|Tin Hau Temple Complex|
|Affiliation||Chinese folk religion|
|District||Yau Ma Tei|
|Governing body||Tung Wah Group of Hospitals|
|Tin Hau Temple Complex, Yau Ma Tei|
The Tin Hau Temple Complex is a temple in Yau Ma Tei,Kowloon,Hong Kong. It comprises a row of five adjacent buildings:a Tin Hau Temple,a Shing Wong Temple,a Kwun Yum temple,Shea Tan and Hsu Yuen. The nearby Temple Street is named after it.
The Tin Hau Temple Complex is located in Yau Ma Tei,Kowloon. A public square,Yung Shue Tau,occupied by the Yau Ma Tei Community Centre Rest Garden,is located in front of the complex,and is surrounded by the popular Temple Street night market. The northern side of the complex is bordered by Public Square Street. At the back of the Complex (east) is the Public Square Street Children's Playground and Rest Garden,itself located along Nathan Road,the main thoroughfare in Kowloon. The Garden features a Nine-Dragon Wall.
The temple complex comprises five buildings separated by four lanes. From left to right when facing them:
The Tin Hau Temple was probably erected at this location in 1864. It originated from a small temple in the present Kwun Chung Market area,that was later moved to the present site by boat people and villagers of Yau Ma Tei.Originally facing the Yau Ma Tei waterfront,it is now almost three kilometers from the shore,as a consequence of land reclamation. The Kung Sor and Hsu Yuen were used until 1955 as a venue for a free school teaching the boat and land people.
Before 1914,the temple was managed by the council set up by the merchants in Yau Ma Tei. The temple has been under the management of the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals since 1914,with the transfer of management made official in 1928. The Tin Hau Temple,previously a Grade II historic building since 1987,was listed as a Grade I historic building since June 2000. The Tin Hau Temple and the adjoining buildings were listed as declared monuments in May 2020.
Yau Ma Tei is an area in the Yau Tsim Mong District in the south of the Kowloon Peninsula in Hong Kong.
Most of the walled villages of Hong Kong are located in the New Territories.
Hong Kong counts approximately 600 temples,shrines and monasteries. While Buddhism and Christianity are the most widely practiced religions,most religions are represented in the Special Administrative Region.
Temple Street is a street located in the areas of Jordan and Yau Ma Tei in Kowloon,Hong Kong. It is known for its night market and as one of the busiest flea markets at night in the territory. The night market lies in the Yau Ma Tei,Jordan part of the street. Popular with tourists and locals alike in the evening,it is also common to see the place crowded at dusk. It sells cheap merchandise and food items. The place is sometimes known as "Men's Street".
The Tung Wah Group of Hospitals,with a history dating back to 1870,is the oldest and largest charitable organisation in Hong Kong. It provides extensive education and community services through 194 service centres spread across Hong Kong.
Tai Wai is an area in the New Territories,Hong Kong,located between Sha Tin and the Lion Rock,within the Sha Tin District.
Lei Yue Mun is a short channel in Hong Kong. It lies between Junk Bay and Victoria Harbour,separating Kowloon and Hong Kong Island. The channel is an important passage for the city,forming the eastern entrance of Victoria Harbour.
Yau Ma Tei Theatre,sometimes transliterated as "Yaumati Theatre"),once the largest theatre in Kowloon,is located at the junction of Waterloo Road and Reclamation Street,in Yau Ma Tei,Hong Kong. It is classified as "Grade II Historic Building" It is the only remaining pre-World War II theatre in Kowloon. It was recently converted into a venue for Cantonese opera. Another historical structure,Yau Ma Tei Fruit Market is adjacent to the theatre,across Reclamation Street.
Public Square Street is a street in Yau Ma Tei,Kowloon,Hong Kong.
Hau Wong or Hou Wang is a title that can be translated as "Prince Marquis" or "Holy Marquis". It is not any one person's name. Hau Wong refers usually to Yeung Leung-jit,a loyal and courageous general. Despite his failing health,he remained in the army to protect the last emperor of Southern Song Dynasty when he took refuge southwards in Kowloon.
Tin Hau temples in Hong Kong are dedicated to Tin Hau (Mazu). Over 100 temples are dedicated to Tin Hau in Hong Kong. A list of these temples can be found below.
Yuen Long Kau Hui is an area in Yuen Long,Yuen Long District,in the western New Territories of Hong Kong.
The Chinese Temples Committee is a statutory body in Hong Kong established under the Chinese Temples Ordinance (華人廟宇條例). It is mainly responsible for the operation and management of twenty-four temples directly under its management. It also handles temple registration. There are 19 additional temples,of which management has been delegated to other organisations.
Wing Lung Wai is a walled village located in the Kam Tin area of Yuen Long District,in Hong Kong. Three other walled villages,Kat Hing Wai,Tai Hong Wai,and Kam Hing Wai are located nearby and were built around the same time.
The Tin Hau Temple in Causeway Bay is one of the Tin Hau temples in Hong Kong. It is located at 10 Tin Hau Temple Road,Causeway Bay,east of Victoria Park,in Eastern District,on Hong Kong Island. The temple has given its name to the MTR station serving it,and consequently the neighboring area of Tin Hau.
The Nine Alliances of Lek Yuen or Kau Yeuk was a regional organization of various groups in Sha Tin Valley,Hong Kong.
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