Titania's woolly bat

Last updated

Titania's woolly bat
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Kerivoula
K. titania
Binomial name
Kerivoula titania
Bates, Struebig, Hayes, Furey, Mya Mya, Thong, Tien, Son, Harrison, Francis & Csorba, 2007
Kerivoula titania distribution (colored).png
geographic distribution of Kerivoula titania

Titania's woolly bat (Kerivoula titania) is a species of bat found in Southeast Asia.


Taxonomy and etymology

It was initially described as a new species in 2007 based on specimens collected from Keo Seima Wildlife Sanctuary in eastern Cambodia. [2] It is similar in appearance to other Kerivoula species, but has a genetic divergence of 12%, which was deemed great enough to warrant naming it as a new species. The species name "titania" is a reference to the character Titania from Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream . The authors named the bat after the "Queen of the Fairies" to reflect "the nymph-like nature of this forest bat." [2]


It is considered a medium-sized member of its genus. Its forearm is 32.4–35.9 mm (1.28–1.41 in) long. It has large, mostly hairless ears that are 12.8–15 mm (0.50–0.59 in) long. It has tall and narrow tragi that are 8.5–9.1 mm (0.33–0.36 in) long. Its tail is 45.8–53 mm (1.80–2.09 in) long. It weighs 4.0–7.9 g (0.14–0.28 oz). Its skull has a distinctly flat appearance. Its dental formula is for a total of 38 teeth. Its individual hairs are tricolored: their bases are black, their middles are pale gray, and their tips are dark gray. [2]

Biology and ecology

It is nocturnal and roosts in sheltered places during the day Its flattened skull suggests that it roosts in constricted spaces such as under tree bark or in crevices. Not much is known about its reproduction, but a female in late-stage pregnancy was once documented in early May. Lactating females have been recorded in mid May and early June. [2]

It is one of the known natural reservoirs of the SARS coronavirus. In one study in Taiwan, 10% of individuals tested positive for the SARS coronavirus. [3]

Range and habitat

This species was first described from eastern Cambodia, [2] with additional specimens from Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand. [1] In 2012, it was first documented in Hainan Island of China and Taiwan. This discovery made it only the third bat of its genus to be documented in China. [4]


It is currently assessed as least concern by the IUCN its lowest conservation priority. It meets the criteria for this assessment because it has a large range, no major threats to this species have been identified, and it is not likely to be declining quickly. [1]

Related Research Articles

Japanese house bat Species of bat

The Japanese house bat or Japanese pipistrelle is a species of vesper bat. An adult has a body length of 3.6–4.8 cm (1.4–1.9 in), a tail of 2.9–4.0 cm (1.1–1.6 in), and a wing length of 3.2–3.6 cm (1.3–1.4 in). It prefers to roost under the ceiling or inside the roof of old buildings. It is found across East Asia, from China and Taiwan into the Ussuri region, the Korean Peninsula, and Japan.

<i>Murina</i> Genus of vesper bats

Murina is a genus of vesper bats.

The Tanzanian woolly bat or Dobson's painted bata is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae. It is found only in Tanzania. Locally, it is known as the "popo" or "tunge".

Lesser woolly bat Species of bat

The lesser woolly bat is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae. It is found in Botswana, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe and rarely Ethiopia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, dry savanna, and moist savanna. Members of this species typically have a dark greyish brown fur with whitish tips scattered throughout.

Papillose woolly bat Species of bat

The papillose woolly bat is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae. It is found in Brunei, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Vietnam.

Atacama myotis Species of plant

The Atacama myotis is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae. It is found in Chile and Peru, an example ecoregion of occurrence being the Chilean matorral.

Yanbaru whiskered bat Species of bat

The Yanbaru whiskered bat(Myotis yanbarensis) is a species of vesper bat in the genus Myotis.

Golden-tipped bat Species of bat

The golden-tipped bat is a species of Microchiropteran in the family Vespertilionidae. It is found in Papua New Guinea and in Australia, especially scattered along the eastern part of Australia. The species is considered uncommon, and is listed as endangered in Australia.

The lenis woolly bat is a species of bat in the family Vespertilionidae. It is found in South and Southeast Asia.

Harrisons tube-nosed bat Species of bat

Harrison's tube-nosed bat is a species of vesper bats (Vespertilionidae). Within the genus Murina, it belongs to the so-called 'cyclotis-group'.

Beelzebubs tube-nosed bat Species of bat

Beelzebub's tube-nosed bat, also Beelzebub bat or demon bat, is a species in the vesper bat family Vespertilionidae, found in the Greater Mekong region of Southeast Asia, specifically the Quảng Trị and Gia Lai provinces of Vietnam. They have tube-shaped nostrils which assist them with their feeding.

The Formosan golden tube-nosed bat is native to the high-altitude regions of Taiwan.

The Turkestani long-eared bat, Otonycteris leucophaea, is a species of bat found in Asia. Though it was initially described in 1873 as a species, for many years it was considered synonymous with the desert long-eared bat, Otonycteris hemprichii. Recently, it was recognized as a distinct species once again.

Kachin woolly bat Species of bat

The Kachin woolly bat is a species of bat found in Southeast Asia.

Long-toothed pipistrelle Species of bat

The long-toothed pipistrelle is a species of bat of the genus Hypsugo. It is a small bat, with a length of 35.2–38.4 mm of forearm, and 5.9–7 mm of foot. It feeds on insects and has especially long canines compared to others of its genus.

The Taiwan broad-muzzled bat or Taiwan broad-muzzled myotis is a species of vesper bat found in Taiwan.

Myotis diminutus is a species of mouse-eared bat found in Ecuador and Colombia. It was recently described as a new species in 2011.

Glischropus bucephalus, the Indochinese thick-thumbed bat, is a species of bat in the family Vespertilionidae. The bat is found in Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam north of the Isthmus of Kra.

The Krau woolly bat is a species of bat in the family Vespertilionidae. It is found in Southeast Asia, Brunei, and Indonesia.


  1. 1 2 3 Bates, P.J.J.; Soisook, P.; Thong, V.D. (2019). "Kerivoula titania". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2019: e.T136817A22044302. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T136817A22044302.en . Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Bates, P. J.; Struebig, M. J.; Hayes, B. D.; Furey, N. M.; Mya, K. M.; Thong, V. D.; Csorba, G. (2007). "A new species of Kerivoula (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from Southeast Asia". Acta Chiropterologica. 9 (2): 323–337. doi:10.3161/1733-5329(2007)9[323:ANSOKC]2.0.CO;2.
  3. Chen, Y. N.; Phuong, V. N.; Chen, H. C.; Chou, C. H.; Cheng, H. C.; Wu, C. H. (2016). "Detection of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome‐Related Coronavirus and Alphacoronavirus in the Bat Population of Taiwan". Zoonoses and Public Health. 63 (8): 608–615. doi: 10.1111/zph.12271 . PMC   7165716 . PMID   27178103.
  4. Wu, Y.; Li, Y.; Lin, L. K.; Harada, M.; Chen, Z.; Motokawa, M. (2012). "New records of kerivoula titania (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from Hainan Island and Taiwan". Mammal Study. 37 (1): 69–72. doi:10.3106/041.037.0109. S2CID   86238492.