagnavox Odysseygame consolemicroprocessorfloppy diskdynamic RAMRS-232ARPANETfuzzy logicpacket switchingcomputer mousepagingvirtual memoryinterruptsspoolinggarbage collection (computer science)time-sharingintegrated circuitdot matrix printerhard diskmagnetic core memoryindex registersmagnetic drumRAMtransistorWilliams tubetrackballteletypeHutter PrizePOPLmark challengeDARPA Grand ChallengeGoogle Code JamTopCoderICFP Programming ContestCADE ATP System CompetitionInternational Olympiad in InformaticsQuantum ComputerP versus NP problemNorth American Computer Chess ChampionshipTuring TestRelational databaseDavid Levy (chess player)Moore's law
Timeline of computing

See also


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